Type a word & select a dictionary:
•UrduWord: Urdu-English dictionary (Urdu & Latin characters)
•Rekhta: Urdu-Hindi-English dictionary
•DictionaryUrdu Urdu > English dictionary (Latin characters)
•Urdu-English.com: Urdu-English vocabulary by topics
•Goethe-Verlag: Urdu-English common phrases & illustrated vocabulary(+ audio)
•Defense language institute: basic vocabulary(+ audio) - civil affairs - medical
•Student's practical dictionarycontaining English words with English and Urdu meanings, by Dwarka Prasad & Ram Narain Lal (1943)
•Hindustani self-taught: vocabulary by topics with pronunciation, by James Fuller Blumhardt (1915) Roman characters
•English-Hindustani vocabularyof 3000 words: by Douglas Craven Phillott (1911) Roman characters
•Khazīna-e muhāwarāt or Urdu idioms, by Douglas Craven Phillott (1912)
•Romanized school dictionary published by the Calcutta School Book Society (1864) Roman characters
•Dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English by John Platts (1884)
•Dictionary, Hindustani and English by Duncan Forbes (1866) Arabic, Devanagari & Roman characters
•English > Hindustani
•Smaller Hindustani and English dictionary by Duncan Forbes (1861) Roman characters
•Dictionary of Oordoo and English by Joseph Thompson (1838) Roman & Arabic characters
•in Roman characters (1858)
•Dictionary Hindustání and English by William Yates (1847)
•Dictionary Hindustani and English by John Shakespear (1849) or online search (1834)
•Hindoostanee philologycomprising a dictionary, English and Hindoostanee, by John Borthwick Gilchrist (1825)
•The morphology of loanwords in Urdu, the Persian, Arabic and English strands, by Riaz Ahmed Islam (2011)
•Eat-expressions in Hindi-Urdu (expressions with the verb khā-, "eat") by Peter Hook, in Indian linguistics (2011)
•Common vocabulary in Urdu and Turkish language: a case of historical onomasiology, par María Isabel Maldonado García & Mustafa Yapici, in Journal of Pakistan (2014)
→Urdu keyboard to type with Arabic characters
•BBC: Urdu alphabet (+ audio)
•American Institute of Indian studies: Urdu courses (+ video)
•Introductory Urdu by Choudhri Mohammed Naim (1999)
•The modern Hindustani scholar or The Pucca Munshi, by Thakardass Pahwa (1919)
•Hindustani manual by Douglas Craven Phillott (1918) Roman characters
•Hindustani stumbling-blocksbeing difficult points in the syntax and idiom of Hindustani explained and exemplified, by Douglas Craven Phillott (1909)
•Grammar of the Urdū or Hindūstānī language by John Dowson (1908)
•Grammar of the Urdu or Hindustani language by George Small (1895) Roman characters
•Concise grammar of the Hindūstānī language by Edward Backhouse Eastwick (1858)
•The orientalist's grammatical vade-mecum, easy introduction to the rules and principles of the Hindustání, Persian, and Gujarátí languages, by Alexander Faulkner (1853)
•Grammar of the Hindūstānī language by Duncan Forbes (1846)
•Grammar of the Hindustani language by John Shakespear (1826)
•The Urdu self-instructoror Ataliq-i-Urdu, by Maulavi Laiq Ahmad (1899)
• books about the Urdu language: Google books | Internet archive | Academia | Wikipedia
•Urdu in Pakistan and North India, language, religion and politics, by Tariq Rahman, in Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée (2008)
•Polyphony of Urdu in post-colonial North India by Rizwan Ahmad, in Modern Asian studies (2015)
•BBC - VOA - DW: news in Urdu
Texts & Literature
•Rekhta: online books
•Gazhals: Urdu poems with translation of terms into English (in Latin alphabet)
•Lyrikline: poems in Urdu, with translation (+ audio)
•Little by Little: story for children in Urdu
•Umrāo Jān Adāامراؤ جان ادا by Mirzā Rusvā (1899)
•introduction of the novel
•glossary by Christopher Shackle (1970): I & II
•QuranUrdu: translation of the Quran into Urdu
•BibleGateway: translation of the Bible into Urdu, Easy to read version
•The book of Psalms (1864)
•The New Testament (1842)
First article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
تمام انسان آزاد اور حقوق و عزت کے اعتبار سے برابر پیدا ہوۓ ہیں۔
انہیں ضمیر اور عقل ودیعت ہوئی ہے۔ اسلیۓ انہیں ایک دوسرے کے ساتھ بھائی چارے کا سلوک کرنا چاہیۓ۔
•Universal Declaration of Human Rightsانسانی حقوق کا عالمی منشور translation into Urdu (+ audio)
→Pakistan & India:maps, heritage & documents
Xavier Nègre © Lexilogos 2002-2021
English Words That Came From Hindi And Urdu
How many words from Hindi and Urdu do you know? Well, if you’re one of the approximately 70 million speakers of Urdu and 425 million of Hindi, then, well, you know a lot—and that’s only counting native speakers. Millions more speak Urdu and Hindi as a second language all around the globe, making them, combined, one of the most spoken languages.
