Portland, oregon poverty rate

Portland, oregon poverty rate DEFAULT

Portland, Oregon (OR) Poverty Rate Data
Information about poor and low-income residents

Latest news about poverty in Portland, OR collected exclusively by city-data.com from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations


12.3% of Portland, OR residents had an income below the poverty level in 2019, which was 7.9% greater than the poverty level of 11.4% across the entire state of Oregon. Taking into account residents not living in families, 18.1% of high school graduates and 41.5% of non high school graduates live in poverty. The poverty rate was 19.5% among disabled males and 21.4% among disabled females. The renting rate among poor residents was 79.3%. For comparison, it was 39.5% among residents with income above the poverty level.

Poverty rates in Portland, OR

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2019:
Whole state:11.4%
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2019:
Whole state:5.2%

Poverty rate among disabled males:
Disability rate in this city among poor males (it is17.8% among male residents who are not classified as poor):

Poverty rate among disabled females:
Disability rate in this city among poor females (it is17.2% among female residents who are not classified as poor):

Renting rate in this city among poor and not poor residents:
Residents below poverty level:79.3%
Residents above poverty level:39.5%

Poverty by age in Portland, OR

Breakdown by age of poor male residents in Portland
  • Breakdown by age of poor male residents in Portland,OR (percentage below poverty level)
  • 8.7%Under 5 years
  • 4.5%5 years
  • 17.5%6 to 11 years
  • 15.5%12 to 14 years
  • 34.0%15 years
  • 19.1%16 and 17 years
  • 26.1%18 to 24 years
  • 11.4%25 to 34 years
  • 7.7%35 to 44 years
  • 8.6%45 to 54 years
  • 15.0%55 to 64 years
  • 11.6%65 to 74 years
  • 8.5%75 years and over
Breakdown by age of poor female residents in Portland
  • Breakdown by age of poor female residents in Portland,OR (percentage below poverty level)
  • 9.3%Under 5 years
  • 9.9%5 years
  • 15.4%6 to 11 years
  • 9.1%12 to 14 years
  • 7.1%15 years
  • 12.8%16 and 17 years
  • 32.4%18 to 24 years
  • 13.8%25 to 34 years
  • 11.6%35 to 44 years
  • 8.4%45 to 54 years
  • 10.4%55 to 64 years
  • 6.8%65 to 74 years
  • 11.2%75 years and over
Breakdown by age of very poor residents in Portland, OR
  • Breakdown by age of very poor residents in Portland,OR (% below half of poverty level)
  • 7.6%Under 5 years
  • 7.4%5 years
  • 7.5%6 to 11 years
  • 5.6%12 to 14 years
  • 7.7%15 years
  • 9.5%16 and 17 years
  • 12.6%18 to 24 years
  • 5.8%25 to 34 years
  • 5.3%35 to 44 years
  • 4.3%45 to 54 years
  • 4.4%55 to 64 years
  • 2.0%65 to 74 years
  • 3.4%75 years and over

Poverty by race and place of birth in Portland, OR

Poverty in families in Portland, OR

Children below poverty level:
Portland, Oregon:13.0%
Poverty rate among high school graduates not in families:
Poverty rate among people who did not graduate high school not in families:
Poor families by family type
  • 34.8%Married-couple family
  • 11.9%Male, no wife present
  • 53.2%Female, no husband present
Breakdown of poor residents in Portland not in families by work experience
  • 3.0%Worked full-time, year-round
  • 45.9%Worked part-time
  • 51.1%Did not work
Breakdown of poor married-couple families by work experience
  • 1.8%Both worked full-time
  • 5.4%One full-time, other part-time
  • 15.1%One full-time, other didn't work
  • 15.7%Both worked part-time
  • 28.3%One part-time, other didn't work
  • 33.7%Both didn't work

