Come buy without money kjv

Come buy without money kjv DEFAULT

Verse  (Click for Chapter)

King James Bible
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

New King James Version
“Ho! Everyone who thirsts, Come to the waters; And you who have no money, Come, buy and eat. Yes, come, buy wine and milk Without money and without price.

American Standard Version
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

Berean Study Bible
“Come, all you who are thirsty, come to the waters; and you without money, come, buy, and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without cost!

Douay-Rheims Bible
ALL you that thirst, come to the waters: and you that have no money make haste, buy, and eat: come ye, buy wine and milk without money, and without any price.

English Revised Version
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

World English Bible
"Come, everyone who thirsts, to the waters! Come, he who has no money, buy, and eat! Yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

Young's Literal Translation
Ho, every thirsty one, come ye to the waters, And he who hath no money, Come ye, buy and eat, yea, come, buy Without money and without price, wine and milk.

Isaiah 55:1 Additional Translations ...

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Sours: https://biblehub.com/kjv/isaiah/55-1.htm

What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by "buying without money"?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy (שִׁבְרוּ֙) and eat! Come, buy (שִׁבְר֗וּ) wine and milk without money and without price. (ESV)

The form of the verb buy שִׁבְרוּ֙ is used 4 times: twice in Isaiah 55:1 and twice in Genesis. The first use is when Jacob tells his sons to go a second time to Egypt and buy grain:

And when they had eaten the grain that they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Go again, buy (שִׁבְרוּ) us a little food.” (Genesis 43:2 ESV)

The second is by Judah when he recounts those instructions:

And when our father said, ‘Go again, buy (שִׁבְרוּ) us a little food,’ (Genesis 44:25 ESV)

The use in Isaiah is alluding to those events in Genesis.

The first time the brothers went to Egypt for grain they paid for it but Joseph returned thier money. While making the transaction, Joseph pretended to believe they were spies and eventually held Simeon as collateral until they returned with Benjamin:

if you are honest men, let one of your brothers remain confined where you are in custody, and let the rest go and carry grain for the famine of your households...(Genesis 42:19 ESV)
...And he took Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes. (Genesis 42:24 ESV)

By returning the money, Joseph made Simeon's life the "purchase price" for the first grain. He also set the terms for any future transactions:

and bring your youngest brother to me. So your words will be verified, and you shall not die.” And they did so. (Genesis 42:2 ESV)

After the brothers return with Benjamin, they get grain and Joseph once again returns their money. This time he takes Benjamin into custody. So in both cases the brothers got grain without using money; instead the "purchases" were "transacted" with a brother's life.

The use in Isaiah is prophetic of Christ.

Christ paid with His life and by believing a person is able to be fed by Him. His food does not cost money: payment has been made by Him with life. By calling Jesus Lord, a person becomes a child of God and as such is able to eat with Him. Like the manna that fed a person without price, the Bread of Life can feed a person without price.

As Abu Munir Ibn Ibrahim shows, Isaiah 55:1 could be translated into everyday English:

Hey! Anyone who is thirsty [can] go to the water [and drink]! No money? [No problem] go fill up and eat! - no payment [required]. Wine and milk for free!

Jesus draws on this understanding of Isaiah when speaking to the woman at the well:

but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again. The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” (John 4:14 ESV)

As Abstraction is everything comments, the New Testament ends on this same note:

The Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price. (Revelation 22:17 ESV)

How does one buy without money? By accepting the invitation to become a child of God which gains access to His table, where like Joseph's brothers eating and drinking is a family affair:

For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God. (Ephesians 2:8 ESV)

