Major world queens new york

Major world queens new york DEFAULT

De Blasio admin spent millions at crooked car dealership

While accusing Major World Auto of ripping off low-income people and immigrants, the de Blasio administration spent millions on vehicles from the dubious dealership, The Post has learned.

Major World, which hawks used and new cars on sprawling lots in Long Island City, blared in ads, “We have 3,000 cars to choose from! No credit? Bad credit? Everyone will be approved!”

After a lengthy investigation, the city Department of Consumer Affairs accused Major World of “deceptive and illegal practices designed to profit from low-income and non-English speaking consumers, while saddling them with overpriced loans and defective cars.”

The DCA found the company so crooked it sought $30 million in fines and license revocation.

But after a 22-day hearing — including testimony from Spanish-speaking victims — administrative law Judge Alessandra Zorgniotti slapped the company last month with a $3.1 million fine, and ordered $210,000 restitution to about 40 customers.

In her Jan. 24 ruling, Zorgniotti spared Major World’s licenses, citing the company’s vows to clean up any problems.

It was a relatively small price to pay. Under a series of contracts, the city has spent $72.1 million on new vehicles for the NYPD and other agencies at Major World Chevrolet and Major World Chrysler Dodge Jeep Ram over the past five years, data posted on CheckbookNYC show.

At the same time, DCA fielded about 375 complaints about Major World — more than any other dealership, spokeswoman Abigail Lootens said.

City Comptroller Scott Stringer criticized the hypocrisy.

“I’m disturbed that the city continues to do business with a company it believes has engaged in predatory, illegal activity targeting low income, non-English speaking New Yorkers,” he said in a statement to The Post.

“The city’s money shouldn’t be going to businesses that hurt our communities.”

City Council Speaker Corey Johnson agreed.

“The administration should reassess any contracts it has with Major World. Companies hurting consumers should not be rewarded with city contracts.”

De Blasio spokeswoman Jane Meyer said the city has not awarded Major World any new contracts since the company was found guilty. She would not discuss any plans going forward.

Major World’s lawyer, Steven Harfenist, said the company “strongly disagrees” with Zorgniotti’s ruling, and will appeal in Manhattan Supreme Court. He said the 40 consumers whose complaints were raised at trial are less than one-half of one percent of Major World’s 40,000 customers during the five years covered by the DCA probe.


Department of Consumer Affairs Announces Decision in Major World Case

For Immediate Release:
Friday, January 25, 2019

NEW YORK, NY – Department of Consumer Affairs (DCA) Commissioner Lorelei Salas today announced that DCA has been awarded more than $3 million in fines in its case against Queens-based Major World—one of the largest used car dealerships in New York City. This brings a close to its 2017 lawsuit, in which DCA charged Major World with using deceptive and illegal practices to profit from vulnerable low-income and immigrant consumers. The decision, issued by the City’s Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings (OATH), finds Major World guilty of most of the unlawful and harmful conduct DCA alleged, and puts Major World on notice that a continuation of that conduct could result in revocation of its license. To ensure consumers received restitution for the harm they suffered in a timely manner, DCA entered into a settlement agreement with Major World in 2018, which required the used car dealership to pay nearly $142,000 in restitution to 40 consumers directly and $68,000 to cover outstanding loans incurred as a result of Major World’s actions. Both amounts included additional funds to cover income taxes that would have to be paid on the restitution awards, and Major World also agreed to refund consumers who had to pay out-of-pocket expenses for repairs performed on their automobiles.

“We are pleased that the judge recognized Major World’s egregious conduct and ordered that they pay a multi-million dollar fine,” said DCA Commissioner Lorelei Salas. “While we believe Major World’s actions warranted license revocation—or at least suspension—and that a consumer restitution fund would ensure the many other consumers harmed by their practices could be made whole, the decision puts Major World and other used car dealerships on alert: DCA will not tolerate this conduct. Our work here is far from done and we will continue to closely monitor Major World’s practices and encourage any consumers to come to us and file a complaint.”

The decision finds that Major World committed tens of thousands of violations of the laws and rules that DCA enforces, including falsifying consumers’ income and/or monthly rent obligations on credit applications, falsely advertising the financial terms of deals in print advertisements and on its English and Spanish websites, concealing the finance terms of deals from consumers, failing to provide deal documents in Spanish to certain Spanish-speaking consumers, and misleading consumers about their legal rights and the history, condition, and quality of the used cars they purchased.

Enforcement is one prong of DCA’s efforts to combat predatory lending in the used car industry. DCA has also engaged in education and advocacy efforts. Last year, DCA launched a public awareness campaign to educate New Yorkers about predatory lending in the used car industry. Also, as a result of DCA’s public hearing, legislation was introduced and all used car dealers in New York City are now required to provide consumers with a Consumer Bill of Rights, a financing disclosure form, and a cancellation option—all of which must be in the language used to negotiate the contract. These new required documents, which are available in multiple languages, ensure that all consumers are aware of their financing options and understand the terms of their sales contract, and are the result of a package of legislation signed into law last year to combat predatory practices in the used car industry.

DCA currently licenses 692 used car dealerships, and it has received more than 7,600 complaints about the industry since 2015. Since 2014, DCA has conducted nearly 3,100 inspections of used car dealerships and issued more than 1,100 violations, most of which were for unlicensed activity, failing to post required signs, and parking vehicles on the sidewalk or roadway. As a result of the Department’s work mediating complaints, charging businesses with violations of the law and rules, and executing settlements, DCA has secured nearly $2.1 million in consumer restitution and nearly $2.1 million in fines against used car dealerships over the past five years.

