Fainting in shower during period

Fainting in shower during period DEFAULT

Vasovagal Syncope

A 43-year-old male briefly loses consciousnesses while taking a long hot shower. A slight dizziness sensation and partial tunnel vision preceded the event and then lights out. He regains awareness as he feels a crushing sensation (and sound) in his face and nose. He is taken to the Emergency Room by some awesome EMS personal and is diagnosed with an open fracture of three of his nasal bones. He undergoes emergency surgery for the fractures and has the laceration sutured.

I must have heard a similar story at least a dozen times; a person is taking a hot shower, feels lightheaded and wakes up in a pool of blood from a head injury. Fainting at the sight of blood being drawn, fainting on a hot day in church, a soldier faints during standing drills, a woman faints doing laundry. All, otherwise healthy individuals, passing out with very diverse provocative factors.

The Syndrome is called “Vasovagal Syncope” or “Neurocardiogenic Syncope” and is the most likely cause of syncope (fainting) in younger people.

I usually explain it as a miscommunication between the brain and the body…the heart and vascular system.

But the physiological reason is actually way more complex and is mediated mainly by a remarkable cranial nerve, The Vegas nerve! Sorry, the VAGUS nerve!

Much like Las Vegas, this nerve is responsible for a lot of organ function and dysfunction!

The nerve, which is the largest and most complex nerve in our body, exits the brain behind the ear and continues to innervate structures in our throat, through the chest(including heart, lungs and aorta) all the way down to our abdomen to our intestines.

It is a truly remarkable nerve which ingeniously connects otherwise unrelated organ system both to one another and to our perceived mental state. Oh, and allows speech to occur!

Its primary function is to synchronize and deliver parasympathetic impulses to counteract the sympathetic or “stress” impulses constantly bombarding our body and mind.

So, if a person feels scared, say by a political figure, our body’s response is to prepare for battle, the

so called “fight or flight” response. This involves increasing heart rate and blood pressure, narrowed vision (looking for exits), “skin crawling” or piloerection and sphincter constriction (so we don’t pee or poop ourselves).

So, the Vagus nerve steps in after (or during) the stressful event and undoes the above. Heart rate and blood pressure are lowered, skin is dilated, bowel function can resume and sphincters are released!

This process happens automatically but, I believe, when the underlying stress has been ignored for too long the response from the Vagal nerve becomes excessive. So rather than normalizing the elevated blood pressure, hypotension or excessively low blood pressure occurs. The same thing occurs with the heart rate becoming too low and, in both cases, or a combination of both syncope occurs…and the person collapses.

The typical scenario goes like this…Someone standing or sitting for a long time, stress has likely accumulated in the body and activates the Vagus nerve which overcompensates by lowering heart rate and drops blood pressure causing syncope. A hot shower is a common place as well because the heat has already caused a lot of the blood to be shifted to the superficial tissues (a mechanism the body uses to cool down). With less blood available in tank so to speak, even a slight dip in blood pressure can cause syncope.

The good news…

Vasovagal syncope is rarely a fatal or a deadly condition and usually can be avoided. Obviously, long hot showers should be skipped, lol. When the symptoms are noticed…The dizziness, tunnel vision, lightheadedness, one should try to sort themselves out as soon as they feel the symptoms. If they are a standing, they should try to sit and if it happens while sitting then they should lay down until the feeling passes and then get up slowly. Sometimes when a person who has low blood pressure at baseline, we prescribe a medication to elevate it so they can have a larger buffer to avoid syncope. In rare circumstances, if the patient is having a lot of low heart rate related syncopal episodes, a pacemaker may be indicated.

What is definitely indicated is a thorough analysis of ALL life stressors and daily meditation time period, especially when under enormous stress. The controlled and conscious breathing and dedicated stillness retrains the Vagus nerve, rehabilitating its parasympathetic outflow thereby consciously reducing stress and making it less likely to overcompensate. But don’t sit for too long.

This has been confirmed with studies…Brain scans showing less stress with meditation and less circulating stress hormones in blood studies.