Sours: https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/19798/what-does-isaiah-551-mean-by-buying-without-money
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Isaiah 55
1
"Come, all you who are thirsty, come to the waters; and you who have no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without cost.
2
Why spend money on what is not bread, and your labor on what does not satisfy? Listen, listen to me, and eat what is good, and your soul will delight in the richest of fare.
3
Give ear and come to me; hear me, that your soul may live. I will make an everlasting covenant with you, my faithful love promised to David.
4
See, I have made him a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander of the peoples.
5
Surely you will summon nations you know not, and nations that do not know you will hasten to you, because of the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, for he has endowed you with splendor."
6
Seek the LORD while he may be found; call on him while he is near.
7
Let the wicked forsake his way and the evil man his thoughts. Let him turn to the LORD, and he will have mercy on him, and to our God, for he will freely pardon.
8
"For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways," declares the LORD.
9
"As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.
10
As the rain and the snow come down from heaven, and do not return to it without watering the earth and making it bud and flourish, so that it yields seed for the sower and bread for the eater,
11
so is my word that goes out from my mouth: It will not return to me empty, but will accomplish what I desire and achieve the purpose for which I sent it.
12
You will go out in joy and be led forth in peace; the mountains and hills will burst into song before you, and all the trees of the field will clap their hands.
13
Instead of the thornbush will grow the pine tree, and instead of briers the myrtle will grow. This will be for the LORD's renown, for an everlasting sign, which will not be destroyed."


Sours: http://web.mit.edu/jywang/www/cef/Bible/NIV/NIV_Bible/ISA+55.html
KJV: The Making Of The King James Bible (2011) - Adam Nicolson - Albert Coia - John Barclay Burns

Isaiah 55:1

“Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.”

King James Version (KJV)

Ho, euery one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money: come ye, buy and eate, yea come, buy wine and milke without money, and without price.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

"Ho! Every one who thirsts, come to the waters; And you who have no money come, buy and eat. Come, buy wine and milk Without money and without cost.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
- American Standard Version (1901)

Ho! everyone in need, come to the waters, and he who has no strength, let him get food: come, get bread without money; wine and milk without price.
- Basic English Bible

Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters; and he that hath no money, come ye, buy, and eat: yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price!
- Darby Bible

Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
- Webster's Bible

Come, everyone who thirsts, to the waters! Come, he who has no money, buy, and eat! Yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
- World English Bible

Ho, every thirsty one, come ye to the waters, And he who hath no money, Come ye, buy and eat, yea, come, buy Without money and without price, wine and milk.
- Youngs Literal Bible

Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye for water, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible



Sours: https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Isaiah-55-1/

Kjv without money come buy

 Context  Crossref  Comm  Hebrew 

Verse  (Click for Chapter)

New International Version
“Come, all you who are thirsty, come to the waters; and you who have no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without cost.

New Living Translation
“Is anyone thirsty? Come and drink— even if you have no money! Come, take your choice of wine or milk— it’s all free!

English Standard Version
“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

Berean Study Bible
“Come, all you who are thirsty, come to the waters; and you without money, come, buy, and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without cost!

King James Bible
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

New King James Version
“Ho! Everyone who thirsts, Come to the waters; And you who have no money, Come, buy and eat. Yes, come, buy wine and milk Without money and without price.

New American Standard Bible
“You there! Everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; And you who have no money come, buy and eat. Come, buy wine and milk Without money and without cost.

NASB 1995
“Ho! Every one who thirsts, come to the waters; And you who have no money come, buy and eat. Come, buy wine and milk Without money and without cost.

NASB 1977
“Ho! Every one who thirsts, come to the waters; And you who have no money come, buy and eat. Come, buy wine and milk Without money and without cost.

Amplified Bible
“Everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; And you who have no money come, buy grain and eat. Come, buy wine and milk Without money and without cost [simply accept it as a gift from God].

Christian Standard Bible
“Come, everyone who is thirsty, come to the water; and you without silver, come, buy, and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without silver and without cost!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Come, everyone who is thirsty, come to the waters; and you without money, come, buy, and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without cost!

American Standard Version
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Oh, all who thirst, go to the waters! He who has no money, go buy and consume wine and milk without money and without price!

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Ye that thirst, go to the water, and all that have no money, go and buy; and eat and drink wine and fat without money or price.

Contemporary English Version
If you are thirsty, come and drink water! If you don't have any money, come, eat what you want! Drink wine and milk without paying a cent.

Douay-Rheims Bible
ALL you that thirst, come to the waters: and you that have no money make haste, buy, and eat: come ye, buy wine and milk without money, and without any price.

