Fox news female doctor contributors

Fox news female doctor contributors DEFAULT

Dr. Harvey Risch on the war against hydroxychloroquine

This is a rush transcript from "The Ingraham Angle," July 20, 2020. This copy may not be in its final form and may be updated. 

LAURA INGRAHAM, HOST: I'm Laura Ingraham. This is "The Ingraham Angle" from a busy Washington tonight. Reports tonight that state medical boards are actually threatening doctors who attempt to save COVID patients' lives using hydroxychloroquine.

One of the country's premier epidemiologists is here to share what he's found. And Joe Biden and Hillary Clinton, this all is amazing, hit the airwaves tonight. And Kanye hits the trail. Raymond Arroyo has it all in Seen and Unseen. But first, Joe's fantasy COVID fix. That's the focus of tonight's Angle.

Joe Biden made a rare appearance tonight to answer softball questions.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Walk us through what you would do differently and assuming it actually by then will be worse?

JOE BIDEN, D-PRESUMPTIVE PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE: I don't know how bad is going to be, it's going to just be worse because he's doing nothing to deal with what he said was going to go away. It's going to get worse. I speak with docs every - three times a week, sometimes four times a week for an hour and 15 minutes. They predict among them that they're going to be over 200,000 dead by the time we get to Election Day. They predict that this is just going to get worse and worse.


INGRAHAM: Translation. Biden says Trump bad on COVID, virus bad, so Trump plus virus is worse.


BIDEN: If I'm fortunate enough to be elected President, we're going to have to take significant action to do a number of things. One, you need more testing. You need to be able to test and trace. You need to be in a position where you're able to assist that everyone wears masks. Everyone is socially distanced. That businesses do not open if they cannot do that.

We need to keep people on their feet. We need to make sure health insurance that we have health insurance as well as making sure no one has to pay for contracting COVID and or being treated for COVID.


INGRAHAM: But how many of you think that's realistic? No one ever has to pay for anything. Is he even aware that we've done more testing than any nation on earth? As of today, we've done 48.6 million COVID tests in the United States and there is no indication at all that Biden could do any more any faster, at least we haven't seen the evidence of that. So, that's all bunk. So, what's left? Rolling shutdowns or a complete national shutdown until the virus magically disappears.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We opened up too soon. We didn't have the virus totally under control. You have to just shut down for now. I think that is our only way out.

ANTHONY FAUCI, NIAID DIRECTOR: If you leapfrog over different phases, you increase the risks that you're going to have the kind of resurgences that we're seeing.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: How much worse does it have to get in Los Angeles before you feel compelled to issue another stay-at-home order.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Sure. Well, I think we're on the brink of that.


INGRAHAM: I said this last week, I fully expect that by like October, all blue states in the United States will be either shutdown or on the way to shut down. And of course, we've tried shutting down all across America and the virus is obviously still there. Meanwhile, we lost millions and millions of jobs. Now, Sweden didn't take the heavy-handed approach and they're basically through the worst of it.

Now, let's go on to tracing and tracking. This means among other things that the government forces you to download an app on your phone that keeps you monitored if you test positive. Now, hundreds of thousands of paid trackers, it's kind of like a new TSA for the virus that will roam around the country to keep us safe. To that I say, why doesn't New York and California show us how great they're tracing, and tracking is? What's stopping them from showing everyone how well it works.

And finally, on the mask question, Biden sounds like he would issue some sort of, I guess, federal rule mandating masks for the foreseeable future forever for all we know. Maybe everywhere, except when you're in your own home with your family. That's hard to see any of that's constitutional.

And as we told you last week, the science on cloth masks is very murky. That's putting it charitably. Nevertheless, President Trump is embracing them, and they may make some people feel better and more patriotic. So, that's fine.

But let's get real here. If there were a magic Democrat solution to the virus, Governors Gavin Newsom in California, Gretchen Whitmer in Michigan would have been bragging about it by now. Andrew Cuomo's nursing homes wouldn't have become killing fields rather than acknowledging that there are real tradeoffs in fighting the virus, the Left is living in La La land, because they act like shutting down and doing it again and again that has zero consequences.

Throwing people onto the unemployment rolls, however, we know, has major consequences. Many of the small businesses are barely holding on as it is, and now they're having the rug out pulled out from underneath them again. Pain comes in many forms. We all know that.

But instead of recognize that - recognizing that this is a tragedy, and it's caused by China and one that neither Republican nor Democrat could easily solve. Democrats and their media pals are playing election year politics. I guess it's to be expected. But wouldn't it be nice, every now and then, if good news or even good trends were embraced by both parties.

Now, look at this graph, deaths and hospitalizations look like they've peaked in Arizona. They're going down. Let's hope they keep doing that. That's according to the Arizona Republic. ICU bed and ER visits by suspected and confirmed COVID cases have begun to drop. Ventilator use is also decreasing. The death toll in Texas peaked at 174 last week and has been trickling down since then.

We'll look for the same trend in Florida later this week. But the reason we can't have a serious grownup conversation about this is because every time some county in some state has an uptick in some infections, the press screams, it's a whole Trump's fault. You see, we opened up too fast. I'm here tonight to tell you that's childish and it's stupid. Same with promising that lockdowns won't cost our country dearly or pretending we can keep borrowing and printing money to cover all nonessential salaries until the pandemic is gone.

That's called mailbox money. Try hiring someone in a restaurant today. We need to carefully examine tradeoffs of every move we make in response to this virus. Think about it. Doctors focus primarily on one thing, the medical side. That's what they're trained to do. But it's the President's job to focus on the whole country.

Our elderly are now suffering alone. Our children are suffering by staying at home. Parents are worried about how they can possibly manage at all. And employers are beginning to do the math and the numbers are ugly. And of course, Americans, mostly the elderly or compromised, are still tragically succumbing to the virus.

But here, as we've shown you, the deaths have been steadily declining since their peak in March. Trump's approach has been wise. He couldn't lose the entire U.S. economy by mandating a lockdown of 330 million Americans that would have been ridiculous, would have been abusive.

Plus, as we saw on May, the Democrats were fine with protesters who gathered by the thousands, some of whom, by the way, are still smashing up the place in Portland, Oregon. Those are still being excused by the Left and we're being criticized, as I mentioned Hannity for covering them.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There are real problems in Portland, but it is made up on Fox News like it's this raging fire out of control and that is a gross exaggeration. It just is, it's a gross exaggeration.


INGRAHAM: So, the Democrats are offering free lockdowns and an exemption from the lockdowns to anyone who agrees with them, their agenda. Now, you can see why that offer kind of would be appealing to folks who don't realize that lockdowns actually carry an enormous cost that can't be made up with new welfare programs. And I'm talking human costs, more lives, other illnesses not attended to.

In reality, we need a serious and we need a balanced approach to lower the harm caused by the virus while doing the best we can to protect the economy, our families, our kids, and our small businesses.

So, governors in places like Texas and Florida, they've tried this more nuanced approached. And if it's not going to be perfect, nothing is. But they have been more successful than their counterparts in New York and California by a long shot. But it's hard to defend and explain nuance sometimes, isn't it? And much easier to scream. We need a national plan.

So, the swing voters, well, they're turning against the GOP in some cases because the White House has been telling them three things they don't want to hear.

Number one, overtime, you can only become prosperous by working for it, not by borrowing money or printing it.

Number two, you can't cure a virus by shutting down your economy and hiding from it.

And number three, no matter how much sympathy you have for young people, it's a mistake to encourage riots and looting and the destruction of property.

Now, these are things that a lot of voters may not want to hear now. And repeating them may hurt the GOP in the short run. But they're all true and they will be true no matter what the swing voters may want. And that's The Angle.

Here now is Victor Davis Hanson, Hoover Institution Senior Fellow, and Mike Huckabee, former Arkansas Governor and Fox News Contributor. All right, gov, let's start with you. Given Biden's nearly five decades in Washington, hasn't he already proven himself incapable of solving these types of complex problems?

MIKE HUCKABEE, FORMER GOVERNOR OF ARKANSAS: Yes. I mean, Laura, he's been there for 50 years and he really has nothing to show for it other than an extraordinary capacity for plagiarism. I think what's most troubling though about Biden is that he joins in this idea that let's just give people free stuff. You know, let the government be like Santa Claus.

The problem is kids grew up and they find out Santa Claus is their parents. Then they become their parents. And they've got to pay for all this stuff. And a lot of these kids who want free college, free food, free jobs, free everything, one day are going to end up running the country and they're going to find out, now they've got to pay for the stuff that they got for free when they were in their 20s. It just doesn't work. And we need to have that serious message out there, because most people deep down know that what the Democrats are offering is just absolute balloon juice.

INGRAHAM: Victor, when I went to a friend of mine's restaurant to pick up some food the other night, there are big signs that say, you know, they needed busboys. Can you still say busboy, by the way, is that even allowed? I don't even know. But busboy, $17 an hour. And they can't find anyone, can't find it, they can't find anyone to do these jobs because the mailbox money keeps coming in week-after-week. But that money is running out, I guess, next week. Right. So now, the Republicans feel like they have to go and cut a deal with Pelosi and company.

VICTOR DAVIS HANSON, SENIOR FELLOW, HOOVER INSTITUTION: We're in a record year already, Laura. We've already - we're going to borrow $4 trillion. They want to borrow more. We're getting close to 30 trillion in national debt. And to get out of that fix where they're going to have near zero or zero interest rates for the rest of our lives or we're going to have to inflate the currency. That's what happens historically when you get yourself in that fix.

The problem with Joe Biden in all of this discussion, that's not scientifically based. We only have one or two criteria that ground us about the severity of the virus. How are we doing as far as fatalities per million population? And we're doing better than every major European country except Germany. And how many people are dying? I hate to say this, but how many people are dying from the virus and in the total deaths, does that impact compared to the year, last year before the virus? And we're at a level now where no money, no more people are dying in the United States this week, last week than they did last year, despite the virus.

And when we look at New York, eight times the death rate of California, it's not a political question. But when people say that Cuomo - like Fauci did is doing a good job, it's sad. The death rate is 1600 per million people. That's eight times here in California. So, what I'm getting at is in all these discussions of the virus and the economy, nobody is looking at data and science. When you open up the schools, you're having children that rarely, if ever get it in a serious fashion and they don't seem to spread it. And we know how to protect teachers that are vulnerable. And we can't have an economy where people that are living on investments, on pensions, on state income, then are predicated on people who are self-employed, going out there and earning capital and creating wealth for the economy.

Whatever you feel about the politics, it is not very - it's not very equitable to say, I'm going to stay on side because I have a check coming, but that guy is going to go out and he's going to earn and pay taxes because he doesn't.

INGRAHAM: Yes, let's get the governor.

HANSON: If you believe there still a - yes.

INGRAHAM: Yes, let's get the governor. Governor, it is a pickle that the Republicans find themselves in because people will take the check, if it's 600 bucks a week and it's maybe I'll get a virus if I'm working in the restaurant or the grocery store - they'll take the 600 bucks eight times out of 10. And so that can't continue, but you can't allow a collapse either. But you see where this is all going to go again.

HUCKABEE: Well, it's one thing to help people out when their jobs have been shut down by the government. And there is no job. It's a whole different thing when jobs are available, and people don't want to take them. When we did welfare reform in the mid-90s, when I was governor then and a lot of other governors looked at this issue and said the one thing we have to do is to say that you have to either be training for a job or going to work at a job or you don't get the welfare money.

And you know something? It was amazing how many people suddenly decided, well, I'll just go to work, because if the gig is up, the gig is up. And that's exactly what happened. And we move people not just off of welfare. That can be cruel. That can be easy to flip a switch. The question was moving them into jobs, which we did. And we did it because we said we're not going to give you money for not doing something. It just can't work like that.

INGRAHAM: Gentlemen, great to see you both tonight. Thanks so much. And my next guest has been receiving alarming reports of doctors targeted by their State Medical Licensing Boards for actually saving their patients' lives. It sounds crazy. Well, it's happening.

Joining me now, Dr. Harvey Risch. He's Epidemiology Professor at Yale School of Public Health and one of the most renowned minds in the country on epidemiology, Dr. Risch, what treatment is being targeted and how pervasive is this?

DR. HARVEY RISCH, YALE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH: Good evening, Laura. So, this is of course hydroxychloroquine, the word that nobody should ever say according to half the population. It's a political drug now, not a medical drug. And that's cause the complete population ignorance. And I think we're basically fighting a propaganda war against the medical facts and that color is not just population people, how they think about it, but doctors as well.

And there are many doctors that I've gotten hostile remarks about saying that all the evidence is bad for it. And in fact, that's not true at all. And it's easy to show that the evidence - all the evidence is actually good for it when it's used in outpatient uses. Nevertheless, the only people who actually see that are a whole pile of doctors who are actually on the frontlines treating those patients across the country. And they are the ones who are at risk of being forced not to do it.

INGRAHAM: And Dr. Risch, how important would it be now or significant, if the administration basically through the FDA rescinded that warning about hydroxy. It was complete bunk, made a mistake about the warning and get out of the way of the relationship between the doctor and the patient for off- label use of a medicine that's been around for 65 years. Shouldn't Stephen Hahn of the FDA come out and say, look, we're not going to micromanage your decisions and let this go?

RISCH: Yes, it would be game-changing. In fact, all of the discussion that you had earlier on how to manage going forward through September, October and into next year will change if there's prevention and treatment that works, that's available and that's safe. And that is, in fact, the case. But the problem is, of course, that nobody wants to hear it, and nobody lets it out except for you. You're the only one who's actually in any way the mainstream media that is allowing anybody to speak about the evidence for the usage of these drugs.

INGRAHAM: Now, I've got to say, Dr. Risch, I knew politics was corrupt. I've been covering it for decades. And I knew the law has a lot of corruption because I was a lawyer for a dec - for a long time. But I didn't know that you could have so much corruption in the medical field when it comes to bureaucrats. And I know there are a lot of good people in government. I'm not saying and just making people better. It's stunning to me. Last word.

RISCH: I think there has been a lot and we hardly know the extent of it, both on from the drug companies, from political contrivances and so on. I think it's very difficult and circumstances now are difficult.

INGRAHAM: Dr. Risch, finally, do you think thousands of lives could be saved going forward if they release that hydroxy stockpile and even gave it as a prophylactic like India has done and other countries have done for frontline workers, if they wanted it?

RISCH: I think 75,000 to 100,000 lives will be saved if that happens.

INGRAHAM: Well, we're going to keep talking about it. Thank you for speaking out. I know some of your colleagues at other universities, Harvard, you're a rival over there might disagree, but we're going to keep talking about it. Doctor, thanks so much. Appreciate it.

RISCH: Thank you.

INGRAHAM: All right. Have you heard of this anti-Trump group named The Lincoln Project? Well, "The Ingraham Angle" did some digging and we're going to bring you our findings. Then Ben Shapiro will be here to respond. That's next.


INGRAHAM: There is a new media darling out there.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The best, easily the toughest and most creative anti- Trump ads of this election cycle are being made by Republicans.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The Lincoln Project is out with yet another devastating ad targeting Donald Trump.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Blistering anti-Trump ads trolling the President. Those ads seem to be driving the Trump world crazy.


INGRAHAM: Oh, man, that's fun. Now, you're probably seeing they're over the top ads. But what do you really know about this group called The Lincoln Project? Well, of course, with a name like that, their hope is to trick Republicans into giving them money by pretending to staunch conservatives. Well, they're trying to save the country. Don't be fooled.

The Lincoln Project wasn't founded by principled conservatives, but by disgruntled never Trump-ers and Bush toadies whose love of endless wars, big government and globalism is on the outs with the vast majority of Republicans. And make no mistake, they have nothing but utter contempt for you and your values. This is one of their most prominent members.


RICK WILSON, THE LINCOLN PROJECT CO-FOUNDER: The credulous Boomer Roob demo that backs Donald Trump that wants to think that Donald Trump's a smart one and, you all elitist for them.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You elitist with your geography and your maps and your spelling. Even though--

WILSON: My math, you're reading.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, you're reading.


INGRAHAM: That's Rick Weaver. What's the last election? Oh, Wilson, excuse me. See, how well I know? Pure projection, of course. They hate you because you see them for who they really are. They're corrupt swamp creatures. Most of them don't really win elections. They just call themselves Republican strategists and they're looking to fleece donors to line their own pockets. And they're not even being honest about their mission.

According to the website, their goal is to defeat President Trump and Trump-ism. But if that were true, why are they trying to unseat even moderate GOP senators who aren't considered allies of the President?

For instance, they put out ads attacking Susan Collins of Maine and Cory Gardner of Colorado, which tells you that this really isn't about defeating Trump-ism, isn't it? Well, it's handling - the handling of the control while handing control over to the Senate, to the Democrats. That's what it's about. And today, we learn their ambitions actually go even further than that.

The group's co-founder, John Weaver. He failed McCain and Kasich campaigns told The Washington Post, the group is preparing to vehemently oppose efforts by GOP senators to obstruct and stymie Biden's agenda should he win the presidency.

In other words, the mask is off, and it all makes sense once you realize who is funding them. According to financial filings, their biggest backer is investor and longtime Dem donor Stephen Mandel. He donated a million. Bain Capital and that their executive, Joshua Bergstein, another Democrat heavyweight, gave The Lincoln Project $100,000. And then, there's David Geffen, the founder of DreamWorks. He also gave the Lincoln Project a 100k after giving millions to Democrats in the last election cycle.

But what's most intriguing is what The Lincoln Project does with all this money. According to Open Secrets, the vast majority of its spending went to firms run by the Lincoln Projects' board members. We ran the numbers and the level of grift is staggering. Of the 5.9 million spent on ads, The Lincoln Project has funneled nearly three quarters of it to businesses owned by its founding members, Reed Galen, and Ron Steslow. And what isn't deposited directly into their board members bank accounts goes toward laughably bad ads like this.