Exercise also has a big role. When we move our body intentionally to make it do work, we not only get “cardio”, but we also re-establish our mind body connection. The brain thinks “hey I’m running now”, one FEELS the heart rate is appropriately going up, “feels good”, and now I’m finishing, and my heart rate is going down. Exercise is by far the best way to reacquaint your brain back to your body and to avoid further misunderstandings!

Hassan Makki, DO is an interventional cardiologist with more than fifteen years of experience. Dr. Makki specializes in treating cardiac and vascular conditions including heart failure, heart disease, P.A.D. , high cholesterol, stroke, heart attack, and blood clots.

Sours: https://www.ciccenters.com/vasovagal-syncope/


Fainting may be caused by something serious, such as a heart problem or a seizure, or by something minor, such as laughing too hard.

Image: Thinkstock

Don't try to diagnose yourself; seek immediate medical attention if you lose consciousness.

Fainting can be alarming, and it should be. While often the cause of fainting is something minor, fainting also can be a sign of a serious underlying medical concern. "The problem is that you can't evaluate yourself, and you should let a physician determine if fainting is worrisome or not," says Dr. Shamai Grossman, an associate professor of emergency medicine at Harvard Medical School, who has conducted 20 studies on fainting.

Serious causes

Fainting usually is caused by a temporary drop in blood pressure. During that brief drop, the brain does not get the blood flow that it needs—and you lose consciousness. One serious cause of this drop in blood pressure is bleeding, such as in the stomach or intestines, or from a rupture of the body's main artery, the aorta.

Several different heart problems also can temporarily lower blood pressure. One is heart block, in which the heart beats too slowly to pump enough blood. An irregular rhythm of the heart's main pumping chambers, the ventricles, can cause the heart to pump blood less efficiently. Abnormalities of a heart valve, particularly a stiffening of the aortic valve, also can cause a temporary loss in pressure.

All of these heart problems often produce symptoms such as palpitations (a feeling like your heart is skipping a beat or racing), shortness of breath, or chest tightness. If you have any of these symptoms, it is urgent that you get to the hospital.

Another serious cause of a sudden loss of consciousness is a seizure, which is an abnormality of the brain, not related to blood pressure. Some seizures produce dramatic shaking movements and loss of consciousness for longer than most fainting spells. However, other seizures can be more subtle and hard to recognize as seizures.

Fainting Questionnaire

Note other circumstances or symptoms that accompany the experience.

  • Are you feeling nauseated or dizzy?
  • Are you short of breath?
  • Have you been taking a new medication?
  • Are you eating and sleeping well?
  • How often have you been feeling faint?

Call your doctor, report your symptoms, and be prepared to go in for a visit.

Minor causes

Sometimes fainting is caused by stimulation of the vagus nerve, which can briefly lower both heart rate and blood pressure. The condition is called vasovagal syncope (SIN-cope-ee). It can occur if you strain while having a bowel movement (or, for men, while passing urine), have blood drawn, get an injection, hear bad news, or even laugh too hard. These kinds of fainting episodes commonly affect young people but can occur in older adults. Just before a person faints from vasovagal syncope, he or she often feels nauseated or breaks out in a cold sweat.

You may lose consciousness for just a moment if your blood pressure drops when you stand, a condition called orthostatic hypotension. Gravity temporarily pulls blood down into the veins of your legs and feet. This reduces the amount of blood that returns to the heart and which thereafter can be pumped to your brain. Medications, especially blood pressure drugs, often cause orthostatic hypotension. So can dehydration, thyroid disorders, and neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease.

Going to the hospital

When you arrive at the hospital, clinicians will check your blood pressure and ask what medications you're taking. They may draw blood or perform an electrocardiogram to check for irregular heartbeats. The cause of your fainting may be evident immediately. Other times, it will require more testing. Young adults with symptoms indicating vasovagal syncope often are not hospitalized. However, patients ages 50 and older in the United States often are admitted for testing, because the serious causes of fainting become more common in older people. Despite hospitalization and testing, sometimes the cause of fainting is never determined.

What you should do

The bottom line is that you need medical evaluation if you faint—or if you feel repeatedly as if you are about to faint. Note carefully any symptoms you remember before or after you pass out. Ask anyone who may have seen you faint describe to you what they saw. All of this information will help the doctor help you.

As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

Sours: https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/when-should-you-worry-about-fainting
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What causes lightheadedness and dizziness on a period?

