Fremont, ca 94538 county

Fremont, ca 94538 county DEFAULT
  1. Downtown Event Center exterior, grass, walkway

    Attend the celebration on Friday, October 8 from 4:30 p.m. to 9 p.m. in conjunction with Fremont Street Eats and will include live music by the Groove Doctors, facility tours, outdoor plaza games, and several food trucks will be on site. Read on...

  2. mayor holding a glass award

    The City was acknowledged at the League of California Cities Annual Conference in Sacramento for leading on climate action efforts and creating a more sustainable community. Read on...


    On Tuesday, September 28, 2021, the Fremont City Council in a special closed session meeting, voted to accept the resignation of City Manager Mark Danaj. Read on...

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Cities in ZIP code 94538

The list below includes the cities that the US Post Office accepts for ZIP code 94538. The preferred city may not be the city in which the ZIP is located. The city for 94538 is usually the name of the main post office. When mailing your package or letter, always include the preferred or acceptable cities. Using any city in the list of unacceptable cities may result in delays.

Primary/preferred city:
Fremont, CA

Stats and Demographics for the 94538 ZIP Code

ZIP code 94538 is located in western California and covers a slightly less than average land area compared to other ZIP codes in the United States. It also has a slightly higher than average population density.

The people living in ZIP code 94538 are primarily Asian. The number of people in their late 20s to early 40s is extremely large while the number of seniors is slightly less than average. There are also a slightly less than average number of single adults and a slightly higher than average number of single parents. The percentage of children under 18 living in the 94538 ZIP code is slightly less than average compared to other areas of the country.

Population Density3,715people per sq mi
Housing Units21,739
Median Home Value$480,700
Land Area16.46sq mi
Water Area0.18sq mi
Occupied Housing Units20,759
Median Household Income$85,945

Estimated Population over Time

Total Population by Age

Median Age: 34Male Median Age: 34Female Median Age: 35

Under 52,4112,2464,657
85 Plus285535820
 Black Or African American2,5214.1%
 American Indian Or Alaskan Native3650.6%
 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander4360.7%
 Other Race6,24710.2%
 Two Or More Races3,9756.5%

Head of Household by Age

85 Plus182281463
 Husband Wife Family Households11,48955%
 Single Guardian3,65918%
 Singles With Roommate1,5097%
Average Household Size: 3
 Households without Kids12,73761%
 Households with Kids8,02239%

Children by Age


Real Estate and Housing

ZIP code 94538 has a small percentage of vacancies. The Census also indicates that there are one or more nursing homes nearby.

The majority of household are rented. Homes in ZIP code 94538 were primarily built in the 1970s or the 1960s. Looking at 94538 real estate data, the median home value of $480,700 is extremely high compared to the rest of the country. It is also slightly less than average compared to nearby ZIP codes. 94538 could be an area to look for cheap housing compared to surrounding areas. Rentals in 94538 are most commonly 2 bedrooms. The rent for 2 bedrooms is normally $1,000+/month including utilities. 1 bedrooms are also common and rent for $1,000+/month. Prices for rental property include ZIP code 94538 apartments, townhouses, and homes that are primary residences.

For more information, see Fremont, CA house value.

 In Occupied Housing Units60,40798.8%
 Correctional Facility For Adults00.0%
 Juvenile Facilities50.0%
 Nursing Facilities4760.8%
 Other Institutional00.0%
 College Student Housing00.0%
 Military Quarters00.0%
 Other Noninstitutional2600.4%
 Owned Households With A Mortgage8,16038%
 Owned Households Free & Clear1,7828%
 Renter Occupied Households10,81750%
 Households Vacant9805%
 For Rent46847.8%
 Rented & Unoccupied394.0%
 For Sale Only21121.5%
 Sold & Unoccupied464.7%
 For Season Recreational Or Occasional Use596.0%
 For Migrant Workers20.2%
 Vacant For Other Reasons15515.8%

Owner Occupied Home Values

Rental Properties by Number of Rooms

 Studio Apartment3483%
 1 Bedroom3,33033%
 2 Bedroom3,81137%
 3+ Bedroom2,69826%

Cost of Monthly Rent Including Utilities

Cost of a Studio Apartment

Employment, Income, Earnings, and Work

The median household income of $85,945 is compared to the rest of the country. It is also compared to nearby ZIP codes. While money isn't everything, residents in ZIP code 94538 earn less than in other parts of town.