English Revised Version
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

Good News Translation
The LORD says, "Come, everyone who is thirsty--here is water! Come, you that have no money--buy grain and eat! Come! Buy wine and milk--it will cost you nothing!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Listen! Whoever is thirsty, come to the water! Whoever has no money can come, buy, and eat! Come, buy wine and milk. You don't have to pay; its free!

International Standard Version
"Come, everyone who is thirsty, come to the waters! Also, you that have no money, come, buy, and eat! Come! Buy wine and milk without money and without price.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye for water, And he that hath no money; Come ye, buy, and eat; Yea, come, buy wine and milk Without money and without price.

Literal Standard Version
“Behold, every thirsty one, Come to the waters, And he who has no money, Come, buy and eat, Indeed, come, buy wine and milk Without money and without price.

NET Bible
"Hey, all who are thirsty, come to the water! You who have no money, come! Buy and eat! Come! Buy wine and milk without money and without cost!

New Heart English Bible
"Come, everyone who thirsts, to the waters. Come, he who has no money, buy, and eat. Yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

World English Bible
"Come, everyone who thirsts, to the waters! Come, he who has no money, buy, and eat! Yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

Young's Literal Translation
Ho, every thirsty one, come ye to the waters, And he who hath no money, Come ye, buy and eat, yea, come, buy Without money and without price, wine and milk.

Additional Translations ...

Context

Invitation to the Needy
1“Come,all youwho are thirsty,cometo the waters;and youwithoutmoney,come,buy,and eat!Come,buywineand milkwithoutmoneyand withoutcost!2Why spend money on that which is not bread, and your labor on that which does not satisfy? Listen carefully to Me, and eat what is good, and your soul will delight in the richest of foods.…

Berean Study Bible · Download



Cross References

Matthew 5:6
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.

Matthew 10:8
Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, drive out demons. Freely you have received; freely give.

John 4:14
But whoever drinks the water I give him will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give him will become in him a fount of water springing up to eternal life."

John 7:37
On the last and greatest day of the feast, Jesus stood up and called out in a loud voice, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink.

John 7:38
Whoever believes in Me, as the Scripture has said: 'Streams of living water will flow from within him.'"

Acts 8:20
But Peter replied, "May your silver perish with you, because you thought you could buy the gift of God with money!

Revelation 3:18
I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined by fire so that you may become rich, white garments so that you may be clothed and your shameful nakedness not exposed, and salve to anoint your eyes so that you may see.



Treasury of Scripture

Ho, every one that thirsts, come you to the waters, and he that has no money; come you, buy, and eat; yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

Hosea 4:1
Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.

Proverbs 1:21-23
She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying, …

Proverbs 8:4
Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice is to the sons of man.

every

Isaiah 41:17,18
When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them…

Psalm 42:1,2
To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah. As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God…

Psalm 63:1
A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah. O God, thou art my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;

buy, and

Matthew 13:44
Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.

Revelation 3:18
I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

buy wine

Song of Solomon 1:2,4
Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine…

Song of Solomon 5:1
I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.

Zechariah 9:15
The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue with sling stones; and they shall drink, and make a noise as through wine; and they shall be filled like bowls, and as the corners of the altar.

milk

Joel 3:18
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the LORD, and shall water the valley of Shittim.

1 Corinthians 3:2
I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able.

1 Peter 2:2
As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:

without money

Isaiah 52:3
For thus saith the LORD, Ye have sold yourselves for nought; and ye shall be redeemed without money.





Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

LV.

(1) Ho, every one that thirsteth . . .--The whole context shows that the water, the wine, the milk are all, symbols of spiritual blessings as distinctly as they are, e.g., in John 4:10; Matthew 26:29; 1Peter 2:2. The Word "buy" is elsewhere confined to the purchase of corn, and would not rightly have been used of wine and milk. The invitation is addressed, as in a tone of pity, to the bereaved and afflicted one of Isaiah 54:6-7.

Without money and without price.--"Literally, For not-money and not-price. The prophet had used the word "buy," but he feels that that word may be misinterpreted. "No silver or gold can buy the blessing which He offers. Something, indeed, is required, and therefore the word" buy "is still the right word; but the "price" is simply the self-surrender that accepts the blessing. Comp. Proverbs 3:14-15; Matthew 13:45-46, . . .