Feeling dizzy on a period is not a typical menstrual cycle symptom. This dizziness may indicate an underlying issue, such as anemia or heavy bleeding.

Sometimes, the dizziness that a person experiences has no connection to their period, and the timing is merely coincidental.

However, anyone who experiences extreme dizziness that does not go away with at-home treatment should see a doctor.

In this article, we examine the causes of dizziness that may be related to a period. We also look at the treatment options and when a person should see a doctor.

Is it normal? 

Dizziness is a common symptom that affects about of the population each year. However, dizziness is not a typical period symptom.

Feeling dizzy during a period is not necessarily a cause for concern. However, a person may need to talk to a doctor to determine why they are experiencing this symptom.


There are numerous possible causes of lightheadedness, some of which may relate to menstruation:

Thirst or hunger

Some people who experience menstrual cramps may avoid eating or drinking during their period, fearing that it will worsen their stomach pain. As a result, they may have thirst- or hunger-related dizziness.

Period-related hormonal fluctuations may also the body’s fluid balance. For some people, this may affect how much they need to drink.

Blood loss or anemia

Heavy menstrual bleeding, also known as menorrhagia, can a person to become anemic. Anemia occurs when red blood cells cannot carry enough oxygen throughout the body. People who are already anemic may find that their condition worsens during their period, especially without treatment.

Although there are many types of anemia, iron-deficiency anemia is the form.

Heavy bleeding can also cause a person to feel dizzy. If a person feels lightheaded and has significantly more blood loss than usual, they should immediately get help from a healthcare professional.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe type of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It causes a wide range of symptoms before — and sometimes during — a period, which may include dizziness.

Some other symptoms of PMDD include:

  • extreme mood swings, including panic attacks, depression, and anger
  • severe period cramps
  • headaches
  • intense exhaustion
  • changes in eating habits
  • trouble concentrating

Causes unrelated to menstruation

Sometimes, dizziness during a period has nothing to do with menstruation. Instead, it may be a symptom of another issue, such as:

  • migraine headaches
  • problems with the body’s vestibular system, which helps control balance and spatial orientation
  • Ménière’s disease, a vestibular disorder that affects hearing and causes dizziness
  • low blood pressure or heart health conditions
  • brain health conditions, such as brain tumors or lesions


No single test can check for all of the possible causes of dizziness during a period. Instead, a doctor may make a diagnosis by:

  • asking a person to log their symptoms over a month
  • asking about a person’s medical history
  • performing a blood test to check a person’s iron levels around their period
  • using blood tests to check for infections and other problems
  • carrying out tests of the eyes and vestibular system

A doctor may recommend brain imaging tests if they suspect a neurological problem.


The treatment for dizziness will depend on the cause. Some options that a doctor might suggest include:

  • medications for dizziness and nausea
  • making adjustments to the daily routine, such as drinking more water, taking steps to reduce stress, and getting plenty of sleep
  • treatment for PMDD, which may include antidepressants or birth control pills
  • iron supplements, for people with anemia
  • medication for vestibular diseases, such as Ménière’s disease
  • physical therapy or head rotation exercises, for people with vestibular issues

Home remedies

Some strategies that a person can use to manage dizziness at home include:

  • keeping a water bottle nearby to help ensure that they drink enough water
  • setting a timer as a reminder to eat regular meals
  • avoiding driving or walking alone if dizziness is extreme
  • limiting alcohol consumption
  • taking a nap, as some people feel dizzy when tired
  • putting the head down between the legs to promote blood flow to the brain
  • taking slow, deep breaths

A person should also monitor their bleeding. Doctors if it soaks through one or more pads or tampons each hour for a few hours in a row.

Heavy bleeding alongside dizziness may be a medical emergency.

When to see a doctor

Dizziness is not usually an emergency unless a person has other symptoms, such as:

  • confusion
  • loss of consciousness
  • intense head pain
  • numbness on one side of the body
  • slurred speech or trouble speaking
  • heavy bleeding

Anyone who experiences these symptoms will need to go to the emergency room.

An episode of dizziness might not be a serious problem if it gets better with rest or eating.