DCA encourages any consumer who has had a problem with any used car dealership to file a complaint by visiting or contacting 311. Any New Yorker who is trying to get their finances in order before buying a car or who is struggling with debt, can make an appointment for free, one-on-one financial counseling at one of the City’s Financial Empowerment Centers by calling 311 or online at

DCA’s case was being handled by Staff Counsel Mark Butler and Assistant General Counsel Danielle Ilacqua, under the supervision of Associate General Counsel Adam Blumenkrantz of the General Counsel Division, which is led by General Counsel Tamala Boyd and Deputy General Counsel Michael Tiger.

The NYC Department of Consumer Affairs (DCA) protects and enhances the daily economic lives of New Yorkers to create thriving communities. DCA licenses more than 81,000 businesses in more than 50 industries and enforces key consumer protection, licensing, and workplace laws that apply to countless more. By supporting businesses through equitable enforcement and access to resources and, by helping to resolve complaints, DCA protects the marketplace from predatory practices and strives to create a culture of compliance. Through its community outreach and the work of its offices of Financial Empowerment and Labor Policy & Standards, DCA empowers consumers and working families by providing the tools and resources they need to be educated consumers and to achieve financial health and work-life balance. DCA also conducts research and advocates for public policy that furthers its work to support New York City’s communities. For more information about DCA and its work, call 311 or visit DCA at or on its social media sites, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and YouTube.

Media Contacts:
Abigail Lootens / Gloria Chin
Department of Consumer Affairs
(212) 436-0042
[email protected]

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10 Things You Didn't Know About QUEENS NY


Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

This article is about the New York City borough. For other uses, see Queen and Queens (disambiguation).

Borough and county in New York, United States


Queens County, New York

Clockwise from top: Long Island City, Queensboro Bridge, Unisphere in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, Addisleigh Park Historic District

Flag of Queens


Official seal of Queens


Interactive map outlining Queens

Queens is located in Long Island


Interactive map outlining Queens

Coordinates: 40°45′N73°52′W / 40.750°N 73.867°W / 40.750; -73.867Coordinates: 40°45′N73°52′W / 40.750°N 73.867°W / 40.750; -73.867
Country United States
State New York
CountyQueens (coterminous)
CityNew York City
Named forCatherine of Braganza
 • TypeBorough (New York City)
 • Borough PresidentDonovan Richards (D)
(Borough of Queens)
 • District AttorneyMelinda Katz (D)
(Queens County)
 • Total178 sq mi (460 km2)
 • Land109 sq mi (280 km2)
 • Water70 sq mi (200 km2)  39%
Highest elevation


258.2 ft (78.7 m)
 • Total2,405,464
 • Density22,124.5/sq mi (8,542.3/km2)
 • DemonymQueensite[2]
ZIP Code prefixes

110--, 111--, 113--, 114--, 116--

Area codes718/347/929 and 917
GDP (2018)US$93.3 billion[Census 2]
WebsiteOfficial Website of the Queens Borough President

Queens is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Queens County, in the U.S. state of New York. It is the largest borough of New York City in area and is adjacent to the borough of Brooklyn at the western end of Long Island,[3] with Nassau County to the east. Queens also shares water borders with the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island (via the Rockaways).

Queens is the second-largest in population of the five New York City boroughs with a population of 2,405,464 as of the 2020 census.[Census 1] If each borough were ranked as a city, Queens would rank as the fourth-most-populous in the U.S., after Los Angeles, Chicago, and Brooklyn. Approximately 47 percent of the residents of Queens are foreign-born.[Census 3] Queens County also is the second-most-populous county in New York State, behind Kings County. Queens is the most linguistically diverse place on Earth and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the United States.[Census 4][Census 5]

Queens was established in 1683 as one of the original 12 counties of the Province of New York. The settlement was presumably named for the English Queen Catherine of Braganza (1638–1705).[4][5] From 1683 to 1899, the County of Queens included what is now Nassau County. Queens became a borough during the consolidation of New York City in 1898, combining the separate towns of Long Island City, Newtown, Flushing, Jamaica, and western Hempstead.[NYS-Laws 1] With the exception of Hempstead, all are today considered neighborhoods of Queens.

Queens has the most diversified economy of the five boroughs of New York City.[6] It is home to two of New York City's airports: John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport. Landmarks in Queens which support its economy include Flushing Meadows–Corona Park; Citi Field, home to the New York Mets baseball team; the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, site of the U.S. Open tennis tournament; Kaufman Astoria Studios; Silvercup Studios; and the Aqueduct Racetrack. Flushing is undergoing rapid gentrification with investment by Chinese transnational entities,[News 2] while Long Island City is undergoing gentrification secondary to its proximity across the East River from Manhattan.