INGRAHAM: Oh, my God, I speak Russian, that's really bad. Now, it's particularly laughable, given that one of their founders, the aforementioned John Weaver, was a registered foreign agent for a Russian energy company who signed on to lobby against U.S. sanctions. Well, until his deal became public, that is.

These folks will sell themselves to the highest bidder, even if it's a company connected to Putin. By invoking Lincoln's name, these Cretans want you to think they're fighting to restore American values, but they could not care less about those. These spiteful losers are looking for a way to enrich themselves while empowering the very people who want to tear down the traditions that they claim to hold so dear.

But there's one silver lining to the group's new founder notoriety. After bilking Republicans for years, they're now sucking up millions from duped Democrat voters. So I say donate more. It's totally worth it.

Joining me now is Ben Shapiro, host of "The Ben Shapiro Show," editor in chief of "The Daily Wire," and author of the brand-new book "How to Destroy America in Three Easy Steps." It hits the shelves tomorrow. Ben, congrats on the book. How are so many folks being fleeced by the self-serving, self- aggrandizing, self-enriching Lincoln Project?

BEN SHAPIRO, HOST, "THE BEN SHAPIRO SHOW": What an incredible grift. Seriously, there's so many grifts that are going right in the United States. What a great country where you can make money doing stuff like this. It truly is incredible. Between Colin Kaepernick clearing millions of dollars to talk about how America is racist for major American corporations, and the Lincoln Project claiming that they are doing yeoman's work on behalf of what they originally called conservative principles. Now they say, by the way, that they are not going to in any way obstruct the Biden project. They are in fact going to stand against anybody who stops Biden's agenda, which makes it sound like they are just a Democratic group. Why don't they say they are a bunch of Democrats who are campaigning for a Democrat? Pretty solid stuff here from the Lincoln Project, I've got to say.

INGRAHAM: A.P. is reporting, Ben, that former Ohio Governor John Kasich expect to speak at the Democrat National Convention for Joe Biden. Doesn't this make perfect sense after he didn't even show up at the last convention in Cleveland when it was in his state when he was governor?

SHAPIRO: Did he ever stop running for president? Did he officially drop out in 2016 or he is still actually running? That is a man that makes a lot -- I'm sure he's put on a lot of weight from rubber chicken dinners that he's been honored at giving speeches that no one listens to. My goodness, where is the groundswell in Democratic Party circles, like, oh, my God, John Kasich is coming. I'm so excited, I can't wait for John Kasich to speak -- words said by no one in the history of man.

INGRAHAM: Ben, when you look at what is happening right now in the country with police being attacked by thousands in Chicago, rocks thrown, you know, dozens of dozens badly injured. Portland, 12 blocks, total disaster. Amazon getting smashed, all that. And then the press's response is not to say this is disturbing, let's get to the bottom of it. The press's response is we shouldn't cover it in a traditional weight because to do so is not to emphasize with the cause. What does that tell us about three steps to destroying the country?

SHAPIRO: Well, it certainly tells you which side the press is on. In my book I talk about the unionists and disintegrationists. Unionists are people who believe in traditional American philosophy like the Declaration of Independence and traditional American culture like the spirit of entrepreneurship and the spirit of tolerance of the rights of others, and traditional American history that says America has a great and good history. We stumbled, we've fallen, but we always get up and we move forward toward these founding principles.

And disintegrationists say precisely the reverse. American history is evil and awful, America's culture is replete with all sorts of racism and bigotry. And America's philosophy is at root nasty. Those folks are very prominent in the media right now, and you can see when the media are openly rooting for people who are rioters and looters. They on one hand they say that these protests are mostly peaceful, and then they will suggest that the protesters are actually rioters and looters. They are going to have pick one or the other.

INGRAHAM: I want to move on really quickly. Activist Linda Sarsour characterizes young Americans in their protests at a Biden voter summit. Watch.


LINDA SARSOUR, FORMER WOMEN'S MARCH CO-CHAIR: What gives me hope is the young people in the streets, these unapologetic young people who have said enough is enough. And this time these young people mean it. We are willing to but our lives on the line to truly live in a nation that reflects our values and principles as a people. When we defeat fascism in America, you can say I was a part of that. In 2020, I worked in my community to defeat fascism and win this 2020 election.


INGRAHAM: Ben, mercifully ended soundbite there. Your response?

SHAPIRO: It's always great to hear from rabid anti-Semite Linda Sarsour who is well respected in Democratic Party circles talking about ending fascism by apparently breaking store windows and violating all law and using fascist tactics in order to shut down debate. All of that stuff definitely smacks of love of democracy. The insane hypocrisy of these folks is beyond measure.

INGRAHAM: Yes, that was a Muslim event online that occurred today. Ben, congrats on the book, "How to Destroy American in Three Easy Steps." It hits shelves tomorrow. You can also get it on Amazon. We'll talk to you soon, Ben.

And coming up, Biden comes out of the basement, yes, he does, with plans for a new curriculum for your kids. And Trader Joe's becoming Trader No's. All that and more in "Seen and Unseen" with Raymond Arroyo next.


INGRAHAM: It's time for our "Seen and Unseen" where we explore the big cultural stories of the day. For the latest we are joined by Raymond Arroyo, FOX News contributor. Raymond, Biden hopped on a virtual meetup with Muslim voters today and some Muslim officials. What happened?

RAYMOND ARROYO, FOX NEWS CONTRIBUTOR: Laura, the former vice president as a time just keeping his head up. There were no questions from this August panel, which, as you mentioned earlier, included Women's March organizer Linda Sarsour, but Biden did make this important statement via teleprompter.


JOE BIDEN, (D) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I wish we taught more in our schools about the Islamic faith. I wish we talked about all the great confessional faiths. It's one of the great confessional faiths. And what people don't realize is one of my avocations is theology.


ARROYO: Theology. Now, Laura, Biden is suggesting that schools, presumably public schools, teach the Islamic faith. Now, look, I would be for schools teaching Christianity as well since that is 70 percent of the population, Islam is one percent. But the teachers' unions might not like that too much. Moral education of children is critical, but Joe Biden is opposed to moral education, Laura. He's against vouchers for private religious schools, he vowed to end charter schools. But I guess now he wants to teach Islam as part of public education. None of this makes sense to me, or to him, I think.

INGRAHAM: Yes, imagine if Trump came out and said I want Jesus taught in all the public schools. They would shut him down in about five seconds, "New York Times," the ACLU, they would go crazy. This is ridiculous.

ARROYO: Biden also, Laura, Biden promised to end the Muslim travel ban, except there is no Muslim travel ban. Those travel bans, which survived the Supreme Court scrutiny, include North Korea and Venezuela, hardly Muslim majority countries.

Then the Biden trademark blunders dropped by for a visit. Watch this.


BIDEN: Congress should make up legislation -- take up legislation to restore the Voting Rights Act. Long overdue national reckoning, and end racial and religious profiling -- and end racial and religious profiling. I'll work to close those God-awful policies.


ARROYO: Laura, Joe Biden is like an electric car going cross country. It runs out of charge a quarter of the way there. He just kind of runs out of steam. I've never seen --

INGRAHAM: I have to say, I feel a little bad because I think they are blasting him with lights, and his eyes, by the end of this thing, they were like little slits. Did you notice his poor eyes? I feel bad for him.

ARROYO: I think he's straining to read the teleprompter. I think it's the teleprompter.

INGRAHAM: He winces through his remarks, he winces through them.

All right, Raymond, I want to play -- I don't want to torture you. Hillary Clinton tonight was questioning President Trump's mental fitness on MSNBC.


HILLARY CLINTON, D-FORMER PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I'm concerned because he doesn't seem up to the job. He doesn't seem capable of having the attention, the concentration, the focus, the discipline to stay with a problem like the pandemic poses.


ARROYO: Now, keep those cognitive requirements in mind, Laura -- attention, concentration, focus, as we watch Joe Biden from the same Joy Reid show tonight discussing the vetting of his running mate. Watch the concentration.


BIDEN: That is just being finished. I'm having a two-hour vetting report from the lawyers and women and men of color as well as white folks who are doing the vetting. And when I get all the vetting done of all the candidates, then I'm going to narrow the list.


INGRAHAM: My God, this is terrifying.

ARROYO: The list, Laura. If this is the mental rigor brought to task on the challenges of the day, I just don't know how he brings this, crosses line here. It's unbelievable.

INGRAHAM: How can she say this with a straight face, OK? What time did she go to sleep the night of the Benghazi attack? I think I was up all night watching that longer than she was. What is she talking about?

ARROYO: Laura, when you hear that performance, though, you see why among African-American voters, forget the larger population, Zogby has 77 percent of black voters supporting Biden. There's real erosion here and cause for concern. The Kanye West run might siphon even more those voters out. We'll see where he qualifies.

INGRAHAM: I'm telling you, Biden needs to put little toothpicks in his eyes to keep his eyes open, because the man needs to get more sleep. I'm going to say it charitably. But Hillary, no, no thanks.

All right, Raymond, great to see you. Take care. And we'll get to Trader Joe's on Wednesdays. Sorry, we didn't have enough time.

A rogue St. Louis circuit court attorney has filed felony charges against that St. Louis couple caught on camera defending their home from a mob. Former Missouri Governor Eric Greitens has found himself on the wrong side of this attorney and is here and moments to react.


INGRAHAM: Mark and Patricia McCloskey made news around the world after pointing their guns at protesters who had smashed the gates and entered their private property. The Castle Doctrine allows Missouri residents to use physical force when they believe it's necessary to stop what they think is stealing, property damage, or tampering in any degree. Despite that very clear language in the law that would seem to clear the McCloskeys, St. Louis circuit attorney Kimberly Gardner charged each with a single felony count of unlawful use of a weapon.

My next guest has his own issues with Gardner when he was governor of Missouri. Eric Greitens joins me now. Governor, how is she still able to wield such power?

ERIC GREITENS, R-FORMER MISSOURI GOVERNOR: Laura, it's important for all of your viewers to remember that Kim Gardner is a George Soros funded prosecutor. He paid for over 70 percent of her campaign. And in her the radical left is getting exactly what it paid for. This is a woman who lets looters loose. When they were Black Lives Matter activists who assaulted and attacked -- businesses are burned, police officers are shot, retired St. Louis police captain David Dorn was murdered. Good kids are being murdered on the streets of St. Louis, and this is what she does? She goes after people who are defending themselves. She is the embodiment of the lawlessness of the left.

INGRAHAM: We have covered the effort to infiltrate these local prosecutors' races, commonwealth attorney in Virginia and Fairfax County, and other counties. It's an incredibly disturbing, important story. And the prosecutor, again in the case, had to say this about ethics back in June.


KIM GARDNER, ST. LOUIS CIRCUIT ATTORNEY: I was accused of letting every single person go who the St. Louis Police Department arrested for looting and rioting. We need the police to bring admissible evidence to charge. My office cannot issue any case when there is not admissible evidence, point blank. And if we do issue a case when there is not admissible evidence, that is unethical.


INGRAHAM: So charging looters and rioters is unethical, but these charges are fine? That's terrifying.

GREITENS: It is terrifying. And look, Laura, you're a lawyer, you clerked on the Supreme Court. You understand better than anyone the consequences of lawlessness. And right now, because of Kim Gardner, you have lawlessness on the streets of St. Louis. Kids are being murdered. The murder rate is up 30 percent. People are dying and lives are being lost because we have someone in Kim Gardner who is focused on attacking people who are defending themselves instead of actually enforcing the law. And this is the kind of consequence that you see when this kind of ludicrous, liberal leftist logic of defunding the police and attacking the police and failing to enforce the law runs rampant. That is happening in the city of St. Louis.

INGRAHAM: Governor, I want to go further, and I want to say, if Biden wins, heaven forbid, in November, she is the type of person with her ideology and her bias that is going to be appointed in the Justice Department. So if you like what she is doing in St. Louis, buckle up and get ready, because there are going to be a lot of Kim Gardners in very high positions wielding a lot of power at DOJ. That is a real disturbing thing.

I just want to put up the number, because you mention Soros, Governor, the number that he gave. Soros backed super PACs total contribution was at least $190,750. She has no regrets about the assistance from the super PAC. So that's a lot of cash for a St. Louis circuit attorney race, is it not?

GREITENS: It's a tremendous amount of cash. And what happens is they come in and they buy circuit attorney's like Kim Gardner, who then go out and do their bidding. And anyone who is a threat to them, she will attack the police. They will come after outsiders. They are a real threat to America.

INGRAHAM: Governor, sorry to cut you off, but she is in a big war with the police. We're going to get into that later in the week. Thanks so much.

Coming up, will a Biden presidency bring the doctor's office to the polling places? It's confusing. Stay there.


INGRAHAM: With COVID lockdowns causing a surge in unemployed doctors due to bans on elective surgeries, Joe Biden offered a rather unique alternative tonight.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Are you prepared to fight an election in a little over 100 days with Russia and China potentially involved? And what can you do about it?

BIDEN: Well, the only thing we can do about it is be prepared. We have a whole group of lawyers who are going out to every polling, every voter registration, physician in the states.


INGRAHAM: Voter registration physicians? Well, if you don't have a real plan for more jobs, I guess just invent them.

That's all the time we have tonight. Shannon Bream and the "Fox News @ Night" team have all the details. They take it from here, Shannon.

Content and Programming Copyright 2020 Fox News Network, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Copyright 2020 ASC Services II Media, LLC. All materials herein are protected by United States copyright law and may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, displayed, published or broadcast without the prior written permission of ASC Services II Media, LLC. You may not alter or remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from copies of the content.


Jim Loscalzo/ZUMA

The coronavirus is a rapidly developing news story, so some of the content in this article might be out of date. Check out our most recent coverage of the coronavirus crisis, and subscribe to the Mother Jones Daily newsletter.

President Trump and members of his coronavirus task force are set to appear on Fox News this afternoon for a virtual town hall discussion on the coronavirus pandemic, a two-hour special that, in giving the president a platform, carries a high risk of spreading misinformation, political attacks, and further confusion on the social distancing measures that are central to efforts to curb the spread of infections.

But while Trump may top the bill, the medical professionals Fox News has enlisted to take part may pose more danger than the president himself. All three—Dr. Mehmet Oz, Dr. Nicole Saphier, and Dr. Marc Siegel—have either had a role in downplaying the threat of the virus or have pushed dangerous information about how to fight it. Their presence on the show threatens to surround Trump’s pronouncement with a false sense of scientific authority.

Let’s roll the tape.

By now, most Americans are acquainted with Oz, the talkshow doctor whose long history of promoting dubious diet products and advice should be familiar to our television obsessed president. (As my colleague Pat Caldwell noted when Oz interviewed Trump in 2016, the president himself once pushed a Trump-branded scheme marketing questionable dietary supplements.) Now, amid a public health crisis, Oz is one of the key voices pushing an unproven malaria treatment that Trump and others have dangerously claimed can cure coronavirus, despite health officials’ warnings that it has yet to be thoroughly tested. Multiple people, including an Arizona man, have since been poisoned after ingesting the chemicals associated with the treatment.

As for Saphier—who in February incorrectly claimed that the death rates for coronavirus and the flu were similar—the regular Fox News contributor has been busy applying her longstanding anti-big government views to blame millennials and even Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) for supposedly failing to practice social distancing measures.

“I talk about how bad behavior and big government have caused our trillion-dollar health crisis. This is no difference,” Saphier told Fox & Friends last week. “We know that this generation, they like to take it to the streets, as AOC says. They do protest, they feel that they are invincible. Part of this is just being young and not having compassion for those older, but part of that is also their parenting as well.”

Rounding out the trio is Siegel, also a frequent Fox News contributor, who earlier this month spread false information about the virus’s threat to blast the World Health Organization for its dire warnings about the threat of the virus. “They are a bunch of alarmists, they are saber rattlers,” he said during an appearance on March 6. “There’s no reason to believe it’s actually more problematic or deadly than influenza.” 

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Doctor Mike Challenged On Fox News

Dr. Nesheiwat says Trump 'smart' to take hydroxychloroquine as 'prophylactic' after WH coronavirus cases

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Fox News medical contributor Dr. Janette Nesheiwat joined "Your World" Monday to discuss hydroxychloroquine after President Trump disclosed that he is regularly taking the antimalarial drug as a preventative measure against contracting the coronavirus.

"You have to have a discussion with your doctor to decide if it is best for you," Nesheiwat warned. "It is not going to be good for everyone but it may be beneficial and potentially life-saving for others.

"So, I think it is good to have this medication in our toolbox along with remdesivir while we wait for a vaccine to become approved," she added.


During a roundtable with restaurant industry leaders in the White House’s State Dining Room Monday, Trump told reporters he began taking the drug nearly a week and a half ago.

"I think it's good," he said. "I've heard a lot good stories. And if it's not good, I'll tell you right [now], I'm not going to get hurt by it."

Hydroxychloroquine, which was heavily touted by Trump during the White House coronavirus task force's daily briefings in late March and throughout April, has elicited mixed reactions from doctors about the drug's effectiveness in treating COVID-19.

In late April, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned against the use of hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine in combination with azithromycin, following reports of “serious heart rhythm problems” in COVID-19 patients who had been treated with the medications.

"We have to look at the individual’s medical history," Nesheiwat emphasized. "What medicines are they on? Do they have any underlying medical problems? This is not a medication for everyone. But it is important to have that conversation with your doctor to define is it best for you? Are you at a higher risk of death for the coronavirus?"