Other data

Year house/condo built for residents below and above poverty levels
  • Owners below poverty level
  • 0.8%1999 to 2000
  • 3.8%1995 to 1998
  • 2.3%1990 to 1994
  • 4.0%1980 to 1989
  • 8.9%1970 to 1979
  • 8.9%1960 to 1969
  • 16.8%1950 to 1959
  • 13.0%1940 to 1949
  • 41.6%1939 or earlier
  • Owners above poverty level
  • 0.9%1999 to 2000
  • 4.1%1995 to 1998
  • 3.3%1990 to 1994
  • 5.1%1980 to 1989
  • 8.2%1970 to 1979
  • 8.9%1960 to 1969
  • 17.3%1950 to 1959
  • 12.7%1940 to 1949
  • 39.5%1939 or earlier
Sours: https://www.city-data.com/poverty/poverty-Portland-Oregon.html

A Portrait of Poverty in Oregon

The State of Working Oregon

Before the coronavirus (COVID-19) spread to Oregon, poverty afflicted all corners of the state. More than one in 10 Oregonians lived below the federal poverty line before the coronavirus economic crisis. But that figure masks significant differences in poverty levels among different Oregon communities. Certain groups — people of color, women, Oregonians with a disability, and rural communities — face greater obstacles to rise above the federal poverty line.

Moreover, the federal definition of poverty understates the extent of economic hardship in Oregon. The poverty guidelines were originally established in the 1960s based on food prices. [1] As such, it fails to account for the rising cost of housing, health care, child care, and other basic needs. For 2020, a family of four is considered to be living in poverty if they earn less than $26,200 a year. [2]

After months of uncertainty and economic turmoil unleashed by the pandemic, it is tempting to yearn for a return to normal. It is easy to look at our past economy with rose-colored glasses. But even before the coronavirus ground the economy to a halt, “normal” for many Oregonians meant struggling to make ends meet. A return to normal is not good enough.

In 2018, after eight years of uninterrupted economic growth, Oregon’s poverty rate stood at 13 percent, meaning that more than one in 10 Oregonians met the official definition of poverty and likely lacked one or more basic needs. [3] This represents more than 516,000 Oregonians, including 134,000 children. Of those Oregonians living in poverty, four in 10 lived in what some experts refer to as “deep poverty” — income that is less than half of the poverty guideline. [4] For a family of four in 2018, that meant trying to survive on only $13,100 a year, or less than $1,100 a month. That family is likely unable to adequately meet most if its basic needs.

While poverty has ebbed and flowed over the years, Oregon’s poverty rate in 2018 stood at the same level as in 1995, when the data series begins. Even during times of economic prosperity, poverty in Oregon has not dropped below 10 percent in recent decades. [5]

Before the pandemic, Oregonians of color already confronted significant barriers to getting ahead. The nation’s long history of racial oppression and exclusion, coupled with ongoing patterns of discrimination, have meant that people of color disproportionately work in low-paying jobs and in jobs that lack stability. [6] As a result, poverty rates in communities of color were as much as double the poverty rate for white Oregonians from 2014-2018. [7] This means that about one in four Black, Pacific Islander, American Indian, and Latino Oregonians fell below the federal poverty threshold and were consequently denied many of the fundamental economic opportunities available to others.

Children are the hardest hit by poverty of any age group. From 2014-2018, Oregon’s child poverty rate was nearly 18 percent, meaning that nearly one in five children in Oregon lived below the poverty line. By comparison, 14 percent of working-age adults and eight percent of seniors fell below the poverty line during that time period. [8]

Poverty among children has particularly harsh long-term consequences. Researchers have found a causal relationship between very low incomes and children’s achievement in school, as well as lower earnings later in life. [9]

Historic inequities have created barriers for children of color that exacerbate their family’s poverty rates. In Oregon, more than one in four American Indian and Latino children, and more than one in three Black children, lived in poor households from 2014-2018. Nationally, children of color, especially Black and American Indian children, are also much more likely to live in high-poverty neighborhoods, or what is known as concentrated poverty. [10] This is due to historic practices like red-lining, as well as current laws and practices that replicate and reinforce past discrimination. Concentrated poverty results in these children growing up in communities that lack the resources that children need to thrive – like quality schools and safe places to play[11]