The borough has diverse housing, ranging from high-rise apartment buildings in some areas of western and central Queens, such as Ozone Park, Jackson Heights, Flushing, Astoria, and Long Island City, to neighborhoods with many low-rise structures in the eastern part of the borough.[News 3][News 4]


See also: Timeline of Queens

Colonial and post-colonial history[edit]

The first European settlement in the region were the Dutch, who established the colony of New Netherland. The first settlements were established in 1635 followed by further settlement at Maspeth in 1642 (ultimately unsuccessful),[7] and Vlissingen (now Flushing) in 1645.[8] Other early settlements included Newtown (now Elmhurst) in 1652 and Jamaica in 1655. However, these towns were mostly inhabited by English settlers from New England via eastern Long Island (Suffolk County) who were subject to Dutch law.[9] After the capture of the colony by the English and its subsequent renaming as New York in 1664, the area (and all of Long Island) became known as Yorkshire.[NYS-Laws 2]: xi–xii 

The Flushing Remonstrance signed by colonists in 1657 is considered a precursor to the United States Constitution's provision on freedom of religion in the Bill of Rights. The signers protested the Dutch colonial authorities' persecution of Quakers in what is today the borough of Queens.

Originally, Queens County included the adjacent area now comprising Nassau County. It was an original county of New York State, one of twelve created on November 1, 1683.[NYS-Laws 2]: 121–122  The county is assumed to have been named after Catherine of Braganza, since she was queen of England at the time (she was Portugal's royal princess Catarina, daughter of King John IV of Portugal).[5][4] The county was founded alongside Kings County (Brooklyn, which was named after her husband, King Charles II), and Richmond County (Staten Island, named after his illegitimate son, the 1st Duke of Richmond).[10][11][12] However, the namesake is disputed. While Catherine's title seems the most likely namesake, no historical evidence of official declaration has been found.[News 5] On October 7, 1691, all counties in the Colony of New York were redefined. Queens gained North and South Brother Islands as well as Huletts Island (today known as Rikers Island).[NYS-Laws 2]: 268  On December 3, 1768, Queens gained other islands in Long Island Sound that were not already assigned to a county but that did not abut on Westchester County (today's Bronx County).[NYS-Laws 2]: 1062–1063 

Queens played a minor role in the American Revolution, as compared to Brooklyn, where the Battle of Long Island was largely fought. Queens, like the rest of what became New York City and Long Island, remained under British occupation after the Battle of Long Island in 1776 and was occupied throughout most of the rest of the Revolutionary War. Under the Quartering Act, British soldiers used, as barracks, the public inns and uninhabited buildings belonging to Queens residents. Even though many residents opposed unannounced quartering, they supported the British crown. The quartering of soldiers in private homes, except in times of war, was banned by the Third Amendment to the United States Constitution. Nathan Hale was captured by the British on the shore of Flushing Bay and hanged in Manhattan.

From 1683 until 1784, Queens County consisted of five towns: Flushing, Hempstead, Jamaica, Newtown, and Oyster Bay. On April 6, 1784, a sixth town, the Town of North Hempstead, was formed through secession by the northern portions of the Town of Hempstead.[13][14] The seat of the county government was located first in Jamaica,[15] but the courthouse was torn down by the British during the American Revolution to use the materials to build barracks.[16] After the war, various buildings in Jamaica temporarily served as courthouse and jail until a new building was erected about 1787 (and later completed) in an area near Mineola (now in Nassau County) known then as Clowesville.[17][18][19][NYS-Laws 3]

The 1850 United States census was the first in which the population of the three western towns exceeded that of the three eastern towns that are now part of Nassau County. Concerns were raised about the condition and distance of the old courthouse, and several sites were in contention for the construction of a new one.[News 6]

In 1870, Long Island City split from the Town of Newtown, incorporating itself as a city, consisting of what had been the village of Astoria and some unincorporated areas within the town of Newtown. Around 1874, the seat of county government was moved to Long Island City from Mineola.[News 7][News 8][News 9][News 10]

On March 1, 1860, the eastern border between Queens County (later Nassau County) and Suffolk County was redefined with no discernible change.[NYS-Laws 4] On June 8, 1881, North Brother Island was transferred to New York County.[NYS-Laws 5] On May 8, 1884, Rikers Island was transferred to New York County.[NYS-Laws 6]

In 1886, Lloyd's Neck, which was then part of the town of Oyster Bay and had earlier been known as Queens Village, was set off and separated from Queens County and annexed to the town of Huntington in Suffolk County.[NYS-Laws 7][20][21] On April 16, 1964, South Brother Island was transferred to Bronx County.[NYS-Laws 8]

Incorporation as borough[edit]

See also: History of New York City, List of former municipalities in New York City, and List of streetcar lines in Queens

The New York City borough of Queens was authorized on May 4, 1897, by a vote of the New York State Legislature after an 1894 referendum on consolidation.[NYS-Laws 9] The eastern 280 square miles (730 km2) of Queens that became Nassau County was partitioned on January 1, 1899.[NYS-Laws 10] Queens Borough was established on January 1, 1898.[22][News 11][19]

"The city of Long Island City, the towns of Newtown, Flushing and Jamaica, and that part of the town of Hempstead, in the county of Queens, which is westerly of a straight line drawn through the middle of the channel between Rockaway Beach and Shelter Island, in the county of Queens, to the Atlantic Ocean" was annexed to New York City,[NYS-Laws 1] dissolving all former municipal governments (Long Island City, the county government, all towns, and all villages) within the new borough.[23] The areas of Queens County that were not part of the consolidation plan,[News 9][News 12][News 13][News 14][News 15][News 16][News 17] consisting of the towns of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay, and the major remaining portion of the Town of Hempstead, remained part of Queens County until they seceded to form the new Nassau County on January 1, 1899. At this point, the boundaries of Queens County and the Borough of Queens became coterminous. With consolidation, Jamaica once again became the county seat, though county offices now extend to nearby Kew Gardens also.[News 18]