As with most parts of the country, vehicles are the most common form of transportation to places of employment. Residents in ZIP code 94538 use public transportation to travel to work more than most areas of the nation. In most parts of the country, the majority of commuters get to work in under half an hour. However, that is not the case in 94538. It has a much lower than average number of people that make it to work in under half an hour. Having to travel to work for over 45 minutes isn't uncommon for people who live here.

 Worked Full-time with Earnings23,07146%
 Worked Part-time with Earnings10,74622%
 No Earnings15,88532%

Average Household Income over Time

Annual Individual Earnings

Sources of Household Income

Percent of Households Receiving Income

Average Income per Household by Income Source

* Only taxable income is reported.

Household Investment Income

Percent of Households Receiving Investment Income

Average Income per Household by Income Source

* Only taxable income is reported.

Household Retirement Income

Percent of Households Receiving Retirement Income

Average Income per Household by Income Source

* Only taxable income is reported.

 Worked Full-time with Earnings23,07146%
 Worked Part-time with Earnings10,74622%
 No Earnings15,88532%

Means Of Transportation To Work for Workers 16 and Over

 Car, truck, or van21,51183.7%
 Public transportation2,2678.8%
 Bicycle, Walked, or Other Means1,1234.4%
 Worked at Home7372.9%

Travel Time to Work (In Minutes)

Schools and Education

The area has some of the highest percentages of people who attended college of any ZIP.

Educational Attainment For The Population 25 Years And Over

 Less than High School Diploma4,84011%
 High School Graduate17,14340%
 Associate's degree3,0677%
 Bachelor's degree10,63325%
 Master's degree6,02314%
 Professional school degree6271%
 Doctorate degree9702%

School Enrollment (Ages 3 to 17)

 Enrolled in Public School8,05076.7%
 Enrolled in Private School1,60215.3%
 Not Enrolled in School8428.0%

Schools in ZIP Code 94538

ZIP Code 94538 is in the following school districts: California School for the Deaf-Fremont (State Special Schl) School District, Fremont Unified School District, Mission Valley Roc/P School District, and Private. There are 23 different elementary schools and high schools with mailing addresses in ZIP code 94538.

California School for the Deaf-Fremont
39350 Gallaudet Dr.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Other/Combined or Ungraded
District: California School for the Deaf-Fremont (State Special Schl) School District

Circle of Independent Learning
4700 Calaveras Ave.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Other/Combined or Ungraded
District: Fremont Unified School District

Joseph Azevada Elementary
39450 Royal Palm Dr.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Fremont Unified School District

John Blacow Elementary
40404 Sundale Dr.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Fremont Unified School District

Brier Elementary
39201 Sundale Dr.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Fremont Unified School District

J. Haley Durham Elementary
40292 Leslie St.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Fremont Unified School District

Harvey Green Elementary
42875 Gatewood St.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Fremont Unified School District

E. M. Grimmer Elementary
43030 Newport Dr.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Fremont Unified School District

O. N. Hirsch Elementary
41399 Chapel Way
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Fremont Unified School District

Steven Millard Elementary
5200 Valpey Park Dr.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Fremont Unified School District

Mission Valley Rocp
5019 Stevenson Blvd.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: High/Secondary
District: Mission Valley Roc/P School District

Irvington High School
41800 Blacow Rd.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: High/Secondary
District: Fremont Unified School District

Vista Alternative
4455 Seneca Park Ave.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: High/Secondary
District: Fremont Unified School District

Young Adult Program
4700 Calaveras Ave.
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: High/Secondary
District: Fremont Unified School District

Ilm Academy
4211 Carol Ave
Fremont, CA 94538
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary
District: Private

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Zip Code 94538 Map and Profile

Zip Code 94538 Description

Zip Code 94538 is located in the state of California in the San Francisco - Oakland - San Jose metro area. Zip code 94538 is primarily located in Alameda County. The official US Postal Service name for 94538 is FREMONT, California. Portions of zip code 94538 are contained within or border the city limits of Fremont, CA, Newark, CA, Milpitas, CA, and San Jose, CA. Zip code 94538 is within area code 510 and area code 408. 94538 can be classified socioeconically as a Middle Class class zipcode in comparison to other zipcodes in California.