During even the best of times, people experiencing disability face structural barriers to getting ahead. [12] Federal and state law allow certain federally qualified employers to pay people experiencing disabilities a sub-minimum wage. [13] Although the Oregon legislature recently took action to phase out this lower wage level in Oregon, workers experiencing disability will not be guaranteed the same wage floor as all other workers until 2023. [14]

Because of structural barriers like this, over one in five people experiencing disability had income below the poverty guidelines from 2014-2018. Nearly half of Black women who are experiencing disability lived in poverty.

Poverty rates also differ between men and women in Oregon. From 2014-2018, the share of women experiencing poverty was 15 percent, while the poverty rate for men was less than 13 percent. This gap existed between women and men regardless of educational attainment. A higher rate of poverty among women appeared at every level of education as compared to men. Higher poverty rates for women may be due, in part, to the fact that women’s wages lag behind those of men, and women are overrepresented in industries that pay the minimum wage. [15]

High poverty also afflicts transgender Oregonians

While the Census does not provide options for identifying outside of the male/female binary, and does not include questions regarding sexual orientation or gender identity, a different data source shows that transgender, nonbinary, and genderqueer Oregonians face real barriers. According to the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey, 30 percent of transgender Oregonians lived in poverty in 2015. [16]
The report said that anti-trans discrimination fueled economic disparities, with one in five trans Oregonians reporting being fired from a job because of their gender identity or expression, and nearly a third of those employed or seeking employment reporting other forms of discrimination.

More than one in three single mothers in Oregon lived below the poverty line from 2014-2018. [17] For Black, American Indian, or Latina single mothers, that figure was one in two. In total, there were about 36,000 single mothers in Oregon trying to survive with poverty level incomes.

The high cost of child care poses a formidable barrier for single mothers seeking to rise above poverty. The average annual cost of child care at a center for an infant in Oregon is over $14,000 a year. [18] The high cost of child care can discourage single mothers from joining the work force.

Greater proportions of people experience poverty in Oregon’s rural areas. [19] From 2014-2018, the poverty rate was more than 16 percent among rural Oregonians, compared to the 14 percent rate for Oregonians living in urban areas. The highest poverty rate in Oregon is in Malheur County, where nearly one in four residents has income below the poverty level.

Rural areas have higher unemployment rates, a lower minimum wage floor, and substantially lower per capita personal income than urban areas. These factors likely contribute to higher levels of poverty. [20]


Even during the best of times, Oregon has left far too many people behind. In 2018, the poverty rate in Oregon stood at the same level as it did more than two decades ago. Throughout this period, more than one in 10 Oregonians lived below the federal poverty line — itself a measure that understates real economic need. Particular populations — Oregonians of color, rural Oregonians, Oregonians experiencing disability, women, single mothers, and children — have faced bigger barriers to rise out of poverty. As Oregon charts a path out of the COVID-19 crisis, it’s clear that a return to the pre-pandemic state of affairs is not good enough.

[1] The poverty guidelines are adjusted each year based on the Consumer Price Index. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), US Department of Health and Human Services, Frequently Asked Questions Related to the Poverty Guidelines and Poverty.

[2] Oregon Center for Public Policy, What is Poverty?, February 4, 2020.

[3] OCPP analysis of 2018 American Community Survey data, table S1701.

[4] Serena Lei, “The Unwaged War on Deep Poverty”, The Urban Institute, December 2013.

[5] OCPP analysis of Small Area Income and Poverty Estimate (SAIPE) Data. This data set provides a longer term view of poverty in Oregon than American Community Survey (ACS) data, as it is adjusted and combined with Current Population Statistics poverty data that has been collected for a longer period of time. 2018 SAIPE and ACS poverty rates used elsewhere in this report differ slightly due to the adjustments made when combining datasets. More information on SAIPE available here.