In 1899, New York City conducted a land survey to determine the exact border of Queens between the Rockaways and Lawrence. This proved difficult because the border was defined as "middle of the channel between Rockaway Beach and Shelter Island" (now called Long Beach Island), and that particular channel had closed up by 1899. The surveyors had to determine where the channel had been when the consolidation law was written in 1894. The surveyors did so in part by speaking with local fishermen and oystermen who knew the area well.[News 17]

From 1905 to 1908 the Long Island Rail Road in Queens became electrified. Transportation to and from Manhattan, previously by ferry or via bridges in Brooklyn, opened up with the Queensboro Bridge finished in 1909, and with railway tunnels under the East River in 1910. From 1915 onward, much of Queens was connected to the New York City Subway system.[17][24] With the 1915 construction of the Steinway Tunnel carrying the IRT Flushing Line between Queens and Manhattan, and the robust expansion of the use of the automobile, the population of Queens more than doubled in the 1920s, from 469,042 in 1920 to 1,079,129 in 1930.[Census 6]

In later years, Queens was the site of the 1939 New York World's Fair and the 1964 New York World's Fair. LaGuardia Airport, in northern Queens, opened in 1939. Idlewild Airport, in southern Queens and now called JFK Airport, opened in 1948. In one of several notable incidents, TWA Flight 800 took off from the airport on July 17, 1996. In another, American Airlines Flight 587 took off from the latter airport on November 12, 2001, but ended up crashing in Queens' Belle Harbor area, killing 265 people. In late October 2012, much of Queens' Breezy Point area was destroyed by a massive six-alarm fire caused by Hurricane Sandy.


Location of Queens (red) within New York City (remainder white)

Queens is located on the far western portion of geographic Long Island and includes a few smaller islands, most of which are in Jamaica Bay, forming part of the Gateway National Recreation Area, which in turn is one of the National Parks of New York Harbor.[Primary 1] According to the United States Census Bureau, Queens County has a total area of 178 square miles (460 km2), of which 109 square miles (280 km2) is land and 70 square miles (180 km2) (39%) is water.[Census 7]

Brooklyn, the only other New York City borough on geographic Long Island, lies just south and west of Queens, with Newtown Creek, an estuary that flows into the East River, forming part of the border. To the west and north is the East River, across which is Manhattan to the west and The Bronx to the north. Nassau County is east of Queens on Long Island. Staten Island is southwest of Brooklyn, and shares only a 3-mile-long water border (in the Outer Bay) with Queens. North of Queens are Flushing Bay and the Flushing River, connecting to the East River. The East River opens into Long Island Sound. The midsection of Queens is crossed by the Long Island straddling terminal moraine created by the Wisconsin Glacier. The Rockaway Peninsula, the southernmost part of all of Queens, sits between Jamaica Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, featuring 7 miles (11 km) of beaches.[26][27][News 19]


Under the Köppen climate classification, using the 32 °F (0 °C) coldest month (January) isotherm, Queens and the rest of New York City have a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with partial shielding from the Appalachian Mountains and moderating influences from the Atlantic Ocean. Queens receives precipitation throughout the year, with an average of 44.8 inches (114 cm) per year. In an average year, there will be 44 days with either moderate or heavy rain.[28]

An average winter will have 22 days with some snowfall, of which 9 days have at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) of snowfall.[28] Summer is typically hot, humid, and wet. An average year will have 17 days with a high temperature of 90 °F (32 °C) or warmer.[28] In an average year, there are 14 days on which the temperature does not go above 32 °F (0 °C) all day.[28] Spring and autumn can vary from chilly to very warm.

The highest temperature ever recorded at LaGuardia Airport was 107 °F (42 °C) on July 3, 1966.[News 20][28] The highest temperature ever recorded at John F. Kennedy International Airport was 104 °F (40 °C), also on July 3, 1966.[News 20][29] LaGuardia Airport's record-low temperature was −7 °F (−22 °C) on February 15, 1943, the effect of which was exacerbated by a shortage of heating oil and coal.[28][News 21] John F. Kennedy International Airport's record-low temperature was −2 °F (−19 °C), on February 8, 1963, and January 21, 1985.[29][News 22][News 23] On January 24, 2016, 30.5 inches (77 cm) of snow fell, which is the record in Queens.[News 24]

Tornadoes are generally rare; the most recent tornado, an EF0, touched down in College Point on August 3, 2018, causing minor damage.[News 25] Before that, there was a tornado in Breezy Point on September 8, 2012, which damaged the roofs of some homes,<[News 26] and an EF1 tornado in Flushing on September 26, 2010.[News 27]

Climate data for LaGuardia Airport, New York (1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1939–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
Mean maximum °F (°C) 60
Average high °F (°C) 40.2
Daily mean °F (°C) 34.4
Average low °F (°C) 28.6
Mean minimum °F (°C) 11
Record low °F (°C) −3
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.25
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.6
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)10.3 10.2 10.9 11.2 11.6 10.7 9.7 9.5 8.3 9.0 8.8 11.5 121.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch)4.4 3.7 2.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 2.7 13.8
Average relative humidity (%) 61.0 60.2 59.5 59.3 63.8 64.6 64.7 67.0 67.2 65.2 64.2 63.5 63.4
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)[30][31][32]
Climate data for JFK Airport, New York (1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
Mean maximum °F (°C) 58
Average high °F (°C) 39.5
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.8
Average low °F (°C) 26.2
Mean minimum °F (°C) 10
Record low °F (°C) −2
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.23
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.5
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)10.7 9.8 10.8 11.4 11.8 10.6 9.4 9.0 8.2 9.4 8.9 11.2 121.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)4.6 3.8 2.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 2.6 14.0
Average relative humidity (%) 64.9 64.4 63.4 64.1 69.5 71.5 71.4 71.7 71.9 69.1 67.9 66.3 68.0
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)[30][33][34]