The current unemployment level in 94538 is 5.1% which is higher than the current county unemployment level of 4.6% and is lower than the current state unemployment at 7.9% and lower than the current national unemployment rate at 5.2%.

According the 2010 US Census, the population of 94538 increased to 61148 from 56111 over the past 10 years. The majority ethnicity residing in 94538 is White while the majority ethnicity attending 94538 public schools is Asian. 26.3% of students in 94538 public schools receive or are eligible to participate in free or reduced lunch programs.

Trip to Gurudwara and Temple in Fremont, CA - Part 2

Fremont, California

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Current weather forecast for Fremont, CA

Population in 2019: 241,110 (99% urban, 1% rural).
Population change since 2000: +18.5%
Males: 119,186  (49.4%)
Females: 121,924  (50.6%)
Median resident age:38.9 years
California median age:37.0 years

Zip codes:94536, 94538, 94539, 94555.

Fremont Zip Code MapEstimated median household income in 2019: $144,118 (it was $76,579 in 2000)

Estimated per capita income in 2019: $57,850 (it was $31,411 in 2000)

Fremont city income, earnings, and wages data

Estimated median house or condo value in 2019: over $1,000,000 (it was $354,300 in 2000)
Fremont:over $1,000,000

Mean prices in 2019:all housing units: over $1,000,000; detached houses: over $1,000,000; townhouses or other attached units: $846,583; in 2-unit structures: $714,936; in 3-to-4-unit structures: $661,760; in 5-or-more-unit structures: $569,119; mobile homes: $161,780

Median gross rent in 2019: $2,569.

March 2019 cost of living index in Fremont: 156.0 (very high, U.S. average is 100)

Fremont, CA residents, houses, and apartments details

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2019: 3.4%
(5.7% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 8.5% for Black residents, 5.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 9.5% for American Indian residents, 3.5% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 5.4% for other race residents, 5.1% for two or more races residents)

Detailed information about poverty and poor residents in Fremont, CA

Business Search- 14 Million verified businesses

  • Races in Fremont, CA (2019)
    • 147,96961.4%Asian alone
    • 45,99119.1%White alone
    • 29,96512.4%Hispanic
    • 7,1253.0%Black alone
    • 6,5962.7%Two or more races
    • 1,2900.5%American Indian alone
    • 1,2750.5%Native Hawaiian and Other
      Pacific Islander alone
    • 9060.4%Other race alone

Races in Fremont detailed stats: ancestries, foreign born residents, place of birth

According to our research of California and other state lists, there were 104 registered sex offenders living in Fremont, California as of October 13, 2021.
The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Fremont is 2,242 to 1.
The ratio of registered sex offenders to all residents in this city is much lower than the state average.

The crime index weighs serious crimes and violent crimes more heavily. Higher means more crime, U.S. average is 270.6. It adjusts for the number of visitors and daily workers commuting into cities.

- means the value is smaller than the state average.
- means the value is about the same as the state average.
- means the value is bigger than the state average.
- means the value is much bigger than the state average.

Click on a table row to update graph crime index in Fremont, CA

Crime rate in Fremont detailed stats: murders, rapes, robberies, assaults, burglaries, thefts, arson

Full-time law enforcement employees in 2019, including police officers: 281 (181 officers).
Officers per 1,000 residents here:0.75
California average:2.01 Blog Recent articles from our blog. Our writers, many of them Ph.D. graduates or candidates, create easy-to-read articles on a wide variety of topics.

Latest news from Fremont, CA collected exclusively by from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations


Ancestries: Irish (1.7%), Afghan (1.5%), German (1.4%), English (1.1%), American (1.0%).

Current Local Time: PST time zone

Land area: 76.7 square miles.

Population density: 3,144 people per square mile  (average).

Fremont, California map

116,995 residents are foreign born (24.7% Asia).

This city:49.2%

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2019: $8,376 (0.8%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2019: $4,939 (0.5%)

Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Los Angeles, CA (313.1 miles , pop. 3,694,820).