[6] David Cooper, “Workers of color are far more likely to be paid poverty-level wages than white workers”, Economic Policy Institute, June 2018; and Christian E. Weller, “African Americans Face Systemic Obstacles to Getting Good Jobs”, Center for American Progress, December, 2019.

[7] This paper relies on OCPP analysis of American Community Survey 2014-2018 Public Use Microdata Sample. All disparities highlighted in this paper were statistically significant at the 95 percent level when compared to non-Hispanic whites. As used in this paper “communities of color” refers to all respondents who identify as something other than non-Hispanic or Latino white. Wherever possible this paper separates out data for the Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander population, referred to as “Pacific Islander.” Where sample sizes were too small for reliable results, data for Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islanders were included in the “Other” category, rather than grouping them with the “Asian” category, and is noted in charts. This is because Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islanders face economic disparities much greater than that of the broader “Asian” category, and more in line with the “Other” category for those measures where sample sizes were large enough. We did not want to lose this nuance by grouping them as an “Asian American and Pacific Islander” category. “Other” also includes all respondents who selected two or more races. All race categories exclude those who identify as Hispanic or Latino, which are aggregated into a single category.

[8] This report defines “children” as those age 17 and younger, “working-age adult” as those age 18 to 64, and “elderly adult” as those age 65 and older.

[9] Greg J. Duncan and Katherine Magnuson, The Long Reach of Early Childhood Poverty, Pathways, Winter, 2011.

[10] Annie E. Casey Foundation, Children Living in High-Poverty, Low-Opportunity Neighborhoods, 2019.

[11] Ibid.

[12] Laura Chabot, “Institutional Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Disabilities”, University of Rhode Island, 2013.

[13] For more information on the subminimum wage see the Department of Labor website.

[14]Senate Bill 494, 2019 Regular Session.

[15] Oregon Center for Public Policy, Portrait of Minimum Wage Workers, December 19, 2019.

[16] Sandy E. James, Jody L. Herman, Susan Rankin, et al., 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey, National Center for Transgender Equality, December 2016. For information on Oregon specific data see the Oregon breakout report.

[17] As used in this report single mother refers to unmarried women who live in a household with their minor children. This excludes women who are parenting non-related children, such as foster children.

[18] Deana Grobe and Roberta B Weber, 2018 Oregon Child Care Market Price Study, March 2018.

[19] This report considers counties to be “rural” if they are characterized as nonmetropolitan by federal data sources. The following counties are considered rural: Baker, Clatsop, Coos, Crook, Curry, Douglas, Gilliam, Grant, Harney, Hood River, Jefferson, Klamath, Lake, Lincoln, Malheur, Morrow, Sherman, Tillamook, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, Wasco, and Wheeler.

[20] Oregon Employment Department, The Employment Landscape of Rural Oregon, May, 2017.

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Sours: https://www.ocpp.org/2020/08/07/poverty-oregon/
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The Portland metro area made notable gains against poverty last year as a booming economy boosted wages across the state.

The poverty rate for the Portland area fell from 10.9% in 2017 to 9.8% in 2018, newly released U.S. Census figures show. Progress was particularly strong among families with children and single-mother households.

The median household income, meanwhile, climbed 2.6%, hitting $75,599.

Across the state, the poverty rate was statistically unchanged at 12.6% in 2018. But the median household income for the state climbed 3.4% to $63,426, topping the U.S. figure for the first time in decades.

The poverty level is determined based on a family’s size -- and it’s fixed nationwide, without accounting for regional cost of living.

Rising incomes, however, suggest that the benefits of a strong economy are now being felt more widely. Income growth has been broad-based, reaching across industries and the entire state. A low unemployment rate has put pressure on employers to provide more competitive wages. The state has also seen expansion among its high-wage industries.