Main article: Neighborhoods of New York City

See also: List of Queens neighborhoods

Four United States Postal Service postal zones serve Queens, based roughly on those serving the towns in existence at the consolidation of the five boroughs into New York City: Long Island City (ZIP codes starting with 111), Jamaica (114), Flushing (113), and Far Rockaway (116). Also, the Floral Park post office (110), based in Nassau County, serves a small part of northeastern Queens. Each of these main post offices has neighborhood stations with individual ZIP codes, and unlike the other boroughs, these station names are often used in addressing letters. These ZIP codes do not always reflect traditional neighborhood names and boundaries; "East Elmhurst", for example, was largely coined by the USPS and is not an official community. Most neighborhoods have no solid boundaries. The Forest Hills and Rego Park neighborhoods, for instance, overlap.

Residents of Queens often closely identify with their neighborhood rather than with the borough or city. The borough is a patchwork of dozens of unique neighborhoods, each with its own distinct identity:

  1. Flushing, one of the largest neighborhoods in Queens, has a large and growing Asian community. The community consists of Chinese, Koreans, and South Asians. Asians have now expanded eastward along the Northern Boulevard axis through Murray Hill, Whitestone, Bayside, Douglaston–Little Neck, and eventually into adjacent Nassau County.[35][News 28] These neighborhoods historically contained Italian Americans and Greeks, as well as Latino Americans. The busy intersection of Main Street, Kissena Boulevard, and 41st Avenue defines the center of Downtown Flushing and the Flushing Chinatown (法拉盛華埠), known as the "Chinese Times Square" or the "Chinese Manhattan".[News 29][News 30] The segment of Main Street between Kissena Boulevard and Roosevelt Avenue, punctuated by the Long Island Rail Roadtrestle overpass, represents the cultural heart of the Flushing Chinatown. Housing over 25,000 individuals born in China alone, Flushing has become home to one of the largest Chinatowns, representing the largest Chinese population of any U.S. municipality other than New York City in total.
  2. Howard Beach, Whitestone, and Middle Village are home to large Italian American populations.
  3. Ozone Park and South Ozone Park have large Italian, Hispanic, and Guyanese populations.
  4. Rockaway Beach has a large Irish American population.
  5. Astoria, in the northwest, is traditionally home to one of the largest Greek populations outside Greece. It also has large Spanish American and Italian American communities, and is home to a growing population of immigrants from the Middle East, South Asia, the Balkans as well as young professionals from Manhattan. Nearby Long Island City is a major commercial center and the home to Queensbridge, the largest housing project in North America.
  6. Maspeth and Ridgewood are home to many Eastern European immigrants such as Romanian, Polish, Serbian, Albanian, and other Slavic populations. Ridgewood also has a large Hispanic population.
  7. Jackson Heights and Elmhurst make up a conglomeration of Hispanic, Asian, Tibetan, and South Asian communities. Jackson Heights is also known as "Little Colombia" thanks to the gastronomical and demographic impact of Colombian people.[News 32]
  8. Woodside is home to a large Filipino American community and has a "Little Manila" as well a large Irish American population. Many Filipino Americans live in Hollis and Queens Village.
  9. Richmond Hill, in the south, is often thought of as "Little Guyana" for its large Guyanese community,[News 33] as well as Punjab Avenue (ਪੰਜਾਬ ਐਵੇਨਿਊ), or Little Punjab, for its high concentration of Punjabi people.
  10. Rego Park, Forest Hills, Kew Gardens, and Kew Gardens Hills have traditionally large Jewish populations (historically from Germany and Eastern Europe; though more recent immigrants are from Israel, Iran, and the former Soviet Union). These neighborhoods are also known for large and growing Asian communities, mainly immigrants from China.
  11. Jamaica Estates, Jamaica Hills, Hillcrest, Fresh Meadows, and Hollis Hills are also populated with many people of Jewish background. Many Asian families reside in parts of Fresh Meadows as well.
  12. Jamaica is home to large African American, Caribbean, and Central American populations. There are also middle-class African American and Caribbean neighborhoods such as Saint Albans, Queens Village, Cambria Heights, Springfield Gardens, Rosedale, Laurelton, and Briarwood along east and southeast Queens.
  13. Bellerose and Floral Park, originally home to many Irish Americans, is home to a growing South Asian population, predominantly Indian Americans.
  14. Corona and Corona Heights, once considered the "Little Italy" of Queens, was a predominantly Italian community with a strong African American community in the northern portion of Corona and adjacent East Elmhurst. From the 1920s through the 1960s, Corona remained a close-knit neighborhood. Corona today has the highest concentration of Latinos of any Queens neighborhood, with an increasing Chinese American population, located between Elmhurst and Flushing.[36]


Main article: Demographics of Queens

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[Census 8]
1790-1960[Census 9] 1900-1990[Census 9]1990-2000[Census 10] 2010-2018[Census 3] 2020[Census 1]
Jurisdiction Population GDP Land area Density
(2012 US$)
persons /
persons /

