1969 chevy nova engine options

1969 chevy nova engine options DEFAULT

1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 350 ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 350 4-speed ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 350 Hydra-Matic ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 350 Powerglide ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 396 ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 396 4-speed ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 396 Hydra-Matic ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 396 375-hp 4-speed ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 396 375-hp Hydra-Matic ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 396 375-hp Hydra-Matic ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 350 Powerglide ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)

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Sours: https://www.automobile-catalog.com/make/chevrolet_usa/chevy_ii_nova_3gen/chevy_ii_nova_3gen_coupe_ss/1969.html

Chevrolet Chevy II / Nova

For the model sold in Latin America and based on Opel/Vauxhall Corsa, see Chevrolet Chevy.

Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Chevy II/Nova is a small automobile manufactured by Chevrolet, and produced in five generations for the 1962 through 1979, and 1985 through 1988 model years. Nova was the top model in the Chevy II lineup through 1968. The Chevy II nameplate was dropped after 1968, with Nova becoming the nameplate for all of the 1969 through 1979 models. Built on the X-body platform, the Nova was replaced by the 1980 Chevrolet Citation introduced in the spring of 1979. The Nova nameplate returned in 1985, produced through 1988 as a S-car based, NUMMI manufactured, subcompact based on the front wheel drive, Japan home-based Toyota Sprinter.

History[edit]

Origin[edit]

Chevrolet designer Clare MacKichan recalled about creating the Chevy II: "There was no time for experimentation or doodling around with new ideas from either the engineers or from us in design; And it had to be a basic-type car." The 1962 Chevy II rode a 110-inch (2,800 mm) wheelbase, compared to 109.5 inches (2,780 mm) for the Ford Falcon, at which Chevy's new compact was aimed. "I think that was the quickest program we ever did at any time," he continued. "We worked night and day on that car, and it didn't take very long to run it through our shop because we had a deadline." And that is what made the Chevy II one of the fastest new-car development programs in GM history – just 18 months after the designers got the green light, the first production Chevy II rolled off the Willow Run, Michigan, assembly line in August 1961, in time for its September 29 introduction. Unlike the Corvair, the 1962 Chevy II design team deliberately avoided any revolutionary features in concept or execution; their mission was to give Chevrolet buyers a simple, back-to-the-basics compact car. When he announced the Chevy II to the press, Chevrolet General Manager Ed Cole described the car as offering "maximum functionalism with thrift." When the Chevy II was introduced, it was the first post-WWII car (and the first Chevrolet since the 1928 Chevrolet National) to use a four-cylinder engine.

There was a lot of debate within the Chevrolet organization over just what to call this new car, and the decision to go with "Chevy II" was a very late one. Among the finalists was Nova. It lost out because it didn't start with a "C," but was selected as the name for the top-of-the-line series. Ultimately the Nova badge would replace Chevy II, but that wouldn't happen until 1969. In almost every way, the creators of the Chevy II used Falcon as a benchmark. The 1962 model range included sedans and wagons, as well as a two-door hardtop and a convertible. The only body styles it didn't offer which the Falcon did were a 2-door wagon/sedan delivery and coupe utility (the Ford Falcon Ranchero), most likely to avoid competing with Chevrolet's own El Camino.

First generation (1962–1965)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Chevrolet Chevy II
First generation
Chevrolet Chevy II 1964 (6142537870).jpg

1964 Chevrolet Chevy II Nova coupe

Production1961–1965
Model years1962–1965
AssemblySt. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Norwood, Ohio,
Oakland, California, U.S.
Willow Run, Michigan, U.S.
Buenos Aires, Argentina,
Antwerp, Belgium,
Bienne, Switzerland
ClassCompact
Body style2-door sedan
2-door hardtop
2-door convertible (1962–63)
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
LayoutFR layout
PlatformX-body
RelatedAcadian
Engine
  • 153 cu in (2.5 L) Chevrolet 153I4
  • 194 cu in (3.18 L) I6
  • 230 cu in (3.8 L) I6
  • 283 cu in (4.64 L) V8
  • 327 cu in (5.36 L) V8
Transmission3/4-speed manual
2-speed Powerglide automatic
Wheelbase110 in (2,794 mm)
Length183 in (4,648 mm) Sedan, Coupe[1]
187.4 in (4,760 mm) Station Wagon
Width70.8 in (1,798 mm)
Height54–55 in (1,372–1,397 mm) depending on body style

After the rear-engineChevrolet Corvair was outsold by the conventional Ford Falcon in 1960, Chevrolet completed work on a more conventional compact car that would eventually become the Chevy II. The car was of semi-unibody construction having a bolt on front section joined to its unitized cabin and trunk rear section, available in two-door coupe and four-door sedan configurations as well as convertible and station wagon versions. The 1962 Chevy II came in three series and five body styles—the 100 Series, 300 Series and Nova 400 Series. A 200 series was also introduced, but was discontinued almost immediately.[2] The sportiest-looking of the lot was the US$2,475 ($21,175 in 2020 dollars [3]) Nova 400 convertible—23,741 were produced that year.[4]

1960s Chevrolet Nova emblem
1963 Chevrolet Chevy II Nova 400 4-Door Station Wagon

Available engines for the Chevy II in 1962 and 1963 included Chevrolet's inline-four engine of 153 cu in (2.5 l) and a new third generation 194 cu in (3.2 l) Chevrolet straight-6 engine. All Chevy II engines featured overhead valves. A V8 engine was not available in 1962 and 1963. With no documentation proving it, the legend of a dealer installed V8 engine being in a 1962 or 1963 model year Chevy II is a myth. Refer to the GM Heritage Center 1963 Chevrolet Nova information available on the GM Heritage site.[5] In addition, that documentation does not list a V8 engine as a possible dealer installed option.

In 1962 and 1963 the Nova option for the Chevy II was available in a convertible body style, and a two-door hardtop was available from 1962 to 1965, although the hardtop was dropped when the 1964 models were first introduced, but subsequently brought back to the line later in the model year. Like all Chevy two-door hardtops, the body style was marketed as the Sport Coupe.

For 1963, the Chevy II Nova Super Sport was released, under RPO Z03.[6] It featured special emblems, instrument package, wheel covers, side moldings, bucket seats, and floor shifter, and was available only on the 400 series sport coupe and convertible.[6] Cost of the package was US$161.40, equal to $1,364.36 today.[7] As mentioned above, the Nova option could not officially have V8 engines at this time—the standard SS engine was the six-cylinder (this was also applicable to the Impala (and later the early Chevelle c. 1964–65) when the SS was a sport and appearance package)—but small-block V8 engine swaps were commonplace among enthusiasts.

For 1964, sales were hit hard by the introduction of the new Chevelle,[8] and the Chevy II received its first factory V8 option, a 195 hp (145 kW) 283 cu in (4.6 l), as well as a 230 cu in (3.8 l) straight six.[9] The six-cylinder was actually the third generation engine, replacing the second generation Stovebolt. Rival manufacturer Chrysler had earlier developed the Slant Six in their Plymouth Valiant, a Chevy II competitor, when the cars were introduced to the public in late 1959 as 1960 models. At introduction in the fall, the hardtop coupe was missing in the lineup, contributing to a loss of sales (as well as showroom appeal). Chevrolet subsequently reintroduced the Sport Coupe in the lineup later in the model year, and it remained available through 1967.

1965 Chevrolet Chevy II Nova 4-door sedan (with aftermarket wheels)

The 1965 Chevrolet Chevy II and Nova were updated with cleaner front-end styling courtesy of a fresh full-width grille with new integrated headlight bezels. Parking lights moved down to the deep-section bumper, and sedans gained a new roofline. Taillight and backup lights were restyled, as was the rear cove. The 1965 Chevy II came in entry-level 100 form or as the posher Nova 400, each in three body styles. The Nova Super Sport came as a Sport Coupe only, and its production dipped to just 9,100 cars. Super Sports had a new brushed-chrome console with floor-mounted four-speed manual transmission or Powerglide automatic, but a column-mounted three-speed manual remained standard. Bucket seats wore textured vinyl trim, and the dashboard held ammeter, oil pressure, and temperature gauges. An expanded engine lineup gave customers six power choices of the six-cylinder or V-8 engines; the four-cylinder was available only in the 100. But, for Chevy II enthusiasts, 1965 is best remembered as the year the Chevy II became a muscle car. A 327 cu in (5.4 l) V8 was available with up to 300 hp (220 kW), suddenly putting Nova SS performance practically on a par with the GTO, 4-4-2, and 271 bhp Mustang 289s-at least in straight-line acceleration. Midyear also brought a more potent 283 with dual exhausts and 220 horsepower.

The Chevelle Malibu SS continued to eat away at the Nova SS market: Out of 122,800 Chevy IIs built for 1965 (compared to 213,601 Falcons), only 9,100 were Super Sports. For 1965, Chevy II had the dubious distinction of being the only car in GM's lineup to suffer a sales decline. It is possible that some Chevy II sales were lost to the brand-new '65 Corvair, which addressed virtually all its 1960–64 problems, got rave reviews from automotive journals and featured sleek new (Z-body) styling along with a brand-new chassis.

Second generation (1966–1967)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Chevrolet Chevy II
Second generation
Chevrolet Nova sedan 1 -- 04-01-2011 1.jpg

1967 Chevrolet Chevy II Nova 4-Door Sedan

Production1965–1967
Model years1966–1967
AssemblyNorwoodOhio, U.S.
Willow RunMichigan, U.S.
ClassCompact
Body style2-door sedan
2-door hardtop
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
LayoutFR layout
PlatformX-body
RelatedAcadian
Engine153 cu in (2.51 L) I4
194 cu in (3.18 L) I6
230 cu in (3.8 L) I6
250ci (4.1L) I6 (1967)
283 cu in (4.64 L) V8
327 cu in (5.36 L) V8
Transmission3/4-speed manual
2-speed Powerglide
Wheelbase110 in (2,794 mm)
Length183 in (4,648 mm) Sedan, Coupe[10]
187.4 in (4,760 mm) Station wagon
Width71.3 in (1,811 mm)
Height55.1 in (1,400 mm) Sedan
52.8–53.8 in (1,341–1,367 mm) Coupe
55.7 in (1,415 mm) Station Wagon

1966 Chevy IIs introduced an extensive sharp-edged restyle based in part on the Super Nova concept car. In general, proportions were squared up but dimensions and features changed little. Highlights included a bold grille and semi-fastback roofline. "Humped" fenders in an angular rear end were reminiscent of larger 1966 Chevrolets, though the 1966 Chevy II and Nova had vertical taillights and single headlights. The lineup again started with Chevy II 100 and Chevy II Nova 400 models.