Nesheiwat also said she thinks it is "very smart" for Trump to take the drug as a "prophylactic preventative measure" after members of his administration tested positive for the virus in recent days

"Now," the doctor warned, "if you have underlying cardiac arrhythmia, we need to be careful. We might not want to put you on that unless you are on your deathbed and it is your last resort."


Nesheiwat said she had personally prescribed hydroxychloroquine to many of her patients, with mixed results.

"For some of them, they said it helped tremendously. For some of them, it didn't make much of a change," she explained, reiterating the importance of "having a discussion with your doctor to decide if it is best for you."

Fox News' Chris Ciaccia contributed to this report.

Yael Halon is a reporter for Fox News.


Female fox doctor contributors news

Fox News

American conservative cable television news channel

For other uses, see Fox News (disambiguation).

The Fox News Channel, abbreviated FNC, commonly known as Fox News, and stylized in all caps, is an American multinationalconservative[3][4][5][6]cablenews television channel based in New York City. It is owned by Fox News Media, which itself is owned by the Fox Corporation.[7] The channel broadcasts primarily from studios at 1211 Avenue of the Americas in Midtown Manhattan. Fox News provides service to 86 countries and overseas territories worldwide,[8] with international broadcasts featuring Fox Extra segments during ad breaks.[9]

The channel was created by Australian-Americanmedia mogulRupert Murdoch to appeal to a conservative audience, hiring former Republican media consultant and CNBC executive Roger Ailes as its founding CEO.[10][11] It launched on October 7, 1996, to 17 million cable subscribers.[12] Fox News grew during the late 1990s and 2000s to become the dominant subscription news network in the U.S.[13] As of September 2018[update], approximately 87,118,000 U.S. households (90.8% of television subscribers) received Fox News.[14] In 2019, Fox News was the top-rated cable network, averaging 2.5 million viewers.[15][16][17] Murdoch is the current executive chairman and Suzanne Scott is the CEO.[18][19]

Fox News has been described as practicing biased reporting in favor of the Republican Party, its politicians, and conservative causes while portraying the Democratic Party in a negative light.[25] Critics have cited the channel as detrimental to the integrity of news overall.[26][27]

Fox News' official position is that its news reporting operates independently of its opinion and commentary programming, and it has denied bias in its news reporting, although former employees have stated that Fox ordered them to "slant the news in favor of conservatives".[28][29]


Main article: History of Fox News

In May 1985, Australian publisher Rupert Murdoch announced that he and American industrialist and philanthropist Marvin Davis intended to develop "a network of independent stations as a fourth marketing force" to compete directly with CBS, NBC, and ABC through the purchase of six television stations owned by Metromedia.[30] In July 1985, 20th Century Fox announced Murdoch had completed his purchase of 50% of Fox Filmed Entertainment, the parent company of 20th Century Fox Film Corporation.[31] A year later, 20th Century Fox earned $5.6 million in its fiscal third period ended May 31, 1986, in contrast to a loss of $55.8 million in the third period of the previous year.[32]

Subsequently, and prior to founding FNC, Murdoch had gained experience in the 24-hour news business when News Corporation's BSkyB subsidiary began Europe's first 24-hour news channel (Sky News) in the United Kingdom in 1989.[33] With the success of his fourth network efforts in the United States,[34] experience gained from Sky News and the turnaround of 20th Century Fox, Murdoch announced on January 31, 1996, that News Corp. would launch a 24-hour news channel on cable and satellite systems in the United States as part of a News Corp. "worldwide platform" for Fox programming: "The appetite for news – particularly news that explains to people how it affects them – is expanding enormously".[35]

In February 1996, after former U.S. Republican Party political strategist and NBC executive[36]Roger Ailes left cable television channel America's Talking (now MSNBC), Murdoch asked him to start Fox News Channel. Ailes demanded five months of 14-hour workdays and several weeks of rehearsal shows before its launch on October 7, 1996.[1]

At its debut 17 million households were able to watch FNC;[12] however, it was absent from the largest U.S. media markets of New York City and Los Angeles. Rolling news coverage during the day consisted of 20-minute single-topic shows such as Fox on Crime or Fox on Politics, surrounded by news headlines. Interviews featured facts at the bottom of the screen about the topic or the guest. The flagship newscast at the time was The Schneider Report, with Mike Schneider's fast-paced delivery of the news. During the evening, Fox featured opinion shows: The O'Reilly Report (later The O'Reilly Factor), The Crier Report (hosted by Catherine Crier) and Hannity & Colmes.

From the beginning, FNC has placed heavy emphasis on visual presentation. Graphics were designed to be colorful and gain attention; this helped the viewer to grasp the main points of what was being said, even if they could not hear the host (with on-screen text summarizing the position of the interviewer or speaker, and "bullet points" when a host was delivering commentary). Fox News also created the "Fox News Alert", which interrupted its regular programming when a breaking news story occurred.

Fox News Studios in 2009.

To accelerate its adoption by cable providers, Fox News paid systems up to $11 per subscriber to distribute the channel.[37] This contrasted with the normal practice, in which cable operators paid stations carriage fees for programming. When Time Warner bought Ted Turner's Turner Broadcasting System, a federal antitrustconsent decree required Time Warner to carry a second all-news channel in addition to its own CNN on its cable systems. Time Warner selected MSNBC as the secondary news channel, not Fox News. Fox News claimed this violated an agreement (to carry Fox News). Citing its agreement to keep its U.S. headquarters and a large studio in New York City, News Corporation enlisted the help of Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's administration to pressure Time Warner Cable (one of the city's two cable providers) to transmit Fox News on a city-owned channel.[38] City officials threatened to take action affecting Time Warner's cable franchises in the city.[39]

During the September 11, 2001, attacks, Fox News was the first news organization to run a news ticker on the bottom of the screen to keep up with the flow of information that day. The ticker has remained, informing viewers about additional news which reporters may not mention on-screen and repeating news mentioned during a broadcast; it has proven popular with viewers.[40]

Political alignment

Further information: Media bias in the United States

Fox News has been described as practicing biased reporting in favor of the Republican Party, the George W. Bush and Donald Trump administrations, and conservative causes while portraying the Democratic Party in a negative light.[20][21][22][23] Critics have cited the channel as detrimental to the integrity of news overall.[26][27] Fox News employees have said that news reporting operates independently of its opinion and commentary programming, and have denied bias in news reporting, while former employees have said that Fox ordered them to "slant the news in favor of conservatives".[41] According to a March 2021 Pew Research Center poll, 73% of Americans considered Fox News "mainstream media."[42]


FNC maintains an archive of most of its programs. This archive also includes Movietone News series of newsreels from its now Disney-owned namesake movie studio, 20th Century Fox. Licensing for the Fox News archive is handled by ITN Source, the archiving division of ITN.[43]


Main article: List of programs broadcast by Fox News Channel

FNC presents a variety of programming, with up to 15 hours of live broadcasting per day in addition to programming and content for the Fox Broadcasting Company. Most programs are broadcast from Fox News headquarters in New York City (at 1211 Avenue of the Americas), in its streetside studio on Sixth Avenue in the west wing of Rockefeller Center, sharing its headquarters with sister channel Fox Business Network. Fox News Channel has eight studios at its New York City headquarters that are used for its and Fox Business' programming: Studio B (used for Fox Business programming), Studio D (which has an area for studio audiences; no longer in current use), Studio E (used for Gutfeld! and The Journal Editorial Report), Studio F (used for The Story with Martha MacCallum, The Five, Fox Democracy 2020, Fox & Friends, Outnumbered, The Faulkner Focus, Fox News Primetime, and Watters' World) Studio G (which houses Fox Business shows, The Fox Report, Your World with Neil Cavuto, and Cavuto Live), Studio H (Fox News Deck used for breaking news coverage, no longer in current use), Studio J (used for America's Newsroom, Hannity, Justice with Judge Jeanine, Fox News Live, Fox & Friends First, and Sunday Morning Futures) Starting in 2018, Thursday Night Football had its pregame show, Fox NFL Thursday, originating from Studio F. Another Fox Sports program, First Things First, also broadcasts from Studio E.

Other such programs (such as Special Report with Bret Baier, The Ingraham Angle, Fox News @ Night, Media Buzz, and editions of Fox News Live not broadcast from the New York City studios) are broadcast from Fox News's Washington, D.C. studios, located on Capitol Hill across from Union Station in a secured building shared by a number of other television networks (including NBC News and C-SPAN). The Next Revolution is broadcast from Fox News' Los Angeles bureau studio, which is also used for news updates coming from L.A.. Tucker Carlson Tonight and Life, Liberty, & Levin are done from personal studios, in Maine and Virginia respectively. Audio simulcasts of the channel are aired on SiriusXM Satellite Radio.

In an October 11, 2009, in a New York Times article, Fox said its hard-news programming runs from "9 AM to 4 PM and 6 to 8 PM on weekdays". However, it makes no such claims for its other broadcasts, which primarily consist of editorial journalism and commentary.[44]

Fox News Channel began broadcasting in the 720p resolution format on May 1, 2008.[45] This format is available on all major cable and satellite providers.

The Fox News Group produces Fox News Sunday, which airs on Fox Broadcasting and re-airs on FNC. Fox News also produces occasional special event coverage that is broadcast on FBC.


Main article: Fox News Radio

With the growth of the FNC, the company introduced a radio division, Fox News Radio, in 2003.[46]Syndicated throughout the United States, the division provides short newscasts and talk radio programs featuring personalities from the television and radio divisions. In 2006, the company also introduced Fox News Talk, a satellite radio station featuring programs syndicated by (and featuring) Fox News personalities.


Introduced in December 1995,[47] the Fox News website features the latest coverage, including columns by FNC television, radio and online personalities. Video clips are also available on and Fox News Latino is the version aimed at the Hispanic audience, although presented almost entirely in English, with a Spanish section.[48]

In September 2008, FNC joined other channels in introducing a live streaming segment to its website: The Strategy Room, designed to appeal to older viewers. It airs weekdays from 9 AM to 5 PM and takes the form of an informal discussion, with running commentary on the news. Regular discussion programs include Business Hour, News With a View and God Talk.[49] In March 2009, The Fox Nation was launched as a website intended to encourage readers to post articles commenting on the news.[50] Fox News Mobile is the portion of the FNC website dedicated to streaming news clips formatted for video-enabled mobile phones.[51]

Ratings and reception

In 2003, Fox News saw a large ratings jump during the early stages of the U.S. invasion of Iraq. At the height of the conflict, according to some reports, Fox News had as much as a 300% increase in viewership (averaging 3.3 million viewers daily).[52] In 2004, Fox News' ratings for its broadcast of the Republican National Convention exceeded those of the three major broadcast networks. During President George W. Bush's address, Fox News attracted 7.3 million viewers nationally; NBC, ABC, and CBS had a viewership of 5.9 million, 5.1 million, and 5.0 million respectively.

Between late 2005 and early 2006, Fox News saw a brief decline in ratings. One was in the second quarter of 2006, when it lost viewers for every prime-time program compared with the previous quarter. The audience for the Special Report with Brit Hume, for example, dropped 19%. Several weeks later, in the wake of the 2006 North Korean missile test and the 2006 Lebanon War, Fox saw a surge in viewership and remained the top-rated cable news channel.[53] Fox produced eight of the top ten most-watched nightly cable news shows, with The O'Reilly Factor and Hannity & Colmes finishing first and second respectively.[54]

FNC ranked No. 8 in viewership among all cable channels in 2006, and No. 7 in 2007.[55] The channel ranked number one during the week of Barack Obama's election (November 3–9) in 2008, and reached the top spot again in January 2010 (during the week of the special Senate election in Massachusetts).[56] Comparing Fox to its 24-hour-news-channel competitors, in May 2010, the channel drew an average daily prime-time audience of 1.8 million viewers (versus 747,000 for MSNBC and 595,000 for CNN).[57]

In September 2009, the Pew Research Center published a report on the public view of national news organizations. In the report, 72 percent of polled Republican Fox viewers rated the channel as "favorable", while 43 percent of polled Democratic viewers and 55 percent of all polled viewers shared that opinion. However, Fox was given the highest "unfavorable" rating of all national outlets studied (25 percent of all polled viewers). The report went on to say, "partisan differences in views of Fox News have increased substantially since 2007".[58]

A Public Policy Polling poll concluded in 2013 that positive perceptions of FNC had declined from 2010. 41% of polled voters said they trust it, down from 49% in 2010, while 46% said they distrust it, up from 37% in 2010. It was also called the "most trusted" network by 34% of those polled, more than had said the same of any other network.[59]

On the night of October 22, 2012, Fox set a record for its highest-rated telecast, with 11.5 million viewers for the third U.S. presidential debate.[60] In prime time the week before, Fox averaged almost 3.7 million viewers with a total day average of 1.66 million viewers.[61]

In prime time and total day ratings for the week of April 15 to 21, 2013, Fox News, propelled by its coverage of the Boston Marathon bombing, was the highest-ranked network on U.S. cable television, for the first time since August 2005, when Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast of the United States.[62] January 2014 marked Fox News's 145th consecutive month as the highest-rated cable news channel. During that month, Fox News beat CNN and MSNBC combined in overall viewers in both prime time hours and the total day.[63] In the third quarter of 2014, the network was the most-watched cable channel during prime time hours.[64] During the final week of the campaign for the United States elections, 2014, Fox News had the highest ratings of any cable channel, news or otherwise. On election night itself, Fox News' coverage had higher ratings than that of any of the other five cable or network news sources among viewers between 25 and 54 years of age.[65] The network hosted the first prime-time GOP candidates' forum of the 2016 campaign on August 6. The debate reached a record-breaking 24 million viewers, by far the largest audience for any cable news event.[66]

A 2017 study by the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University found that Fox News was the third most-shared source among supporters of Donald Trump on Twitter during the 2016 presidential election, behind The Hill and Breitbart News.[67][68]

In 2018, Fox News was rated by Nielsen as America's most watched cable network, averaging a record 2.4 million viewers in prime time and total day during the period of January 1 to December 30, 2018.[69]

The COVID-19 pandemic led to increased viewership for all cable news networks. For the first calendar quarter of 2020 (January 1 – March 31), Fox News had their highest-rated quarter in the network's history, with Nielsen showing a prime time average total audience of 3.387 million viewers. Sean Hannity's program, Hannity, weeknights at 9 pm ET was the top-rated show in cable news for the quarter averaging 4.2 million viewers, a figure that not only beat out all of its cable news competition but also placed it ahead of network competition in the same time slot. Fox ended the quarter with the top five shows in prime time, with Fox's Tucker Carlson Tonight finishing the quarter in second overall with an average audience of 4.2 million viewers, followed by The Five, The Ingraham Angle, and Special Report with Bret Baier. The Rachel Maddow Show was the highest non-Fox show on cable, coming in sixth place. Finishing the quarter in 22nd place was The Lead with Jake Tapper, CNN's highest rated show.[70] According to a Fox News article on the subject, Fox & Friends averaged 1.8 million viewers, topping CNN's New Day and MSNBC's Morning Joe combined. The same Fox News article noted that the Fox Business Network also had its highest-rated quarter in history and that Fox News itself finished March as the highest-rated network in cable for the 45th consecutive month, "...and the digital platforms excelled, too," the article claimed.[71]

In July 2020, the Wikipedia community announced that Fox News would no longer be considered "generally reliable" in its reporting of science and politics, and that it "should be used with caution to verify contentious claims" for those topics.[72][73] The decision was made due to Fox News downplaying the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as allegations of Fox News spreading misinformation about climate change and reporting on the false concept of "no-go zones" for non-Muslims in British cities.[72]

According to the Los Angeles Times on August 19, 2020: "Fox News Channel had six of last week's 11 highest-rated prime-time programs to finish first in the network ratings race for the third time since June" 2020.[74]

A Morning Consult survey the week after Election Day 2020 showed 30 percent of Republicans in the United States had an unfavorable opinion of Fox News, while 54 percent of Republicans viewed the network favorably, compared to 67 percent before the election. A McClatchy news story suggested criticism from Donald Trump as a major reason, as well as the network's early calling of Arizona for Joe Biden, and later joining other networks in declaring Biden the winner of the 2020 election.[75]

Ratings were also down for Fox News. Although it remained ahead of other networks overall, its morning show fell out of first place for the first time since 2001. Trump recommended OANN, which was gaining viewers. Newsmax was also increasing in popularity.[75]


As indicated by a New York Times article, based on Nielsen statistics, Fox appears to have a mostly aged demographic.[76] In 2008, in the 25–54 age group, Fox News had an average of 557,000 viewers, but dropped to 379,000 in 2013 while increasing its overall audience from 1.89 million in 2010 to 2.02 million in 2013. The median age of a prime-time viewer was 68 as of 2015[update].[77] A 2019 Pew Research Center survey showed that among those who named Fox News as their main source for political news, 69% are aged 50 or older.[78]

According to a 2013 Gallup poll, 94% of Fox viewers "either identify as or lean Republican".[79] The 2019 Pew survey showed that among people who named Fox News as their main source for political and election news, 93% identify as Republicans. Among the top eight political news sources named by at least 2% of American adults, the results show Fox News and MSNBC as the two news channels with the most partisan audiences.[78]


Fox News Channel originally used the slogan "Fair and Balanced", which was coined by network co-founder Roger Ailes while the network was being established. The New York Times described the slogan as being a "blunt signal that Fox News planned to counteract what Mr. Ailes and many others viewed as a liberal bias ingrained in television coverage by establishment news networks".[80][81] In a 2013 interview with Peter Robinson of the Hoover Institution, Rupert Murdoch defended the company's "Fair and Balanced" slogan saying "In fact, you'll find just as many Democrats as Republicans on and so on".[82]

In August 2003, Fox News sued comedian Al Franken over his use of the slogan as a subtitle for his book, Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them: A Fair and Balanced Look at the Right, which is critical of Fox News Channel.[83] The lawsuit was dropped three days later, after Judge Denny Chin refused its request for an injunction. In his decision, Chin ruled the case was "wholly without merit, both factually and legally". He went on to suggest that Fox News' trademark on the phrase "fair and balanced" could be invalid.[84] In December 2003, FNC won a legal battle concerning the slogan, when AlterNet filed a cancellation petition with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to have FNC's trademark rescinded as inaccurate. AlterNet included Robert Greenwald's documentary film Outfoxed (2004) as supporting evidence in its case.[85] After losing early motions, AlterNet withdrew its petition; the USPTO dismissed the case.[86] In 2008, FNC used the slogan "We Report, You Decide", referring to "You Decide 2008" (FNC's original slogan for its coverage of election issues).