But even if you don’t speak Hindi or Urdu, you actually use more words that derive, along one route or another, from these sister languages than you realize! So put down your your cup of chai (which means “tea,” so you really don’t need to say “chai tea”!) and read on.
WATCH: What Are The Most Fun-to-say Words In Different Languages?
What are Urdu and Hindi?
Many English speakers may not know they are using words that come from Hindi and Urdu. Many—let’s be honest—may not know, exactly, what these languages are.
Modern Hindi and Urdu both derive from a common language called Hindustani, a language of South Asia used as what’s known as a lingua franca in Northern India and Pakistan. Both Hindi and Urdu (and their parent, Hindustani) are what linguists call Indic or Indo-Aryan languages, which are part of a larger language family known as Indo-European. That means languages ranging from Irish to Greek to, yes, English all share a common ancestor, as unrelated as they may seem.
The development of modern Hindi and Urdu are complex, their differences developing in large part based on religion. When colonial British India was split into India and Pakistan in 1947, Hindi became an official language of India (a majority Hindu country) and Urdu, of Pakistan (majority Muslim). Other major differences between Hindi and Urdu are that Hindi is written in a script called Devanagari with many words from Sanskrit while Urdu is written in a modified Arabic script with many words from Persian and Arabic.
Another major commonality of Hindi and Urdu is that a lot of the words English borrowed from these languages were the result, lest we forget, of British colonialism and imperialism. But for all the complexity, past and present, of Hindi and Urdu, many of the words that made their way into English are, well, surprisingly common and everyday.
Here are 11 English words that derive from Hindi and Urdu. (Keep in mind that the two languages are so closely intertwined, there may exist a version of each word in both.)
Build up your vocabulary and learn more about the importance and impact of Urdu at our article on the language.
Yep, that shower staple that keeps your hair and scalp clean has Hindi–Urdu origins. First evidence of the word shampoo can be found around 1755–65. It comes from the word champo, meaning “to massage,” which is a form of the Hindi word cāmpnā, “to press.”
This word, which we use to describe “a wild land overgrown with dense vegetation” stems from the Hindi word jaṅgal. That word in turn came from the Sanskrit word jaṅgala meaning “rough, waterless place.” First evidence of it in the English language dates back to 1770–80.
While the term thug has evolved over the years in use and meaning, first evidence of the word is found around 1800–10. It comes from the Hindi wordthag, which means “rogue, cheat.”
While these days you may stay in them all day, this word typically used to refer to night clothes. First evidence of it in the English language can be found around 1870–75. It’s a variant of the Urdu and Hindi word pāyjāma, which stems from the Persian words pāy, meaning “leg” and jāma, meaning “garment.”
Sipping a little something (sweet tea, perhaps) on a veranda seems like such a Southern thing, but the origins of the word aren’t. It, in fact, comes from the Hindi words baraṇḍā and barāmdā, which stem from the Persian phrase bar āmadaḥ, meaning “coming out.” It may ultimately derive from the Spanish word baranda, which means “railing, balustrade.”
These days, there are self-proclaimed pundits aplenty, particularly in the political arena. The term, which dates back to 1665–75, stems from the Hindi word paṇḍit, which comes from the Sanskrit word paṇḍita meaning “learned man.” How learned some of our pundits today are is up for debate.
Today, we use this word meaning “any large, overpowering, destructive force” to describe everything from COVID-19 to an opposing football team. Marvel Comics even bestowed it as the name of one of its characters. First evidence of the word, however, dates back to around 1630–40. It stems from the Hindi word Jagannāth, which comes from the Sanskrit word Jagannātha, meaning “lord of the world.”
While it can be used in various forms, at its root, the wordlootis used to describe “spoils or plunder taken by pillaging.” Lootersloot during times of chaos, such as after a natural disaster or during war, but we also use the word in a more positive sense, such as when we refer to the candy kids get on Halloween as their loot … though dentists may disagree with how positive that really is.