1966 Chevrolet Chevy II Nova Sport Coupe
1967 Chevrolet Chevy II Nova Station Wagon

For just $159 (equal to $1,268.25 today) more than a Nova 400, buyers could choose a Nova Super Sport. Available only in a Sport Coupe, the Nova SS was top of the line. The 194 cu in (3.18 L) inline-six was standard on the Super Sport, but any Chevy II (excluding four-cylinder) engine could be coupled with the SS. The Nova SS was visually distinguished by wide rocker panels and a bright aluminum deck lid cove. It had bright SS emblems on the grille and in the ribbed rear panel, and Super Sport script on the quarter panels. Wheel covers were inherited from the 1965 Malibu SS. Strato-bucket front seats were included, but a tachometer cost extra.[11] The ’66 Chevy II sales brochure clearly promoted the Super Sport as the “Chevrolet Chevy II Nova Super Sport,” but the name "Nova" was not used anywhere on the body. Front and rear emblems displayed "Chevy II SS."[12] In 1967, Chevy II was still the name of the vehicle, but the Nova SS option package replaced all Chevy II badging with Nova SS badging.

The 90 hp (67 kW) 153 cu in (2.51 L) inline-four engine was only offered in the base Chevy II 100 series models. Buyers could also order a 194 cu in (3.18 L) inline-six engine (std. in the SS), a 230 cu in (3.8 L) inline-six, a 195 hp (145 kW) or 220 hp (160 kW) 283 cu in (4.64 L) V-8, a 275 hp (205 kW) 327 cu in (5.36 L) V-8 and the top engine, a new Turbo-Fire 327 cu in (5.36 L) V-8 delivering 350 hp (260 kW). This engine was first seen in the Chevelle. This engine with the close-ratio four-speed manual transmission turned the normally mild Nova into a proper muscle car; The Powerglide automatic was not available with the 350 hp engine.

The 1967 models received nothing more than a touch-up after a restyling for 1966. All Novas got a crosshatch pattern that filled the deck lid trim panel. The Nova officially was still called the Chevy II Nova and had overtaken the bottom-rung Chevy II 100 in sales. The Chevy II 100 lacked much in the way of trim or brightwork. 1967 models carried significant improvements in the area of safety equipment. A government-mandated energy-absorbing steering column and safety steering wheel, soft interior parts such as armrests and sun visors, recessed instrument panel knobs, front seat belt anchors and dual brake master cylinders, were included in all 1967 models.


The 1967 Chevy II and its deluxe Nova rendition continued to attract compact-car shoppers, but the Chevrolet Camaro, introduced for 1967, took away some Nova sales. Available only in hardtop coupe form, the 1967 Chevrolet Nova SS got a new black-accented anodized aluminum grille. SS wheel covers were again inherited, this time from the 1965–66 Impala SS. The 1966 "Chevy II SS" badges were replaced with "Nova SS" emblems for the '67s. Nova versions started with the 194 cu in (3.18 L)in-line six engine but new was an optional 250 cu in (4.1 L) inline-six. Further powertrain options included a 195 hp (145 kW) 283 cu in (4.64 L) V-8 and, for $93 more, a 275 hp (205 kW) 327 cu in (5.36 L) V-8. Nova SS coupes had a console-mounted shift lever with their Powerglide automatic transmission or a four-speed manual. Other models had a column-mounted gearshift. Compared to the 1966 model year output, sales of the 1967 models dropped by more than a third to 106,500 (including 12,900 station wagons). About 10,100 Nova SS Chevrolets went to customers this year, 8,200 of them with V-8 engines. In the Chevy II 100 and regular Nova series, six-cylinder engines sold far better than V-8s.

Third generation (1968–1972)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Chevrolet Chevy II Nova
Chevrolet Nova
Third generation
Chevrolet Nova SS 350.jpg

Chevrolet Nova SS 350 coupe

Production1967–1972
Model years1968–1972
AssemblySt. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Van Nuys, California, U.S.
Norwood, Ohio, U.S.
Willow Run, Michigan, U.S.
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, Canada
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Mexico City, Mexico (1973-1974)
ClassCompact
Body style2-door coupe
3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
LayoutFR layout
PlatformX-body
RelatedBuick Apollo
Oldsmobile Omega
Pontiac Ventura
Engine153ci (2.5L) I4
194ci (3.1L) I6
230ci (3.8L) I6
250ci (4.1L) I6
307ci (5.0L) V8
327ci (5.4L) V8
350ci (5.7L) V8
396ci (6.5L) V8
402ci (6.6L) V8
Transmission4-speed M-20 manual
4-speed M-21 manual
4-speed M-22 manual
4-speed Borg-WarnerT-10 manual
3-speed manual "Saginaw"
3-speed THM350automatic
3-speed THM400 automatic
2-speed Powerglide automatic
2-speed Torque-Drivesemi-automatic
Wheelbase111.0 in (2,819 mm)
Length189.4 in (4,811 mm)[13]
Width72.4 in (1,839 mm)
Height53.9 in (1,369 mm) Sedan
52.4 in (1,331 mm) Coupe
1968 was the last year of the Chevy II Nova nameplate

The 1968 models were fully-redesigned with an extensive restyle on a longer 111-inch wheelbase that gave Chevrolet's compacts a chassis that was just one inch shorter than that of the midsize Chevelle coupe. The station wagon and hardtop sport coupe were discontinued, the former in line with an industry trend which left AMC the only American maker of compact station wagons until Chrysler rejoined the market in 1976 (the 1966–70 Ford Falcon wagon was actually midsize, using a bodyshell identical to the Fairlane wagon's). One notable change was the front subframe assembly — as compared with Ford, Chrysler and AMC, in whose cars the entire front suspension was integrated with the bodyshell, a separate subframe housing the powertrain and front suspension (similar to the front part of the frame of GM's full-size, full-framed vehicles) replaced the earlier style. Although the front subframe design was unique for the Nova, the Camaro introduced a year earlier was the first to incorporate such a design; the redesigned Nova was pushed a year ahead to 1968 instead of 1969. The sales brochure claimed 15 powertrain choices for coupes and a dozen for sedans. Options included power brakes and steering, Four-Season or Comfort-Car air conditioning, rear shoulder belts, and head restraints. There were a few Chevrolet Novas built with the 194 ci (3.1 L), the same motor that had been used in the previous generations of the Chevy II. Sales of the 1968 Chevy II Nova fell by half.

In 1969 Chevrolet dropped the Chevy II portion of its compact car's name; it was now known simply as the Chevrolet Nova. The 153 cu in (2.51 L) four-cylinderengine was offered between 1968 and 1970, then was dropped due to lack of interest (besides its other usage in the Jeep DJ-5A a.k.a. the Postal Jeep or a marine/industrial engine) and to clear the field for the Vega. Far more popular were the 250 cu in (4.1 L) six-cylinder and the base 307 cu in (5.03 L) V8, which replaced the 283 cu in (4.64 L) V8 offered in previous years. Several units were produced with the 327 cu in (5.36 L), 275 hp (205 kW), engine, four-barrel quadrajet carb and four-speed Saginaw transmission with a heavy-duty 12-bolt positraction rear as a "towing option' package. At mid-year, a semi-automatic transmission based on the Powerglide called the Torque-Drive (RPO MB1) was introduced as a low-cost option (~$100 less than the Powerglide) for clutchless motoring. The Torque-Drive transmission was only offered with the four and six-cylinder engines. The two-speed Powerglide was still the only fully-automatic transmission available with most engines, as the more desirable three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic was only available with the largest V8 engines.

Nova SS[edit]

The Nova Super Sport was transformed from a trim option to a performance package for 1968. One of the smallest muscle cars ever fielded by Detroit, the Nova SS now included a 295 hp (220 kW) 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8 engine along with a heavy-duty suspension and other performance hardware, priced at US$312.[14] Optional V8 engines included two versions of the big-block 396 cu in (6.5 L) rated at 350 bhp (350 PS; 260 kW); and 375 bhp (380 PS; 280 kW) at 5600 rpm and 415 lb⋅ft (563 N⋅m) at 3600 rpm of torque,[15] which went for US$348.[16] Both engines were offered with a choice of transmissions including the M-21 close-ratio four-speed manual, the heavy-duty M-22 "Rock Crusher" four-speed manual, or the three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic 400 automatic transmission. A total of 5,571 SS coupés were produced for 1968. Novas sported the SS badge until 1976.[17] Front disc brakes were optional on the 1968 Nova SS.

1969–72[edit]

For 1969 the Chevy II nameplate was retired, leaving the Nova nameplate.[18] The "Chevy II by Chevrolet" trunklid badge was replaced with "Nova by Chevrolet" and the "Chevy II" badge above the grille was replaced with the bowtie emblem and the 1969 model was promoted under the Nova model name in Chevrolet sales literature.[19]

As with other 1969 GM vehicles, locking steering columns were incorporated into the Nova. Simulated air extractor/vents were added below the Nova script, which was relocated to the front fender behind the wheel-well instead of the rear quarter panel. The 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8 with four-barrel carburetor that came standard with the SS option was revised with a 5 hp (4 kW) increase to 300 hp (220 kW), while a two-barrel carbureted version of the 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8 rated at 255 hp (190 kW) was a new option on non-SS models. The SS option price remained US$312[20] A new Turbo-Hydramatic 350 three-speed automatic was made available for non-SS Novas with six-cylinder and V8 engines, although the older two-speed Powerglide continued to be available on the smaller-engined Novas. 1969 SS models were the first Nova SS models to have standard front disc brakes.

1970–1972 Chevrolet Nova four-door sedan

The 1970 Nova was basically a carryover from 1969. The side marker and taillight lenses for the 1970 Nova were wider and positioned slightly differently. This was the final year for the SS396 (actually, a 402 cubic in. engine now). All other engines were carried over including the seldom-ordered four-cylinder which was in its final year.[21] The car finally became simply the Chevrolet Nova this year after two years of transitional nameplates (Chevy II Nova in 1968 and Chevrolet Chevy Nova in 1969). Out of 254,242 Novas sold for 1970, 19,558 were the SS 350 or SS 396 version. Approximately 177 Central Office Production Order (COPO) Novas were ordered, with 175 converted by Yenko Chevrolet. The other two were sold in Canada. The Nova was used in Trans-Am racing this year.

Year 1971 Novas were similar to the previous year. The 396 cu in (6.49 L) engine was replaced with the 350 cu in (5.7 L) in the SS model. 1971 also saw the introduction of the Rally Nova, a trim level that only lasted two years (until it resurfaced in 1977). The Rally kit included black or white stripes that ran the length of the car and around the back, a Rally Nova sticker on the driver's side of the hood, 6-slot Rally wheels, multi-leaf rear springs, and a "sport" body colored driver's side mirror that was adjustable from the interior. The well-hyped Vega stole sales from the Nova this year, but the compact soon would enjoy a resurgence of popularity that would last deep into the 1970s. A mid-year production change was the front door hinges spot welded to the A-pillar and the door shell, a design shared with the Vega and later implemented by GM's subsequent light-duty trucks and vans which later was used with the S10, Astro van, and full-size trucks commencing with the GMT400 a decade later.

The 250 cu in (4.1 L) six-cylinder engine was now the standard Nova engine with the demise of the 153 cu in (2.51 L) four-cylinder and 230 cu in (3.8 L) six-cylinder engines. The 307 cu in (5.03 L) and 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8s were carried over from 1970 and all engines featured lowered compression ratios to enable the use of unleaded gasoline as a result of a GM corporate mandate that took effect with the 1971 model year.