Josh Lehner, a state economist, said the numbers indicate the state has finally put the effects of the dot-com bust and the Great Recession behind it -- and that Oregon may be less vulnerable whenever the next recession comes.

“We spent (nearly) 20 years with stagnant income," Lehner said. "We’re now, at least at the statewide level, breaking through that malaise.”

Adjusting for inflation, Lehner said Oregon household incomes are at their highest point on record. And for the first time in 50 years the typical Oregon household is making significantly more than their national counterparts.

The state’s economy now is historically healthy, Lehner said, on par with the robust years of the late 1970s and the late 1990s.

Changing methodology makes it difficult to discern exactly how specific demographic groupings are faring, but Lehner’s analysis showed disparities between white families and others are shrinking. He said poverty rates among communities of color are at their lowest point in decades and perhaps the lowest point ever.

Portland, which had led the state’s economic growth earlier in the current boom cycle, is now seeing wages grow more slowly than the rest of the state.

“The bright spot, in the data at least, is the Rogue Valley, down in Medford and Grants Pass,” Lehner said.

Despite economic gains, below-average earners across the state still struggle to make ends meet, particularly in the wake of a big spike in housing costs.

The median rent in the Portland area has climbed by more than $300 since 2014, and nearly half of renting households are cost burdened, meaning that more than 30% of their paycheck goes toward their housing. That’s more than economists and financial advisors typically consider affordable.

"When you look at the income, that’s one thing,” said Andy Nelson, the executive director of Impact NW, a homelessness prevention nonprofit. “But the cost of living is really what’s changed so much.”

Most of the people the organization serves live paycheck to paycheck, many of them putting more than half of their income toward rent. So when another big expense comes along — a sudden illness or job loss, for example — it can put even those who live above the poverty line at risk of losing their home.

“There’s a whole segment of folks who are above the poverty line, but they aren’t pulling the income down to afford a $1,500 a month place to live, which in Portland is what you’re looking at,” Nelson said.

There have been upsides to the economic boom in the nonprofit’s work.

Impact NW also runs employment programs that place clients, and particularly young adults, into pre-apprenticeship programs at major manufacturers in hopes of setting them up for a solid career. Those companies, hungry for skilled workers, have been eager to take more on.

“That’s been going great, because the jobs are there,” Nelson said. “That’s been delightful. On the macro level, for sure, success picks us all up.”

-- Elliot Njus

[email protected]; 503-294-5034; @enjus

-- Mike Rogoway

[email protected]; 503-294-7699; @rogoway

Visit subscription.oregonlive.com/newsletters to get Oregonian/OregonLive journalism delivered to your email inbox.

Sours: https://www.oregonlive.com/business/2019/09/portland-metro-makes-gains-against-poverty-oregon-overtakes-us-in-household-income.html
Portland's Homeless Population has Jumped. #Shorts

Multnomah County Report on Poverty Shows that 34 Percent of Households Cannot Afford Basic Needs

A new Multnomah County report on poverty shows that Portland's economic boom is leaving large swaths of the population behind: A third of Portland-area households cannot meet their basic needs, and 16 percent of county residents meet the federal definition of poverty.

The report is based on years of data regarding Portland-area income and living standards, and shows that economic prosperity in the form of salary has risen for residents with advanced degrees, but has left behind residents without advanced degrees who normally work for low or middle wage.

"Unemployment rates have declined, but even full-time employment isn't enough to lift many workers out of poverty," the report reads. "Meanwhile, steep increases in the costs of housing, child care, and other necessities have made it
harder for households with low incomes to meet their basic needs."

Related: Oregon is producing new millionaires faster than any other state, think tank says.

Demographic splits in the report show how poverty disproportionately affects minority populations: 33% of single-parent homes meet the poverty threshold, and 25% of people of color meet the threshold.

Age groups show an unexpected split: only 11% of seniors are impoverished, whereas 32% of residents ages 18-24 are impoverished.