The Bronx


1,472,654 $ 42.695 42.2 109.3 34,920 13,482



2,736,074 $ 91.559 69.4 179.7 39,438 15,227


New York

1,694,251 $ 600.244 22.7 58.8 74,781 28,872



2,405,464$ 93.310108.7281.522,1258,542

Staten Island


495,747 $ 14.514 57.5 148.9 8,618 3,327

City of New York

8,804,190$  842.343302.64783.8329,09511,234

State of New York

20,215,751$ 1,731.91047,126.40122,056.82429166

Sources:[37][38][39][40] and see individual borough articles

At the 2020 census, 2,405,464 people lived in Queens. In 2018's American Community Survey, the population of Queens was estimated by the United States Census Bureau to have increased to 2,278,906, a rise of 2.2%. Queens' estimated population represented 27.1% of New York City's population of 8,398,748; 29.6% of Long Island's population of 7,701,172; and 11.7% of New York State's population of 19,542,209. The 2019 estimates reported a decline to 2,253,858.[Census 12]"2019 ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates Program". Retrieved February 9, 2021.</ref> In 2018, there were 865,878 housing units, and 777,904 households, 2.97 persons per household, and a median value of $481,300. There was an owner-occupancy rate of 44.5.[Census 12] In the 2010 United States census, Queens recorded a population of 2,230,722. There were 780,117 households enumerated, with an average of 2.82 persons per household. The population density was 20,465.3 inhabitants per square mile (7,966.9/km2). There were 835,127 housing units at an average density of 7,661.7 per square mile (2,982.6/km2).

The racial makeup of the county in 2010 was 39.7% White, 19.1% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 22.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.9% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. A total of 27.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latin American of any race. The non-Hispanic white population was 27.6%.[41] In 2019, non-Hispanic whites made up an estimated 24.4% of the population, and Blacks or African Americans were 17.3%.[Census 12] The largest minority groups for the borough were Hispanic and Latin Americans (28.2%), and Asians (26.0%).

In Queens, residents consisted of 6.2% under 5, 13.9% 6-18, 64.2% 19–64, and 15.7% over 65. Females made up 51.5% of the population. An estimated 47.5% of residents are foreign-born in 2018. The per capita income was $28,814, and the median household income was $62,008. In 2018, 12.2% of residents lived below the poverty line.

The New York City Department of City Planning was alarmed by the negligible reported increase in population between 2000 and 2010. Areas with high proportions of immigrants and undocumented aliens are traditionally undercounted for a variety of reasons, often based on a mistrust of government officials or an unwillingness to be identified. In many cases, counts of vacant apartment units did not match data from local surveys and reports from property owners.[News 34]

Ethnic groups[edit]

According to a 2001 Claritas study, Queens was the most diverse county in the United States among counties of 100,000+ population.[Census 14] A 2014 analysis by The Atlantic found Queens County to be the 3rd most racially diverse county-equivalent in the United States—behind Aleutians West Census Area and Aleutians East Borough in Alaska—as well as the most diverse county in New York.[Census 4] Meanwhile, a 2017 study by Axios found that, although numerous smaller counties in the United States had higher rates of diversity, Queens was the United States' most diverse populous county.[Census 5]

In Queens, approximately 48.5% of the population was foreign born as of 2010. Within the foreign born population, 49.5% were born in Latin America, 33.5% in Asia, 14.8% in Europe, 1.8% in Africa, and 0.4% in North America. Roughly 2.1% of the population was born in Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory, or abroad to American parents. In addition, 51.2% of the population was born in the United States. Approximately 44.2% of the population over 5 years of age speak English at home; 23.8% speak Spanish at home. Also, 16.8% of the populace speak other Indo-European languages at home. Another 13.5% speak a non-Indo-European Asian language or language of the Pacific Islands at home.[Census 15]

Among the Asian population in 2010, people of Chinese ethnicity made up the largest ethnic group at 10.2% of Queens' population, with about 237,484 people; the other East and Southeast Asian groups are: Koreans (2.9%), Filipinos (1.7%), Japanese (0.3%), Thais (0.2%), Vietnamese (0.2%), and Indonesians and Burmese both make up 0.1% of the population.[Census 16] People of South Asian descent made up 7.8% of Queens' population: Indians (5.3%), Bangladeshi (1.5%), Pakistanis (0.7%), and Nepali (0.2%).[Census 16] In 2019, Chinese Americans remained the largest Asian ethnicity (10.9%) followed by Asian Indians (5.7%).[Census 12] Asian Indians had estimated population of 144,896 in 2014 (6.24% of the 2014 borough population),[Census 17] as well as Pakistani Americans, who numbered at 15,604.[Census 18] Queens has the second largest Sikh population in the nation after California.[News 35]

Ridgewoodis home to a large Puerto Rican community

Among the Hispanic or Latin American population, Puerto Ricans made up the largest ethnic group at 4.6%, next to Mexicans, who made up 4.2% of the population, and Dominicans at 3.9%. Central Americans made up 2.4% and are mostly Salvadorans. South Americans constitute 9.6% of Queens's population, mainly of Ecuadorian (4.4%) and Colombian descent (4.2%).[Census 16] The 2019 American Community Survey estimated Mexicans and Puerto Ricans were equally the largest groups (4.5% each) in Queens, and Cuban Americans were the third largest single group. Other Hispanic and Latinos collectively made up 18.9% of the population.[Census 12] The Hispanic or Latino population increased by 61% to 597,773 between 1990 and 2006 and now accounts for over 26.5% of the borough's population.