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 1-7.- AN EXHORTATION TO SPIRITUALITY AND REPENTANCE. The prophet passes from the ideal to the actual, from the glorious future to the unsatisfactory present. The people are not ripe for the blessings of the Messianic kingdom - they do not sufficiently value them. Hence a tender exhortation is addressed to them by God himself, inviting them to become more spiritually minded (vers. 1-3), and fresh promises are held out to the obedient (vers. 3-5). The disobedient are then somewhat sternly exhorted to turn from their evil ways and repent (vers. 6, 7). Verse 1.- Ho, every one that thirsteth!Though the mass are gross and carnally minded, there will ever be some who have higher aspirations - who hunger and thirst after righteousness" (Matthew 5:6), and desire spiritual blessings. These are invited, first of all, to come and partake of the good things provided for them in Messiah's kingdom. Come ye to the waters(on the spiritual symbolism of water, see the homiletics on Isaiah 44:3, 4). Here the "peace" and "righteousness" of the Messianic kingdom (Isaiah 54:13, 14) are especially intended. Our Lord's cry on the last day of the Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:7) is clearly an echo of this. Wine andmilk. These are not symbols of temporal blessings, as many have thought. "Wine, water, and milk are," as Delitzsch says, "figurative representations of spiritual revival, re-creation, and nourishment." Without money andwithout price. God's spiritual gifts are freely given to men; they cannot be purchased. Being in their own nature "more precious than rubies," their value transcends human means of payment. They cannot even be earned by man's best works; for man's best works are comprised in his duty to God, and have, therefore, no purchasing power. God may choose to reward them; but if he does it is of his free grace.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew

“Come,
ה֤וֹי(hō·w)
Interjection
Strong's 1945: Ah! alas! ha!

all of you
כָּל־(kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

who thirst,
צָמֵא֙(ṣā·mê)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 6771: Thirsty

come
לְכ֣וּ(lə·ḵū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

to the waters;
לַמַּ֔יִם(lam·ma·yim)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

and you
וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר(wa·’ă·šer)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

without
אֵֽין־(’ên-)
Adverb
Strong's 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

money,
כָּ֑סֶף(kā·sep̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3701: Silver, money

come,
לְכ֤וּ(lə·ḵū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

buy,
שִׁבְרוּ֙(šiḇ·rū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 7666: To deal in grain

and eat!
וֶֽאֱכֹ֔לוּ(we·’ĕ·ḵō·lū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 398: To eat

Come,
וּלְכ֣וּ(ū·lə·ḵū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

buy
שִׁבְר֗וּ(šiḇ·rū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 7666: To deal in grain

wine
יַ֥יִן(ya·yin)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3196: Wine, intoxication

and milk,
וְחָלָֽב׃(wə·ḥā·lāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2461: Milk

without
בְּלוֹא־(bə·lō·w-)
Preposition-b | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

money
כֶ֛סֶף(ḵe·sep̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3701: Silver, money

and without
וּבְל֥וֹא(ū·ḇə·lō·w)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

cost!
מְחִ֖יר(mə·ḥîr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4242: Price, payment, wages


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OT Prophets: Isaiah 55:1 Ho everyone who thirsts come you (Isa Isi Is)
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Compare Translations for Isaiah 55:1

CHAPTER 55

Isaiah 55:1-13 . THE CALL OF THE GENTILE WORLD TO FAITH THE RESULT OF GOD'S GRACE TO THE JEWS FIRST.