In August 2016, Fox News Channel began to quietly phase out the "Fair and Balanced" slogan in favor of "Most Watched, Most Trusted"; when these changes were reported in June 2017 by Gabriel Sherman (a writer who had written a biography on Ailes), a network executive said the change "has nothing to do with programming or editorial decisions". It was speculated by media outlets that Fox News Channel was wishing to distance itself from Ailes' tenure at the network.[80][81][87] In March 2018, the network introduced a new ad campaign, Real News. Real Honest Opinion. The ad campaign is intended to promote the network's opinion-based programming and counter perceptions surrounding "fake news".[88][89]

In mid-November 2020, following the election, Fox News began to use the slogan "Standing Up For What's Right" to promote its primetime lineup.[90]


Benghazi attack and aftermath

Further information: 2012 Benghazi attack

Fox News provided extensive coverage of the 2012 Benghazi attack, which host Sean Hannity described in December 2012 as "the story that the mainstream media ignores" and "obviously, a cover-up. And we will get to the bottom of it."[91] Programming analysis by Media Matters found that during the twenty months following the Benghazi attacks, FNC ran 1,098 segments on the issue, including:[92]

  • 478 segments involving Susan Rice's September 16, 2012, Sunday news show appearances, during which she was falsely accused of lying
  • 382 segments on Special Report, the network's flagship news program
  • 281 segments alleging a "cover-up" by the Obama administration
  • 144 interviews of GOP members of Congress, but just five interviews of Democratic members of Congress and Obama administration officials
  • 120 comparisons to Iran-Contra, Watergate, and the actions of the Nixon administration
  • 100 segments falsely suggesting the administration issued a "stand-down order" to prevent a rescue operation in Benghazi

Over nearly four years after the Benghazi attack, there were ten official investigations, including six by Republican-controlled House committees. None of the investigations found any evidence of scandal, cover-up or lying by Obama administration officials.

On June 29, 2018, Fox News broadcast a segment by news anchor Bret Baier entitled "Whatever happened to the Benghazi investigation?" which repeated some of the accusations the network had previously made about Susan Rice and Hillary Clinton, but for which the women had been exonerated by the official investigations.[93]

Uranium One

Further information: Uranium One controversy

From 2015 into 2018, Fox News broadcast extensive coverage of an alleged scandal surrounding the sale of Uranium One to Russian interests, which host Sean Hannity characterized as "one of the biggest scandals in American history".[94] According to Media Matters the Fox News coverage extended throughout the programming day, with particular emphasis by Hannity.[95] The network promoted an ultimately unfounded narrative asserting that, as Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton personally approved the Uranium One sale in exchange for $145 million in bribes paid to the Clinton Foundation. Donald Trump repeated these allegations as a candidate and as president.[96][97][98] No evidence of wrongdoing by Clinton had been found after four years of allegations, an FBI investigation, and the 2017 appointment of a Federal attorney to evaluate the investigation. In November 2017, Fox News host Shepard Smith concisely debunked the alleged scandal, infuriating viewers who suggested he should work for CNN or MSNBC.[97] Hannity later called Smith "clueless," while Smith stated, "I get it, that some of our opinion programming is there strictly to be entertaining. I get that. I don't work there. I wouldn't work there."[99][100]

Pro-Republican and pro-Trump bias

Fox News Channel has been widely described as providing biased reporting in favor of conservative political positions,[106] the Republican Party[22][107][108] and President Donald Trump.[113] Political scientist Jonathan Bernstein described Fox News as an expanded part of the Republican Party.[22][108] Political scientists Matt Grossmann and David A. Hopkins wrote that Fox News helped "Republicans communicate with their base and spread their ideas, and they have been effective in mobilizing voters to participate in midterm elections (as in 2010 and 2014)."[22] Prior to 2000, Fox News lacked an ideological tilt, and had more Democrats watch the channel than Republicans.[114] During the 2004 presidential election, Fox News was markedly more hostile in its coverage of Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry, and distinguished itself among cable news outlets for heavy coverage of the Swift Boat smear campaign against Kerry.[115][116][117] During President Obama's first term in office, Fox News helped launch and amplify the Tea Party movement, a conservative movement within the Republican party that organized protests against Obama and his policies.[123]

During the Republican primaries, Fox News was perceived as trying to prevent Trump from clinching the nomination.[101] However, under Trump's presidency, Fox News remade itself into his image, as hardly any criticism of Trump could be heard on Fox News' prime-time shows.[109][124] In Fox News' news reporting, the network dedicated far more coverage to Hillary Clinton-related stories, which critics said was intended to deflect attention from the investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election.[124] Trump provided significant access to Fox News during his presidency, giving 19 interviews to the channel while only 6 in total to other news channels by November 2017; The New York Times described Trump's Fox News interviews as "softball interviews" and some of the interviewers' interview styles as "fawning";[125] similarly, The Economist has described the network's coverage of Trump's presidency as "reliably fawning".[126] From 2015 to 2017, the Fox News prime-time line-up changed from being skeptical and questioning of Trump to a "Trump safe space, with a dose of Bannonist populism once considered on the fringe".[127] The Fox News website has also become more extreme in its rhetoric since Trump's election; according to Columbia University's Tow Center for Digital Journalism, the Fox News website has "gone a little Breitbart" over time.[128] At the start of 2018, Fox News mostly ignored high-profile scandals in the Trump administration which received ample coverage in other national media outlets, such as White House Staff Secretary Rob Porter's resignation amid domestic abuse allegations, the downgrading of Jared Kushner's security clearance and the existence of a non-disclosure agreement between Trump and the porn star Stormy Daniels.[129]

In March 2019, Jane Mayer reported in The New Yorker that Fox reporter Diana Falzone had the story of the Stormy Daniels–Donald Trump scandal before the 2016 election, but that Fox News executive Ken LaCorte told her: "Good reporting, kiddo. But Rupert [Murdoch] wants Donald Trump to win. So just let it go," and the story was killed. LaCorte denied making the statement to Falzone, but conceded, "I was the person who made the call. I didn't run it upstairs to Roger Ailes or others...I didn't do it to protect Donald Trump," adding "[Falzone] had put up a story that just wasn't anywhere close to being something I was comfortable publishing." Nik Richie, who claimed to be one of the sources for the story, called LaCorte's account "complete bullshit", adding "Fox News was culpable. I voted for Trump, and I like Fox, but they did their own 'catch and kill' on the story to protect him."[130][131]

A 2008 study found Fox News gave disproportionate attention to polls suggesting low approval for President Bill Clinton.[132] A 2009 study found Fox News was less likely to pick up stories that reflected well on Democrats, and more likely to pick up stories that reflected well on Republicans.[133] A 2010 study comparing Fox News Channel's Special Report With Brit Hume and NBC's Nightly News coverage of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan during 2005 concluded "Fox News was much more sympathetic to the administration than NBC", suggesting "if scholars continue to find evidence of a partisan or ideological bias at FNC ... they should consider Fox as alternative, rather than mainstream, media".[134]

Research finds that Fox News increases Republican vote shares and makes Republican politicians more partisan.[103][135][136][137] A 2007 study, using the introduction of Fox News into local markets (1996–2000) as an instrumental variable, found that in the 2000 presidential election "Republicans gained 0.4 to 0.7 percentage points in the towns that broadcast Fox News", suggesting "Fox News convinced 3 to 28 percent of its viewers to vote Republican, depending on the audience measure".[103] These results were confirmed by a 2015 study.[137] A 2014 study, using the same instrumental variable, found congressional "representatives become less supportive of President Clinton in districts where Fox News begins broadcasting than similar representatives in similar districts where Fox News was not broadcast."[136] A 2017 study, using channel positions as an instrumental variable, found "Fox News increases Republican vote shares by 0.3 points among viewers induced into watching 2.5 additional minutes per week by variation in position."[135] Another 2014 paper found Fox News viewing increased Republican vote shares among voters who identified as Republican or independent.[138]

Fox News publicly denies it is biased, with Murdoch and Ailes saying have included Murdoch's statement that Fox has "given room to both sides, whereas only one side had it before".[139] Fox News host Chris Wallace has said, "I think we are the counter-weight [to NBC News] ... they have a liberal agenda, and we tell the other side of the story."[140] In 2004, Robert Greenwald's documentary film Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch's War on Journalism argued Fox News had a conservative bias and featured clips from Fox News and internal memos from editorial vice president John Moody directing Fox News staff on how to report certain subjects.[141][142]

A leaked memo from Fox News vice president Bill Sammon to news staff at the height of the health care reform in the United States debate has been cited as an example of the pro-Republican Party bias of Fox News. His memo asked the staff to "use the term 'government-run health insurance,' or, when brevity is a concern, 'government option,' whenever possible". The memo was sent shortly after Republican pollster Frank Luntz advised Sean Hannity on his Fox show, "If you call it a public option, the American people are split. If you call it the government option, the public is overwhelmingly against it".[143]

Surveys suggest Fox News is widely perceived to be ideological. A 2009 Pew survey found Fox News is viewed as the most ideological channel in America, with 47 percent of those surveyed said Fox News is "mostly conservative", 14 percent said "mostly liberal" and 24 percent said "neither". In comparison, MSNBC had 36 percent identify it as "mostly liberal", 11 percent as "mostly conservative" and 27 percent as "neither". CNN had 37 percent describe it as "mostly liberal", 11 percent as "mostly conservative" and 33 percent as "neither".[144] A 2004 Pew Research Center survey found FNC was cited (unprompted) by 69 percent of national journalists as a conservative news organization.[145] A Rasmussen poll found 31 percent of Americans felt Fox News had a conservative bias, and 15 percent that it had a liberal bias. It found 36 percent believed Fox News delivers news with neither a conservative or liberal bias, compared with 37 percent who said NPR delivers news with no conservative or liberal bias and 32 percent who said the same of CNN.[146]

David Carr, media critic for The New York Times, praised the 2012 presidential election results coverage on Fox News for the network's response to Republican adviser and Fox News contributor Karl Rove challenging its call that Barack Obama would win Ohio and the election. Fox's prediction was correct. Carr wrote:

Over many months, Fox lulled its conservative base with agitprop: that President Obama was a clear failure, that a majority of Americans saw [Mitt] Romney as a good alternative in hard times, and that polls showing otherwise were politically motivated and not to be believed. But on Tuesday night, the people in charge of Fox News were confronted with a stark choice after it became clear that Mr. Romney had fallen short: was Fox, first and foremost, a place for advocacy or a place for news? In this moment, at least, Fox chose news.[147]

A May 2017 study conducted by Harvard University's Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy examined coverage of Trump's first 100 days in office by several major mainstream media outlets including Fox.[148] It found Trump received 80% negative coverage from the overall media, and received the least negative coverage on Fox – 52% negative and 48% positive.[149]

On March 14, 2017, Andrew Napolitano, a Fox News commentator, claimed on Fox & Friends that British intelligence agency GCHQ had wiretapped Trump on behalf of Barack Obama during the 2016 United States presidential election.[150][151] On March 16, 2017, White House spokesman Sean Spicer repeated the claim.[150] When Trump was questioned about the claim at a news conference, he said "All we did was quote a certain very talented legal mind who was the one responsible for saying that on television. I didn't make an opinion on it."[152] On March 17, 2017, Shepard Smith, a Fox News anchor, admitted the network had no evidence that Trump was under surveillance. British officials said the White House was backing off the claim.[152] Napolitano was later suspended by Fox News for making the claim.[153]

In June 2018, Fox News executives instructed producers to head off inappropriate remarks made on the shows aired by the network by hosts and commentators.[154] The instructions came after a number of Fox News hosts and guests made incendiary comments about the Trump administration's policy of separating migrant children from their parents.[154] Fox News host Laura Ingraham had likened the child detention centers that the children were in to "summer camps". Guest Corey Lewandowski mocked the story of a 10-year-old child with Down syndrome being separated from her mother; the Fox News host did not address Lewandowski's statement.[154] Guest Ann Coulter falsely claimed that the separated children were "child actors"; the Fox News host did not challenge her claim.[154] In a segment on Trump's alleged use of racial dog whistles, one Fox News contributor told an African-American whom he was debating, "You're out of your cotton-picking mind."[154]

According to the 2016 book Asymmetric Politics by political scientists Matt Grossmann and David A. Hopkins, "Fox News tends to raise the profile of scandals and controversies involving Democrats that receive scant attention in other media, such as the relationship between Barack Obama and William Ayers ... Hillary Clinton's role in the fatal 2012 attacks on the American consulate in Benghazi, Libya; the gun-running scandal known as 'Fast and Furious'; the business practices of federal loan guarantee recipient Solyndra; the past activism of Obama White House operative Van Jones; the 2004 attacks on John Kerry by the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth; the controversial sermons of Obama's Chicago pastor Jeremiah Wright; the filming of undercover videos of supposed wrongdoing by the liberal activist group ACORN; and the 'war on Christmas' supposedly waged every December by secular, multicultural liberals."[119]

In October 2018, Fox News ran laudatory coverage of a meeting between Trump-supporting rapper Kanye West and President Trump in the Oval Office. Fox News had previously run negative coverage of rappers and their involvement with Democratic politicians and causes, such as when Fox News ran headlines describing conscious hip-hop artist Common as "vile" and a "cop-killer rapper", and when Fox News ran negative coverage of Kanye West before he became a Trump supporter.[155]

On November 4, 2018, Trump's website,, announced in a press release that Fox News host Sean Hannity would make a "special guest appearance" with Trump at a midterm campaign rally the following night in Cape Girardeau, Missouri.[156] The following morning, Hannity tweeted "To be clear, I will not be on stage campaigning with the President."[157] Hannity appeared at the president's lectern on stage at the rally, immediately mocking the "fake news" at the back of the auditorium, Fox News reporters among them. Several Fox News employees expressed outrage at Hannity's actions, with one stating, "a new line was crossed."[158] Hannity later asserted that his action was not pre-planned, and Fox News stated it "does not condone any talent participating in campaign events".[159] Fox News host Jeanine Pirro also appeared on stage with Trump at the rally. The Trump press release was later removed from Trump's website.[156][160]

Fox News released a poll of registered voters, jointly conducted by two polling organizations, on June 16, 2019. The poll found some unfavorable results for Trump, including a record high 50% thought the Trump campaign had coordinated with the Russian government, and 50% thought he should be impeached – 43% saying he should also be removed from office – while 48% said they did not favor impeachment.[161][162] The next morning on Fox & Friends First, host Heather Childers twice misrepresented the poll results, stating "a new Fox News poll shows most voters don't want impeachment" and "at least half of U.S. voters do not think President Trump should be impeached," while the on-screen display of the actual poll question was also incorrect. Later that morning on America's Newsroom, the on-screen display showed the correct poll question and results, but highlighted the 48% of respondents who opposed impeachment rather than the 50% who supported it (the latter being broken-out into two figures). As host Bill Hemmer drew guest Byron York's attention to the 48% opposed figure, they did not discuss the 50% support figure, while the on-screen chyron read, "Fox News Poll: 43% Support Trump's Impeachment and Removal, 48% Oppose."[163] Later that day, Trump tweeted "@FoxNews Polls are always bad for me...Something weird going on at Fox."[164]

In April 2017, it became known that former Obama administration national security advisor Susan Rice sought the unmasking of Trump associates who were unidentified in intelligence reports, notably Trump's incoming national security advisor Michael Flynn, during the presidential transition.[165] In May 2020, acting Director of National IntelligenceRichard Grenell, a Trump loyalist, declassified a list of Obama administration officials who had also requested unmasking of Trump associates, which was subsequently publicly released by Republican senators.[166] That month, attorney general Bill Barr appointed federal prosecutor John Bash to examine the unmaskings.[167] Fox News primetime hosts declared the unmaskings a "domestic spying operation" for which the Obama administration was "exposed" in the "biggest abuse of power" in American history.[168] The Bash inquiry closed months later with no findings of substantive wrongdoing.[169]

However, certain Fox personalities have not had as much of a favorable reception from Trump: news anchors Shepard Smith (who retired from Fox in 2019) and Chris Wallace have been criticised by Trump for allegedly being adversarial,[170][171] alongside Fox analyst Andrew Napolitano, who said Trump's actions in the Trump–Ukraine scandal were "both criminal and impeachable behavior".[172] Trump was also critical of the network hiring former DNC chair Donna Brazile, in 2019.[173] The relationship between Trump and Fox News – and other Rupert Murdoch-controlled outlets – soured following the 2020 U.S. presidential election as Trump refused to concede that Joe Biden had been elected President-elect.[174][175] This negative tonal shift led to increased viewership of Newsmax and One America News among Trump and his supporters due to their increased antipathy towards Fox;[176][177][178][179] and as a result, Fox released promotional videos of their opinion hosts disputing the election results, promoting a Trump-affiliated conspiracy theory about voter fraud.[180] By one measure, Newsmax saw a 497% spike in viewership, while Fox News saw a 38% decline.[181]