Queens has the largest Colombian population in the city, accounting for over 35.6% of the city's total Colombian population, for a total of 145,956 in 2019;[News 32] it also has the largest Ecuadorian population in the city, accounting for 62.2% of the city's total Ecuadorian population, for a total of 101,339. Queens has the largest Peruvian population in the city, accounting for 69.9% of the city's total Peruvian population, for a total of 30,825. Queens has the largest Salvadoran population in the city, accounting for 50.7% of the city for a total population of 25,235. The Mexican population in Queens has increased 45.7% since 2011 to 71,283, the second-highest in the city, after Brooklyn.[Census 19]

Queens is also home to 49.6% of the city's Asian population. Among the five boroughs, Queens has the largest population of Chinese, Indian, Korean, Filipino, Bangladeshi and Pakistani Americans. Queens has the largest Asian American population by county outside the Western United States; according to the 2006 American Community Survey, Queens ranks fifth among US counties with 477,772 (21.18%) Asian Americans, behind Los Angeles County, California, Honolulu County, Hawaii, Santa Clara County, California, and Orange County, California.

Some main European ancestries in Queens as of 2000 include: Italian (8.4%), Irish (5.5%), German (3.5%), Polish (2.7%), Russian (2.3%), and Greek (2.0%). Of the European American population, Queens has the third largest Bosnian population in the United States behind only St. Louis and Chicago, numbering more than 15,000.[News 36]

The Jewish Community Study of New York 2011, sponsored by the UJA-Federation of New York, found that about 9% of Queens residents were Jews.[Census 20] In 2011, there were about 198,000 Jews in Queens, making it home to about 13% of all people in Jewish households in the eight-county area consisting of the Five Boroughs and Westchester, Nassau, and Suffolk counties.[Census 20] Russian-speaking Jews make up 28% of the Jewish population in Queens, the largest in any of the eight counties.[Census 21]

In Queens, the Black and African American population earns more than non-Hispanic whites on average.[News 37] Many of these Blacks and African Americans live in quiet, middle-class suburban neighborhoods near the Nassau County border, such as Laurelton and Cambria Heights which have large black populations whose family income is higher than average. The migration of European Americans from parts of Queens has been long ongoing with departures from Ozone Park, Woodhaven, Bellerose, Floral Park, and Flushing (most of the outgoing population has been replaced with Asian Americans). Neighborhoods such as Whitestone, College Point, North Flushing, Auburndale, Bayside, Middle Village, and Douglaston–Little Neck have not had a substantial exodus of white residents, but have seen an increase of Asian population, mostly Chinese and Korean. Queens has experienced a real estate boom making most of its neighborhoods desirable for people who want to reside near Manhattan but in a less urban setting.


According to the office of the New York State Comptroller in 2000, 138 languages are spoken in the borough.[43] Another survey, in 2010, by the Modern Language Association, found that – of those over the age of five residing in Queens – 56.16% spoke a language other than English in the home.


Ages 5+​
Source →
MLA Language Map Data Center → "Queens". Modern Language Association. 2010. Retrieved August 10, 2013.


In 2010 statistics, the largest religious group in Queens was the Diocese of Brooklyn, with 677,520 Roman Catholics worshiping at 100 parishes, followed by an estimated 81,456 Muslims with 57 congregations, 80,000 Orthodox Jews with 110 congregations, 33,325 non-denominational Christian adherents with 129 congregations, 28,085 AME Methodists with 14 congregations, 24,250 Greek Orthodox with 6 congregations, 16,775 Hindus with 18 congregations, 13,989 AoG Pentecostals with 64 congregations, 13,507 Seventh-day Adventists with 45 congregations, and 12,957 Mahayana Buddhists with 26 congregations. Altogether, 49.4% of the population was claimed as members by religious congregations, although members of historically African American denominations were underrepresented due to incomplete information.[44] In 2014, Queens had 738 religious organizations, the thirteenth most out of all U.S. counties.[45]


See also: Culture of New York City, Music of New York City, and List of people from Queens

Queens has been the center of the punk rock movement, particularly in New York; Ramones originated out of Forest Hills,[46] it has also been the home of such notable artists as Tony Bennett, Francis Ford Coppola, Paul Simon, and Robert Mapplethorpe.

Queens Poet Laureates (generally, 3-year appointments):

  • 1997–2001: Stephen Stepanchev (inaugural Poet Laureate)
  • 2001–2004: Hal Sirowitz (born 1949)
  • 2004–2007: Ishle Yi Park
  • 2007–2010: Julio Marzan
  • 2010–2014: Paolo Javier
  • 2015–2019: Maria Lisella[47]

Queens has notably fostered African American culture, with establishments such as The Afrikan Poetry Theatre and the Black Spectrum Theater Company catering specifically to African Americans in Queens.[Primary 2][Primary 3] In the 1940s, Queens was an important center of jazz; such jazz luminaries as Louis Armstrong, Charlie Parker, and Ella Fitzgerald took up residence in Queens, seeking refuge from the segregation they found elsewhere in New York.[48] Additionally, many notable hip-hop acts hail from Queens, including Nas, Run-D.M.C., Kool G Rap, A Tribe Called Quest, LL Cool J, MC Shan, Mobb Deep, 50 Cent, Nicki Minaj, Tony Yayo, Tragedy Khadafi, N.O.R.E., Capone (rapper), Ja Rule, Heems of Das Racist and Action Bronson.