After 1971, other GM divisions began rebadging the Nova as their new entry-level vehicle, such as the Pontiac Ventura II (once a trim option for full-size Pontiacs to 1970), Oldsmobile Omega and the Buick Apollo. This was considered to build brand loyalty with respective GM divisions although the company later fused their badge engineering with platform sharing to cut expenditures. The initials of the four model names spelled out the acronym NOVA (Nova, Omega, Ventura, Apollo). The 1973 introduction of the Omega and Apollo coincided with the subsequent oil crisis where sales of the X and H platform increased.

The 1972 Nova received only minor trim changes. The Rally package option with special suspension returned and was a rather popular choice, with 33,319 sold. SuperSport equipment went on 12,309 coupes. Nova production moved to Norwood, Ohio, where it would be assembled alongside the Camaro. At mid-year, a sunroof option called the Sky Roof became available on two-door models. Also, the optional Strato bucket seats available on coupes switched from the previous low-back design with adjustable headrests to the high back units with built-in headrests introduced the previous year on Camaros and Vegas. Despite the lack of change, Nova had its best sales season in years, with the production of the 1972 models reaching 349,733. Of these, 139,769 had the six-cylinder engine.

Yenko Novas[edit]

1970 Yenko Nova coupe 350 SC

Retired race car driver and muscle car specialist Don Yenko of Yenko Chevrolet in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania refitted a series of third-generation Novas, as well as Chevelles and Camaros for optimum performance to compete with the frontrunning Ford Mustangs, Plymouth Barracudas and Dodge Challengers. The specially redesigned Nova (sometimes known as the "Yenko Supernova") had a stronger body frame and suspension system to house the powerful and heavy 427cid (7.0 L) V8 engine that powered the Yenko Super Cars. Only 37 were known to be produced with an original selling price of $4,000.00. Today, only seven units are registered and known to exist. In 1970, emissions standards and fuel economy were taking a toll on muscle cars. To counter this, Yenko requested a high-output Chevy 350cid V8 in his special line of Novas, the same engine that the new Z-28 Camaro and LT1 Corvette shared. Additionally, the new "Yenko Deuce", as it was known, had extensive suspension, transmission, and rear axle upgrades along with some very lively stripes, badges, and interior decals.

Prices[edit]

Original manufacturers sales prices for the third generation Nova were:[22]

YearProductionLow PriceHigh Price
1968201,005$2,200$2,400
1969251,900$2,240$2,435
1970315,122$2,175$2,200
1971194,878$2,175$2,285
1972349,733$2,375$2,400
1973369,511$2,375$2,700
1974390,537$2,810$3,105

Fourth Generation (1973-1974)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Chevrolet Nova
Fourth generation
Chevrolet Nova Custom Sedan 1974 (38330461285).jpg

1974 Chevrolet Nova Custom sedan

Production1972–1974
Model years1973–1974
AssemblySt. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Van Nuys, California, U.S.
Norwood, Ohio, U.S.
Willow Run, Michigan, U.S.
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, Canada
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Mexico City, Mexico (1973-1974)
ClassCompact
Body style2-door coupe
3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
LayoutFR layout
PlatformX-body
RelatedBuick Apollo
Oldsmobile Omega
Pontiac Ventura
Engine
  • 153 cu in (2.5 L) I4
  • 194 cu in (3.2 L) I6
  • 230 cu in (3.8 L) I6
  • 250 cu in (4.1 L) I6
  • 307 cu in (5.0 L) V8
  • 327 cu in (5.4 L) V8
  • 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8
  • 396 cu in (6.5 L) V8
  • 402 cu in (6.6 L) V8
Transmission4-speed M-20 manual
4-speed M-21 manual
4-speed M-22 manual
4-speed Borg-WarnerT-10 manual
3-speed manual "Saginaw"
3-speed THM350automatic
3-speed THM400 automatic
2-speed Powerglide automatic
2-speed Torque-Drivesemi-automatic
Wheelbase111.0 in (2,819 mm)
Length189.4 in (4,811 mm)[23]
Width72.4 in (1,839 mm)
Height53.9 in (1,369 mm) Sedan
52.4 in (1,331 mm) Coupe

The 1973 model year introduced a hatchback body style based on the 2-door coupe. The front and rear of the Nova were restyled, following a government mandate for vehicles to be fitted with front bumpers capable of withstanding 5 mph (8 km/h) impacts and rear bumpers capable of absorbing 2.5 mph (4 km/h) impacts. To go along with the bigger bumpers, stylists gave the Nova a new grille with a loosely patterned crosshatch insert and parking lights located inboard of the headlights. In 1974, the rear bumper could absorb 5 mph impacts. Fuel tank capacity increased to 21 gallons, which required a redesigned trunk pan where a circular section was stamped to house the space-saver spare tire used on hatchback models.

An SS option remained available, but it was merely a $123 dress-up package that included a blackout grille and Rally wheels. It could be ordered with any of the Nova engines. 35,542 SS packages were installed, making 1973 the best-selling year for the option. A modified rear side window shape was also introduced, eliminating the vent windows on both two- and four-door models. A revised rear suspension was adapted from the second generation Camaro with multi-leaf springs replacing the mono-leaf springs used on Novas since the original 1962 model. By this time, six-cylinder and V8 engines were de rigueur for American compact cars, with the 307 cu in (5.03 L) and 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8s becoming fairly common. The 1973 Nova with a six-cylinder engine or 307 cu. in. (5.0 L) V8 were among the last Chevrolets to be offered with the two-speed Powerglide automatic transmission, which was in its final year. A dressy Custom series (which became a mid-level trim package in 1975) joined the Nova line and a Custom hatchback listed for $2,701 with a six-cylinder engine. That was $173 more than the six-cylinder base-model two-door hatchback. Air conditioning added $381. Every 1973 Chevrolet Nova got side guard door beams and additional sound insulation, as well as flow-through ventilation systems. A sunroof could be installed, and fold-down rear seats were available.

For 1974, the Chevrolet Nova got a centered bow-tie grille emblem, as well as modified bumpers that added two inches to the length and helped cushion minor impacts. The Powerglide was replaced by a lightweight version of the three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic 350 ( THM 250 ) already offered with the 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8, which was the only V8 offered for 1974. Nova sales continued the surge they had enjoyed since 1972 and approached 400,000 cars for 1974. Six-cylinder Novas were the fastest gainers, as sales of V-8 Novas declined. These were the years of the first energy crisis as Middle Eastern countries cut back on oil exports. After waiting for hours in gas lines and fretting about the prospect of fuel rationing, thrifty compacts looked pretty good to plenty of Americans and it fit the bill.

The 'Spirit of America' Nova was introduced in 1974. In anticipation of the US bicentennial in 1976, the limited edition Nova Coupes were painted white and featured blue and red accent stripes as well as red and blue interior carpets and fabrics. Oldsmobile and Buick entered the compact car market; both the Apollo and Omega debuted, using the same body styles from the Nova lineup. Additional options were included on these Nova-like models, such as lighting under the dashboard and in the glove compartment. Pontiac's final GTO of this era was based on a facelifted 1974 Ventura coupe, itself based on the Nova, but fitted with a shaker hood scoop from the Trans Am.

Novas and all 1974 cars were fitted with a weight-sensitive relay within the front seat that prevented the vehicle from being started until the driver's seatbelt had been fastened, following a safety mandate from the NHTSA. Later, a law passed by Congress repealed the mandate requiring this type of device, declaring that it infringed on a driver's freedom of choice, and allowed owners of 1974-model cars to have the seat belt interlock bypassed.[24] The devices were not included in future Nova models. Along with this controversial seat belt interlock, a new, more convenient "inertial reel" one-piece lap/shoulder safety belt assembly was standard for both front outboard passengers, along with a plastic clip attached to the headrest to guide the belt across the wearer's shoulder.

Fifth generation (1975–1979)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Chevrolet Nova
Fifth generation
1976 Chevrolet Nova sedan 2.1.18.jpg

1976 Chevrolet Nova sedan

Also calledChevrolet Concours (1976–1977)
Production1974–1979
Model years1975–1979
AssemblyVan NuysCalifornia, U.S.
TarrytownNew York, U.S.
Willow RunMichigan, U.S.
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, Canada
Tehran, Iran, Pars Khodro Iran
Mexico City, Mexico (1975-1978)
ClassCompact
Body style2-door coupe
3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
LayoutFR layout
PlatformX-body
RelatedBuick Apollo
Buick Skylark
Oldsmobile Omega
Pontiac Phoenix
Pontiac Ventura
Cadillac Seville
Engine151 cu in (2.47 L) Iron DukeI4
230 cu in (3.8 L) V6
250 cu in (4.1 L) I6
262 cu in (4.29 L) V8 (1975 only)
305 cu in (5.00 L) V8
350 cu in (5.7 L) V8
Transmission3-speed manual
4-speed M-21 manual
4-speed M-22 manual
4-speed Borg-WarnerT-50 manual
3-speed THM350 automatic
3-speed THM400 automatic
Wheelbase111.0 in (2,820 mm)
Length196.7 in (4,996 mm)[25]
Width72.2 in (1,834 mm)
Height53.6 in (1,361 mm) Sedan
52.7 in (1,339 mm) Coupe
SuccessorChevrolet Citation/Citation II

The 1975 Chevrolet Nova was the most-changed Chevy car for that model year. "Now it's beautiful," said the brochure of Nova's all-new sheet metal, "refined along the lines of elegant European sedans." Chevrolet wisely maintained a visual kinship with the 1968–1974 design, and also retained Nova's efficiently sized 111-inch wheelbase. Front tread grew by an inch and a half, and the front stabilizer bar had a larger diameter. Novas now had standard front disc brakes and steel-belted radial tires. The front suspension and subframe assembly was similar to the one used in the second generation GM F-body cars (the Camaro and Pontiac Firebird), whereas the rear axle and suspension were carried over from the previous generation. Coupes, including the hatchback, had fixed side windows (or optional flip-out windows - the first for a GM vehicle later optioned throughout the 1980s with its light duty trucks (S10, Astro/Safari, and GMT400 trucks to the K2XX series) and vertical vents on the B-pillar. All Novas now had cut-pile carpeting, formerly installed only in the Custom series. Speedometers had larger, easier-to-read graphics. Windshields offered greater glass area. Front-door armrests were redesigned with integral pull bars. The base model carried the inline six-cylinder 250 cu in (4.1 L), 105 hp (78 kW), three V8 engines (262 cu in (4.29 L), a 1975-only option, a 305 cu in (5.00 L) and a 350 cu in (5.7 L)) for 1976 only, were offered. Mated to a three-speed automatic, 3-speed manual or 4-speed – V8s only – Which remained the norm through the end of the decade (and the end of the rear-wheel drive X platform). By then, Cadillac had developed its own version of the X-body, named the Seville, whose styling was distinct from those of its corporate cousins, and Buick replaced the Apollo with the Skylark name that had been inactive since the previous incarnation ended production in 1973.

