Free south carolina census records

Free south carolina census records DEFAULT

South Carolina Census Records

Statewide South Carolina Census records that exist are 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

There are Industry and Agriculture Census Schedules 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. The Mortality Census Schedules for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Slave Census Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. The Union Veterans Census Schedules exist for 1890.

South Carolina Census Overview

Both original and microfilm federal census records can be found at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History. A portion of the Richland District 1800 census is unavailable.

The Lexington District and York District 1850 census records can be quite useful because they list the county and state of birth for each person recorded.

Missing South Carolina Censuses

South Carolina census records that are missing include the following:

  • Part of the 1800 census for Richland District is missing

South Carolina South Carolina and Territorial Census

There were no full colonial censuses taken by South Carolina. However, there are some state census fragments that still exist, which can be found at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

The Lauren District and Fairfield District state census records for 1829 still exist, as do the Chesterfield District and Kershaw District state census records for 1839. The 1869 South Carolina state census records are complete except for the following counties: Clarendon, Oconee, Spartanburg

The complete state census records from 1875 for Newberry County, Marlboro County, and Clarendon County are still available, but only partial records still exist for the counties of Beaufort, Fairfield, Sumter, Lancaster, and Abbeville.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has those original records on file. Certain records have also been published in genealogical periodicals that have been published for the state.

Searchable South Carolina Census Resources

You may find the following resources helpful in your research of South Carolina census data.

South Carolina, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1890 collection contains the following indexes: 1790 Federal Census Index; 1800 Federal Census Index; 1810 Federal Census Index; 1820 Federal Census Index; 1830 Federal Census Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1850 Slave Schedule; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1860 Slave Schedule; 1890 Veterans Schedule; Colonial Probate Index; Early Census Index.


Suggested Reading


South Carolina Census Records

Search Free South Carolina Census Records Online in an easy to use census directory. Our census directory includes, comprehensive census information, census records, census transcriptions, census images and census indexes.

South Carolina Census Information

South Carolina Federal Census Records include: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

1890 Federal South Carolina census records were destroyed by a 1921 warehouse fire, however the 1890 South Carolina Veterans and Widows schedeules did survive.

South Carolina State Census Records: 1825, 1839, 1869, 1875 (all partial).

South Carolina State Census Records are available at:

South Carolina Department of Archives and History
1430 Senate Street
P.O. Box 11669
Columbia, South Carolina 29211

Statewide Free South Carolina Census Records Online

Clarendon County South Carolina Census Records

Clarendon County South Carolina Mortality Schedules

Marlboro County South Carolina Census Records

Marlboro County South Carolina Mortality Schedules

Sumter County South Carolina Census Records

Sumter County South Carolina Mortality Schedules

York County South Carolina Census Records

York County South Carolina Mortality Schedules

If you know of a South Carolina Census Link that should be added to this list, please submit it to: add a link

My Free Census is a census directory to help you find free South Carolina census records online. We cannot be held responsible for the content of the many sites we link to. Genealogy data and information found online, should verified against original sources.

My Free Census wishes you the greatest success in discovering your genealogy, family history and ancestry.

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About Census Records

Introduction to Census Records

You can start your census records search with only:

  • The name of your relative or ancestor, and
  • The state where he or she resided.

The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and a census has been taken every ten years since. However, data from recent censuses are not available after 1940 because of a 72-year restriction on access to the Census. Most researchers find it helpful to begin with the 1940 Census and work backwards to locate people in earlier generations.

The National Archives has the census schedules on microfilm available from 1790 to 1940, and online access is available through our digitization partners (free at any National Archives facility). See our Census Resources page to search the digitized records on our partners' websites. (Please note: Most of the 1890 Census was destroyed in a Department of Commerce fire in 1921, though partial records are available for some states.)

What can the Census tell me?

Census records can provide the building blocks of your research, allowing you both to confirm information and learn more.

From 1850 to 1940, details are provided for all individuals in each household. Details can include:

Tip: Begin with the most current census year available and work backwards. With the 72-year restriction on access to the Census, the most current year available is 1940.

  • Name
  • Age at a certain point in time
  • State or country of birth
  • Parents' birthplace(s)
  • Year of immigration (if relevant)
  • Street address
  • Marriage status and years of marriage (if relevant)
  • Occupation(s)
  • Value of home and personal belongings
  • Crops grown (in agricultural schedules), etc.

Not all of this information is available in every census. Before the 1850 Census, few of these details were recorded. From 1790 to 1840, only the head of household is listed by name; other household members are merely counted in selected age groups.

For specifics on what information was collected in each census year, see Availability of Census Records About Individuals

How can I search the Census Records?

You can access census records in a variety of ways:

  • View digitized census records online through one of our partners, linked from our Census Resources page. View our complete list of Records Digitized by Our Digitization Partners

  • Visit the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, or one of our regional facilities located in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Fort Worth, Kansas City, New York City, Philadelphia, Riverside, San Francisco, and Seattle.

  • Contact State Archives, public libraries, historical societies, and other research facilities to see if they provide free access to and

  • Purchase digitized microfilm from us.

  • Check with the USGenWeb project to see if census records from your states of interest have been transcribed (free of charge).

Please note, due to staffing limitations, the National Archives cannot conduct census research on your behalf.

How to Browse the Census by Location on Ancestry and FamilySearch

South Carolina Census

Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

South Carolina was the eighth state admitted to the United States on 23 May 1788. It was included in all of the federal censuses.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]

Non-Population Schedules for South Carolina[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service

Sources and footnotes[edit | edit source]


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