Queens hosts various museums and cultural institutions that serve its diverse communities. They range from the historical (such as the John Bowne House) to the scientific (such as the New York Hall of Science), from conventional art galleries (such as the Noguchi Museum) to unique graffiti exhibits (such as 5 Pointz). Queens's cultural institutions include, but are not limited to:

The travel magazine Lonely Planet also named Queens the top destination in the country for 2015 for its cultural and culinary diversity.[News 38] Stating that Queens is "quickly becoming its hippest" but that "most travelers haven't clued in... yet,"[49] the Lonely Planet stated that "nowhere is the image of New York as the global melting pot truer than Queens."[50]


The cuisine available in Queens reflects its vast cultural diversity.[51] The cuisine of a particular neighborhood often represents its demographics; for example, Astoria hosts many Greek restaurants, in keeping with its traditionally Greek population.[Primary 4]Jackson Heights is known for its prominent Indian cuisine and also many Latin American eateries.

The Queens Night Market in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, operating on Sundays from April to October starting in 2015, contains samples of food from dozens of countries.[53]


See also: Economy of New York City

JetBlue headquarters in Queens

Queens has the second-largest economy of New York City's five boroughs, following Manhattan. In 2004, Queens had 15.2% (440,310) of all private-sector jobs in New York City and 8.8% of private-sector wages. In 2012, private-sector employment increased to 486,160.[54] Queens has the most diversified economy of the five boroughs, with occupations spread relatively evenly across the health care, retail trade, manufacturing, construction, transportation, and film and television production sectors, such that no single sector is overwhelmingly dominant.[6]

The diversification in Queens' economy is reflected in a large amount of employment in the export-oriented portions of its economy—such as transportation, manufacturing, and business services—that serve customers outside the region. This accounts for more than 27% of all Queens jobs and offers an average salary of $43,727, 14% greater than that of jobs in the locally oriented sector.

The borough's largest employment sector—trade, transportation, and utilities—accounted for nearly 30% of all jobs in 2004; in 2012, its largest employment sector became health care and social services.[54] Queens is home to two of the three major New York City area airports, JFK International Airport and LaGuardia Airport. These airports are among the busiest in the world, leading the airspace above Queens to be the most congested in the country. This airline industry is particularly important to the economy of Queens, providing almost one-quarter of the sector's employment and more than 30% of the sector's wages.

Education and health services were the next largest sector in Queens and comprised almost 24% of the borough's jobs in 2004; in 2012, transportation and warehousing, and retail were the second largest at 12% each.[54] The manufacturing and construction industries in Queens are among the largest of the city and accounted for nearly 17% of the borough's private sector jobs in 2004. Comprising almost 17% of the jobs in Queens is the information, financial activities, and business and professional services sectors in 2004.

As of 2003[update], Queens had almost 40,000 business establishments. Small businesses act as an important part of the borough's economic vitality with two-thirds of all businesses employing between one and four people.

Several large companies have their headquarters in Queens, including watchmaker Bulova, based in East Elmhurst; internationally renowned piano manufacturer Steinway & Sons in Astoria; Glacéau, the makers of Vitamin Water, headquartered in Whitestone; and JetBlue Airways, an airline based in Long Island City.

Long Island City is a major manufacturing and back-office center. Flushing is a major commercial hub for Chinese American and Korean American businesses, while Jamaica is the major civic and transportation hub for the borough.


See also: Sports in New York City

Citi Field is a 41,922-seat stadium opened in April 2009 in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park that is the home ballpark of the New York Mets of Major League Baseball.[Primary 5]Shea Stadium, the former home of the Mets and the New York Jets of the National Football League, as well as the temporary home of the New York Yankees and the New York Giants Football Team stood where Citi Field's parking lot is now located, operating from 1964 to 2008.[News 40]

The U.S. Open tennis tournament has been played since 1978 at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, located just south of Citi Field.[55] With a capacity of 23,771, Arthur Ashe Stadium is the biggest tennis stadium in the world.[News 41] The U.S .Open was formerly played at the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills.[56]South Ozone Park is the home of Aqueduct Racetrack, operated by the New York Racing Association and offers Thoroughbred horse-racing from late October/early November through April.[Primary 6]Belmont Park Racetrack is mostly in Nassau County, New York however a section of the property including the Belmont Park station on the Long Island Rail Road is in Queens.


Main article: Government of New York City

Year RepublicanDemocraticThird party
No. %No. %No. %
2020212,665 26.92% 569,038 72.03%8,278 1.05%
2016149,341 21.76% 517,220 75.35%19,832 2.89%
2012118,589 19.92% 470,732 79.08%5,924 1.00%
2008155,221 24.25% 480,692 75.09%4,224 0.66%
2004165,954 27.41% 433,835 71.66%5,603 0.93%
2000122,052 21.95% 416,967 75.00%16,972 3.05%
1996107,650 21.05% 372,925 72.94%30,721 6.01%
1992157,561 28.34% 349,520 62.87%48,875 8.79%
1988217,049 39.70% 325,147 59.47%4,533 0.83%
1984285,477 46.38% 328,379 53.34%1,722 0.28%
1980251,333 44.81% 269,147 47.98%40,443 7.21%
1976244,396 38.95% 379,907 60.54%

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