If a person regularly experiences dizziness during their period, or the dizziness does not get better after a period, it is important to get advice from a doctor.

People undergoing treatment for period-related dizziness should see a doctor if:

  • the symptoms get worse
  • medication does not help
  • new symptoms develop
  • medication side effects occur


Dizziness may increase a person’s risk of injury, as they may stumble or pass out. However, dizziness during a period does not usually signal a serious or life threatening medical condition.

Many factors may cause dizziness during a period, such as:

  • hormonal changes
  • hunger or thirst
  • blood loss or anemia
  • PMDD

The cause may also be unrelated to menstruation.

Depending on the cause, several treatments are available to control lightheadedness during a period.

If a person is worried about their dizzy episodes or is losing a significant amount of blood, they should seek help from a healthcare professional as soon as possible.

Sours: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/dizzy-on-period

Why You May Faint During Your Period

Have you ever fainted or nearly fainted during your period? Wondering if that is normal? Your body undergoes many changes during a normal menstrual cycle. Sometimes these changes can amplify responses in your body that increase your risk of fainting during your period.

Why You Faint

Fainting or passing out, also known as syncope, is your brain's way of communicating to your body that it is not getting the amount of oxygen that it needs. Your brain is very sensitive to oxygen levels and your body has many built-in systems or reflexes to make sure that your brain is getting what it needs.

Sometimes changes in your body trigger these reflexes and as a result, you pass out. This is exactly what happens in the most common type of fainting called neurocardiogenic or vasovagal syncope.

Vasovagal syncope is caused by an altered response to certain situations by the part of your nervous system that automatically controls many vital body functions. We don't know exactly how it happens but reflexes are triggered causing changes in your heart rate and blood pressure that result in decreased blood flow to your brain.

As these changes are happening they cause typical symptoms that are known as pre-syncopal symptoms including:

  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Lightheadedness
  • Blurred vision
  • Heart palpitations or rapid heartbeat
  • Paresthesia or sensation of numbness
  • Pallor or looking pale

In a way, these symptoms are a warning sign for you to try and change what you are doing. Often a syncopal episode can be avoided as you change what you are doing because you're not feeling well. But sometimes, these symptoms come on too fast and you can't prevent yourself from fainting.

The changes in your body that can trigger neurocardiogenic or vasovagal syncope are amplified during your period. In other words, some of the changes that happen in your body each month during your period can increase your chance of fainting or almost fainting.

Painful Periods

Pain, in general, is a known trigger for vasovagal syncope. Just like other forms of pain, your response to period pain can cause the reflexive changes in your body that cause you to faint. But there might be something else about your period pain that increases your chance of fainting.

Primary dysmenorrhea or a painful period with no underlying cause is related to prostaglandin production. Prostaglandins are produced in the endometrium or the lining of your uterus in the late luteal phase or second half of your cycle right before and just as your period starts.

If you have very painful periods it is thought that your prostaglandin production may be increased. Prostaglandins are involved in many key functions in your body related to handling illness and injuries. One of these functions is causing your blood vessels to dilate, a process known as vasodilation.

One of the reflex changes that can lead to vasovagal syncope is vasodilation. It is thought that perhaps the increase in prostaglandins results in more significant vasodilation, which in turn drops your blood pressure. This sets the stage for an exaggerated response and an increased chance of fainting due to the pain caused by menstrual cramps.

Taking a medication called a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug or an NSAID like ibuprofen to decrease prostaglandin production is probably your best treatment option. This will ease your pain and may block the vasodilatory effects of excess prostaglandins in your system.

An Overview of Menstrual Cramps

Heavy Periods

Often, a heavier menstrual flow is associated with more of a build-up of the endometrial lining of your uterus during your menstrual cycle. As noted above, the more endometrial tissue the greater the prostaglandin production. Prostaglandins are thought to increase one of the changes that can lead to vasovagal syncope.

In addition to prostaglandins, heavy periods can lead to chronic blood loss which causes anemia. When you are anemic, you are ultimately reducing the amount of oxygen that your blood can carry around your body. When your brain senses even the slightest decrease in oxygen it triggers the reflexive changes that can lead to vasovagal syncope.

Eating foods rich in iron or taking iron supplements to help increase the oxygen-carrying capacity of your red blood cells may help you to avoid this cause of fainting during your period.