The LN (Luxury Nova) package (which was the top luxury trim similar to the Caprice and Malibu Classic) sent Nova into the luxury portion of the compact market; some actually thought of it as competing against a few high-end European imports. The Nova LN was called "the most luxurious compact in Chevrolet's history," with wide-back reclining front seats that "look and feel like big, soft lounge chairs." LN equipment included ad­ditional sound insulation, map pockets, an electric clock, a smoked instrument lens, floor shifter and center console, and a day/night mirror. Taillight lenses have additional white accents unavailable with the base model and a chrome plated grille. Above the front marker lenses, the LN had 4.3 LITER (or 5.7 LITER) decals - making it the first Chevrolet product with metric displacement badges sold in the Americas. Swing-out quarter windows could be ordered for the coupe. "Thanks to LN," the sales brochure announced, "Nova's image will never be the same again." The LN was more Eurocentric as opposed to the Custom which became the mid-level trim option.

For 1976 the Nova LN was rebranded Concours to rival the Ford Granada and the Mercury Monarch, as well as upscale versions of the Dodge Dart and Plymouth Valiant. Like regular versions of the 1976 Nova, the Concours came in three body styles: coupe, hatchback coupe, and four-door sedan. Concours was the most luxurious Chevrolet compact to date. Rosewood vinyl decorated the upper door panels, instrument panel, and steering wheel. Concours models had an upright hood ornament, bumper guards, bright trim moldings, black bumper impact strips, and full wheel covers; more-basic Novas came with hubcaps. The Concours coupe also was the first Chevrolet coupe with a fold-down front center armrest. A V-8 Concours coupe sold for $547 more than the comparable base Nova. Engines for the 1976 Chevrolet Nova were a 105-horsepower inline-six, a 165-horsepower 350-cubic-inch V-8, or a 140-horse 305-cubic-inch V-8. 1976 GM vehicles first saw use of the THM200 — from the GM T platform to GM X-Bodies (Chevrolet Nova et al.). A lighter duty 10 bolt rear differential with a 7.5" ring gear (also used with the Vega/Monza) was phased into production (last produced in 2005) - which was standard equipment with the base inline six. A Cabriolet padded vinyl top was available for Nova coupes. Modest revisions were made to the brakes, and also to fuel and exhaust system mountings. Dashboards contained new knobs. After testing the 1976 Chevrolet Nova, the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department placed the largest order for compact police cars ever seen in the U.S.

The $187 Nova SS option group included a black grille with unique diamond-mesh pattern, Rally wheels, four-spoke steering wheel, and heavy-duty suspension.

Minor changes for the 1977 model year included a more modern round gauge cluster to replace the long sweeping speedometer, and a revised dash panel which changed to a flatter design. Some new colors were offered (as with the rest of the divisions) and some small trim added. A separate brochure was printed for the Concours while the "1977 Nova" brochure detailed only base and Custom versions. The Nova SS previously offered for 1975 and 1976 was discontinued, the option code for the SS — RPO Z26 — continued as the Nova Rally from 1977 through 1979. A badged-engineered Nova Malibu Rallye (1977 and 1978 model years – not related to the USA market Chevelle-based model and based on the Nova hatchback coupe) was sold in Mexico using the RPO Z26 package but fitted with 'Malibu Rallye' graphics and a front grille emblem.

Three engines and four transmissions were available for every 1977 Chevrolet Nova, including Concours. Buyers could choose from a 110-horsepower 250-cubic-inch inline six, a 145-horsepower 305 cubic-inch two-barrel V-8, or 170-horsepower 350 cubic-inch four-barrel V-8. Shifting was accomplished by three-speed (column or floor shift) and four-speed manuals or Turbo Hydra-Matic. Novas might also be equipped with a heavy-duty suspension or the F41 sport suspension. A surprising number of police departments ordered Novas with either a 305- or 350-cubic-inch V-8 engine, following the lead of the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department, which had given the compacts an exhaustive evaluation.

1976 Chevrolet Nova 2-door coupe
Rear view of a 1976 Nova sedan

Promoted as "Concours by Chevrolet", the 1977 Concours featured a new vertical bar grille and a revised stand-up hood ornament. The rear of the Concours also got new triple unit taillamps reminiscent of the Caprice. It also boasted newly designed wheel covers and wider bright wheel-opening moldings. "International in style, it is American in function," the sales brochure insisted of the Concours. The brochure went on to note that Concours offered a "very special blending of classic style and good sense." That last comment referenced Nova's sensible size. Novas themselves, the marketing materials said, were "not too small, not too big, not too expensive."

For 1978 the Concours was discontinued to clear the way for the newly downsized Malibu, and the Nova Custom inherited much of the Concours' exterior finery but lacked the stand-up hood ornament displayed by the Concours. Upholstery choices included all-vinyl or Edinburgh woven sport cloth/vinyl. More basic versions of the 1978 Chevrolet Nova had the same grille used in '76-77 and added a gold-tinted Chevy bowtie emblem at the leading edge of the hood. For '78 Nova was also available with Rally equipment, which included yet another front-end layout: a diamond-pattern grille with horizontal parking lights and black headlight bezels (basically the '76-77 SS grille), plus triple band striping and color-keyed Rally wheels. All Nova drivers faced a new dual-spoke, soft vinyl-covered steering wheel; the same one found in the Caprice and Malibu.

Any 1978 Chevrolet Nova could be ordered with a 250-cubic-inch six-cylinder engine, a 145-horsepower 305-cubic-inch V-8, or a 170-horsepower 350-cubic-inch V-8. Law enforcement agencies in 48 states were driving Novas by now, as the sales brochure boasted. Production dropped almost 100,000 for the model, to 288,000, making Nova the only Chevrolet series to show a sales decline for 1978. Sales of the Nova hatchback body style lagged well behind regular coupes and sedans, and base models handily outsold Customs.

Upon introduction of the downsized GM A-body (later G-body) mid-size cars in 1978, the X-body and downsized A-platform had similar exterior dimensions. The roomier and more modern downsized A-bodies outsold their X-body counterparts.

The 1979 Chevrolet Nova marked the end of the line for the rear-wheel-drive Nova. The front end was revised with square headlights and a new grille for the short run (matching that of its Pontiac Phoenix cousin, which replaced the Ventura for 1977); a modified horizontal-bar grille contained vertical parking lights. New chromed hood and fender moldings were installed, and new front-bumper filler panels gave the front end a more finished look. The Custom went back to the base 4 taillight panel since the 3 light panel was discontinued. The lineup was the same as in 1978; the base-level hatchback, coupe, and sedan, plus the Custom coupe and sedan. As usual, base coupe and sedan proved to be the best sellers. Nova Customs had a special acoustical package including improved headlining and full hood insulation, along with other luxury extras, while the Rally Package returned, this time using the same grille as other '79 Novas. These final Novas were promoted for their "solid value" and "reputation for dependability," capitalizing upon a 17-year heritage that had begun with the Chevy II. Fewer than 98,000 examples were produced. Regular production ended on December 22, 1978 but some cars badged "Nova Custom" were built on special order with luxury amenities in early 1979. The final Chevrolet Nova (Custom) built on special order would roll off the line on March 15, 1979 and this would be the end of the rear-drive Nova for good. Chevrolet's compact models were headed into the front-wheel-drive age and for 1980, Nova's place in the lineup would be taken over by the new and very different Chevrolet Citation (the Phoenix, Omega and Skylark carried over to this platform as well, and the Seville was reassigned to another front-drive platform).

Sixth generation (1985–1988)[edit]

Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Nova nameplate returned in spring 1984 as a front-wheel drive subcompact vehicle for the 1985 to 1988 model years. It was assembled in Fremont, California by NUMMI, a joint venture between General Motors in the U.S. and Toyota of Japan, resulting in various Corolla-based cars sold under General Motors brands, also referred to as the S-car within GM. It resurrected a name last used on the compact-sized rear-wheel drive 1979 Chevrolet Nova. The new Nova was a rebadged and mildly restyled Japanese market Toyota Sprinter, a model sold in Japan as a badge engineered version of the Toyota Corolla. Nova shared the Corolla's AE82 platform, 1.6 L (98 cu in) 4-cylinder engines and was available with 5-speed manual, 3-speed or 4-speed automatic transmissions. For the first time ever, quad headlights were used on the Nova (mimicking most other models at the time, such as the slightly-larger Chevrolet Cavalier). It was designed for manufacturability and reached an unusually high level of quality and production speed at NUMMI, compared to other US factories.[26]

1985 model The 1985 Chevrolet Nova was initially offered only in a four-door three-box, notchbacksedanbody style and in the Midwestern states. A five-door hatchback was added shortly after its introduction, and the line was distributed throughout the US and Canada beginning around traditional new-model introduction time in the fall (as were the other Chevy imports, the Suzuki-based Sprint which had been first launched on the West Coast and the Isuzu-based Spectrum which had initially been available on the Eastern Seaboard and throughout New England and New York State). The only engine was a carbureted 1.6-liter four-cylinder with 74 horsepower (55 kW). It teamed with either a five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission. This was the same powertrain as offered in the Corolla. The four-door sedan listed for $7,435, a rather stiff tariff by Chevrolet standards. The five-door, which added a split-folding rear seat, started at $7,669. All Nova options were grouped into seven packages, which did away with the long list of optional equipment that accompanied such cars as the Chevrolet Chevette. (Simple though it was, the subcompact Chevette offered nearly 30 options). However, adding one of the costlier packages could easily push the Nova's sticker to over $10,000.

1986 Chevrolet Nova CL sedan

1987 model The 1987 Chevrolet Nova saw only minor changes after its introduction two years earlier as a near-twin to the front-wheel-drive Toyota Corolla. A rear-window defogger was added to the list of standard equipment, while visual changes were limited to lighter silver highlights on the vertical grille bars and a change of turn signal lens colors from amber to clear/white front and red rear. CL models also got red reflex panels carrying the taillights onto the trunk/hatch, body-colored bumpers, and new aluminum wheels. The 1987 Chevrolet Nova continued in two body styles, a four-door sedan and five-door hatchback. The four-door proved by far the more popular – by about three to one. Nova's only engine was again a 74-horsepower 1.6-liter four designed by Toyota, mated to either a five-speed manual transmission or four-speed automatic. Though Corollas were priced slightly below competing Novas, Chevy's version of the car could often be bought for less because slow sales encouraged dealers to discount prices. "Slow sales," however, meant slow by Chevy standards, for the Nova sold about as well as the Corolla, and buyers would find that their discounted Nova in turn had a lower resale value than the equivalent Toyota, a pattern that would persist for GM-branded NUMMI cars. Aside from some minor interior and exterior trim differences, the cars were much the same, though Novas had a slightly softer suspension that favored ride over handling.