Nearest cities:

Latitude: 37.54 N, Longitude: 121.98 W

Daytime population change due to commuting: +11,299 (+4.7%)
Workers who live and work in this city: 28,418 (32.4%)

Area code commonly used in this area: 925

Distribution of median household income in Fremont, CA in 2019
Distribution of house value in Fremont, CA in 2019
Fremont satellite photo by USGS

Fremont tourist attractions:

Fremont, California accommodation & food services, waste management - Economy and Business Data

Unemployment in November 2020:
Unemployment by year
Historical population in Fremont, CA
Historical housing units in Fremont, CA

Population change in the 1990s: +29,508 (+17.0%).
Most common industries in Fremont, CA (%)
Most common industries in 2019
  • Professional, scientific, technical services (17.2%)
  • Computer & electronic products (11.3%)
  • Health care (9.1%)
  • Educational services (6.3%)
  • Accommodation & food services (5.2%)
  • Finance & insurance (4.8%)
  • Construction (3.7%)
Most common industries for males in 2019
  • Professional, scientific, technical services (20.4%)
  • Computer & electronic products (14.2%)
  • Construction (5.7%)
  • Accommodation & food services (5.0%)
  • Health care (4.5%)
  • Finance & insurance (3.8%)
  • Administrative & support & waste management services (3.7%)
Most common industries for females in 2019
  • Health care (14.6%)
  • Professional, scientific, technical services (13.3%)
  • Educational services (9.9%)
  • Computer & electronic products (7.8%)
  • Finance & insurance (6.1%)
  • Accommodation & food services (5.6%)
  • Social assistance (5.5%)
Most common occupations in Fremont, CA (%)
Most common occupations in 2019
  • Computer specialists (20.5%)
  • Engineers (6.9%)
  • Other management occupations, except farmers and farm managers (6.3%)
  • Accountants and auditors (2.7%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (1.9%)
  • Laborers and material movers, hand (1.8%)
  • Retail sales workers, except cashiers (1.8%)
Most common occupations for males in 2019
  • Computer specialists (26.9%)
  • Engineers (9.9%)
  • Other management occupations, except farmers and farm managers (7.2%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (2.9%)
  • Metal workers and plastic workers (2.5%)
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (2.4%)
  • Operations specialties managers, except financial managers (1.9%)
Most common occupations for females in 2019
  • Computer specialists (11.9%)
  • Other management occupations, except farmers and farm managers (5.1%)
  • Accountants and auditors (4.9%)
  • Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides (3.4%)
  • Registered nurses (3.0%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (2.8%)
  • Engineers (2.6%)

Average climate in Fremont, California

Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations

Fremont, California average temperaturesFremont, California average precipitationFremont, California humidityFremont, California wind speedFremont, California snowfallFremont, California sunshineFremont, California clear and cloudy days

Fremont, California environmental map by EPA

Map Legend

Air pollution and air quality trends
(lower is better)
Air Quality Index

Air Quality Index (AQI) level in 2018 was 101. This is worse than average.

Carbon Monoxide Level

Carbon Monoxide (CO) [ppm] level in 2018 was 0.466. This is significantly worse than average.Closest monitor was 1.3 miles away from the city center.

Nitrogen Dioxide Level

Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) [ppb] level in 2018 was 12.5. This is significantly worse than average.Closest monitor was 1.3 miles away from the city center.

Sulfur Dioxide Level

Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) [ppb] level in 2018 was 0.251. This is significantly better than average.Closest monitor was 14.3 miles away from the city center.

Ozone Level

Ozone [ppb] level in 2018 was 25.7. This is better than average.Closest monitor was 1.3 miles away from the city center.

Particulate Matter Level
Particulate Matter Level

Particulate Matter (PM2.5) [µg/m3] level in 2018 was 12.3. This is significantly worse than average.Closest monitor was 1.3 miles away from the city center.

Lead Level

Lead (Pb) [µg/m3] level in 2018 was 0.00611. This is significantly better than average.Closest monitor was 1.3 miles away from the city center.

Earthquake activity:

Fremont-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above California state average. It is 7667% greater than the overall U.S. average.