Writing for the Poynter Institute for Media Studies in February 2021, senior media writer Tom Jones argued that the primary distinction between Fox News and MSNBC is not right bias vs. left bias, but rather that much of the content on Fox News, especially during its primetime programs, is not based in truth.[182] The Poynter Institute operates the PolitiFact factchecking site.[183]

The Tampa Bay Times reported in August 2021 that it had reviewed four months of emails indicating Fox News producers had coordinated with aides of Florida governor Ron DeSantis to promote his political prospects by inviting him for frequent network appearances, exchanging talking points and, in one case, helping him to stage an exclusive news event.[184]

Coverage of Russia investigation

Further information: Special Counsel investigation (2017–2019)

On October 30, 2017, when special counsel Robert Mueller indicted Paul Manafort and Rick Gates, and revealed George Papadopoulos had plead guilty (all of whom were involved in the Trump 2016 campaign), this was the focus of most media's coverage, except Fox News'.[185] Hosts and guests on Fox News called for Mueller to be fired.[185][186] Sean Hannity and Tucker Carlson focused their shows on unsubstantiated allegations that Clinton sold uranium to Russia in exchange for donations to the Clinton Foundation and on the Clinton campaign's role in funding the Donald Trump–Russia dossier.[185][187] Hannity asserted: "The very thing they are accusing President Trump of doing, they did it themselves."[185] During the segment, Hannity mistakenly referred to Clinton as President Clinton.[185][188] Fox News dedicated extensive coverage to the uranium story, which Democrats said was an attempt to distract from Mueller's intensifying investigation.[189][190] CNN described the coverage as "a tour de force in deflection and dismissal".[187] On October 31, CNN reported Fox News employees were dissatisfied with their outlet's coverage of the Russia investigation, with employees calling it an "embarrassment", "laughable" and saying it "does the viewer a huge disservice and further divides the country" and that it is "another blow to journalists at Fox who come in every day wanting to cover the news in a fair and objective way".[191][192]

When the investigation by special counsel Robert Mueller into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election intensified in October 2017, the focus of Fox News coverage turned "what they see as the scandal and wrongdoing of President Trump's political opponents. In reports like these, Bill and Hillary Clinton are prominent and recurring characters because they are considered the real conspirators working with the Russians to undermine American democracy."[193] Paul Waldman of the Washington Post described the coverage as "No puppet. You're the puppet", saying it was a "careful, coordinated, and comprehensive strategy" to distract from Mueller's investigation.[194] German Lopes of Vox said Fox News' coverage has reached "levels of self-parody" as it dedicated coverage to low-key stories, such as a controversial Newsweek op-ed and hamburger emojis, while other networks had wall-to-wall coverage of Mueller's indictments.[195]

A FiveThirtyEight analysis of Russia-related media coverage in cable news found most mentions of Russia on Fox News were spoken in close proximity to "uranium" and "dossier".[196] On November 1, 2017, Vox analyzed the transcripts of Fox News, CNN and MSNBC, and found Fox News "was unable to talk about the Mueller investigation without bringing up Hillary Clinton", "talked significantly less about George Papadopoulos — the Trump campaign adviser whose plea deal with Mueller provides the most explicit evidence thus far that the campaign knew of the Russian government's efforts to help Trump — than its competitors", and "repeatedly called Mueller's credibility into question".[197]

In December 2017, Fox News escalated its attacks on the Mueller investigation, with hosts and guest commentators suggesting the investigation amounted to a coup.[198][199][200][201][202] Guest co-host Kevin Jackson referred to a right-wing conspiracy theory claiming Strzok's messages are evidence of a plot by FBI agents to assassinate Trump, a claim which the other Fox co-hosts quickly said is not supported by any credible evidence.[203][204] Fox News host Jeanine Pirro called the Mueller investigation team a "criminal cabal" and said the team ought to be arrested.[198] Other Fox News figures referred to the investigation as "corrupt", "crooked" and "illegitimate", and likened the FBI to the KGB, the Soviet-era spy organization that routinely tortured and summarily executed people.[199] Political scientists and scholars of coups described the Fox News rhetoric as scary and dangerous.[199] Experts on coups rejected that the Mueller investigation amounted to a coup; rather, the Fox News rhetoric was dangerous to democracy and mirrored the kind of rhetoric that occurs before purges.[199] A number of observers argued the Fox News rhetoric was intended to discredit the Mueller investigation and sway President Donald Trump to fire Mueller.[205]

In August 2018, Fox News was criticized for giving more prominent coverage of a murder committed by an undocumented immigrant than the convictions of Donald Trump's former campaign manager, Paul Manafort, and his long-term personal attorney, Michael Cohen.[206] At the same time, most other national mainstream media gave wall-to-wall coverage of the convictions.[207] Fox News hosts Dana Perrino and Jason Chaffetz argued that voters care far more about the murder than the convictions of the President's former top aides, and hosts Tucker Carlson and Sean Hannity downplayed the convictions.[208][206][209]

False claims about other media

CNN's Jake Tapper

In November 2017, following the 2017 New York City truck attack wherein a terrorist shouted "Allahu Akbar", Fox News distorted a statement by Jake Tapper to make it appear as if he had said "Allahu Akbar" can be used under the most "beautiful circumstances".[210] Fox News omitted that Tapper had said the use of "Allahu Akbar" in the terrorist attack was not one of these beautiful circumstances.[210] A headline on was preceded by a tag reading "OUTRAGEOUS".[210] The Fox News Twitter account distorted the statement even more, saying "Jake Tapper Says 'Allahu Akbar' Is 'Beautiful' Right After NYC Terror Attack" in a tweet that was later deleted.[210] Tapper chastised Fox News for choosing to "deliberately lie" and said "there was a time when one could tell the difference between Fox and the nutjobs at Infowars. It's getting tougher and tougher. Lies are lies."[210] Tapper had in 2009, while a White House correspondent for ABC News, come to the defense of Fox News when the Obama administration claimed that the network was not a legitimate news organization.[211]

Fox News guest host Jason Chaffetz apologized to Tapper for misrepresenting his statement.[212] After Fox News had deleted the tweet, Sean Hannity repeated the misrepresentation and called Tapper "liberal fake news CNN's fake Jake Tapper" and mocked his ratings.[211][212]

The New York Times

In July 2017, a report by Fox & Friends falsely said The New York Times had disclosed intelligence in one of its stories and that this intelligence disclosure helped Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic State, to evade capture.[213] The report cited an inaccurate assertion by Gen. Tony Thomas, the head of the United States Special Operations Command, that a major newspaper had disclosed the intelligence.[213][214] Fox News said it was The New York Times, repeatedly running the chyron "NYT Foils U.S. Attempt To Take Out Al-Bahgdadi".[214]Pete Hegseth, one of the show's hosts, criticized the "failing New York Times".[214] President Donald Trump tweeted about the Fox & Friends report shortly after it first aired, saying "The Failing New York Times foiled U.S. attempt to kill the single most wanted terrorist, Al-Baghdadi. Their sick agenda over National Security."[213] Fox News later updated the story, but without apologizing to the New York Times or responding directly to the inaccuracies.[214]

In a Washington Post column, Erik Wemple said Chris Wallace had covered The New York Times story himself on Fox News Sunday, adding: "Here's another case of the differing standards between Fox News's opinion operation", which has given "a state-run vibe on all matters related to Trump", compared to Fox News's news operation, which has provided "mostly sane coverage".[215]

Climate change

Further information: Media coverage of climate change and Climate change denial

Fox News has often been described as a major platform for climate change denial.[216][217][218][219] According to the fact-checking website Climate Feedback, Fox News is part of "a network of unreliable outlets for climate news."[217] A 2011 study by Lauren Feldman and Anthony Leiserowitz found Fox News "takes a more dismissive tone toward climate change than CNN and MSNBC".[220] A 2008 study found Fox News emphasized the scientific uncertainty of climate change more than CNN, was less likely to say climate change was real, and more likely to interview climate change skeptics.[220] Leaked emails showed that in 2009 Bill Sammon, the Fox News Washington managing editor, instructed Fox News journalists to dispute the scientific consensus on climate change: "refrain from asserting that the planet has warmed (or cooled) in any given period without IMMEDIATELY pointing out that such theories are based upon data that critics have called into question."[221]

According to climate scientist Michael E. Mann, Fox News "has constructed an alternative universe where the laws of physics no longer apply, where the greenhouse effect is a myth, and where climate change is a hoax, the product of a massive conspiracy among scientists, who somehow have gotten the polar bears, glaciers, sea levels, superstorms, and megadroughts to play along."[218] According to James Lawrence Powell's 2011 study of the climate science denial movement, Fox News provides "the deniers with a platform to say whatever they like without fear of contradiction."[219] Fox News employs Steve Milloy, a prominent climate change denier with close financial and organizational ties to oil companies, as a contributor. In his columns about climate change for, Fox News has failed to disclose his substantial funding from oil companies.[222]

In 2011, the hosts of Fox & Friends described climate change as "unproven science", a "disputed fact", and criticized the Department of Education for working together with the children's network Nickelodeon to teach children about climate change.[223] In 2001, Sean Hannity described the scientific consensus on climate change as "phony science from the left".[224] In 2004, he falsely alleged, "scientists still can't agree on whether the global warming is scientific fact or fiction".[224] In 2010, Hannity said the so-called "Climategate" – the leaking of e-mails by climate scientist that climate change skeptics claimed demonstrated scientific misconduct but which all subsequent enquiries have found no evidence of misconduct or wrongdoing – a "scandal" that "exposed global warming as a myth cooked up by alarmists".[225] Hannity frequently invites contrarian fringe scientists and critics of climate change to his shows.[226] In 2019, a widely shared Fox News news report falsely claimed that new climate science research showed that the Earth might be heading to a new Ice Age; the author of the study that Fox News cited said that Fox News "utterly misrepresents our research" and the study did not in any way suggest that Earth was heading to an Ice Age. Fox News later corrected the story.[227]

Shepard Smith has drawn attention for being one of few voices on Fox News to forcefully state that climate change is real, that human activities are a primary contributor to it and that there is a scientific consensus on the issue.[228][229] His acceptance of the scientific consensus on climate change has drawn criticism from Fox News viewers and conservatives.[230][231]

Murder of Seth Rich conspiracy

See also: Murder of Seth Rich

On May 16, 2017, a day when other news organizations were extensively covering Donald Trump's revelation of classified information to Russia,[232] Fox News ran a lead story about a private investigator's uncorroborated claims about the murder of Seth Rich, a DNC staffer.[233][234][235] The private investigator said he had uncovered evidence that Rich was in contact with Wikileaks and law enforcement were covering it up.[233] The killing of Rich has given rise to conspiracy theories in rightwing circles that Hillary Clinton and the Democratic Party had Seth Rich killed allegedly because he was the source of the DNC leaks.[233] U.S. intelligence agencies determined Russia was the source of the leaks.[236] In reporting the investigator's claims, the Fox News report reignited right-wing conspiracy theories about the killing.[233][235]

The Fox News story fell apart within hours.[237] Other news organizations quickly revealed the investigator was a Donald Trump supporter and had according to NBC News "developed a reputation for making outlandish claims, such as one appearance on Fox News in 2007 in which he warned that underground networks of pink pistol-toting lesbian gangs were raping young women."[233][238] The family of Seth Rich, the Washington D.C. police department, the Washington D.C. mayor's office, the FBI, and law enforcement sources familiar with the case rebuked the investigator's claims.[233][234] Rich's relatives said: "We are a family who is committed to facts, not fake evidence that surfaces every few months to fill the void and distract law enforcement and the general public from finding Seth's murderers."[233] The spokesperson for the family criticized Fox News for its reporting, alleging the outlet was motivated by a desire to deflect attention from the Trump-Russia story: "I think there's a very special place in hell for people that would use the memory of a murder victim in order to pursue a political agenda."[232] The family has called for retractions and apologies from Fox News for the inaccurate reporting.[238][239] Over the course of the day, Fox News altered the contents of the story and the headline, but did not issue corrections.[238][240] When CNN contacted the private investigator later that day, the investigator said he had no evidence that Rich had contacted Wikileaks.[235] The investigator claimed he only learned about the possible existence of the evidence from a Fox News reporter.[235] Fox News did not respond to inquiries by CNN, and the Washington Post.[234][235] Fox News later on May 23, seven days after the story was published, retracted its original report, saying the original report did not meet its standards.[237][241]

Nicole Hemmer, then assistant professor at the Miller Center of Public Affairs, wrote that the promotion of the conspiracy theory demonstrated how Fox News was "remaking itself in the image of fringe media in the age of Trump, blurring the lines between real and fake news."[242]Max Boot of the Council on Foreign Relations said while intent behind Fox News, as a counterweight to the liberal media was laudable, the culmination of those efforts have been to create an alternative news source that promotes hoaxes and myths, of which the promotion of the Seth Rich conspiracy is an example.[243] Fox News was also criticized by conservative outlets, such as The Weekly Standard,[244]National Review,[245][246] and conservative columnists, such as Jennifer Rubin,[247]Michael Gerson,[248] and John Podhoretz.[249]

Rich's parents, Joel and Mary Rich, sued Fox News for the emotional distress it had caused them by its false reporting. In 2020, Fox News settled with Rich family, making a payment that was not officially disclosed but which was reported to be in the seven figures.[250] Although the settlement had been agreed to earlier in the year, Fox News arranged to delay the public announcement until after the 2020 presidential election.[250][251]

Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville

Further information: Unite the Right rally

Fox News hosts and contributors defended Trump's remarks that "many sides" were to blame for violence at a gathering of hundreds of white nationalists in Charlottesville, Virginia.[252][253] Some criticized Trump.[253][254] In a press conference on August 15, Trump used the term "alt-left" to describe counterprotesters at the white supremacist rally, a term which had been used in Fox News' coverage of the white supremacist rally.[252] Several of Trump's comments at the press conference mirrored those appearing earlier on Fox News.[255]

According to Dylan Byers of CNN, Fox News' coverage on the day of the press conference "was heavy with "whataboutism". The average Fox viewer was likely left with the impression that the media's criticism of Trump and leftist protestors' toppling of some Confederate statues were far greater threats to America than white supremacism or the president's apparent defense of bigotry."[254] Byers wrote, "it showed that if Fox News has a line when it comes to Trump's presidency, it was not crossed on Tuesday."[254]

During Glenn Beck's tenure at Fox News, he became one of the most high-profile proponents of conspiracy theories about George Soros, a Jewish Hungarian-American businessman and philanthropist known for his donations to American liberal political causes.[256] Beck regularly described Soros as a "puppet-master" and used common anti-Semitic tropes to describe Soros and his activities.[256] In a 2010 three-part series, Beck depicted George Soros as a cartoonish villain trying to "form a shadow government, using humanitarian aid as a cover," and that Soros wanted a one-world government.[257][258] Beck promoted the false and anti-Semitic conspiracy theory that Soros was a Nazi collaborator as a 14-year-old in Nazi-occupied Hungary.[259] Beck also characterized Soros's mother as a "wildly anti-Semitic" Nazi collaborator.[257] According to The Washington Post: "Beck's series was largely considered obscene and delusional, if not outright anti-Semitic", but Beck's conspiracy theory became common on the rightwing of American politics.[257] Amid criticism of Beck's false smears, Fox News defended Beck, stating "information regarding Mr. Soros's experiences growing up were taken directly from his writings and from interviews given by him to the media, and no negative opinion was offered as to his actions as a child."[258][260] Roger Ailes, then-head of Fox News, dismissed criticism levied at Beck by hundreds of rabbis, saying that they were "left-wing rabbis who basically don't think that anybody can ever use the word, Holocaust, on the air."[261]

COVID-19 pandemic

Main articles: Fox News coverage of the COVID-19 pandemic and Media coverage of the COVID-19 pandemic

During the first few weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, Fox News was considerably more likely than other mainstream news outlets to promote misinformation about coronavirus.[262] The network promoted the narrative that the emergency response to the pandemic was politically motivated or otherwise unwarranted,[263] with Sean Hannity explicitly calling it a "hoax" (he later denied doing so) and other hosts downplaying it.[264] This coverage was consistent with the messaging of Trump at the time.[265] Only in mid March did the network change the tone of its coverage,[266] after President Trump declared a national emergency.[265]

Sean Hannity and Laura Ingraham, two of Fox News's primetime hosts, promoted use of the drug hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of COVID-19, an off-label usage which at the time was supported only by anecdotal evidence, after it was touted by Trump as a possible cure.[267] As a result of this continued skewed reporting, Washington Post media critic Erik Wemple has called Hannity to be fired.[268] Fox News promoted a conspiracy theory that coronavirus death toll numbers were inflated with people who would have died anyway from preexisting conditions. This was refuted by White House coronavirus task force members Dr. Anthony Fauci and Dr. Deborah Birx, with Fauci describing conspiracy theories as "nothing but distractions" during public health crises.[269] Later in the pandemic, Hannity, Ingraham and Carlson promoted the use of livestock dewormerivermectin as a possible COVID-19 treatment.[270]

In "Coronavirus: How Fox News and other right-wing media endanger our health", a USA Today article, the author cited as an example, a Fox News interview with ArkansasSenatorTom Cotton who raised the "escaped virus conspiracy theory" by saying the coronavirus may have started in a "biosafety level 4 super laboratory" in Wuhan, China. The article said that Cotton had mentioned the "debunked theory" on "at least two other times on Fox."[271][272] Several weeks later Washington Post columnist Josh Rogin detailed a 2018 trip made to the Wuhan Institute of Virology by scientists from the U.S. Embassy. Rogin cited cables sent back to Washington, warning "about safety and management weaknesses at the WIV lab and that the lab's work on bat coronaviruses and their potential human transmission represented a risk of a new SARS-like pandemic."[273] Rogin's article quoted Xiao Qiang, a research scientist at the University of California, Berkeley, "I don't think it's a conspiracy theory. I think it's a legitimate question that needs to be investigated and answered."[273] Days later, multiple media outlets confirmed that U.S. intelligence officials were investigating the possibility that the virus started in the same lab Cotton cited during the Fox News interview.[274][275][276][277] According to a study published at BMJ Global Health, "people who trust Fox News more than CNN engaged in fewer preventive behaviours and more risky behaviours related to COVID-19."[278]

At the same time that Fox News commentators downplayed the threat of the virus in public, Fox's management and the Murdoch family took a broad range of internal measures to protect themselves and their employees against it.[279][280][281][282][283]

Once a COVID-19 vaccine became widely available, Fox News consistently questioned the efficacy and safety of the vaccine, celebrated evidence-free skepticism, and blasted attempts to promote vaccinations.[284] More than 90% of Fox Corporation' full-time employees had been fully vaccinated by September 2021.[285]

2020 election fraud allegations

After Trump's defeat in the 2020 presidential election, Fox News host Jeanine Pirro promoted baseless allegations on her program that voting machine company Smartmatic and its competitor Dominion Voting Systems had conspired to rig the election against Trump. Hosts Lou Dobbs and Maria Bartiromo also promoted the allegations on their programs on sister network Fox Business.