What to Know About Iron Deficiency Anemia

Hormonal Changes

Fluctuating hormone levels are the basis of your menstrual cycle. If you are having regular ovulatory cycles, the concentration of estrogen and progesterone in your body differs in the first half of your cycle, mid-cycle, and in the second half of your cycle. During the start of your period, both the amount of estrogen and progesterone in your body are at their lowest levels.


In some women, these hormonal shifts can cause changes in insulin sensitivity that can lead to episodes of relatively low blood sugar called hypoglycemia. These episodes of hypoglycemia can happen even if you do not have diabetes. Hypoglycemia is another change in your body that can trigger the reflexive changes that cause vasovagal syncope.

Eating breakfast, eating small frequent meals throughout the day, and limiting foods high in simple sugars can help to minimize episodes of hypoglycemia.

Fluid Shifts

It is also thought that the low hormonal levels during menstruation may cause exaggerated body fluid shifts in some women as the fluid in the bloodstream moves into body tissues. This results in edema or swelling especially of the legs and ankles and less fluid in the blood vessels.

Your body reacts to this much as it does to dehydration. Because the volume of fluid in your bloodstream is less your body can't adjust to position changes as well so your blood pressure drops. This is called orthostatic hypotension and this drop in blood pressure can then trigger the changes that can cause you to faint.

Orthostatic Hypotension


These hormonally induced fluid shifts can also aggravate a specific condition in young women called postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). This disorder disrupts the part of your nervous system that automatically controls many vital body functions like your heart rate and blood pressure.

Women with POTS experience fatigue, dizziness, and frequent fainting which often increase during menstruation.

Making sure you stay well hydrated by drinking lots of water, avoiding getting overheated, and avoiding prolonged standing will help to decrease your chances of fainting during your period. If you do feel faint, lay down with your leg raised, or sit down.

A Word From Verywell

If you are susceptible to fainting during your period, making small changes to your routine can help to reduce the risk. But, it is important that you discuss fainting during your period with your healthcare provider as it could be a sign of a more serious problem.

Thanks for your feedback!

Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Grossman SA, Badireddy M. Syncope. In: StatPearls. Updated December 16, 2019.

  2. Jeanmonod R, Silberman M. Vasovagal episode. In: StatPearls. Updated February 5, 2020.

  3. Muppa P, Sheldon RS, McRae M, et al. Gynecological and menstrual disorders in women with vasovagal syncope. Clin Auton Res. 2013;23(3):117–122. doi:10.1007/s10286-013-0190-1

  4. Mechanic OJ, Grossman SA. Syncope and related paroxysmal spells. In: StatPearls. Updated December 27, 2019.

  5. Sawai A, Tochigi Y, Kavaliova N, et al. MRI reveals menstrually-related muscle edema that negatively affects athletic agility in young women. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(1):e0191022. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0191022

  6. Fu Q, VanGundy TB, Shibata S, Auchus RJ, Williams GH, Levine BD. Menstrual cycle affects renal-adrenal and hemodynamic responses during prolonged standing in the postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome. Hypertension. 2010;56(1):82–90. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.110.151787

  7. Nwazue VC, Raj SR. Confounders of vasovagal syncope: postural tachycardia syndrome. Cardiol Clin. 2013;31(1):101–109. doi:10.1016/j.ccl.2012.09.004

Sours: https://www.verywellhealth.com/reasons-for-fainting-during-period-4107096

In period during fainting shower

Why Do I Feel Light-Headed During My Period?

Your period can come with a lot of uncomfortable symptoms, from cramps to fatigue. It can also make you feel light-headed.

In most cases, it’s normal to feel a little light-headed during your period, but it can be a sign of an underlying condition. The three biggest reasons for this symptom are:

  • anemia from blood loss
  • pain from cramps
  • action of hormones called prostaglandins

We’ll explore these causes more and let you know how you can treat lightheadedness during your period.


Potential causes of feeling light-headed during your period include:


Prostaglandins are hormones that help regulate many bodily processes, including your menstrual cycle. However, it’s possible to produce excess prostaglandins during your period.