On 4/18/1906 at 13:12:21, a magnitude 7.9 (7.9 UK, Class: Major, Intensity: VIII - XII) earthquake occurred 64.0 miles away from the city center, causing $524,000,000 total damage
On 10/18/1989 at 00:04:15, a magnitude 7.1 (6.5 MB, 7.1 MS, 6.9 MW, 7.0 ML) earthquake occurred 32.2 miles away from Fremont center, causing 62 deaths (62 shaking deaths) and 3757 injuries, causing $1,305,032,704 total damage
On 11/4/1927 at 13:51:53, a magnitude 7.5 (7.5 UK) earthquake occurred 189.4 miles away from the city center
On 7/21/1952 at 11:52:14, a magnitude 7.7 (7.7 UK) earthquake occurred 242.1 miles away from the city center, causing $50,000,000 total damage
On 1/31/1922 at 13:17:28, a magnitude 7.6 (7.6 UK) earthquake occurred 290.4 miles away from Fremont center
On 12/21/1932 at 06:10:09, a magnitude 7.2 (7.2 UK) earthquake occurred 222.7 miles away from the city center
Magnitude types: body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Natural disasters:

The number of natural disasters in Alameda County (20) is greater than the US average (15).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 14
Emergencies Declared: 2

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 13, Storms: 7, Mudslides: 6, Winter Storms: 6, Landslides: 4, Fires: 2, Drought: 1, Earthquake: 1, Freeze: 1, Hurricane: 1, Tornado: 1, Other: 1 (Note: some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).Fremont topographic map


Hospitals in Fremont:

  • WASHINGTON HOSPITAL (Government - Hospital District or Authority, 2000 MOWRY AVE)

Nursing Homes in Fremont:


Dialysis Facilities in Fremont:


Home Health Centers in Fremont:


Heliports located in Fremont:

See details about Heliports located in Fremont, CA

Amtrak station:

FREEMONT-MISSION SAN JOSE (MISSION BLVD. & I-680) - Bus Station . Services: fully wheelchair accessible, public payphones, free short-term parking, call for taxi service, public transit connection.

Local government

Colleges/Universities in Fremont:

  • Ohlone College (Full-time enrollment: 6,153; Location: 43600 Mission Blvd; Public; Website:
  • Wyotech-Fremont (Full-time enrollment: 2,383; Location: 200 Whitney Place; Private, for-profit; Website:
  • Unitek College (Full-time enrollment: 1,119; Location: 4670 Auto Mall Pkwy; Private, for-profit; Website:
  • Northwestern Polytechnic University (Full-time enrollment: 685; Location: 47671 Westinghouse Drive; Private, not-for-profit; Website:; Offers Doctor's degree)

Other colleges/universities with over 2000 students near Fremont:

  • California State University-East Bay (about 9 miles; Hayward, CA; Full-time enrollment: 12,956)
  • Chabot College (about 10 miles; Hayward, CA; FT enrollment: 7,610)
  • Mission College (about 11 miles; Santa Clara, CA; FT enrollment: 5,625)
  • Stanford University (about 14 miles; Stanford, CA; FT enrollment: 14,410)
  • Santa Clara University (about 14 miles; Santa Clara, CA; FT enrollment: 7,640)
  • Foothill College (about 15 miles; Los Altos Hills, CA; FT enrollment: 9,635)
  • Las Positas College (about 16 miles; Livermore, CA; FT enrollment: 5,112)

Biggest public high schools in Fremont:

  • MISSION SAN JOSE HIGH(Students: 1,576, Location: 41717 PALM AVE., Grades: 9-12)
  • IRVINGTON HIGH(Students: 1,490, Location: 41800 BLACOW RD., Grades: 9-12)
  • AMERICAN HIGH(Students: 1,447, Location: 36300 FREMONT BLVD., Grades: 9-12)

94538 fremont, county ca

Fremont Alameda County, California

Oakland424,891Port city and county seat of Alameda County, California, United StatesHayward157,966City in Alameda County, California, United StatesBerkeley122,726City in Alameda County, California, United StatesLivermore91,617City in Alameda County, California, United StatesSan Leandro89,161City in Alameda County, California, United StatesPleasanton80,247City in Alameda County, CaliforniaAlameda78,841City in Alameda County, California, United StatesUnion City74,494City in New Jersey, United StatesUnion City74,107City in California, United StatesDublin66,936City in CaliforniaCastro Valley61,388Area of Alameda County, California, USANewark49,699City in Alameda County, California, United StatesAshland21,925City in Boyd County, Kentucky, United StatesAlbany20,031City in Alameda County, California, United StatesCherryland14,728Census designated placeEmeryville11,875City in the United States state of California
34272 Lennox Court, Fremont, CA

Fremont, California

For the unincorporated community in Yolo County, California, see Fremont, Yolo County, California.