1. every one--After the special privileges of Israel ( Isaiah 54:1-17 ) there follow, as the consequence, the universal invitation to the Gentiles ( Luke 24:47 , Romans 11:12Romans 11:15 ).
Ho--calls the most earnest attention.
thirsteth--has a keen sense of need ( Matthew 5:6 ).
waters . . . wine and milk--a gradation. Not merely water, which is needed to maintain life at all, but wine and milk to strengthen, cheer, and nourish; the spiritual blessings of the Gospel are meant ( Isaiah 25:6 , Solomon 5:1 , John 7:37 ). "Waters," plural, to denote abundance ( Isaiah 43:20 , 44:3 ).
no money--Yet, in Isaiah 55:2 , it is said, "ye spend money." A seeming paradox. Ye are really spiritual bankrupts: but thinking yourselves to have money, namely, a devotion of your own making, ye lavish it on that "which is not bread," that is, on idols, whether literal or spiritual.
buy . . . without money--another paradox. We are bought, but not with a price paid by ourselves ( 1 Corinthians 6:20 , 1 Peter 1:181 Peter 1:19 ). In a different sense we are to "buy" salvation, namely, by parting with everything which comes between us and Christ who has bought it for us and by making it our own ( Matthew 13:44Matthew 13:46 , Luke 12:33 , Revelation 3:18 ).

2. not bread--( Habakkuk 2:13 ). "Bread of deceit" ( Proverbs 20:17 ). Contrast this with the "bread of life" ( John 6:32John 6:35 ; also Luke 14:16-20 ).
satisfieth not--( Ecclesiastes 1:8 , 4:8 ).
hearken . . . and eat--When two imperatives are joined, the second expresses the consequence of obeying the command in the first ( Genesis 42:18 ). By hearkening ye shall eat. So in Isaiah 55:1 , "buy and eat." By buying, and so making it your own, ye shall eat, that is, experimentally enjoy it ( John 6:53 ). Compare the invitation ( Proverbs 9:5Proverbs 9:6 , Matthew 22:4 ).
fatness--( Psalms 36:8 , 63:5 ).

3. me . . . live--by coming to me ye shall live: for "I am the life" ( John 14:6 ).
everlasting covenant--( Jeremiah 32:40 , 2 Samuel 23:5 ).
with you . . . David--God's covenant is with the antitypical David, Messiah ( Ezekiel 34:23 ), and so with us by our identification with Him.
sure--answering to "everlasting," irrevocable, unfailing, to be relied on ( Psalms 89:2-4Psalms 89:28Psalms 89:29Psalms 89:34-36Jeremiah 33:20Jeremiah 33:212 Samuel 7:152 Samuel 7:162 Corinthians 1:18-20 ).
mercies of David--the mercies of grace ( Isaiah 63:7 , John 1:16 ) which I covenanted to give to David, and especially to Messiah, his antitype. Quoted in Acts 13:34 .

4. him--the mystical David ( Ezekiel 37:24Ezekiel 37:25 , Jeremiah 30:9 , Hosea 3:5 ). Given by God ( Isaiah 49:6 ).
witness--He bore witness even unto death for God, to His law, claims, and plan of redeeming love ( John 18:37 , Revelation 1:5 ). Revelation is a "testimony"; because it is propounded to be received on the authority of the Giver, and not merely because it can be proved by arguments.
commander--"preceptor" [HORSLEY]; "lawgiver" [BARNES].
to the people--rather, "peoples."

5. thou--Jehovah addresses Messiah.
call . . . run--God must call, before man can, or will, run ( Solomon 1:4 , John 6:44 ). Not merely come, but run eagerly.
thou knowest not--now as thy people (so in Matthew 7:23 ).
nation . . . nations--gradation; from Israel, one nation, the Gospel spread to many nations, and will do so more fully on Israel's conversion.
knew not thee--( Isaiah 52:15 , Ephesians 2:11Ephesians 2:12 ).
because of . . . thy God . . . glorified thee--( Isaiah 60:5Isaiah 60:9 , Zechariah 8:23 ); where similar language is directed to Israel, because of the identification of Israel with Messiah, who is the ideal Israel ( Matthew 2:15 ; compare with Hosea 11:1 ; see Acts 3:13 ).

6. The condition and limit in the obtaining of the spiritual benefits ( Isaiah 55:1-3 ): (1) Seek the Lord. (2) Seek Him while He is to be found ( Isaiah 65:1 , Psalms 32:6 , Matthew 25:1-13 , John 7:34 , 8:21 , 2 Corinthians 6:2 , Hebrews 2:3 , Hebrews 3:13Hebrews 3:15 ).
call--casting yourselves wholly on His mercy ( Romans 10:13 ). Stronger than "seek"; so "near" is more positive than "while He may be found" ( Romans 10:8Romans 10:9 ).
near--propitious ( Psalms 34:18 , 145:18 ).