Excess prostaglandins can cause your cramps to be worse than normal, because they can contract the muscles in your uterus. Some prostaglandins can also constrict blood vessels throughout your body, which can cause headaches and make you light-headed.


Cramps are the feeling of your uterus contracting, which happens during your period in order to help shed the uterine lining. They can range from mild to severe.

Cramps are a normal part of a menstrual cycle, but severe cramps may be a sign of an underlying condition such as endometriosis.

Pain from cramps, especially severe ones, can cause you to feel light-headed during your period.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

PMDD is a severe form of PMS, where symptoms are severe enough to disrupt daily life. It often lasts until a few days after you get your period, and can cause lightheadedness.

The cause of PMDD is unknown, but may be an abnormal reaction to hormone changes. Many of those with PMDD require treatment.


Anemia is a condition in which you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout your body. This can make you feel light-headed.

Iron-deficiency anemia, which is the most common type of anemia, can be caused by heavy periods. If you have iron-deficiency anemia, you may need to take iron supplements during your period.

Period-related migraine

Period-related migraine affects approximately 60 percent of women who have migraine. They’re caused by fluctuating levels of estrogen, and can happen right before, during, or after your period.

Like other types of migraine, period-related migraine causes one-sided, throbbing attacks that can cause you to feel light-headed.


Hormones can affect your hydration levels, and their fluctuations around your period can make you more likely to become dehydrated. This can make you feel light-headed.


Your hormones can affect your blood sugar levels. While your blood sugar is typically raised before and during your period, fluctuating hormones can cause hypoglycemia for some people. This is because estrogen can make you more sensitive to insulin, which lowers your blood sugar.

People with diabetes are more prone to hypoglycemia than people who don’t have diabetes.

Toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but very serious disease. It has become rarer in relation to periods since certain super-absorbent tampons were removed from stores, but can still happen if you leave a tampon in for too long.

Lightheadedness may be an early sign of TSS, along with:

Other symptoms

Lightheadedness doesn’t always happen by itself. Here are some other symptoms you might experience with it, and what condition they may indicate:

  • Pain. This could be due to cramps or migraine.
  • Nausea. Several conditions are associated with nausea, including:
    • migraine
    • cramps
    • dehydration
    • PMDD
    • hypoglycemia
    • TSS
  • Fatigue. This might be due to PMDD or anemia.
  • Diarrhea. Cramps, TSS, and prostaglandins can all trigger diarrhea.
  • Headache. You may get headaches or headache attacks, which are associated with:
    • migraine
    • PMDD
    • dehydration
    • hypoglycemia
    • prostaglandins
    • toxic shock syndrome

Before and after your period

Lightheadedness right before or right after your period is generally not a cause for concern. Lightheadedness before your period could be caused by premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or PMDD.

After your period, it could still be caused by anemia, as your body continues to make more red blood cells after heavy bleeding. It may also be caused by fatigue from having your period.

However, see your doctor if lightheadedness lasts for a long time or interferes with your daily life.


Treatment for lightheadedness during your period depends on the cause. Potential treatments include:


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce effects of prostaglandins. If cramps are your main issue, take ibuprofen or another NSAID as soon as they start.

You can also use a hot water bottle or heating pad, or gently massage the area to reduce pain. To prevent cramps, exercise regularly throughout your cycle, and avoid caffeine, alcohol, and smoking when you have your period.


PMDD requires treatment, either with lifestyle changes or medication, including birth control or antidepressants. You can take antidepressants for two weeks a month, before and during your period, or all the time.


If you’re anemic, your doctor may recommend iron supplements. You can also eat more iron-rich foods, such as spinach or red meat. If your heavy periods have an underlying cause, such as fibroids, you may need other treatment.

Period-related migraine

Treatment for period-related migraine is similar to treatment for other types of migraine. When it starts, you can take NSAIDs or a prescription medication if you have one.

If you have severe or frequent migraine attacks, your doctor may recommend preventive treatment. Taking antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) between ovulation and getting your period may also help reduce migraine.


Drink water or a sports drink to rehydrate. If you feel nauseous, be sure to drink small amounts at a time. Avoid certain beverages, such as:

If you’re severely dehydrated, you may need medical attention.