In December 2020, Smartmatic sent a letter[286] to Fox News demanding retractions and threatening legal action, specifying that retractions "must be published on multiple occasions" so as to "match the attention and audience targeted with the original defamatory publications." Days later, each of the three programs aired the same three-minute video segment consisting of an interview with an election technology expert who refuted the allegations promoted by the hosts, responding to questions from an unseen and unidentified man. None of the three hosts personally issued retractions. Smartmatic filed a $2.7 billion defamation suit against the network, the three hosts, Powell and Trump attorney Rudy Giuliani in February 2021.[287] In an April 2021 court brief seeking dismissal of the suit, Fox attorney Paul Clement argued that the network was simply "reporting allegations made by a sitting President and his lawyers."[288]

In December 2020, Dominion Voting Systems sent a similar letter demanding retractions to Trump attorney Sidney Powell, who had promoted the allegations on Fox programs.[289] On March 26, 2021, Dominion filed a $1.6 billion defamation lawsuit against Fox News, alleging that Fox and some of its pundits spread conspiracy theories about Dominion, and allowed guests to make false statements about the company.[290] On May 18, 2021, Fox News filed a motion to dismiss the Dominion Voting Systems lawsuit, asserting a First Amendment right "to inform the public about newsworthy allegations of paramount public concern."[291]

Compulsory reductions in meat consumption

In April 2021, at least five Fox News and Fox Business personalities amplified a story published by the Daily Mail, a British tabloid, that incorrectly linked a university study to President Joe Biden's climate change agenda, to falsely assert that Americans would be compelled to dramatically reduce their meat consumption to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions caused by flatulence. Fox News aired a graphic detailing the supposed compulsory reductions, falsely indicating the information came from the Agriculture Department, which numerous Republican politicians and commentators tweeted. Fox News anchor John Roberts reported, "say goodbye to your burgers if you want to sign up to the Biden climate agenda." Days later, Roberts acknowledged on air that the story was false.[292][293][294][295]

Report that Biden administration was building Trump wall

According to analysis by Media Matters, on May 12, 2021, Fox News reported on its website, "Border lie — Biden resumes border wall construction after promising to halt it." Correspondent Bill Melugin then appeared on Special Report with Bret Baier to report "the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is actually going to be restarting border wall construction down in the Rio Grande Valley" after "a lot of blowback and pressure from local residents and local politicians." After the Corps of Engineers tweeted a clarification, Melugin deleted a tweet about the story and tweeted an "update" clarifying that a levee wall was being constructed to mitigate damage to flood control systems caused by uncompleted wall construction, and the website story headline was changed to "Biden administration to resume border wall levee construction as crisis worsens." Later on Fox News Primetime, host Brian Kilmeade briefly noted the levee but commented to former Trump advisor Stephen Miller, "They're going to restart building the wall again, Stephen." Fox News host Sean Hannity later broadcast the original Melugin story without any mention of the levee.[296][297]


Main article: Fox News controversies

Sexual harassment

The network has been accused of permitting sexual harassment and racial discrimination by on-air hosts, executives, and employees, paying out millions of dollars in legal settlements.[298] Prominent Fox News figures such as Roger Ailes, Bill O'Reilly and Eric Bolling were fired after many women accused them of sexual harassment. At least four lawsuits alleged Fox News co-president Bill Shine ignored, enabled or concealed Roger Ailes' alleged sexual harassment.[299][300][301] Fox News CEO Rupert Murdoch has dismissed the high-profile sexual misconduct allegations as "largely political" and speculated they were made "because we are conservative".[302]

Bill O'Reilly and Fox News settled six agreements, totaling $45 million, with women who accused O'Reilly of sexual harassment.[303][304] In January 2017, shortly after Bill O'Reilly settled a sexual harassment lawsuit for $32 million ("an extraordinarily large amount for such cases"), Fox News renewed Bill O'Reilly's contract.[303] Fox News's parent company, 21st Century Fox, said it was aware of the lawsuit.[303] The contract between O'Reilly and Fox News read he could not be fired from the network unless sexual harassment allegations were proven in court.[305]

Fox News's extensive coverage of the Harvey Weinstein scandal in October 2017 was seen by some as hypocritical.[306][307] Fox News dedicated at least 12 hours of coverage to the Weinstein scandal, yet only dedicated 20 minutes to Bill O'Reilly, who just like Weinstein had been accused of sexual harassment by a multitude of women.[306][307] A few weeks later, when a number of women under the age of 18, including a 14-year-old, accused Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore of making sexual advances, Hannity dismissed the sexual misconduct allegations and dedicated coverage on his TV show to casting doubt on the accusers.[308][309] Other prime-time Fox News hosts Tucker Carlson and Laura Ingraham queried The Washington Post's reporting or opted to bring up sexual misconduct allegations regarding show business figures such as Harvey Weinstein and Louis C.K.[127] Fox News figures Jeanine Pirro and Gregg Jarrett questioned both the validity of The Washington Post's reporting and that of the women.[310] In December 2017, a few days before the Alabama Senate election, Fox News, along with the conspiracy websites Breitbart News and The Gateway Pundit, ran an inaccurate headline which claimed one of Roy Moore's accusers admitted to forging an inscription by Roy Moore in her yearbook; Fox News later added a correction to the story.[311]

A number of Fox News hosts have welcomed Bill O'Reilly to their shows and paid tributes to Roger Ailes after his death. In May 2017, Hannity called Ailes "a second father" and said to Ailes's "enemies" that he was "preparing to kick your a** in the next life".[312] Ailes had the year before been fired from Fox News after women alleged he sexually harassed them.[312] In September 2017, several months after Bill O'Reilly was fired from Fox News in the wake of women alleging he sexually harassed them, Hannity hosted O'Reilly on his show.[313][314][315] Some Fox News employees criticized the decision.[314] According to CNN, during the interview, Hannity found kinship with O'Reilly as he appeared "to feel that he and O'Reilly have both become victims of liberals looking to silence them."[314]

Obama administration conflict

In September 2009, the Obama administration engaged in a verbal conflict with Fox News Channel. On September 20, President Barack Obama appeared on all major news programs except Fox News, a snub partially in response to remarks about him by commentators Glenn Beck and Sean Hannity and Fox coverage of Obama's health-care proposal.[316][317]

In late September 2009, Obama's senior advisor David Axelrod and Roger Ailes met in secret to attempt to smooth out tensions between the two camps. Two weeks later, White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel referred to FNC as "not a news network" and communications director Anita Dunn said "Fox News often operates as either the research arm or the communications arm of the Republican Party".[318][319] Obama observed, "If media is operating basically as a talk radio format, then that's one thing, and if it's operating as a news outlet, then that's another".[320] Emanuel said it was important "to not have the CNNs and the others in the world basically be led in following Fox".[321]

Within days, it was reported that Fox had been excluded from an interview with administration official Ken Feinberg, with bureau chiefs from the White House press pool (ABC, CBS, NBC, and CNN) coming to Fox's defense.[319] A bureau chief said, "If any member had been excluded it would have been the same thing, it has nothing to do with Fox or the White House or the substance of the issues".[322] Shortly after the story broke, the White House admitted to a low-level mistake, saying Fox had not made a specific request to interview Feinberg. Fox White House correspondent Major Garrett said he had not made a specific request, but had a "standing request from me as senior White House correspondent on Fox to interview any newsmaker at the Treasury at any given time news is being made".[323]

On November 8, 2009, the Los Angeles Times reported an unnamed Democratic consultant was warned by the White House not to appear on Fox News again. According to the article, Dunn claimed in an e-mail to have checked with colleagues who "deal with TV issues" who denied telling anyone to avoid Fox. Patrick Caddell, a Fox News contributor and former pollster for President Jimmy Carter, said he had spoken with other Democratic consultants who had received similar warnings from the White House.[324]

On October 2, 2013, Fox News host Anna Kooiman cited on the air a fake story from the National Report parody site, which claimed Obama had offered to keep the International Museum of Muslim Cultures open with cash from his own pocket.[325][326][327]

Journalistic ethical standards

Fox News attracted controversy in April 2018 when it was revealed primetime host Sean Hannity had defended Trump's then personal attorney Michael Cohen on air without disclosing Cohen was Hannity's lawyer.[328] On April 9, 2018, federal agents from the U.S. Attorney's office served a search warrant on Cohen's office and residence.[329] On the air, Hannity defended Cohen and criticized the federal action, calling it "highly questionable" and "an unprecedented abuse of power".[330] On April 16, 2018, in a court hearing, Cohen's lawyers told the judge that Cohen had ten clients in 2017–2018 but did "traditional legal tasks" for only three: Trump, Elliott Broidy, and a "prominent person" who did not wish to be named for fear of being "embarrassed".[331][332][333] The federal judge ordered the revelation of the third client, whom Cohen's lawyers named as Hannity.[331]

Hannity was not sanctioned by Fox News for this breach of journalistic ethics, with Fox News releasing a statement that the channel was unaware of Hannity's relationship to Cohen and that it had "spoken to Sean and he continues to have our full support."[328][334][335][336] Media ethics experts said that Hannity's disclosure failure was a major breach of journalistic ethics and that the network should have suspended or fired him for it.[336]

Human rights violations

In mid-2021, Fox News agreed to pay a $1 million settlement to New York City after its Commission on Human Rights cited "a pattern of violating the NYC Human Rights Law". A Fox News spokesperson claimed that "FOX News Media has already been in full compliance across the board, but [settled] to continue enacting extensive preventive measures against all forms of discrimination and harassment."[337]

International transmission

World map, with countries carrying terrestrial FNC in red and satellite providers in orange
Countries where Fox News is provided

The Fox News Channel feed is has international availability via multiple providers, while Fox Extra segments provide alternate programming.[338] Fox News is carried in more than 40 countries.


In Australia, FNC is broadcast on the dominant pay television provider Foxtel, which is 65% owned by News Corp Australia, the Australian arm of News Corp and the sister company of FNC-owner Fox Corporation. Local cable news channel Sky News Australia is wholly owned by News Corp Australia[339] and is therefore FNC's de facto sister channel, although has formal partnerships with FNC competitor CNN as well as both ABC News and CBS News.[340]


Since 2002, FNC has been broadcast to Brazil; however, commercials are replaced with Fox Extra. It is available in packages of Vivo TV.


Fox had initially planned to launch a joint venture with Canwest's Global Television Network, tentatively named Fox News Canada, which would have featured a mixture of U.S. and Canadian news programming. As a result, the CRTC denied a 2003 application requesting permission for Fox News Channel to be carried in Canada. However, in March 2004, a Fox executive said the venture had been shelved; in November of that year, the CRTC added Fox News to its whitelist of foreign channels that may be carried by television providers.[341]


Fox News is available on cable through French Internet provider Free on channel 352. As of Spring 2017, the channel was no longer found on the provider Orange's lineup.[citation needed]


It is available through streaming service Disney+ Hotstar (formerly owned by FNC parent company 21st Century Fox).


In Indonesia, It is available in Channel 397 in pay TV provider First Media.


See: United Kingdom & Ireland.


In Israel, FNC is broadcast on Channel 105 of the satellite provider Yes, as well as being carried on Cellcom TV and Partner TV.[342] It is also broadcast on channel 200 on cable operator HOT.[343]


In Italy, FNC is broadcast on SKY Italia. Fox news was launched on Stream TV in 2001, and moved to SKY Italia in 2003.


Although service to Japan ceased in summer 2003, it can still be seen on Americable (distributor for American bases),[344] Mediatti (Kadena Air Base)[345] and Pan Global TV Japan.[346]


The channel's international feed is being carried by cable provider Izzi Telecom.


In the Netherlands, Fox News has been carried by cable providers UPC Nederland and CASEMA, and satellite provider Canaldigitaal; all have dropped the channel in recent years. At this time, only cable provider Caiway (available in a limited number of towns in the central part of the country) is broadcasting the channel. The channel was also carried by IPTV provider KNIPPR (owned by T-Mobile).

New Zealand

In New Zealand, FNC is broadcast on Channel 088 of pay satellite operator SKY Network Television's digital platform. It was formerly broadcast overnight on free-to-air UHF New Zealand TV channel Prime (owned by SKY); this was discontinued in January 2010, reportedly due to an expiring broadcasting license.[347] Fox News' former parent company News Corporation had a stake in both SKY and Prime until 2014.


In Pakistan, Fox News Channel is available on PTCL Smart TV and a number of cable and IPTV operators.


In the Philippines, Fox News Channel is available on Sky Cable Channels 138 (Metro Manila) and 510 (Regional),Cablelink Channel 224 (Metro Manila) and G Sat Channel 50. It was available on Cignal Channel 131 until January 1, 2021, due to contract expiration.


Between 2003 and 2006, in Sweden and the other Scandinavian countries, FNC was broadcast 16 hours a day on TV8 (with Fox News Extra segments replacing U.S. advertising). Fox News was dropped by TV8 and replaced by German news channel Deutsche Welle in September 2006.


In Singapore, FNC is broadcast on channel 702 on pay cable operator StarHub TV digital platform. It also broadcasts its sister channel, Sky News.

South Africa

In South Africa, FNC is broadcast on StarSat.[348]

The most popular pay television operator, DStv, does not offer FNC in its channel bouquet.[349]

United Kingdom and Ireland

FNC was carried in the United Kingdom by Sky, which was 40-percent owned by 21st Century Fox at the time, and operates its own domestic news channel Sky News. On August 29, 2017, Sky dropped Fox News; the broadcaster said its carriage was not "commercially viable" due to average viewership of fewer than 2,000 viewers per day. The company said the decision was unrelated to 21st Century Fox's proposed acquisition of the remainder of Sky plc (which ultimately led to a bidding war that resulted in its acquisition by Comcast instead).[350]

The potential co-ownership had prompted concerns from critics of the deal, who felt Sky News could similarly undergo a shift to an opinionated format with a right-wing viewpoint. However, such a move would violate Ofcom broadcast codes, which requires all news programming to show due impartiality. The channel's broadcasts in the country have violated this rule on several occasions, while the channel also violated election silence rules by broadcasting analysis of the 2016 Brexit referendum while polls were still open (the channel was blacked out while polls were open during the 2017 general election to comply with the rule).[351][352][353][354]

Notable personalities

Program hosts

Correspondents and substitute anchors

Regular guests and contributors

Former hosts and contributors

Watch: TODAY All Day - October 23
  • Former senior producer for’s Digital Original team
  • Covers a wide range of stories, from breaking news of the day to feature stories in the medical and health industry.

I strive to bring people the latest health news from credible and reliable experts. Whether I'm covering a story on a patient fighting a deadly disease or a physician breaking the mold to discover a new treatment, my stories will enlighten, engage and inform you. 

— Lindsay Carlton

Lindsay is a former writer with Verywell. She was also Fox News’ health producer for seven years, working closely with their medical contributors, specifically Dr. Manny Alvarez. In that role, she covered a wide range of health news including cancer, rare diseases and women’s health topics like infertility, premenopause, chronic pain, mental health, parenting, and relationships. More recently, she has produced a wide-range of COVID-19 video packages and articles for, exploring new angles and interviewing the country’s top doctors. 

 Lindsay studied TV production at Hofstra University.

Verywell Health is an award-winning online resource for reliable, understandable, and up-to-date health information on the medical topics that matter most to you. We take a human approach to health and wellness content and reach more than 300 million readers annually.

Our editorial team includes writers, editors, and fact checkers who make sure our information is clear, accurate, and useful so you can make confident choices about your health.

Our writers are notable voices in their respective disciplines, from physicians to medical journalists to patients/patient advocates. These individuals are specifically selected for their extensive knowledge and real-world experience, as well as their ability to communicate complex information in a clear, helpful, and unbiased way.

Our team of qualified and experienced fact checkers provide a critical step in our commitment to content integrity. Fact checkers rigorously review articles for accuracy, relevance, and timeliness. We use only the most current and reputable primary references, including peer-reviewed medical journals, government organizations, academic institutions, and advocacy associations.

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Dr. Saphier: We have to rethink the way we take care of ourselves

This is a rush transcript from "Your World with Neil Cavuto," April 29, 2020. This copy may not be in its final form and may be updated.


DR. ANTHONY FAUCI, NIAID DIRECTOR: The data shows that remdesivir has a clear-cut, significant positive effect in diminishing the time to recover. This is really quite important.