The report highlights that the federal definition of poverty, while the only national standard for what's considered poverty based on annual income and the size of the household, inadequately measures a family's ability to afford basic needs—explaining the discrepancy between the county's one third statistic regarding inability to afford basic needs, and the county's statistic showing that 16% of residents meet the definition of impoverished.

"Official measures of poverty rely on the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), but that is a very limited definition of poverty that leaves out a significant portion of the population that is unable to meet its basic needs," the report reads.

The report largely hinges on a different standard, called the Self-Sufficiency Standard, that takes into account the rising costs of various necessities not included in the national standard.

The standout figure stated in the report—34% of county residents cannot afford basic needs without assistance programs or outside financial help—was determined using the Self-Sufficiency Standard.

The results of this year's report show only slight differences from a similar county poverty report from 2014, when 36% of county residents could not afford basic needs.

Harsh racial disparities in poverty continue to climb. The report shows that the average median income for black households is half that of white households, and poverty rates for racial minorities are more than double the rates of poverty amongst the white population.

The report attributes much of the racial disparities to other racial inequities stemming from educational disparities, varying access to transportation and social services, and  disparities in generational wealth.

"The historic legacy of institutional and structural racism has limited the ability of people of color to accumulate wealth and pass it from one generation to the next," the report states. "This perpetuates economic inequities by reducing access to education, capital, and the financial security necessary to weather crises."

Among the report's dismal findings: Full-time employment does not always suffice for pulling a family out of the poverty zone.

In 2017, 24% of families in the state who were living in poverty had one or more parents working a full-time job, the report shows.

Sours: https://www.wweek.com/news/city/2019/11/25/multnomah-county-report-on-poverty-shows-that-34-percent-of-households-cannot-afford-basic-needs/

Rate poverty portland, oregon

Poverty in Portland, Oregon

Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate By Race

RacePopulationPoverty RateNational Poverty RatePopulation




American Indian






Pacific Islander






Two Or More Races









What's the Poverty Rate in Portland, Oregon By Race?

36.8% of Black residents of Portland, Oregon live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Portland, Oregon is dramatically higher than the national average of 25.2%. 12,891 of 35,056 black Oregonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.6% of the total population of Portland, Oregon are black.

18.8% of Asian residents of Portland, Oregon live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Portland, Oregon is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 9,053 of 48,186 asian Oregonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 7.6% of the total population of Portland, Oregon are asian.

12.6% of White residents of Portland, Oregon live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Portland, Oregon is the same as than the national average. 55,126 of 439,200 white Oregonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 69.7% of the total population of Portland, Oregon are white.

26.3% of Hispanic residents of Portland, Oregon live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Portland, Oregon is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 15,644 of 59,542 hispanic Oregonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 9.4% of the total population of Portland, Oregon are hispanic.

Sours: https://www.welfareinfo.org/poverty-rate/oregon/portland
Why Aren't There More Black People In Oregon A Hidden History presented by Walidah Imarisha

Portland, OR

In 2019, Portland, OR had a population of 653k people with a median age of 37.5 and a median household income of $76,231. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Portland, OR grew from 652,573 to 653,467, a 0.137% increase and its median household income grew from $73,097 to $76,231, a 4.29% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Portland, OR are White (Non-Hispanic) (70.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (8.11%), White (Hispanic) (6.76%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.5%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (5.21%). 0% of the households in Portland, OR speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

93.8% of the residents in Portland, OR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Portland, OR are Portland State University (7,354 degrees awarded in 2019), Portland Community College (5,361 degrees), and Concordia University-Portland (2,283 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Portland, OR was $445,200, and the homeownership rate was 53.8%. Most people in Portland, OR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Portland, OR was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The White Stag sign, also known as the “Portland Oregon” sign, is a lighted neon-and-incandescent-bulb sign located atop the White Stag Building, at 70 NW Couch Street in downtown Portland, Oregon, United States, facing the Burnside Bridge.

Sours: https://datausa.io/profile/geo/portland-or/

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