1988 model The 1988 Chevrolet Nova added a sporty model to its lineup of subcompact front-wheel-drive cars. This new 1988 Chevrolet Nova Twin-Cam got its name from a double-overhead-cam version of the Toyota-built 1.6-liter four-cylinder. Novas continued to share their basic design with the Corolla, and this engine had previously been used in the Toyota FX-16, a performance version of the Corolla. The twin-cam produced 110 hp (82 kW), 36 more than its single-cam sibling. A five-speed manual transmission was standard, as in the regular Novas, but the Twin-Cam offered a four-speed automatic as an option versus the three-speed offered on other models. The more potent engine elevated the 1988 Chevrolet Nova Twin-Cam into junior sport-sedan terri­tory, but the advancement didn't come cheaply. The base Nova listed at about $8,800, the Twin-Cam went for $11,395. That price included fuel injection, sport suspension, power steering, leather-covered steering wheel, tachometer, four-wheel disc brakes, and wider tires on aluminum wheels, but it was a stiff tariff, and few were ordered (approximately 3,300 Twin-Cam models were built). There were no color choices; all 1988 Chevrolet Nova Twin-Cams wore black metallic paint with a grey interior; and there was no hatchback version offered. Every 1988 Chevrolet Nova got rear shoulder belts, rear window defogger, and AM/FM stereo radio as standard equipment. This was the last model year for the Nova name at Chevrolet. Starting with 1989, Chevrolet pushed this car into its new Geo division and renamed it the Prizm. Geo was Chevy's effort to come up with an import-sounding label to attract buyers who were not inclined to shop American.

The final Nova rolled off the assembly line on August 18, 1988.

Reviews[edit]

Chevrolet Nova advertisement (1962)

The reaction to the 1962 Chevrolet Chevy II was mainly positive. Veteran Mechanics Illustrated tester Tom McCahill was favorably impressed with a Chevy II 400 Series Nova convertible he drove at a press preview for Chevy's 1962 models, held at GM's Milford, Michigan, test track. "Flat out, which with Powerglide was 91 mph, this little car never wavered and even over some rough strips it was one of the safest feeling 91's I have ever driven." The styling reminded "Uncle" Tom of a "small Mercedes-Benz", and he concluded that "with a little hopping up, a stick shift and its low price, it should sell like cold beer on a hot Fourth of July."

Car Life was even more enthusiastic, honoring the Chevy II with its "Award for Engineering Excellence". "We think the Chevy II, in either 4- or 6-cylinder form, represents an important development in the American automotive field," reported the magazine. "We think it represents a return to sensibility in terms of basic transportation; it is a car of reasonable size, adequate performance and simple elegance." The award was mentioned in a 1962 Chevrolet Nova advertisement. (see right)

Consumer Reports described the six-cylinder Chevy II as an "ultra-sensible, conventional car with outstanding interior space," but also reported "higher than average" interior noise levels. There were also complaints about the four-cylinder version's lack of refinement. "CR hesitates to recommend the Four for normal use. The Four is an excellent hackabout for specialized local use – if you can stand the vibration." McCahill put it this w­ay: "The four wasn't the smoothest four I have ever driven, but it had nice response and will probably still be running long after Castro shaves his beard off." Consumer Reports in 1963: "New last year, the Chevy II has not yet developed into a smooth-riding, quiet, or in any sense luxurious car. It is an easy driving, agile one. By far its most important asset is a body with substantially the room of intermediate cars, but with a very compact silhouette and especially good entrance height."

Motor Trend called the new Chevy II "a most straightforward car – simple, honest and conventional." Editor Jerry Titus was fascinated with the new rear single-leaf suspension: "How it actually works seems almost contradictory. There is a great deal of body roll, but the car does not feel unstable. The ride is soft and pleasing, but not seasick-soft with the constant pitching and rolling that some cars have." Interior room, steering, and brakes were commended. Performance was rated as "moderate" for a six-cylinder Nova convertible with Powerglide: 0-60 came up "a shade under 16 seconds," and the top speed was reported to be 98 mph, but Titus felt that "the car seems at its best below 75, where it did not feel as though it was working hard." The four, meanwhile, took 20 seconds to make it from 0 to 60 mph. In comparison, a 1960 90 bhp Falcon with stick shift took 21 seconds 0 to 60, also according to Motor Trend, while the 101 bhp six introduced for 1961 required 14.3 seconds with stick and 15.2 with the two-speed Fordomatic.[27]

Motor Trend tested a 1964 195-bhp, two-barrel SS with Powerglide, recording 0 to 60 in 11.3 seconds, 18.0 seconds and 75 mph in the quarter-mile, and 100 mph all out. Fuel economy ranged from 12.3 mpg in heavy traffic to 19.6 on the highway. Motor Trend concluded that "By adding a V-8 and bigger brakes, plus detail changes, Chevrolet has made a nice compact even more desirable and a much better performer."

The mid-1980s Nova made no attempt to recapture the former "Muscle" glory that it once had, with the Twin Cam performance variant appearing only in the final year of the nameplate after Toyota had already moved on to the next generation of the platform.

International Novas[edit]

Canada[edit]

While the Chevy II and Nova were also sold in Canada, from the beginning a mildly re-trimmed version was also sold by Pontiac-Buick dealers as the Acadian.

The Acadian was produced between the years 1962 and 1971. It was a stand-alone make based upon the Chevy II, which was produced in both the U.S. and Canada[28] and sold exclusively through Canadian Pontiac – Buick – GMC dealerships. Due to the Canadian tariffs on imports put into place many years before, there was no compact car available to the Canadian Pontiac dealer. The U.S. built Pontiac Tempest, which started production in 1961 was not available initially to the Canadian buyer – import duties would have made it too expensive to compete in the thrifty Canadian compact market. The Acadian was introduced to give the unhappy Canadian Pontiac – Buick dealer a car he could sell in the growing compact market. During its entire run, the Acadian offered the same body styles as were offered in the Chevy II/Nova, and the cars were virtually the same, save minor trim and badging details.

Originally offered in top-line Beaumont and base Invader trim, the top trim line was renamed Canso in anticipation of the Chevelle-based Acadian Beaumont which would arrive for 1964. A sporty model, the Sport Deluxe (or "SD"), was equivalent to the U.S.-market Nova SS, and it also featured bucket seats, deluxe exterior trim, and special badging.

Base price for the 1966 Acadian was $2,507. The 327-350 hp (L79) was available; 85 were produced. The Acadian line was now down to six models; 7,366 Acadians were sold in 1966.[29] It survived until mid-1971, after which it was replaced by the Pontiac Ventura II.

Argentina[edit]

Argentinian Chevrolet Malibu

In 1962 Argentina offered the 1962-64-style Chevy II as the Chevrolet 400 through 1974, and the 1968–72 Nova as the Chevrolet Chevy from late 1969 through 1978, both models overlapping for several years. An upscale model (Chevy Super) was produced from about 1973 with different trim, front turn indicators and taillights, a much better appointed interior with plastic "wood" trim, named Malibu with no relation to the American Chevelle. All engines were inline-sixes. The first and second generations were available, depending on year and model, with the 194 cu in (3.18 L), 230 cu in (3.8 L) and 250 cu in (4.1 L) engines.

The third generation ("Chevys") were produced with the 230 cu in (3.8 L) and 250 cu in (4.1 L) engines with specially tuned carburetors for sporting models. The "Chevy" metal emblem for the third generation had the same font as the "Nova" emblem of 1968–1974 American Novas, and was, for the first few years, in the rearmost section of both rear fenders. Later, it was moved to the rearmost section of both front fenders, as it was in the American cars from 1969. Sidemarker lights were not mandatory and changed much during the production run, from being deleted, to leaving a small chrome plate, to the same light as in the American cars. Rear deck emblems just said "CHEVROLET" in chrome letters, obviating the typical "Model by Chevrolet" used in the American cars at the time. The hood emblem was similar to the 1969 American Novas: the bow tie, either in blue or just chrome.

Initially, the Argentinian Chevy used very similar trim to the American counterpart, while more luxurious – a "big" car by local standards. They there standard models without accessories and were often used for taxi service. The interior layout remained the American 1968 version for the entire run. The ignition switch remained dash mounted as the U.S.-mandated steering lock was not required in Argentina. Power steering became available at the end of the production run. V8s versions weren't produced: Power windows were not available, tinted windows were darker than American versions, and the darker band on the upper edge of the windshield was not present.

Very popular accessories were vinyl roofs, rally wheels, sport steering wheels, bucket seats with high backs, and tufted leatherette upholstery (many sedans were produced this way). Interiors were usually black. Steering wheels and instrument panels were only black for many years, as were seatbelts. American style interior color coordination was absent. The last year of the Nova in Argentina is called locally "Opus 78" (because the slogan of the publicity) and it was the most equipped, adding simil-leather bucket seats, air-conditioning, power steering, electric antenna, and a new dashboard with integrated central console.

Their Super Sports, "SS" counterparts were both coupés and 4-door sedans, the latter of which was unheard of in the US prior to the introduction of the 1994 Impala SS. In fact, a majority were fitted with inline-sixes coupled to a ZF manual transmission with floor lever 4 speeds, a single two-barrel Holey 2300 RX 7214-A carburetor giving out 168 hp (125 kW) and a sporting exhaust note. Corsa, a local auto publication magazine tested a Chevy Coupé SS Serie 2 and obtained a 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) time of 11.1 seconds.

Urban legend[edit]

A popular but false urban legend claims that the vehicle sold poorly in Spanish-speaking countries because no va translates to "doesn't go". This has since been debunked, however, as Nova (one word) means "nova" in Spanish just as in English. In fact, the car actually sold quite well in Mexico, as well as many Central and South American countries. Nova was also the name of a successful brand of gasoline sold in Mexico at the time, further proving that the name confusion was not a problem.[30]

A similar story has been told of the BritishVauxhall Nova (a small car that was completely unrelated to the Chevrolet Nova aside from both being built by GM). According to the story, it had to be sold as an Opel Corsa in Spain due to the same alleged language confusion. This version of the story is also a myth, as the Spanish-market version of the car was known as a Corsa from the outset. In fact, the car was called the Corsa in all markets except the United Kingdom.

There was also a Nova kit car designed and built by A.D.D. from 1971. It lost a court case with GM Vauxhall over the use of the name, after it was shown that GM's Chevrolet had a prior claim.

Novas in miniature[edit]

From its introduction in 1962, the Chevy II/Nova was a big seller and the '62 was available in 1/25 scale as a promotional model, as well an assembly kit, from AMT. Both the hardtop and convertible were available. AMT continued to offer kits of the Nova in later years, and some of these are still current and available at reasonable prices including the 1966, 1972, and 1976 models. The original '63 Nova wagon was available as a Craftsman promo kit. It was molded in grey and had a fixed hood and no engine. They also offered the '75 as the "Nova Pro Stock", featuring a large hood scoop and custom wheels. The '76, and more recently, the '79 Nova models have been re-issued. The '79 kit is current, molded in black plastic, and can be built either stock, or as a souped-up police cruiser.

Other model manufacturers offer Novas from other years, including Revell, which offers both a '69 Nova SS, and COPO coupe. Trumpeter offers a 1963 Nova Super Sport in 1/25 scale. Both the hardtop and convertible are available, and these kits are extremely detailed.

In diecast, the '63 Nova SS was modelled in 1:18 scale by Sun Star. These came in a variety of colors and were available in both hardtop and convertible body styles. Some wore whitewall tires. In the same diecast 1:18 scale, ERTL offered a '66 Nova SS hardtop with a 327 V8, '69 Nova SS396 and '70 Nova SS396, in a variety of colors and wheels. Peachtree made '68 and '69 Novas in detailed 1:18 scale. Although detailed, these do not feature opening doors or trunk. The hood does open, however, to reveal a detailed Chevrolet V8 engine.