What it has proven is that a drug can block this virus.


NEIL CAVUTO, FOX NEWS ANCHOR: All right, if Dr. Fauci is impressed, apparently, all of Wall Street got impressed.

The latest news now is, the president has a powwow with key industry CEOs on the right of your screen, an enormous run-up at the corner of Wall and Broad on prospects for this Gilead Sciences drug that just might offer some positive developments for those afflicted right now with the coronavirus.

Too early to tell. This much is clear. A lot of folks are very optimistic on what they're hearing.

Welcome, everybody. I'm Neil Cavuto, and this is YOUR WORLD.

Now, the significance of this cannot be lost on folks here, Dr. Fauci among those saying that some of the early reads we're getting on it is, is that it could be a potential, again, a potential treatment for the virus.

Now, there are other companies competing for the same honors of either getting a vaccine or an outright treatment going, and a lot sooner than many thought was possible.

Let's go to the White House right now, John Roberts, where the president is meeting with key industry CEOs on this and many other developments -- John.


This was a drug that was pretty promising coming over from Europe. And it seems as though that early promise has been realized. I mean, take a look at the fact that, this morning, we got the news that the economy contracted by nearly 5 percent. And then the Dow Jones is up more than 500 points today.

Somebody is feeling good about something. The president continues his conversations with people about how to reopen the country, meeting with a small group of industry leaders.

Among those people that the president is meeting with in the Dining Room right now is Josh Bolten, who is the president and CEO of the Business Roundtable, Walt Ehmer, who's been on television for the last couple of days because Waffle House has reopened its dining room with strict social distancing. Matt Maddox, who's the CEO of Wynn Resorts, is here, Chris Nassetta, the president and CEO of Hilton, and Chris Reynolds, who's the chief administrative officer of manufacturer and corporate resources of Toyota, representing the automobile industry.

Now, some positive news from the scientific community that may aid in that reopening process, promising results, as you pointed out at the top, from a large study of the new antiviral drug remdesivir in treating coronavirus.

In people who are being treated in the hospital remdesivir reduced recovery time to an average 11 days, compared to 15 days. The results were significant enough that Dr. Anthony Fauci, whose National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease led that study, said that they felt the moral obligation to make remdesivir available to the placebo control group.

Here's what Fauci said about the study:


FAUCI: It is a very important proof concept, because what it has proven is that a drug can block this virus.

We think it's really opening the door to the fact that we now have the capability of treating.


ROBERTS: The president was in the Oval Office there with the governor of Louisiana, John Bel Edwards.

The president enthusiastic about the early results of the remdesivir trials, and that this appears to be the first effective front-line treatment for coronavirus, as governors begin the process of reopening.

Listen here.


DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: It's a beginning. It means you build on it. I love that as a building block. Just as a building block, I love that.

But, certainly, it's a -- it's a positive. It's a very positive event from that standpoint. And we're going to be very careful as we open.


ROBERTS: Now, part of the president's strategy about reopening, Neil, is that, as people get back to work, obviously, you're going to have brushfires or hot spots to pop up here and there.

You want to have the ability to put those out as quickly as possible. What you really want to have in place is, you want to have a lot of testing to identify the hot spots. And then it would be great to have something to treat those new cases as they come up.

Well, if the results today hold true, remdesivir could be a very powerful part of that strategy -- Neil.

CAVUTO: John Roberts, thank you very, very much. We will be going back to the White House shortly, when we get some tape coming back from there, assuming that they will be talking to reporters here.

In the meantime, at the corner of Wall and Broad, this was enough to just get the attention off that awful first-quarter GDP report. It was expected to be bad. And it was. The second quarter is expected to be a lot worse, and it likely will be.

But, right now, Wall Street is focusing ahead to what they think will be a better third quarter and a lot better fourth quarter. Then there's the issue of the Federal Reserve saying today that they are at the ready to do anything and everything possible, save sending interest rates much lower than they are, because, well, they're about zero percent right now.

Ashley Webster digesting all of this with an update on where we ended the day -- Ashley.

ASHLEY WEBSTER, FOX NEWS BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: Well, we ended up at very high, Neil.

But I want to get back to the gross domestic product. It was indeed gross, contracting 4.8 percent in the first quarter. But I'm going to try and throw you a bone here. When you consider the fourth quarter of 2008, at the height of the financial crisis, that's when we saw GDP contract 8.4 percent.

So that was much worse. But, that said, one disturbing factor in this latest report in this quarter was that consumer spending, Neil, in the first quarter dropped sharply, 7.6 percent. And that is a sign of really ominous things to come, because consumer spending is close to 70 percent of the U.S. economy.

In fact, if you look at those economic forecasts -- and you said this quarter is expected to be worse -- if you look at some of the projections, they range from minus 20 percent to minus 45 percent. Can you imagine this economy contracting by 45 percent?

And ,by the way, we will get the latest unemployment claims numbers tomorrow, where the jobless rate in April could hit 19 percent. Very hard to predict how the economy and how fast it can rebound, when you get economic data like that.

But the thing that gave the markets cheer today, absolutely no doubt, was what John Roberts was just talking about, the remdesivir, the antiviral medicine that's created by Gilead Sciences. Gilead itself, the stock finishing up today 5.5 percent, but it gave a nice boost to the rest of the market that's focusing on the partial reopening of the U.S. economy and the fact that we may have a treatment through this remdesivir.

We will have to wait and see. Finally, the S&P up more than 13 percent, and on track -- we have the last day tomorrow, but on track for the S&P to have its best month in 45 years.

And all the major indexes, Neil, are closing at their highest levels since early March. So, the economy has a long way to go, but the markets, which are future-looking, seem a lot more bullish. And we should take some cheer from that.

CAVUTO: Indeed, we should.

Ashley, thank you very, very much.

As Ashley was pointing out, things were looking good in the quarter, until really the last couple of weeks of the quarter, of course, when, around the first week of March, the second week of March, everything hit the fan, with the coronavirus and these stoppages.

Keep in mind that the quarter we're in right now represents 95 percent of Americans who have been sheltered. That means 95 percent of our GDP has been sheltered. So it can't help but get a little better as more and more go back to work.

The Dow again up about 532 points on the day.

Now, we told you about remdesivir and, of course, all the attention right now being paid attention to with this drug and whether it gets and deserves the attention it is getting.

Let's get the read right now for Dr. Qanta Ahmed, a pulmonologist in New York City, much, much more.

Doctor, very good to have you back with us.

Dr. Fauci seems to like some of the early indications coming out of this study. I'm just wondering whether you agree and why it's suddenly gone reverse from earlier studies that didn't look as promising.

DR. QANTA AHMED, PULMONOLOGIST: I saw that. And Dr. Fauci certainly looks very excited, doesn't he?

It's very difficult to say, because the actual hard data is not visible to any of us. I want to know who these patients were, how sick they were, where they were, were they were on room air, were they are oxygen?

What I can tell you is, there's a much more important publication today in The Lancet, which is publishing the Chinese data that was partially leaked by the WHO, conducting a study on remdesivir on very specific patients, which didn't show a significant benefit.

My guess is that remdesivir -- remdesivir will emerge to be effective as an antiviral in some patients. I do not believe that it is going to be of use in the critically ill.

Now, we have been allowed to use remdesivir in my ICU on a compassionate basis, which we have used rarely, and we did at the very beginning of the pandemic. And we didn't see an improvement in outcome in almost every patient we used.

In the Chinese data that's leaked -- and I would like to see this in the study Dr. Fauci was speaking about that is much bigger and is probably statistically powered -- patients were also allowed to receive at the same time steroids, at the same time interferon, and at the same time another antiviral drug.

So, I would like to know the details to see how they can specify the benefits to the Gilead Sciences drug.

I'm kind of taken aback that Dr. Fauci has made such an emphatic statement so early. We have to remember, all of us are desperate for a solution. And we have to remember Dr. Fauci was at the cutting front of the AIDS pandemic. And he's quite right to make the analogy to AZT.

CAVUTO: Right.

AHMED: So, some of that is very well-phrased by Dr. Fauci. But we need more information.

And I am not buying Gilead Sciences, the stock today.

CAVUTO: So, Doctor, if you can help me with this, as you often do, it doesn't even have to be a cure, as much as it can be in addressing HIV in the 1980s.

I don't believe we have actually had a cure for AIDS, per se, but enough treatment and improvements of treatment that you don't die from it.

So, I -- is that the distinction here, that this might not be the magic bullet, but it could stave off the progression of the virus? Or explain it to me.

AHMED: No, I would say -- I'm not an AIDS expert, but I would say that we have been able to conquer AIDS, such that people can live with HIV infection.

They are prevented from developing AIDS because the antiretrovirals are so powerful, and we can eliminate the viral burden in their bloodstream. It is very true to say that Gilead Sciences has created remdesivir, which is a broad-spectrum antiviral. And it eliminates the virus and prevents viral replication in mouse models. That's very clearly seen.

It probably reduces viral burden in some coronavirus patients, which is why there may be a treatment benefit seen early in the study Dr. Fauci referred to.

But it's not just the viral load that's making people sick. It's their immune response and the immune storm that's triggered. That's why an antiretroviral is -- alone is never going to be enough for a hospitalized patient.

But it may be very effective for people that are walking around with minor symptoms.

The other thing I want to say is, coronavirus in most patients, we already know today, gets better almost with no symptoms or with very mild symptoms. So, we really need targeted therapy to help people that are sickened by it -- that's very important -- and targeted therapy to make people that are well less contagious.

So, there's more to this than meets the eye.

CAVUTO: Understood, Doctor. Thank you very, very much for that.

As the doctor I were speaking here, I want to alert you on some key earnings reports that the market was looking at, another reason for them to be optimistic, because Microsoft stock is up after-hours another 2 percent. We're also seeing Facebook shares surge 6 percent, better-than-expected numbers out of both companies, in Microsoft's case, a surprising 15 percent spurt in revenues.

That's a sign that two American behemoths are doing just fine, thank you.

We will have more after this.


CAVUTO: All right, just want to let you know, we have passed the 60,000 death count in the United States right now, specifically, 60,207 deaths in the U.S. due to coronavirus, with better than one million cases in this country.

That was largely expected. Again, when you hit these sort of seminal numbers, 60,000, one million, people obviously remember that.

But our testing is dramatically going up. And these are said to be very encouraging signs. And that is the cue that a lot of governors are taking as they slowly, but surely reopen their states, albeit on a staggered basis.

That's certainly the case they're taking right now in the state of Arkansas.

That state's Republican governor, Asa Hutchinson, with us right now out of Little Rock.

Governor, very good to have you.

GOV. ASA HUTCHINSON (R-AR): Neil, it's great to be with you.

And it was good to hear your show and some of the good news that you're reporting. So, I hope that continues.

CAVUTO: Now, you can update me, Governor.

I know you are eventually planning restaurants, eventually theaters down the road. You did push a couple of them back a little bit. Could you update me?

HUTCHINSON: That's right.

And just to refresh you, of course, we were not a shelter-in-place state.

CAVUTO: Right.

HUTCHINSON: A lot of our retail businesses stayed open.

And so we were trying to control it, and I think we successfully did, without closing everything down. But now that we have passed our peak, it looks like we're on the way down, we're looking at the restaurants that we did close. We opened those up today for May 11 for in-service dining.

Now, that's different from May 4. We targeted May 4 as a day that we would lift some of these restrictions. We postponed that a little bit longer to give us a little bit more data, but also to give the restaurants time, because we put in some rather strict requirements on -- on masks and on their cleansing and on their protective equipment that they need, health guidelines.

And we want to give them time to put all that in place to train their employees. And we also created a fund that we hope will be approved that will allow them to get grants to help them cover some of those expenses.

And so we're opening up our in-service dining by one-third capacity on May 11. And then, hopefully, we will move quickly to a larger capacity if we're successful.

CAVUTO: I noticed the original plan had you, I think tomorrow, Governor, opening up gyms and recreational facilities, albeit with some distancing measures in effect, after that, beauty salons and barbershops, and ultimately places of worship, larger venues.

Is that timetable still on?

HUTCHINSON: That timetable that you are referring to are dates that we are going to announce.

So, tomorrow, we're going to talk about gyms and announce when they can open. We're going to talk about places of worship next Monday.


HUTCHINSON: And so we're taking a very measured and careful and phased-in approach to reopening some of these.

Some of these, we will put off further. Some, we will be able to open up quicker.

CAVUTO: All right.

HUTCHINSON: And we're really looking at -- the benefit of phasing them in is that, if we have a flare-up somewhere...

CAVUTO: Got it.

HUTCHINSON: ... we know what might be responsible, and it allows us to turn it back easier.

CAVUTO: Understood.

I hate to interrupt you, Governor -- the president of the United States now with some of those key industry CEOs now at the White House.


TRUMP: And it should have never happened.

This plague should never have happened. It could have been stopped. But people chose not to stop it. And it's a very sad thing for the world, 184 countries, at least.

But it's a great honor to have you with us, friends of mine, who have been truly great business leaders and are great business leaders. And you're opening up your company again, too, if you think about it, right?

You're sort of doing a reopening. But they're great companies, and they will do very well, hopefully better than ever before. And that's what we're seeing. We're seeing tremendous pent-up demand. And it's a beautiful thing to see.

So it's wonderful to have America industry leaders -- and that's what you are, true leaders -- to the White House. You have been here before, all of you. And we have talked about it in different times.

We have built the greatest economy in the history of the world. And nobody even disputes that. And, one day, they walk in, they say, sir, we're going to have to close it up until we get rid of this hidden enemy, this terrible scourge.

And that's what we did. And we did the right thing. We did an incredible job. We worked with the governments. We worked with states all over the country. We had no ventilators or very few from previous administrations. And we became the king of ventilators.

We have thousands and thousands of ventilators. We're now helping other countries with ventilators. We had old-fashioned tests that didn't work. They were really obsolete. They didn't work. They were broken.

And we ended up -- the testing has been incredible now, and to a level that nobody's seen. I got a call from President Moon of South Korea. He said, congratulations. Your testing was just -- nobody's ever seen anything like we're doing.

We have tested more than all countries put together, and millions of tests, and the highest-quality tests. But it's great to be with you.

We're joined by Matt Maddox of Wynn Resorts, Chris Reynolds of Toyota, Chris Nassetta of Hilton, Josh Bolten of the Business Roundtable, Walt Ehmer World of Waffle House.

And thanks to Vice President Mike Pence, Secretary Steve Mnuchin, and Secretary Eugene Scalia. That Scalia has very good genes. Where is Scalia? He has very good genes, that guy, I'll tell you, Scalia. He's got the Scalia genes, right? We all know what that means.

We mourn -- and I have to say this so strongly -- we mourn every life tragically lost to the invisible enemy. And we're heartened that the worst of the pain and suffering is going to be behind us. We think we really have crossed a big boundary and much better days are ahead.

And I often say, I see the light at the end of the tunnel very strongly. This demand is going to be incredible. I think next year is going to be an incredible year for our economy. I think the fourth quarter is going to be really, really good.

Kevin, we were talking about that before. You maybe will say something. And we're going to be in a transition quarter next quarter, the third quarter. And I think we will do very, very nicely there from an economic standpoint.

But, thanks to the devotion of the American people, the number of new cases continues to decline. The United States has now conducted nearly six million tests, far more than any other nation, as I said, so many -- so many tests. And so much has been learned about what we're fighting.

And if it does rear up a little bit in the fall, or even a lot, we will be able to put it out. We will put out the embers and we will put out the flames.

Two weeks ago, we released guidelines to give states a real strong indication of what we want and how we want it done. And we have really had a good relationship with the states. Mike Pence has worked very, very hard with the task force. He's headed the task force so importantly, with a great group of people

And it's been -- it's just been incredible, what's taken place over a very short period of time, including the gowns and all of the surgical equipment and the safety equipment and masks. People don't talk about masks anymore. That's the other thing. They're not talking about...

CAVUTO: We are going to continue monitoring this.

The president is meeting with heads of Waffle House, Wynn Resorts Hilton, Toyota, at least the chief administrator at Toyota. If anything comes out of that, of course, we will pass it along to you.

In the meantime, we're keeping abreast of these other developments about still more stimulus being considered.

You might recall, when we had Mitch McConnell here, the Senate majority leader, yesterday, he was open to more aid for the states, but with a key proviso that a lot of Democrats don't like: limited liability for companies.

In other words, if they were to reopen for business, and workers there were to encounter the coronavirus, that they would like to be shielded, at least in that sense, from any lawsuits or action.

Now, Nancy Pelosi has said that's not going to happen. Such a tort sort of protection for companies wasn't something she had considered when it was coming to aid for states.

Let's get the read on all of this from North Carolina Republican Senator Thom Tillis, kind enough to join us now.

Senator, what do you make of this? It was an olive branch, or at least an offer, that the Senate majority leader made. Democrats seem to have, by and large, rejected it. What do you think?

SEN. THOM TILLIS (R-NC): Well, I think Speaker Pelosi and Chuck Schumer are back to their muscle memory for not really trying to work together, while the president and Leader McConnell and Republicans in the Senate are trying to come up with solutions.

Look, we -- we have got to recognize that a response to some of the changes we need to make in the CARES Act, making sure that we're being responsive to businesses, and continuing to focus on health care.

And I think Pelosi seems to be focused on political games.

CAVUTO: Their argument is, I think, Senator, we heard the Democrats say that, if you give liability protection to a lot of companies, they might not do the things that they have been promising to do, you know, masks for workers, adequate distancing provisions, and they might sort of drop their guard a little bit, knowing that they're almost bulletproof, that no one can sue them.

What do you think of that?

TILLIS: I think that's a paper tiger.