Eat or drink a fast-acting carb without fat or protein, such as fruit juice or candy. As soon as you feel better, try eating a more substantial meal to help stabilize your blood sugar.

Toxic shock syndrome

TSS is a serious condition that requires medical treatment. Call your doctor immediately if you have signs of this condition.

Home remedies

The best home remedy for lightheadedness itself is to lie down until the feeling passes. There are also home remedies for some underlying causes. These include:

  • taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as NSAIDs, for pain
  • using a heating pad or hot water bottle for cramps
  • diet and lifestyle changes, such as reducing your caffeine and alcohol intake and eating healthy foods
  • making sure you get enough sleep

When to see a doctor

In most cases, lightheadedness during your period is normal and temporary. However, it could also be a sign of a more serious condition. See your doctor if you have:

  • cramps severe enough to interfere with daily life
  • a very heavy period, where you regularly need to change a pad or tampon every hour
  • a period that lasts for more than seven days
  • any unexplained changes to your cycle
  • signs of severe dehydration, including
  • Signs of severe hypoglycemia, including:
  • Signs of toxic shock syndrome, including:
    • high fever
    • severe headache
    • sore throat
    • eye inflammation
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • watery diarrhea
    • sunburn-like rash, especially on your palms and the soles of your feet

The bottom line

There are many reasons you may feel light-headed during your period. While many are normal and temporary, it could also be a sign of an underlying issue.

If your lightheadedness is severe or long-lasting, you may need to see your doctor.

Sours: https://www.healthline.com/health/womens-health/light-headed-during-period
These Period Hacks Will Make You Feel A LOT Better!

This is very common in young women, and although it can be disconcerting, it's not risky. Here's what's happening: The vagus nerve, which travels from your brain stem to your abdomen, helps regulate your heartbeat. If it gets overstimulated, it decreases your blood pressure and heart rate -- a recipe for light-headedness and even fainting.

Lots of things can cause vagal overstimulation, and many of them tend to occur around your period: stress, lack of sleep, dehydration, painful abdominal cramps and hormonal changes. The only danger is that if you do pass out, you could smack your head on the way down, so take steps to slow the vagal response when you know your period is coming. Stay hydrated and rested, take ibuprofen for serious cramps and consider going on the Pill to limit hormonal flux. If you get dizzy anyway, sit down until it passes. And if you do faint, see your doc to confirm the cause. The good news is, the dizziness should start to fade as you reach your late 20s and early 30s and your hormonal fluctuations begin to even out a bit.


Sours: https://www.self.com/story/health-dizzy-period-starts

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Faints (Vasovagal syncope)

What happens during fainting?

When you are upright, standing or sitting still, blood drops under the influence of gravity down into your legs. With more blood held in your legs, less blood returns to the heart, and the amount of blood the heart can pump around the body diminishes, and the blood pressure in the circulation will begin to drop.

Usually the body counteracts this and tries to maintain the blood pressure, by constricting  the blood vessels in the legs and abdomen, and by making the heart beat faster. In some people, these attempts to maintain the blood pressure are ineffective in the specific situations when the fainting reaction occurs

So when you begin to feel sweaty and faint this is because instead of constricting, some blood vessels get even wider (“vaso-dilate”), and the heart instead of speeding up may slow down or even stop momentarily. The result of this faulty response is that the heart cannot pump enough blood to the brain, and the lack of oxygen reaching the brain then makes you pass out. This is called Vasovagal syncope. (Syncope, pronounced sin-co-pee, is the greek / medical term for a blackout caused by not enough blood reaching the brain).

If you faint to the floor, or lie down before fainting (and if possible raise your legs), blood immediately returns to your heart, which can then pump blood to your brain again, and you regain consciousness. If you stay sitting up, your brain will remain starved of oxygen for longer, and during your faint you might even have jerky movements, that can be misinterpreted as a fit. Some people are incontinent during a profound faint. Again this is not evidence that the collapse was a fit.

Feeling ill and nauseous after a faint is very common, and is part of the digestive “vagal” activation, which often also makes you feel washed out for a time after a faint.

Why this fainting reaction happens more often to some people than to other is unknown. Some people seem to have more powerful “vagal” reactions in certain situations.

When does a fainting response occur?