City in California, United States

Fremont, California

City of Fremont

Clockwise: Mission San José; Holy Spirit Church; Washington Union High; Dominican Convent of the Holy Rosary; view of Mission Peak from Lake Elizabeth

Official seal of Fremont, California


Location of Fremont in Alameda County, California.

Location of Fremont in Alameda County, California.

Fremont is located in San Francisco Bay Area


Location of Fremont in Alameda County, California.

Show map of San Francisco Bay Area
Fremont is located in California


Fremont (California)

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Fremont is located in the United States


Fremont (the United States)

Show map of the United States
Coordinates: 37°32′54″N121°59′19″W / 37.54833°N 121.98861°W / 37.54833; -121.98861Coordinates: 37°32′54″N121°59′19″W / 37.54833°N 121.98861°W / 37.54833; -121.98861
CountryUnited States
IncorporatedJanuary 23, 1956[1]
Named forJohn C. Frémont
 • TypeCouncil–manager[2]
 • City council[8]Mayor Lily Mei
Vice Mayor Raj Salwan
Vinnie Bacon
Rick Jones
Teresa Keng
Yang Shao
Jenny Kassan[3]
 • City managerMark Danaj[4]
 • State senatorBob Wieckowski (D)[5]
 • AssemblymembersBill Quirk (D) and Alex Lee (D)[6]
 • United States representativesEric Swalwell (D) and Ro Khanna (D)[7]
 • Total88.46 sq mi (229.10 km2)
 • Land78.31 sq mi (202.83 km2)
 • Water10.14 sq mi (26.27 km2)  11.6%


56 ft (17 m)
 • Total230,504
 • Rank2nd in Alameda County
16th in California
96th in the United States
 • Density2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes[12]

94536–94539, 94555

Area code510, 341
FIPS code06-26000
GNIS feature IDs277521, 2410545

Fremont is a city in Alameda County, California, located in the East Bay region of the Bay Area. Fremont has a population of 230,504 as of 2020,[11] making it the fourth most populous city in the Bay Area, behind San Jose, San Francisco, and Oakland. It is the closest East Bay city to the high-tech Silicon Valley network of businesses, and has a strong tech industry presence.[13][14]

The city's origins lie in the community that arose around Mission San José, founded in 1797 by the Spanish under Padre Fermín Lasuén. Fremont was incorporated on January 23, 1956, when the former towns of Mission San José, Centerville, Niles, Irvington, and Warm Springs unified into one city.[15] Fremont is named after John C. Frémont, a general who helped lead the American Conquest of California from Mexico and later served as Military Governor of California and then U.S. Senator.


Early history[edit]

The recorded history of the Fremont area began on June 6, 1797, when Mission San José was founded by the Spaniard Father Fermín de Lasuén. The Mission was established at the site of the Ohlone village of Oroysom. On their second day in the area, the Mission party killed a grizzly bear in Niles Canyon. The first English-speaking visitor to Fremont was the renowned trapper and explorer Jedediah Smith in 1827. The Mission prospered, eventually reaching a population of 1,887 inhabitants in 1831. The influence of the missionaries declined after 1834, when the Mexican government enacted secularization.

José de Jesus Vallejo, brother of Mariano Vallejo, was the grantee of the Rancho Arroyo de la AlamedaMexican land grant. His family was influential in the Fremont area in the late colonial era and owned and built a flour mill at the mouth of Niles Canyon.[16] In 1846 the town's namesake John C. Frémont led a military expedition to map a trail through Mission Pass for reaching the Pacific coast and to take possession of California from Mexico for the United States.

DominicanConvent of the Holy Rosary, founded in 1906.