Pro-Line Racing currently offers a '69 Nova body for the Traxxas Slash, a popular radio-controlled car platform.[31] The body is roughly 1/8 scale, and like most Slash bodies, is made of vacuum-formed clear Lexan, intended to be painted from the inside to prevent scratches. (Several companies offer specialized spray paints for this purpose, as traditional spray paint does not stick to Lexan.) Although the Slash is primarily an off-road vehicle, the Pro-Line body is intended to fit a Slash that has been heavily modified for miniature drag racing. However, it can also be made to fit other Slash setups, or other R/C vehicle platforms with the same wheelbase and body mounting system as the Slash.

References[edit]

  1. ^GM Heritage Center. Official GM MY1963 Specsheet. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
  2. ^Mays, James. "1963 Chevrolet Chevy II". www.OldCarsCanada.Com. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
  3. ^1634 to 1699: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy ofthe United States: Addenda et Corrigenda(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  4. ^Gunnell, John (2002-04-01), Standard Catalogue of American Cars 1946–1975, Revised 4th edition, Iola, WI: Krause Publications Inc., p. 174, ISBN 
  5. ^"GM Vehicle Information Kits". GM Heritage Center. GM. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  6. ^ abSuper Chevy, 5/94, p. 14.
  7. ^Super Chevy, 5/94, p.14.
  8. ^Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars 1960–1972 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2004), p.281.
  9. ^Chevrolet Nova HistoryArchived February 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, (Muscle Car Club). Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  10. ^GM Heritage Center. Official GM MY1966 Specsheet. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  11. ^The Editors of Consumer Guide
  12. ^1966 Chevrolet Chevy II brochureArchived December 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved from www.oldcarbrochures.com on November 20, 2008
  13. ^GM Heritage Center. Official GM MY1969 Specsheet. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  14. ^Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars 1960–1972 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2004), p.579.
  15. ^"1969 Chevrolet Nova SS 396 375 HP 4-speed". automobile-catalog. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  16. ^Flory, p.579.
  17. ^Quentin Willson's Great Cars, p.148 ISBN 0-7566-1730-8
  18. ^Gunnell (2002), p. 196
  19. ^1970 Chevrolet range brochure Retrieved from www.oldcarmanualproject.com on November 26, 2008
  20. ^Flory, p.653.
  21. ^Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars 1960–1972 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2004), p.726.
  22. ^"Chevrolet Nova Third generation Model Information".
  23. ^GM Heritage Center. Official GM MY1969 Specsheet. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  24. ^"The Seat-Belt Story". Biotech.law.lsu.edu. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
  25. ^GM Heritage Center. Official GM MY1976 Specsheet. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  26. ^Adler 1992, page 23-24
  27. ^The Editors of Consumer Reports
  28. ^"Canadian Acadians". Retrieved September 12, 2010.
  29. ^Nova SS By Steve Statham Retrieved from books.google.com on November 20, 2008
  30. ^"Nova Don't Go". snopes.com. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
  31. ^"Pro-Line 3531-00 1969 Chevrolet Nova Clear Body for Slash Drag Car". www.prolineracing.com. Retrieved 2019-12-23.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chevrolet_Chevy_II_/_Nova
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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 153 Super-Thrift ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 153 Super-Thrift Powerglide ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 230 Turbo-Thrift ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 230 Turbo-Thrift Hydra-Matic ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 230 Turbo-Thrift Powerglide ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 250 Turbo-Thrift ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 250 Turbo-Thrift Hydra-Matic ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 250 Turbo-Thrift Powerglide ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 307 V-8 Turbo-Fire ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 307 V-8 Turbo-Fire 4-speed ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 307 V-8 Turbo-Fire Hydra-Matic ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 307 V-8 Turbo-Fire Powerglide ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 350 V-8 Turbo-Fire 250-hp ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


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1969 Chevrolet Nova Coupe 350 V-8 Turbo-Fire 250-hp 4-speed ( © GM Corp. CC-BY 3.0)


Sours: https://www.automobile-catalog.com/make/chevrolet_usa/chevy_ii_nova_3gen/chevy_ii_nova_3gen_coupe/1969.html
Top Ten Chevy Nova Questions

In 1962, when the Chevy II was introduced, it was designed to compete with the enormously successful Ford Falcon, something the smallest Chevrolet at the time, the Corvair, was having trouble doing well. By 1969, the rear-engine Corvair had finally been eliminated for good, leaving the Nova to be the smallest car in the Chevy line. After 1968’s transition name – Chevrolet Chevy II Nova – was also eliminated, the Nova was free to move ahead as its own nameplate.

Other than the name, however, not too much was different in the 1969 Nova than those of the previous year. The 1968 Nova had introduced the restyled third-generation models, so Chevy was understandably content to allow the car to essentially have a carryover year. This is even more understandable with the high sales numbers of the year before – numbers that continued to rise in 1969.

Though power options stayed basically the same for all Nova models, the base Nova SS, which included a 350 CID V8 engine, had increased horsepower to 300, up five from the year before. Buyers of the Nova SS also had the option to upgrade to the 396 CID V8 engine that was rated at 375 horsepower. Additionally, the Nova SS also came with a special suspension, special red-stripe tires and standard front-disc brakes. Options for the SS included a close-ratio four-speed manual transmission, limited slip differential and power steering.

The other cars in the Nova line also had a wide variety of engine choices and trim options. Engines ranged from a 90-horsepower four-cylinder to a 230 CID inline six that produced 140 horsepower or a 307 CID V8 that was rated at 200 horsepower. Always the lowest selling Nova model, there were just over 6,000 Novas that included the four-cylinder produced in 1969.

Other than the four-cylinder models, however, sales were booming for the year. Production jumped nearly 70,000 units from 1968 to 1969, and in total, 251,849 Novas were built. Even better, this number would continue to rise for most of the upcoming years.

1969 Nova Two-Door Coupe and Four-Door Sedan

An immediate success upon its introduction in 1962, sales of the Nova/Chevy II had diminished somewhat throughout the mid 1960s. But by the time the late 1960s rolled around and the car became Chevy’s smallest car – something many Americans were beginning to want more and more – the Nova sales began to skyrocket. This was helped by the fact that the car was also one of the least expensive Chevy’s available, and started at $2,237.

1969 Nova SS

Unlike the base Nova series, the Nova SS was only available in a sports coupe. While sales of the model had declined the previous year, many Nova buyers were once again flocking to the sportier model in 1969. Total production was 17,564, which was over 10,000 more than had been produced the previous year. This was likely helped by the fact that the base Nova SS cost only $280 more than the regular Nova.

Competition

When it comes to muscle cars, the Nova SS found itself in something of a no man’s land. Though it had a design similar to the popular pony cars of the time, it was smaller than those cars, and therefore much smaller than the cars traditionally known as muscle cars. However, the small stature of the car, as well as its great weight distribution made it a sleeper performance vehicle. And as sales were continuing to rise, more and more car-buyers were discovering this.

Sours: https://www.musclecarfacts.com/chevrolet-nova/257-1969-nova/

Options 1969 chevy nova engine

The Chevrolet Nova: History, Generations, Specifications

All things Chevrolet Nova on Automobile.

Chevrolet Nova Essential History

Chevrolet introduced the Nova nameplate in 1962 as the top trim level for the new Chevy II compact. While Chevy's first compact, the innovative (and ultimately doomed) Corvair, was aimed at the Volkswagen Beetle, the Chevy II was a counter to Ford's wildly successful 1960 Falcon. The Chevy II was developed on the cheap and rushed to market, and unlike the rear-engine Corvair, the Chevy II was a fairly conventional car. Known internally as the X-body, it was also sold as the Acadian in Canada and Chile.

Officially called the Chevy II Nova 400, the high-end model was available as a two- or four-door sedan, four-door wagon, two-door convertible or two-door hardtop coupe (hardtops lacked a B-pillar), with the latter two body styles exclusive to the Nova line. While other Chevy IIs could be had with four-cylinder power, the Nova came with a 120-horsepower, 194-cubic-inch displacement (3.2-liter) straight six.

1963: Introduction of the Nova SS and V-8 power

Chevrolet introduced the SS package for 1963 Nova convertibles and Sport Coupe hardtops, though it was basically a sport appearance package, as the Chevy II was still not available with a V-8. The convertible was dropped for '64, but Chevrolet introduced a V-8 option, a 283 cid (4.6L) engine that produced 195 horsepower and was later offered with 220 horsepower. Another new option was the 230 cid (3.8-liter) "Turbo-Thrift" six with 155 horsepower (and no, it wasn't turbocharged). Despite all the new choices, sales took a dive, thanks largely to internal competition from the new mid-size Chevelle.

For 1965, Chevrolet expanded the V-8 lineup with 250- and 300-horsepower versions of the 327 cid (5.4-liter), but sales continued to drop. Again, the competition was internal—the Corvair received a dramatic re-do for 1965—but the Chevy II was also losing to Ford, which sold nearly twice as many Falcons.

Big changes to the Chevy II's sheetmetal came in 1966, far beyond the year-to-year styling changes that were still standard operating procedure. Nova continued as the top trim level, and a 350-horsepower version of the 327 replaced the 300-horsepower engine. Sales picked up, but took a hit again when Chevrolet introduced the Camaro for 1967, with Chevrolet killing the 220- and 350-horsepower engines so as not to cut into Camaro sales.

1968: A slick new Chevrolet Nova

Chevrolet introduced an all-new compact in 1968, with contemporary semi-fastback styling similar to that of the also-all-new Chevelle. The 111-inch wheelbase was almost as long as the Chevelle's, though overall length was a foot shorter. Only two- and four-door sedans were offered; the wagon, convertible and hardtop coupe were gone. Chevrolet was drifting away from the Chevy II name— officially the entire lineup was the Chevy II Nova, but the car was referred to as simply "Nova" in sales brochures.

Engine choices still included the 90-horsepower, 153 cid (2.5-liter) four and the 230 and 250 straight sixes. Two new V-8s, a 200-horsepower 307-cid (5.0-liter), and a 295-horsepower 350 cid (5.7-liter), bracketed the 275-horsepower 327. The 1968 Nova SS was now a proper muscle car, with the 295-horsepower 350 and a heavy-duty suspension as standard.

The Chevy II name was dropped in 1969, and the car was now known simply as the Chevrolet Nova. For the next few years, the changes would be primarily limited to engines. The end of the 327 and (brief) availability of the big-block 396 cid (6.5-liter) in 350- and 375-horsepower versions came in 1969. In 1970, Chevrolet added a 300-horsepower 350 for the Nova SS and a 255-horsepower version for lesser Novas. A few SS models were fitted with the new 402 cid (6.6-liter) V-8, though the cars still carried 396 badging and the same 350/375-horsepower ratings as the "real" 396. The 402 and the four-cylinder were gone for '71, as was the smaller six, and the 350 V-8's power output began to drop as new emissions regulations took hold.