7. unrighteous--Hebrew, "man of iniquity"; true of all men. The "wicked" sins more openly in "his way"; the "unrighteous" refers to the more subtle workings of sin in the "thoughts." All are guilty in the latter respect, thought many fancy themselves safe, because not openly "wicked in ways" ( Psalms 94:11 ). The parallelism is that of gradation. The progress of the penitent is to be from negative reformation, "forsaking his way," and a farther step, "his thoughts," to positive repentance, "returning to the Lord" (the only true repentance, Zechariah 12:10 ), and making God his God, along with the other children of God (the crowning point; appropriation of God to ourselves: "to our God"). "Return" implies that man originally walked with God, but has apostatized. Isaiah saith, "our God," the God of the believing Israelites; those themselves redeemed desire others to come to their God ( Psalms 34:8 , Revelation 22:17 ).
abundantly pardon--Literally, "multiply to pardon," still more than "have mercy"; God's graciousness is felt more and more the longer one knows Him ( Psalms 130:7 ).

8. For--referring to Isaiah 55:7 . You need not doubt His willingness "abundantly to pardon" (compare Isaiah 55:12 ); for, though "the wicked" man's "ways," and "the unrighteous man's thoughts," are so aggravated as to seem unpardonable, God's "thoughts" and "ways" in pardoning are not regulated by the proportion of the former, as man's would be towards his fellow man who offended him; compare the "for" ( Psalms 25:11 , Romans 5:19 ).

9. ( Psalms 57:10 , 89:2 , 103:11 ). "For" is repeated from Isaiah 55:8 . But MAURER, after the negation, translates, "but."

10. The hearts of men, once barren of spirituality, shall be made, by the outpouring of the Spirit under Messiah, to bear fruits of righteousness ( Isaiah 5:6 , Deuteronomy 32:2 , 2 Samuel 23:4 , Psalms 72:6 ).
snow--which covers plants from frost in winter; and, when melted in spring, waters the earth.
returneth not--void; as in Isaiah 55:11 ; it returns not in the same shape, or without "accomplishing" the desired end.
bud--germinate.

11. ( Matthew 24:35 ). Rain may to us seem lost when it falls on a desert, but it fulfils some purpose of God. So the gospel word falling on the hard heart; it sometimes works a change at last; and even if so, it leaves men without excuse. The full accomplishment of this verse, and Isaiah 55:12Isaiah 55:13 , is, however, to be at the Jews' final restoration and conversion of the world ( Isaiah 11:9-12 , Isaiah 60:1-5Isaiah 60:21 ).

12. go out--from the various countries in which ye (the Jews) are scattered, to your own land ( Ezekiel 11:17 ).
led--by Messiah, your "Leader" ( Isaiah 55:4 , Isaiah 52:12 , Micah 2:12Micah 2:13 ).
mountains . . . trees, &c.--images justly used to express the seeming sympathy of nature with. the joy of God's people. For, when sin is removed, the natural world shall be delivered from "vanity," and be renewed, so as to be in unison with the regenerated moral world ( Isaiah 44:23 , Psalms 98:8 , Romans 8:19-22 ).

13. thorn--emblem of the wicked ( 2 Samuel 23:6 , Micah 7:4 ).
fir tree--the godly ( Isaiah 60:13 , Psalms 92:12 ). Compare as to the change wrought, Romans 6:19 .
brier--emblem of uncultivation ( Isaiah 5:6 ).
myrtle--Hebrew, Hedes, from which comes Hedassah, the original name of Esther. Type of the Christian Church; for it is a lowly, though beautiful, fragrant, and evergreen shrub ( Psalms 92:13Psalms 92:14 ).
for a name . . . everlasting sign--a perpetual memorial to the glory of Jehovah ( Jeremiah 13:11 , 33:9 ).

Sours: https://www.biblestudytools.com/isaiah/55-1-compare.html

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