The Fremont area grew rapidly at the time of the California Gold Rush. A town called Mission San José grew up around the old mission, with its own post office from 1850. Agriculture dominated the economy with grapes, nursery plants and olives as leading crops. In 1868 the 6.8-magnitude Hayward earthquake on the Hayward Fault collapsed buildings throughout the Fremont area, ruining Mission San José and its outbuildings. Until the 1906 San Francisco earthquake caused its destruction, the Fremont area's Palmdale Winery was the largest in California. The ruins of the Palmdale Winery are still visible near the Five Corners in Irvington.[17] From 1912 to 1915, the Niles section of the Fremont area was the earliest home of California's motion picture industry[18] (see Essanay Studios). Charlie Chaplin filmed several movies in the Fremont area, most notably The Tramp.


Fremont was incorporated in 1956 under the leadership of Wally Pond, chair of the incorporation committee, when five towns in the area, Irvington, Centerville, Mission San José, Niles, and Warm Springs, came together to form a city.[19] Glenmoor Gardens, the largest subdivision in Fremont, was under construction in the area, by developers Ralph E. Cotter, Jr., James R. Meyer, civil engineer Fred T. Duvall, and contractors James L. Reeder, and Robert H. Reeder. When the Glenmoor Gardens Homeowners Association (GGHA) was incorporated, in March 1953, there were no more than 75 houses in the subdivision. It was probably the first such organization in the Fremont area; in its scope and structure. The five-member board of directors (which included James Meyer and James Reeder) was set up to oversee a full range of services, from police and fire protection to street maintenance (which later became the purview of the city government).[20]

Fremont became more industrialized between 1953 and 1962. A boom in high-tech employment in the 1980s to the late 1990s, especially in the Warm Springs District, caused rapid development in the city and linked the city with the Silicon Valley. The Apple factory where the first Mac computer was manufactured was located in Fremont;[21] production ceased in 1993.[21] Other semiconductor and telecommunications firms soon opened in the city, including Cirrus Logic, Asyst Technologies, Mattson Technology, Lam Research, Premisys Communications, and Nextlink California.[21] Approximately 750 high tech companies had offices, headquarters or production facilities in Fremont by 1999.[21] These firms included fifteen of the top one hundred fastest-growing public companies in the San Francisco Bay Area and eighteen of the top fifty companies in the East Bay.[21] The high-tech growth in Fremont continues today and is a major industry for the city.

The General Motors automotive assembly plant in South Fremont was the town's largest employer, and Fremont was known for its drag strip. In the 1980s, the plant became a joint venture automotive assembly plant of Toyota and General Motors, and was renamed NUMMI. Toyota and NUMMI shut down its operations in early 2010. Part of the plant was acquired in June 2010 by Tesla Motors as its primary production plant, known as the Tesla Factory.

Solyndra, a solar panel manufacturer, was promoted in 2010 by President Barack Obama as a model for government investment in green technology[22] after his administration approved a $535-million Department of Energy loan guarantee and the company built a $733 million state-of-the-art robotic facility, but in 2011 the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and laid-off 1,000 workers.[23] Data storage company Seagate Technology, incorporated in the Republic of Ireland with executive offices in Cupertino, acquired the former Solyndra building.

The first Fremont post office opened in 1956.[24]


Fremont's Quarry Lakes (left), Niles Canyon (center), Lake Elizabeth (right); I-880 (bottom) with Mowry interchange (bottom center) and Stevenson interchange (bottom right)

Nestled between the East Bay rolling hills and the San Francisco Bay were five small, independent towns—Centerville, Niles, Irvington, Mission San José, and Warm Springs. These towns were annexed into a single new, incorporated city called Fremont in 1956. Six decades later, these places have greatly expanded, are no longer separate communities, and are considered districts or community plan areas of the City of Fremont. The town of Newark was originally slated to join the annex, but ultimately its voters declined since Newark representatives suspected that they would become an industrial district; Newark became its own incorporated city in 1955. Later, Newark annexed a patch of unincorporated land between Mowry Avenue and Stevenson Blvd; Land which is now occupied by Newpark Mall and the surrounding plazas. Since incorporation, Fremont has created six more districts, which it calls "community plan areas" for planning purposes. These include Central, North Fremont, South Fremont, and Bayside. The two other districts, Baylands and the Hill Areas, are primarily open space.[25][26]

The area consisting of Fremont and the cities of Newark and Union City is known collectively as the Tri-City Area (different from the adjacent Tri-Valley area encompassing Pleasanton, Dublin, and Livermore).