The end of the muscle Nova

For 1973, Chevrolet introduced a hatchback version of the two-door Nova—a real surprise as the model was in its second-to-last year. The SS model was downgraded to a package that included appearance options and a heavy-duty suspension. It could be combined with any engine, the best of which was a 175-horsepower 350. For 1974, the last year for this body style, engine choices were slim, with only a 100-horsepower straight six and a 185-horsepower 350 V-8 to choose from.

GM's individual divisions had traditionally engineered their own cars, but by the early 1970s the corporation was beginning to flirt with badge engineering by rebadging the Nova. The Nova's carbon copies included the Pontiac Ventura (1971), Buick Apollo (1973), and Oldsmobile Omega (1973).

1975: The new-age Chevrolet Nova

In 1975, Chevrolet launched an all-new Nova. The Nova lost its '60s-era curves, but retained the semi-fastback shape. For a car designed in the 1970s, it was rather attractive. Body styles included a four-door sedan and two-door coupe and hatchback models. While the first-generation Camaro's front end was based on Nova hardware, the new Nova now used second-gen Camaro components in its front suspension, which improved handling. A new "LN" model ("Luxury Nova") addressed growing demand among the "Me generation" for small, personal luxury cars. Buick, Oldsmobile, and Pontiac got their own versions of the car; Buick transitioned to the Skylark name and the Pontiac Ventura became the Phoenix in 1977. The Nova's X-body platform would also form the basis for the 1976 Cadillac Seville.

The engine lineup for '75 included the stalwart 250-cid six, now with 105 horsepower; a 110-horsepwoer, 262 cid (4.3-liter) V-8, developed for the Vega-based Monza, which would only last a year in the Nova; and 145- and 155-horsepower versions of the 350. The SS option was killed in 1976, the same year that the 305 cid (5.0-liter) V-8 was introduced and the Nova LN became a stand-alone model called the Concours. There were few changes for '77 and '78, and 1979 was a short model year with production actually ending in December, 1978. GM was preparing a new front-wheel-drive X-body; happily for the reputation of the Nova, this disastrous new car would get a new name: Citation.

1985: The Nova returns—and turns Japanese

The Nova could be considered the quintessential American compact car, so the direction GM took with the Nova in 1985 was a curious one. In 1984, General Motors established a partnership with Toyota in a venture called New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc., giving Toyota a U.S. manufacturing base and GM a chance to see firsthand how the Japanese could produce such high-quality cars at competitive prices. Using a discarded GM plant in Fremont, California, NUMMI's first product was the 1985 Chevrolet Nova.

The new Nova was based largely on the Toyota Corolla, and was available as a four-door front-wheel-drive sedan or hatchback powered by a 74-horsepower 1.6-liter four-cylinder engine. Aside from the addition of a 110-horsepower "Twin Cam" version of the 1.6, changes were minimal through 1988.

The Corolla was redesigned for the 1989 model year, and GM moved its NUMMI-built version to the new Geo brand together with its Suzuki- and Isuzu-engineered captive imports (Metro, Spectrum, and Tracker). The new car was renamed Geo Prizm, and the Chevrolet Nova name was retired.

Chevrolet Nova Highlights

There is an urban legend that the Nova sold poorly in Spanish-speaking countries because "Nova" means "doesn't go". This isn't true—"nova" in Spanish has the same celestial meaning that it does in English. While "no va" does mean "won't go", few Spanish speakers would interpret "Nova" as "no va"—as Snopes.com points out, the difference is a bit like saying "Notable" would be a poor name for a dinette set as it could be read as "no table". In fact, the Nova sold well in several Latin American countries.

One bit of notable Nova technology was the lightweight single-leaf spring used for the rear suspension between 1962 and 1972. Multi-leaf springs were used in optional handling packages, and replaced the single-leaf entirely in 1973.

Chevrolet never built a V-8 powered convertible Nova at the factory. The convertible Chevy II Nova was discontinued after 1963, and a V-8 option was not introduced until 1964.

The 1985 NUMMI-built Nova was notable for its high quality, which was comparable to Japanese-built Corollas—all the more notable because the pre-NUMMI Fremont factory was known for poor quality, and 85% of the original workforce was hired back for NUMMI. Sales between the two versions were comparable, but the Toyota nameplate meant that the Corollas enjoyed higher resale values.

The NUMMI venture ended in 2010, and the Fremont plant is now owned by Tesla.

Chevrolet Nova Buying Tips

Novas from the 1960s and early 1970s have attracted the most collector interest, and some of the big-block cars are quite valuable. As with any car of this era, checking the ID numbers is important, particularly for cars claiming to be original V-8-powered SS models. Parts are easy to find and it doesn't take much effort to build a basic six-cylinder Nova into a V-8-powered SS clone—but such clone cars are worth less money than genuine matching-numbers cars. If you are considering the purchase of a rare Nova, it's best to have the car professionally authenticated.

Novas were popular as drag racers due to their light weight, so check carefully for signs of abuse, particularly twisting damage to the rear suspension or unibody.

Late-1970s Novas have attracted little collector interest and rarely come up for sale, but they are an interesting example of one of the better cars of the malaise era. Their prehistoric emissions systems can be finicky and difficult to keep in tune, however.

The 1985-88 Novas have attracted virtually zero interest from hobbyists—they just aren't very interesting cars, even in twin-cam form. However, they are exceptionally well built, and if you find a survivor, it'll probably be an easy old car to live with.

Chevrolet Nova Articles on Automobile

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One-Family-Owned 1970 Nova 307

1978 Chevrolet Nova with Way, Way Red Interior

Chevrolet Nova Quick Facts

  • First year of production: 1961 (for the 1962 model year)
  • Last year of production: 1988
  • Primary competitors: Ford Falcon, Dodge Dart, Plymouth Valiant, AMC Rambler American
  • Original price (base): $2,198 (1962 Chevy II Nova 400 2-door sedan)
  • Smallest engine: 1.6-liter I-4, 74 hp
  • Largest engine: 6.6-liter V-8, 375 hp
  • Characteristic feature: The go-to domestic compact of the 1960s and 1970s

Chevrolet Nova FAQ

What is the best year Chevy Nova?

We think the best Novas are the two-doors made between 1968 and 1971. That generation of Nova was arguably the best-looking compact on the market, and the SS version offered big V-8 engines that had real bite. The 1975-1979 Novas are pretty cool as well—they were good cars in an era when good cars were few and far between.

What is the difference between a Chevy II and a Nova?

From 1962 through 1967, the car itself was called the Chevy II, and Nova was a trim level. The model lineup consisted of the Chevy II 100, Chevy II 300, and Chevy II Nova 400, with the latter shortened to Chevy II Nova in 1965. When the new Chevy II came out in 1968, Chevrolet began to back away from the Chevy II name. The car was officially called the Chevy II Nova, though marketing materials often referred to the car simply as Nova. For 1969, the Chevy II name was dropped and the car became known as the Chevrolet Nova.

Are Chevy Novas good cars?

Definitely—though they sold (relatively) poorly in some years, largely because Chevrolet introduced more models that ate into their market segment. The 1962-1979 Novas were simple, durable cars, and the V-8 versions were especially potent because of their small size and light weight. The 1985 Nova, based on the Toyota Corolla and built in a joint-venture plant using Japanese management systems, was one of the highest-quality cars produced by General Motors in that era.

Is a Chevrolet Nova a muscle car?

The Nova was actually designed as a compact economy car. However, certain models of the Nova are considered muscle cars, particularly SS models with the 327 cid (5.3-liter) V-8, 350 cid (5.7-liter) V-8 with four-barrel carburetor, or the big-block 396 cid (6.5-liter) and 402 cid (6.6-liter) engines. Horsepower began to drop after 1971, and by 1973 the SS was merely an appearance package. However, many Novas were modified with aftermarket parts, and qualify as muscle cars.

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1969 Chevrolet Nova For Sale

1969 Chevrolet Nova

The Chevrolet Nova remained much of the same for 1969, while the exciting news for Nova fans and performance seekers was the very limited Yenko Nova 427. Unlike COPO Camaro’s and Chevelle's, the Yenko Nova 427 engines were not factory installed. Instead, Yenko ordered Nova Super Sport’s with the 375hp 396 V8 and dropped in the 425 hp Chevy 427 at the dealership, although Yenko rated the 427s at a more realistic 450 hp. Yenko Nova 427s were available with either the close-ratio Muncie four speed with Hurst linkage or a Turbo Hydra-matic with Hurst Dual-Gate shifter, and a heavy-duty 4.10:1 Posi axle. Built in both 1968 and 1969, they were extremely rare with only 37 built in 1969. The standard SS package with the 350 cid V8 cost just an extra $280 above a base priced Nova coupe of just over $2200 and included a special suspension, red stripe, F70x14s, and power front disc brakes. In 1969, a total of 5,262 Nova SS were built with the 375 hp 396 while another 1,947 were built with the 350 hp 396 engine. Total SS production was 17,654 units.

 

1969 Chevrolet Nova Specifications

Model NumberBody/Style NumberBody Type & SeatingFactory PriceShipping WeightTotal Production
Nova Series 11 - Four-Cyl
11694 Dr Sedan$2,2672,610 lbs6,103
11272 Dr Coupe$2,2372,785 lbs
Nova Series 13 - Six-Cyl
13694 Dr Sedan$2,3452,920 lbs157,400
13272 Dr Coupe$2,3152,895 lbs
Nova Series 14 - V-8
14694 Dr Sedan$2,434Not Available88,400
14272 Dr Coupe$2,405Not Available

NOTES:

  1. There were a total of 17,654 Novas equipped with the Super Sport Option

Chassis Specifications

ModelWheelbaseOverall LengthWidthFront TreadRear TreadTires
Chevy II Nova111 in190 in73 in59 in58.9 in7.35 x 14

VIN Numbers

Serial Numbers were stamped on a plate on the left front door hinge pillar (center pillar on Corvair). The Fisher Body number plate on the right-hand side of the cowl gives additional information such as the body style number, the production sequence number, the trim (upholstery) number code and the paint number code. Also the serial number was on the top of the dash, left side, visible thru windshield.
First Symbol - Manufacturer
1 = Chevrolet
Second & Third Symbol - Series
01 = Corvair 500 six-cylinder35 = Chevelle Malibu/Concours six-cylinder
05 = Corvair Monza six-cylinder36 = Chevelle Malibu/Concours V-8
11 = Nova four-cylinder38 = Chevelle Concours Estate V-8
13 = Nova six-cylinder53 = Biscayne/Brookwood six-cylinder
14 = Nova V-854 = Biscayne/Brookwood V-8
23 = Camaro six-cylinder55 = Bel Air/Townsman six cylinder
24 = Camaro V-856 = Bel Air/Townsman V-8
31 = Chevelle Nomad six-cylinder63 = Impala six-cylinder
32 = Chevelle Nomad V-864 = Impala/Kingswood V-8
33 = Chevelle/Greenbriar 300 Deluxe six-cylinder66 = Caprice/Kingswood Estate V-8
34 = Chevelle/Greenbriar 300 Deluxe V-894 = Corvette
Fourth & Fifth Symbol - Body Style
11 = two-door sedan45 = four-door nine-passenger station wagon
27 = two-door pillared sport coupe46 = four-door three-seat station wagon
35 = four-door six-passenger station wagon47 = Impala Custom or Caprice sport coupe
36 = four-door two-seat station wagon with dual -action tailgate67 = two-door convertible
37 = two-door hardtop or sport coupe69 = four-door sedan
39 = four-door hardtop or sport sedan87 = Impala two-door sport coupe
Sixth Symbol - Last Digit Of The Model Year
9 = 1969
Seventh Symbol - Assembly Plant
(A) Atlanta, Georgia(N) Norwood, Ohio
(B) Baltimore, Maryland(R) Arlington, Texas
(C) Southgate, California (S) St. Louis, Missouri
(D) Doraville, Wisconsin(T) Tarrytown, New York
(F) Flint, Michigan (U) Lordstown, Ohio
(G) Framingham, Massachusetts(W) Willow Run, Michigan
(J) Janesville, Wisconsin(Y) Wilmington, Delaware
(K) Kansas City, Missouri(Z) Fremont, California
(L) Los Angeles, California(2) St. Therese, Quebec, Canada
Last Six Symbols - Production Sequence
Started at 100001