Look, the -- the requirement is to follow the CDC guidelines. If you have a business establishment that flagrantly ignores the guidelines, they're going to be subject to liability.

What Speaker Pelosi and Chuck Schumer need to know is, a lot of businesses, including a lot of businesses in the food supply chain, will shut down if their liability is the sky is the limit.

We have got an entire cottage industries of trial lawyers that are already thinking about strategies that they're going to use. We passed liability protections after 9/11.

If we don't do it here, then they are directly responsible for shutting down businesses that are essential businesses that are critical to the recovery.

CAVUTO: In the meantime, Senator, one other point Mitch McConnell was raising with me is this notion of infrastructure. He does not seem to be keen on it, wants to shut down the talk, even though the president has mentioned it.

I don't know how you feel about that. But he just feels, for the time being, infrastructure not happening. What do you think?

TILLIS: I think he's right.

And I think he's just being practical. Neil, you know -- and you know my background as being -- try to be fiscally conservative. We have passed a $2.7 trillion plus economic stabilization package. We need to fully program that.

I'd love to talk about the infrastructure practice -- or proposal that the president put together in a prior State of the Union address. There are a lot of other things that we need to focus on.

But, today, we need to focus on speeding the economic recovery, fully programming the money that was put into the CARES Act and the supplemental appropriation, and getting people back to work, and keeping them healthy every step of the way.

CAVUTO: Do you worry, though, right now that, because of the cautious, staggered nature of returning people to work -- I'm not quite sure how it's going to progress in North Carolina, sir -- but that it won't be a V-shaped recovery, that it will be a recovery just the same?

The president has more or less acknowledged the quarter we're in is going to be awful. His economic advisers, though, seem to point to a slight improvement in the third quarter, almost off to the races in the fourth quarter, and a great 2021.

Where are you this?

TILLIS: I think that that's likely to happen.

It's one of the reasons why we have to go back into the CARES Act and maybe rethink some of the covered periods for the Paycheck Protection Program. We have got to accelerate the rollout of the Main Street Lending Act. We have got to see how the economic stimulus affects economic activity. All that's going to be tied to reopening of portions of the economy across the country and possibly even in North Carolina.

But I do think that the second quarter is nothing but a recovery quarter. I mean, it's going to be flat. There's no V to this recovery. This is the flat part of it.

I do believe, if we take the right steps, we get businesses back online, that we can see the green shoots in the third quarter, and then I do believe a very clear trajectory for a recovery in the fourth quarter and for 2021.

CAVUTO: Are you open to still more of this Paycheck Protection Program spending?

We're told, Senator, that almost all the funds allotted are more than accounted for, given the over-the-top demand, I guess isn't too surprising. Some of your colleagues have talked about the possibility of maybe a third tranche of this, which could, I guess, conceivably bring for that program alone over a trillion dollars.

How do you feel about that?

TILLIS: I think, when we get back -- we're going back next week to Washington. The Senate will be reconvening.

I think we have to have a discussion about maybe -- first off, I do know, in this second tranche, the supplemental appropriation, it looks like the loan values have gone down, so more businesses will be able to get it.

I believe that some people that got the first tranche are now, when they're looking at the attestations, whether or not they fully comply with the requirements of the program, I think we will see some inflow, some people deciding to opt out of the paycheck protection plan.

They may go down another path, either with a private lender or with other SBA loan programs. And we need to net all that out. And that's exactly what we're going to do next week.

But then -- then you get into covered businesses. You get into the time period. The eight-week time period doesn't really work for certain industries, like restaurants and hotels, because where -- they're going to lag the recovery. They could get the loan possibly now, but not really put it into operation for some period of time down the road, depending upon where their particular geography starts recovering business activity.

These are the sorts of things that we need to be talking about next week, and putting together proposals. And I do believe that that proposal has to have liability protections in it.

CAVUTO: All right, we will watch it closely.

Senator Tillis, good health to you and your constituents, your family.

Thank you very, very much, Senator Thom Tillis of North Carolina.

TILLIS: Thank you, Neil. Stay healthy.

CAVUTO: By the way, the senator did refer to -- you too, my friend -- that the Senate is going to return to Washington next week. The House of Representatives will not.

More after this.


CAVUTO: The president still meeting with business leaders at the White House.

An interesting development from the vice president, saying that we're already up to one million tests a day -- a week, I should say -- and we will soon be up to two million, and optimism that the tests will accelerate from there -- after this.


CAVUTO: I'm reading Dr. Nicole Saphier's book "Make America Healthy Again," as I'm eating a pizza.

I'm so glad that the doctor wasn't here to witness that, because she rails against this sort of behavior. I'm actually ground zero, the type of person she's addressing, when she talks, Americans are notoriously unhealthy. We eat too much. We drink too much. And we sit too much.

I was doing all three as I was wrapping up her book.

Dr. Saphier, very good to have you. Normally, we're talking about what's going on right now and all this. But, actually, a lot of the stuff you address in your book kind of gets back to what we're dealing with the virus, that a lot of the people most vulnerable are the obese or those who have health issues that are sometimes beyond their control.

But you're saying we have got to rethink the way we take care of ourselves. What did you mean by that?


And, by the way, I happen to love pizza, and I do enjoy an occasional glass of wine every now and then. But my bottom line is, everything in moderation. I'm far from a wellness expert, and my book is not a self-help book whatsoever, as you probably know.

But the bottom line is, we have people on the left and right and everywhere in between clamoring for what should be the next health policy. And the crux of the issue is, nothing is going to work as long as our system is continuously overrun by chronic illness.

We already spend over a trillion dollars a year in direct health care costs for chronic disease. And the leading causes of death, cardiovascular disease, stroke, hypertension, any -- all of that, about 80 percent of that could potentially be prevented through lifestyle changes.

So, unless we actually focus on the demand side of the equation, no health care policy in the world is actually going to work.

CAVUTO: Yes, and no amount of money.

You have a lot of interesting statistics that you present in a very readable way that I think, back in 1960, we were spending about 5 percent of our GDP on health care-related matters. And now it's closing in on 18 percent. What happened?

SAPHIER: Well, it's multiple variables that went into that. You had intrusion from the government. You also had the growing of the Goliath health insurance companies.

But the bottom line is, we have amazing technology, amazing innovation. All of a sudden, we're curing childhood leukemias, and, yes, those cures are expensive, but it's because it takes a lot of money and time to actually develop such technology and innovation.

And so wouldn't it be great if we could just focus our resources on them to make sure that everyone that needs it has access to it, instead of having an overutilized system with illnesses that could potentially have been prevented?

Because, unfortunately, we're spending more money on illnesses that maybe we could have prevented if people actually just started changing some of their lifestyle behaviors.

CAVUTO: I'm just wondering where -- this kind of fits into the current coronavirus debate.

And, obviously, there's been a great deal of attention to this Gilead Sciences drug that might, might offer some hope for people. But we tend to cling to this kind of stuff to get us through something, when it might be a ways off.

What do you think about that?

SAPHIER: Well, here's the thing.

COVID-19 has rendered as vulnerable in two ways. We have a chronic illness problem. Over 60 percent of adult Americans have at least one preexisting condition, whether they're overweight, whether they have high blood pressure. You name it, they have it.

And with COVID-19, over 94 percent of the people who died in New York had at least one preexisting condition. So not only does it make our immune systems weaker, and not able to fight off the virus, but, look, we had to make a makeshift hospital in Central Park.

We had hospital beds. We had to bring in Navy ships, because our hospital system was already overrun with medical illness.


SAPHIER: So if we could actually focus on the illness that could have potentially been preventable, then we would have been much more prepared for COVID-19.

And, yes, the remdesivir trial is excellent, optimistic news right now. It's not the end-all/be-all. I still err with caution. I don't actually know what the outcome benefit of it will be. But, yes, it is shown that it is potentially going to shorten the length of someone being ill and maybe decrease the viral load.

I mean, that's great things. These are -- these are things that we saw with HIV, which now as I talk about in my book, if you would have thought a couple decades ago that we would be now where we are with HIV, I mean, I would have never believed it.

So the bottom line is, our -- we are so great at research. Our scientists are top-notch, but we need those resources, or, otherwise, the prices of everything are going to continue to go up.

So we, as Americans, as individuals, actually have some control, and by living healthier lives individually, collectively, as a nation, we will actually lower the cost of care and increase access to health care for everyone.

CAVUTO: In the meantime, do you think we will have a spike in cases as people slowly return to work? Do we have to adjust to that reality? How do you see it?

SAPHIER: Well, I do think that you're going to see some spikes in certain areas of the country. I think it's going to be very different.

It's going to depend on how they're going to go about reopening. I think that we do need some instruction. Take the meat processing plants, for example. President Trump, using the Defense Protection Act, is saying that we need to keep them open because they're critical to the infrastructure during this national emergency.

But the bottom line is, they may not know how to open up. They may need some more direction on what to do, maybe to be wearing PPE. Maybe they need a negative test before going in. They need some sort of implementation of social distancing.

So, with those sort of guidelines, it's really about education. And that's what my book talks about a lot. If you provide people with facts, facts over fear is how you're going to get anyone through anything.

And if people really understand how this virus can move, and what they can do to protect themselves and their family, their employees, and they institute those certain measures, I think we will decrease the amount of spikes that we see.

CAVUTO: All right, I just have a problem with eat everything in moderation, Doctor. If you guys could come up with a new strategy on that, I think you would be onto something.

But it really is a very good book. It's very good. Makes you think, "Make America Healthy Again."

But still, Doctor, I'm relieved that this is a remote interview, and I don't have to hold my stomach in the entire time.


CAVUTO: I highly recommend this book. It's very commonsense, and she spells it out for it, because these are alarming statistics that have just ballooned over just the last few decades.

We have a lot more. We're monitoring the president now meeting with these big-time CEOs and heads of industry, also planning to get a read here on the slow return of Americans to work.

Stay with us. You're watching "Your World."


CAVUTO: You might have caught that little dig by North Carolina Senator Thom Tillis, who was telling me the Senate is returning to Washington next week. The House is not, an abundance of caution, Nancy Pelosi saying, to protect workers there, as well as the congress men and women involved.

They will return at a later date. I don't believe they have given a firm date on that.

But Mike Emanuel knows this stuff far better than I.

Mike, it is interesting here that, if something has to be done next week, either on follow-up stimulus or the like, it's going to be hard when only one body is in there, right?


And you have got both parties really talking past one another at this point, disagreement about whether they should be in session or not. You had Steny Hoyer, the majority leader in the House, who's from Maryland, a hard- hit area, saying, you know what, after further review, we're going to hold off.

I'm told a number of chiefs of staff of House offices reached out to Hoyer's lawyers office and said, we don't think we're ready to go back in. We don't think it's safe. There are a lot of concerns about that.

Then you have got Majority Leader Mitch McConnell in the Senate, who says, it is time to get back to work. McConnell clearly of the opinion that the American people are going through this pandemic right now. They want to see their elected leaders working on the issues of the day, and so the Senate will be back.

There are a lot of questions about how logistically, of course, it will all work, when you have got 100 members of the United States Senate, their staff and, other auxiliary people around Capitol Hill. Some questions about how much they will be on the floor, how they may stagger appearances on the floor.

There's also talk that the senators go in and have lunch together, so do they move them around and space them out into larger spaces, essentially? So, still a lot to be worked out.

But, bottom line, some lawmakers are asking McConnell, what assurances do we have that it'll be safe to come back to work? But we do expect to see the Senate here next week, the House, TBD. And we will see how it all works out -- Neil.

CAVUTO: His idea would be -- that is, Mitch McConnell -- to offer liability protection in exchange for still more stimulus or aid to the states.

How is that going down?

EMANUEL: Well, we have seen that Nancy Pelosi, the speaker of the House, did a briefing with reporters a short time ago. She said that they wouldn't be inclined to support such legislation.

You have got people like Nebraska Senator Ben Sasse, who say, look, there are a lot of people on the front lines of this fight who are doing everything possible to save lives. They shouldn't be dealing with what he calls ambulance chasers, people who are looking to sue, sue, sue.

And so he's offered something that McConnell clearly finds appealing. The House of Representatives and the Senate Democratic leadership is not so keen on it. So it's not entirely clear that will go anywhere, but McConnell negotiating on your show, clearly hoping to get something about these kind of legal protections worked into the next legislation that goes through both the House and the Senate -- Neil.

CAVUTO: Thank you, Mike, very, very much. Great job, as always, my friend, Mike Emanuel, in Washington.

And, by the way, we're also keeping an eye on what companies are announcing after the bell, Microsoft and Facebook both out with earnings and revenues that beat expectations here.

What's interesting in both cases is, their revenues are still going well in this coronavirus environment. And, in Facebook's case, their advertising revenues are going well. That just seems like it doesn't make sense.

But, for them, it's making a lot of dollars and cents -- after this.


CAVUTO: All right, that meeting still going on at the White House right now, the president meeting with industry leaders and a couple of members of his health care task force. The vice president is there.

One of the interesting developments out of this is, the president's obviously optimistic that some of these promising developments have been things we have been waiting for, not just what we hear out of Gilead Sciences and whether it has a drug that might be able to deal with the coronavirus, but that the arc is improving and the testing is improving.

The vice president saying up to one million tests right now manageable every week. Could soon be up to two million tests, and up we go.

We need to see a lot more of that. But all of this combined today to just provide some hope to the financial markets, up smartly. And to sort of grease that, after the bell, we heard from Microsoft and Facebook. They'd already warned that things would be tough, but they weren't apparently as tough as we thought they would be and even the companies hinted they would be.

Both stocks are up after-hours. But Facebook is interesting, in and of itself, because it's advertising revenue surprised on the upside.

Heather Zumarraga follows developments like, the Vision 4 Fund Distributors vice president much more, an uncanny read of the markets.

Heather, you're hearing all of this, and you got to think that maybe our worst-case scenario for stocks was overstated. I mean, we have climbed steadily from those 18000 lows on the Dow of a few weeks ago to now north of 24000. But what do you make of this?

HEATHER ZUMARRAGA, FINANCIAL ANALYST: Well, we're now 15 percent from the highs.

And as you rightfully pointed out, after the bell today, getting earnings from big-tech giants like Microsoft and Facebook, showing promising -- promising results, saying that if you are fortunate to have kept your job and be working from home right now, you are using technology.

Facebook having 1.73 billion active engaged users. You may be one of them, Neil. And they're also -- they have increased their revenue, despite their ad revenue coming from small and medium-sized businesses, like the retail giants and restaurants that have not been doing well.

They're still giving Facebook those ad dollars right now.

CAVUTO: As we look back at, if we can, Sam, take a peek at what's happening at the White House right now, this meeting, these constant updates and gatherings with the CEOs and sectors of the economy, the casino industry, the drug industry, the oil guys, this is a pattern for this president, where he wants to hear from them all.

I'm just wondering what they tell him. I mean, are they telegraphing this is going to be a slow recovery? Some of them are victims of the states they're in. And so it depends on what the governor is doing in that state to let their people go back to work.

But how do you read all this?

ZUMARRAGA: Of course.

Just like all politics is local, the coronavirus is local, so, on a local level, different CEOs and different industries. Of course, the big tech titans, like Microsoft, Facebook, Google, Netflix, and even Amazon, are faring this storm, this pandemic, pretty well right now.

So I think that President Trump and the administration are right to think we might have V-shaped recovery. Whether we do or not, I think it's best to have an optimistic tone in these extremely dire consequences economically that we have seen.

CAVUTO: As you're speaking, it's Labor Secretary Scalia who is speaking right now.

And he has already telegraphed, when I spoke to him, I believe last week, that these jobless claims will continue rocketing along. Tomorrow, we get the latest out. We could be closing in, when all is said and done, to 30 million Americans applying for first-time jobless benefits over just the last six months.

What do you envision in terms of the unemployment rate? I have heard figures go as high as 14 percent, 15 percent. We could take a run at the old Depression high of 24.9 percent. It's whatever sticks on the wall, I guess. But where are you on that?

ZUMARRAGA: Well, if you look at estimates across the board, 20 percent seems pretty conservative estimate. We're at 26 million Americans unemployed right now.

As you noted, that equates to about 16 percent unemployment rate. So that is just heartbreaking. That's devastating. But I think phase two of the Paycheck Protection Program is -- if you weren't getting a loan around -- in the first round, or phase one, you are hopefully getting approved for that loan now.

People like the L.A. Lakers, Harvard, Potbelly's, Ruth's Chris, who don't really -- some would argue, do not need that money, are giving that money back. Hopefully, it's getting into the right hands. And the program is being effectively used at this time by those that mean -- need it most to keep Americans employed over the next two to three months, let's say, until we get our treatment and a vaccine, which we will hear more about, Gilead's remdesivir, in a few minutes.

CAVUTO: Yes, that could be a game-changer for everything.

Thank you very much, Heather Zumarraga.

ZUMARRAGA: Thanks, Neil.

CAVUTO: And to indicate more of what we're saying, Tesla is out after the bell with its first profit here. No one was expecting that, the stock also jumping after-hours, along with the likes of Facebook and Microsoft.

So, while, by and large, the market environment looking at the economy might surprise you, because they seem to be going two separate ways, these are some of the stalwarts of the equity America, if you will, who are saying, yes, things are tough, but they could be a hell of a lot tougher.

Stay with us.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)  CAVUTO: All right, more states are indicating this capacity, what they are going to require as they slowly open up restaurants and theaters, that sort of thing.

In Tennessee, it is going to be 50 percent capacity, in Wisconsin, about 25 to 50 percent, depending on the establishment. Ditto Ohio and Alabama, as they all plan on getting back in business, but slowly, tentatively.

That will do it.

Here is "THE FIVE."

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