First evidence of the word is found in the 1780s. It stems from the Hindi word lūṭ, which is equivalent to the Sanskrit word lotra, loptrameaning “booty, spoil.”
The noun (and adjective) khaki also entered the English from Persian via Urdu. In Persian, khākī means “dusty.” Khaki, of course, can refer to both a color and a fabric in English.
Here’s a fun party fact to pack away for the next time you want to make conversation around the punch bowl. The word for this festive drink is said to stem from the Hindi word panch, which means “five,” as it was originally made up of five ingredients, probably alcohol, sugar, lemon, water, and tea or spices. First evidence of the word dates back to 1625–35.
If something involves “little effort for ample rewards” or is “soft and comfortable,” it’s cushy. This word is partly a borrowing from Urdu (ḵušī) and partly from Persian. It is first recorded in English relatively recently: 1900–15.
And now that you’ve added some word origin facts to your vocab (not always a cushy task), it’s time to give yourself a break. Go ahead and sip a little punch on your veranda; we’ll be lounging in pajamas!
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Platts, John T. (John Thompson). A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English. London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1884.
A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English includes Perso-Arabic, Devanagari and roman alphabets. In order to display the non-roman characters a Unicode font must be installed. Information and instructions are available on the Font help page.
This site honors Professor C. M. Naim's scholarly contributions to Urdu language and literature.
The data conversion and presentation of this dictionary was sponsored by the University of Chicago, the University of Michigan, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison with support from the U.S. Department of Education and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
Data for this dictionary was most recently updated in February 2015.
Download the Platts iOS app for iPad® and iPhone® from the Apple App Store ®.
This page was last generated on Tuesday 24 November 2020 at 11:57 by [email protected]
The URL of this page is: https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/platts/
heavy or hard to digest food
drowning, sinking, immersion
period of reign, period of rule
renewal, revival, novelty, renovation
home-made, self-appointed, self-styled
contentment, satisfaction, tranquility, abstinence, ability to do without
long-life, may (your) life (be) long
humiliation, abasement, indignity, disgrace, degradation
ultimate judgement, statement that settles an issue
reprimand, chiding, dressing down, reproof, rebuke, reprehension
customs and beliefs of a specific country or group, culture
public, common people, populace at large
constitution, law, code, enactment, regulation, statute, set rules or laws
confidence, faith, trust, reliance, dependence
confidence, trust, belief, faith, reliability, credibility
morning breeze, the zephyr, a refreshing wind
jealousy, envy, grudge, malice
sign of puberty, signs of being young
national security, the safety of a nation, or actions taken to protect it
words, articulate sounds, terms
feigned negligence, intentional connivance
separation, disunion, abandonment
enemy, foe, oppositionist , opponent,
justice, fairness, equity, rectitude
a hanging screen made of reeds or spilt bamboo for obstructing view, curtain, a venetian blind
love, affection, friendship, intimacy, familiarity, attachment, kindness
indignation, grief, unpleasantness (between persons)
hearing, listening, (of a lawsuit)
heart afflicting, torment of the heart, vexation of spirit, anxiety, trouble
plan, design, scheme, project
hostility, malice, enmity, animosity, hate, hatred, resentment, vindictiveness, malice, feud
determination, resolution, intention, fixed purpose, bent, aim, undertaking
In urdu word hindi meanings
Hindi language is full of loan words and you would be amazed to see, many words that we use in our daily conversation have foreign origins. In this post, I will show you some of the most frequently used Urdu words in Hindi.
Urdu language in itself has origin in Hindi. It has derived its grammar from Hindi which has been derived from the Sanskrit, however, unlike Hindi the derived words are not from Sanskrit language but many other languages such as Arabic, Persian, and Turkish etc. Interesting thing is that many of the Hindi speakers unknowingly use or hear them daily and will claim that the words are of native origin rather than foreign. Words which seem unmistakably indigenous or derived from Sanskrit like चाय (Chai – Tea), सितार (Sitar), हिंदी (Hindi), जवाहर (Javaahar – Gem) and दोस्त (Dost – Friend) etc. are all loan words from other foreign languages!