Most people learn which circumstances might make them faint. People who are prone to fainting often develop symptoms in the following situations (which are all times when the vagal system is more active):

  • During emotional circumstances, or with medical/dental procedures.
  • When in pain (especially abdominal pain, or during a period).
  • During or directly after a meal, especially if you haven’t eaten for a while.
  • After a long period of standing still (in a queue or at a reception).
  • After sitting very still, especially then standing.
  • In warm surroundings (in a restaurant, warm weather, standing in a hot shower or sauna).
  • Directly after exercise.
  • When you have not had enough rest.
  • During illness, nausea or fever.

Symptoms of Vasovagal fainting

As the vasovagal fainting reaction begins, there is often light headedness, ringing in the ears, and feeling sweaty and nauseous. You may start yawning, and others may notice you have gone grey and sweaty. There is often a desire to get some fresh air (“air-hunger”), or to go urgently to the toilet (but standing up to go outside or to the toilet can then bring on the faint!).

As the blood pressure falls further, there is visual disturbance with black spots in front of the eyes, a feeling of becoming distant, and then one faints. People often recognise the symptoms, but sometimes the same people get very little warning and can pass out more suddenly.

During a faint, if someone feels your pulse it will usually be slow (during a seizure or fit it is usually fast). Some jerky movements may occur, especially if the person is still sitting or slouched with their head higher than their body.

When coming round after a faint, the person often feels awful, sickly and may vomit, or even have diarrhoea. Often there is prolonged fatigue after a faint.

Symptoms that are more worrying, and suggest the collapse may not be just a simple faint are:

  • Chest pain, severe breathlessness or severe headache before collapsing
  • Fitting with stiffness and/or jerky movements immediately on collapsing
  • Not breathing or going blue whilst unconscious
  • Prolonged unconsciousness, lasting more than 5-10 minutes once lying down.



Being susceptible to fainting is not a serious disease, but can be very frightening and frustrating to you and those around you. With advice and understanding of the problem, most people can avoid or minimise most faints. Worrying will only tend to make it worse.

It is important to understand what is happening to you during a faint. Ask your doctor for more explanation if you don’t fully understand what fainting is or if you have any more questions. Also, explain your faints to your family, so they can help and support you.

Try to work out in which particular set of circumstances you are most likely to faint Then try to avoid these sets of circumstances (eg stressed, long day, little food or drink, then out late to hot restaurant, beginning to relax, food arrives…)

When standing still (eg in queues), move up and down on the balls of your feet, so your calf muscles squeeze blood back up to your heart, or stand cross-legged (so you use more muscles to stay up, and stimulate your sympathetic system to keep up your blood pressure).

When standing or sitting still, occasionally clench tightly your thigh and buttock muscles for 10-15 seconds (this also keeps your sympathetic system active).

Try to wear elasticated support socks (“Flight Socks”) to prevent pooling of blood in the legs.

Ensure you drink enough fluids (tea, coffee and alcohol don’t count), especially on hot days, or if you have been exercising or have had diarrhoea or vomiting. Your urine should be clear. Avoid alcohol if you are hot – both heat and alcohol relax your blood vessels, lowering your blood pressure.

”Isotonic” fluids can be especially helpful – these are “sports” drinks that contain some salt and minerals, to help keep your circulation properly hydrated.  But avoid the ones with caffeine.

Avoid large meals on an empty stomach.

If you recognise the start of any symptoms of the fainting reaction, try to lie down immediately, ideally with your legs elevated. Sitting bent forward with your head down between your legs may help, but is not ideal as your legs remain down, and though abdominal compression might help, it might also worsen the vagal reaction, prolong your symptoms and delay recovery.

Remember, it is better to decide to lie down and remain conscious, than to pass out and wake up on the floor in a mess, surrounded by anxious onlookers.

Once you begin to feel faint, do not stand up quickly, or stand still (eg outside for fresh air)

If you faint, do not try to sit up or get up quickly when you come round - you may faint again!

Further reading:

Low blood pressure- on the British Heart Foundation website

Sours: https://www.jpaget.nhs.uk/departments-services/children-young-peoples-services/the-cove-childrens-clinic/cardiology/faints-(vasovagal-syncope)/

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