1969 Chevrolet Chevelle Options

DescriptionDescription
All Season Air ConditioningPower Disc Brakes
Rear Positraction Rear AxlePower Steering
Console w/ Floor Mounted ShifterVinyl Roof
Electric ClockSport-Styled Steering Wheel
Heavy-Duty ClutchStereo Tape System
250-cid/155-hp 6-CylPowerglide Transmission
350-cid/250-hp V-83-Speed Manual Transmission
350-cid/255-hp V-84-Speed Manual Transmission (close-ratio)
350-cid/300-hp V-84-Speed Manual Transmission (wide-ratio)
396-cid/350-hp V-8Simulated Wire Wheel Covers
396-cid/375-hp V-8Mag-Style Wheel Covers
Dual ExhaustMag-Spoke Wheel Covers
Tinted Windows (all glass)Custom Exterior Group
Tinted WindshieldExterior Decor Package
Special InstrumentationNova SS Option
Left-Hand Outside Remote Control MirrorSpecial Interior Package
Power Drum Brakes 

1969 Chevrolet Nova Engine Options

Location Of Engine Code: 6-Cyl-- Stamped on a pad behind the distributor on right side of block. 8-Cyl-- Stamped on the block in front of the right hand cylinder head.

Letter CodeEngineHorsepowerTorqueTransmissionCarburetor
AA4-153901523-Speed Manual1 BC
AB4-15390152Powerglide & Torque Drive1 BC
AM6-2301402203-Speed Manual1 BC
AN6-230140220Powerglide & Torque Drive1 BC
AO6-230140220Turbo Hydra-Matic 3501 BC
AP %6-2301402203-Speed Manual1 BC
AQ %6-230140220Powerglide & Torque Drive1 BC
AR %6-230140220Turbo Hydra-Matic 3501 BC
BB6-250155235Powerglide & Torque Drive1 BC
BC %6-250155235Powerglide & Torque Drive1 BC
BD6-250155235Turbo Hydra-Matic 3501 BC
BE6-2501552353-Speed Manual1 BC
BF %6-2501552353-Speed Manual1 BC
BH %6-250155235Turbo Hydra-Matic 3501 BC
DA8-3072003003-Speed Manual2 BC
DC8-307200300Powerglide2 BC
DD8-307200300Turbo Hydra-Matic 3502 BC
DE8-3072003004-Speed Manual2 BC
HA8-3503003803 & 4-Speed Manual4 BC
HB8-350300380Turbo Hydra-Matic 3504 BC
HC8-3502503453 & 4-Speed Manual2 BC
HD8-350250345Turbo Hydra-Matic 3502 BC
HE8-350300380Powerglide4 BC
HF8-350250345Powerglide2 BC
HP8-350300380Manual (Heavy-Duty Clutch)4 BC
HQ8-3502553653 & 4-Speed Manual4 BC
HR8-350255365Powerglide4 BC
HS8-350255365Turbo Hydra-Matic 3504 BC
JF8-396 *3504153 & 4-Speed Manual4 BC
JH8-396 #3754153 & 4-Speed Manual4 BC
JI8-396 *350415Turbo Hydra-Matic 4004 BC
JL8-396 #375415Turbo Hydra-Matic 4004 BC
KA8-396 *350415Manual (Heavy-Duty Clutch)4 BC
KC8-396 #375415Manual (Heavy-Duty Clutch)4 BC

Notes:

  • * High Performance
  • # Special High Performance
  • % Used w/ Air Conditioning

Transmission Codes

TransmissionLocation
Powerglide (Corvair)On top of the case in the rear at 11 o'clock.
Powerglide Passenger (exc. Corvair)Immediately behind right hand machining lug with the bottom of the sticker parallel to mold flash.
PowerglideAll models stamped on the right side of transmission oil pan.
Turbo Hydra-MaticRight hand vertical surface of transmission case
3-SpeedCorvair and fully synchronized Passenger (exc. Warner Gear) transmissions stamped on square boss on left side below and rear of cover
4-SpeedPassenger models (exc. Corvair) stamped on right side of case ahead of the extension.
4-Speed (Corvair)Stamped on boss on lower left side of case just below side cover.
 
Plant and Type Designation PrefixPlantTransmission Type
NMuncie4-Speed
WWarner Gear3 and 4-Speed
PMuncie4-Speed
RSaginaw4-Speed
SSaginaw3-Speed
MMuncie3-Speed, Overdrive*
CClevelandPowerglide
TToledoPowerglide
CAHydra-Matic3-Speed, Automatic Turbo Hydra-Matic
DSaginawOverdrive
KMcKinnon3-Speed
EMcKinnonPowerglide
OSaginawOverdrive
XClevelandTurbo Hydra-Matic 350
BClevelandTurbo Hydra-Matic 350
YToledoTurbo Hydra-Matic 350
ACleveland2-Speed, Manual Powerglide

*Overdrive distinguished from 3-Speed by physical appearance only. The above transmissions (exc. Warner Gear) will carry a production code number such as: C1116N (C = Cleveland Powerglide, 11 = November, 16 = 16th, N = Night Shift). The Warner Gear transmissions will carry a production code number such as: WG1031 (W = Warner Gear 4-Spd., G = July, 10 = 10th, 7 = 1967, 1 = First Shift).

Axle Codes

Location Of Axle Codes: The axles for Chevrolet will be built by Chevrolet Buffalo, Chevrolet Gear and Axle, Buick, Oldsmobile, and McKinnon. Divisional Manufacturer code letters will be metal stamped on the axle tube adjacent to the carrier for identification. Metal stamp on left rear axle tube on the rear side, letters and numerals 3/16 in. high, 3 in. outboard of carrier.

Codes - Non-LockingCodes - LockingRatioInspection Cover
BA, PBBB, PC2.5610 Bolt
BCBD3.3610 Bolt
BI, BPBQ, PX2.7312 Bolt
BLBR3.0712 Bolt
BMBS3.3112 Bolt
BNBT3.5512 Bolt
BOBU3.7312 Bolt
 BV4.1012 Bolt
 BW4.5612 Bolt
 BX4.8812 Bolt
PAPE3.0810 Bolt
Manufacturer Identity
B - BuickC - Chevrolet Buffalo
O - OldsmobileK - GM of Canada, St. Catharines
P - Pontiac M - GM of Canada
G - Chevrolet Gear & Axle 

Paint Codes - Exterior Colors

Color Name / CodeColor ImageColor Name / CodeColor Image

10 - Tuxedo Black
Lucite® Code - 88L
Dulux® Code - 93-005

61 - Burnished Brown (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5011L
Dulux® Code - 5011D

40 - Butternut Yellow
Lucite® Code - 5036L
Dulux® Code - 5036D

63 - Champagne (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5046L
Dulux® Code - 5046D

50 - Dover White
Lucite® Code - 5033L
Dulux® Code - 5033D

65 - Olympic Gold (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5010L
Dulux® Code - 5010D

51 - Dusk Blue (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5016L
Dulux® Code - 5016D

67 - Burgundy (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5036LH
Dulux® Code - 5036DH

52 - Garnet Red
Lucite® Code - 5009LH
Dulux® Code - 5009DM

69 - Cortez Silver (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5032L
Dulux® Code - 5032D

53 - Glacier Blue (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5015L
Dulux® Code - 5015D

71 - LeMans Blue (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5030L
Dulux® Code - 5030D

55 - Azure Turquoise (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5014L
Dulux® Code - 5014D

72 - Hugger Orange
Lucite® Code - 5021LM
Dulux® Code - 5021DH

57 - Fathom Green (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5013L
Dulux® Code - 5013D

76 - Daytona Yellow
Lucite® Code - 5026LH
Dulux® Code - 5026D

59 - Frost Green (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5012L
Dulux® Code - 5012D

79 - Rallye Green (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 5070L
Dulux® Code - 5070DH

NOTES: The first letter of a two-letter paint code identifies the body color. The second letter identifies the roof color. (For example, the combination 51-50 on a Chevrolet would indicate the body finished in Dusk Blue and the roof area in Dover White.) General Motors paint code plate for all models except Corvair and Corvette is located under the hood at the top of the firewall on the left or right of the upper shroud. Corvair paint code plate is on the left cross-rail in the engine compartment. Corvette paint code plate is on the instrument panel brace, below the glove compartment.

 

Paint Codes - Interior Colors

Color Name / CodeColor ImageColor Name / CodeColor Image

Medium Gold (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9594L

Medium Turquoise (metallic) (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9587LH

Dark Gold
Lucite® Code - 9590L (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9583L (flat)

Dark Turquoise (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 9588LH (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9579LH (flat)

Saddle (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9475L

Medium Blue (metallic) (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9585LH

Dark Saddle (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 9488L (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9458L (flat)

Dark Blue (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 9586LH (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9578LH (flat)

Medium Green (metallic) (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9591LH

Medium Red (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9528LH

Dark Green (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 9592LH (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9581LH (flat)

Dark Red
Lucite® Code - 9429LM (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9580LM (flat)

Midnight Green (metallic)
Lucite® Code - 9593LH (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 9582LH (flat)

Black
Lucite® Code - 88L (semi-gloss)
Lucite® Code - 4428L (flat)

NOTE: Unpolished LUCITE® will generally produce a gloss comparable to original interior semi-gloss finishes. If lower gloss is required, use 1/2 oz. DuPont #4528 flattening compound to a pint of unreduced color.

 

Striping Colors

Black
Lucite® Code - 88L

Red
Lucite® Code - 5027LH

White
Lucite® Code - 5033L

Gold
Lucite® Code - 9669L

Light Blue
Lucite® Code - 9670L

Light Green
Lucite® Code - 9671L

Bright Blue
Lucite® Code - 9672L

 

 

Trunk Colors (spatter finish)

Black - Gray - Aqua 389 - 259

 

GM Roof Moldings Colors (Matched To Vinyl Roof Colors)

Fisher W CodeRoof Color CodeColorLucite® CodeAprox. Amount Of 5528S To Be Added For Correct Gloss
848BBlack9333L2 oz.
3943EParchment9680L1 oz.
Sours: https://www.oldride.com/library/1969_chevrolet_nova.html

Now discussing:

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