Some of the most important Urdu words which are used in Hindi are:
|दोस्त – Dost||मित्र – Mitr||Friend|
|शुक्रिया – Shukriya||धन्यवाद – Dhanyavad||Thank/Thank you|
|दिल – Dil||हृदय – Hardiya||Heart|
|औरत – Aurat||स्त्री – Stri||Woman|
|आज़ादी – Azadi||स्वतन्त्रता – Svatantrata||Independence|
|कानून – Kanoon||नियम – Niyam||Rule/Law|
|साहब – Sahab||श्रीमान – Shrimaan||Mister|
|खून – Khoon||रक्त – Rakt||Blood|
|इमारत – Imaarat||भवन – Bhavan||Building|
|हालत – Halat||स्थिति – Sthithi||Condition|
|कमरा – Kamara||कक्ष – Kaksh||Room|
|दरवाजा – Darwaza||द्वार – Dwar||Door|
|शर्म – Sharam||लिज्जा – Lajja||Shame|
|इज्ज़त – Izzat||प्रतिष्ठा – Pratishta||Reputation|
|किस्सा – Kissa||घटना – Ghatna||Event|
|ईमान – Imaan||गरिमा – Garima||Dignity|
|किस्मत – Kismat||भाग्य – Bhagya||Destiny|
|अखबार – Akhbaar||समाचारपत्र – Samacharpatr||Newspaper|
|ज़हर – Zahar||विष – Vish||Poison|
|वक़्त – Vaqt||समय – Samay||Time|
|ख़बर – Khabar||समाचार – Samachar||News|
|तारीख – Taarikh||दिनाक – Dinaak||Date|
|वतन – Vatan||देश – Desh||Country|
|ख्वाब – Khvaab||सपना – Sapana||Dream|
|हुकुम – Hukum||आदेश – Aadesh||Command|
|बहादुर – Bahaadur||निडर – Nidar||Bold|
|हवा – Havaa||वायु – Vaayu||Air|
|किताब – Kitaab||पुस्तक – Pustak||Book|
|सिर्फ – Sirf||केवल – Keval||Only|
|साहिल – Saahil||किनारा- Kinara||Shore|
|यार – Yaar||मित्र – Mitr||Friend|
|गुनाह – Gunah||अपराध – Aparaadh||Crime|
Tags:foreign words, foreign words in hindi, hindi loan words, loan words in hindi, urdu words in hindiSours: https://blogs.transparent.com/hindi/common-urdu-words-in-hindi/
10 Words From Hindi & Urdu
Juggernaut came to the English language through stories of the Hindu god Vishnu—Jagannāth is one of his titles. At an annual festival in the city of Puri, objects representing Vishnu and his siblings are transported in enormous, lavishly decorated chariots. The festival is crowded with worshippers, and over the centuries there have been instances of pilgrims getting crushed. Travelers to India exaggerated these stories, and so the legend of fanatics throwing themselves before the rolling juggernaut to die was born.
This led to the word being used in a highly figurative fashion, referring both to a large, heavy vehicle (chiefly in British usage), or to any seemingly inexorable force. From very early on, juggernaut proved to be useful when describing political movements.
Surely, this man does not advise the federalists of this state to march in the rear and bend their knees to the great Juggernaut of democracy!
—The Maryland Gazette [Annapolis, MD], 30 August 1821
I do not hold, Mr. Editor, a share of bank stock, not do I apprehend myself to be more likely to bow before the shrine of either a political or pecuniary “Juggernaut” than this vehement foe to “monied aristocracy.”
—The New York Evening Post, 15 April 1822
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[ oor-doo, ur-; oor-doo, ur- ]
/ ˈʊər du, ˈɜr-; ʊərˈdu, ɜr- /
one of the official languages of Pakistan, a language derived from Hindustani, used by Muslims, and written with Persian-Arabic letters.
ARE YOU A TRUE BLUE CHAMPION OF THESE "BLUE" SYNONYMS?
We could talk until we're blue in the face about this quiz on words for the color "blue," but we think you should take the quiz and find out if you're a whiz at these colorful terms.
Question 1 of 8
Which of the following words describes “sky blue”?
Origin of Urdu
<Urdu, Hindi urdū, extracted from Persian zabān i urdū literally, language of the camp (ultimately <Turkic; see horde)
Words nearby Urdu
URC, urceolate, urchin, urd, urdé, Urdu, URE, urea, urea clearance, urea cycle, urea-formaldehyde resin
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
What does Urdu mean?
Urdu is the official language of Pakistan. It is derived from the older Hindustani language, and the written form uses Persian-Arabic letters.
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a south Asian country with Afghanistan to its north and India to its south. Urdu is a member of the Indic family of languages, which includes other languages spoken by culture groups in Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka.
Urdu is recognized by Pakistan as the official language and it is the fifth most common language spoken in the country.
Why is Urdu important?
Pakistan and India have a complicated relationship, and so do their official languages of Urdu and Hindi (one of India’s many official languages). Both languages come from the older Hindustani language, and Hindustani is still used to collectively refer to both languages.
Spoken Urdu and Hindi are so similar that they are often considered to be “sister languages” and speakers of the two languages can easily understand each other. However, the Urdu written language is based on Arabic script and Persian vocabulary, while Hindi’s written language is based on Sanskrit. Urdu is written and read from right to left, while Hindi is written and read left to right.
Urdu is spoken as a first language by 8 percent of Pakistan’s population. Worldwide, Urdu is spoken by about 100 million people. Outside of Pakistan, it is most common in countries with large Pakistani communities, such as those in India, Bangladesh, and countries in the Middle East. Spoken Urdu and Hindi still remain very similar, although the relations between Pakistan and India remain tense.
Did you know you speak some Urdu words already? Learn about some of the words in English that come from Urdu and Hindi.
Did you know ... ?
The word Urdu comes from the Hindustani, Persian, and Turkic words for “camp.” The “camp” referred to is the army camps of the various rulers who conquered the area where the language was spoken. Despite the name, spoken Urdu was spoken even by members of the royal courts and the highest classes of society.
What are real-life examples of Urdu?
This video demonstrates spoken and written Urdu as compared to Hindi.
Urdu is most familiar to Pakistan natives or people of Pakistani heritage. The Urdu language is also often involved in the complex cultural situation of the Indian subcontinent.
What other words are related to Urdu?
True or False?
The Urdu language is based on Sanskrit.
How to use Urdu in a sentence
The project’s standout is “Mohabbat,” which was adapted from a 19th century Urdu song poem while also seamlessly utilizing vocal jazz techniques and a gentle guitar drone reminiscent of Led Zeppelin’s “Going to California.”
The Best Songs of 2021 So Far|Raisa Bruner|May 26, 2021|Time
One language group, for example, included the most common languages spoken in India, including Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, and Urdu.
Facebook’s new polyglot AI can translate between 100 languages|Karen Hao|October 19, 2020|MIT Technology Review
It remains one of the few internet businesses in the country that supports Urdu language in its app, for instance.
Prosus Ventures leads $13 million investment in Pakistan’s ride-hailing giant Bykea|Manish Singh|September 30, 2020|TechCrunch
In its place came something which, striving to fuse Urdu and Telugu, seemed to devalue both.
India’s Newest State Telangana Is Bosnia Redux|Kranti Rai|March 22, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Locals used to teach British officers Arabic, Hindi, Urdu and Persian.
The Taliban’s Letter to Malala Yousafzai|The Daily Beast|July 17, 2013|DAILY BEAST
The order came again, in Arabic and Urdu, along with a warning that otherwise access would be achieved with explosives.
Bin Laden’s Life on the Run, Witnessed by Al Qaeda Child Bride|Michael Daly|July 10, 2013|DAILY BEAST
App ka dua go,” Farhan recently implored of me in his native Urdu: “Pray for me.
Is It Time to Forgive Greg Mortenson?|Jon Krakauer|April 8, 2013|DAILY BEAST
To the left was West Pakistan, where they ruled, and spoke Urdu, and wrote in an alphabet that flowed like water under wind.
Bangladesh’s Midnight Children: Philip Hensher’s ‘Scenes From Early Life’|Lucy Scholes|January 9, 2013|DAILY BEAST
“Perhaps you do not speak my language,” she said in Urdu, the tongue most frequently heard in Upper India.
The Red Year|Louis Tracy
He spoke Urdu exceedingly well, and it was difficult in the gloom to recognize him as a European.
The Red Year|Louis Tracy
If you did not talk Urdu like one of us, sahib, I should bid you die here in peace rather than fall in the first village.
The Red Year|Louis Tracy
Then he composed himself reverently to listen to fragments, hastily rendered into Urdu.
She is the centre of all idleness, intrigue, and luxury, and shares with Delhi the claim to talk the only pure Urdu.
British Dictionary definitions for Urdu
an official language of Pakistan, also spoken in India. The script derives primarily from Persia. It belongs to the Indic branch of the Indo-European family of languages, being closely related to Hindi but containing many Arabic and Persian loan words
Word Origin for Urdu
C18: from Hindustani (zabāni) urdū (language of the) camp, from Persian urdū camp, from Turkish ordū
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012