Centerville District[edit]

Centerville was the main town in Washington Township. Centerville is located at 37°33′15″N121°59′57″W / 37.55417°N 121.99917°W / 37.55417; -121.99917. It lies at an elevation of 52 feet (16 m). Centerville was started by George Lloyd who started selling cold beer to stage passengers from a tent in 1850.[27] Capt. George Bond set up a general store and the name Centerville was chosen.[27] The post office opened Centreville post office in 1855 and changed the spelling to Centerville in 1893.[27] The Centerville Pioneer Cemetery contains the burial places of many of the city's founding pioneers.

Centerville can be traced back to its native American roots. Spanish, Mexican, Italian, Portuguese and Swiss (Swiss Park), peoples were among the early settlers that contributed greatly to the growth of Centerville.

Early Centerville was a quiet farming community, which consisted of large Spanish land grants divided into smaller farms. The Freitas Ranch on Thornton Ave was probably the largest of the working farms. There were acres of apricot along with other fruit and nut orchards and large fields of various types of fresh produce.[28]

Families of Japanese ancestry being removed from Centerville, California during World War II.

After President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, which authorized military commanders to exclude "any or all persons" from certain areas in the name of national defense, the Western Defense Command began ordering Japanese Americans living on the West Coast to present themselves for "evacuation" from the newly created military zones. This included many Centerville farming families.

Centerville was also a main stop for the early railways. This gave the local farmers a way to quickly get their produce to market. With the access to railway service there was once a large cannery on Baine Ave. west of Fremont Ave. (now Peralta) next to the tracks. In 1959, the cannery was destroyed in the largest fire in Fremont's history.[29] The fire lasted for two days, and effectively put an end to what had been the largest employer in Centerville at the time. The cannery was never rebuilt.[30]

Housing developments began to appear in the area after WWII. Most of the early housing stood along Fremont Blvd from Decoto Road south to Washington High school, along Thornton Ave from Fremont Blvd west to the Newark city border, and along Peralta Blvd from Fremont Blvd to Niles.

For city planning purposes, Centerville was enlarged to encompass most of the north central residential section of Fremont, from Mowry Ave to Decoto Rd, from I-880 to the BART line. This Centerville community plan area includes the sprawling subdivisions, developed in the 1950s and 1960s, of Glenmoor Gardens, bounded by Central Avenue, Fremont Boulevard, Mowry Avenue, and the I-880 freeway. and the Cabrillo Park subdivision bound by Thornton Ave, Fremont Blvd, Decoto Road and the I-880 freeway. Also the Brookvale subdivisions, the Quarry Lakes Regional Park, and part of Parkmont.[31] The area is served by two high schools, Washington High School (Fremont, California) established in 1892, which for a long time was the only high school in the area and American High School established in 1972. It also has two junior high schools, Centerville Junior High School and Thornton Junior High School, which now stands on the old main site of the Freitas ranch.

Niles District[edit]

The town is physically divided from other parts of Fremont and neighboring Union City by Mission Boulevard (State Route 238) to the east and north, Alameda Creek to the south, Union Pacific Railroad to the west and southeast, and the Quarry Lakes to the southwest. The hills of Niles are lower than those of the area south of the Alameda Creek in Mission San Jose. Old Town Niles features its own library, post office, and silent movie theater as well as a large number of antique and craft stores. Niles is located at 37°34′44″N121°58′40″W / 37.57889°N 121.97778°W / 37.57889; -121.97778 (Niles District). It lies at an elevation of 112 feet (34 m).

The community, once called Vallejo Mills, got its name from the Central Pacific Railroad's Niles depot, built in 1870 as part of the First transcontinental railroad and named after their railroad attorney and stockholder Addison Niles, who became associate justice on the California Supreme Court two years later.[32] A post office was opened at Niles in 1873.[32]

Niles was the home of one of the first West Coast motion picture companies, Essanay Studios. Charlie Chaplin and Broncho Billy Anderson filmed some of their most famous silent movies in Niles. Scenic Niles Canyon stretches between Niles and Sunol. The nonprofit Niles Essanay Silent Film Museum offers both artifacts of Niles' early years and each Saturday evening, screenings of early-twentieth-century silent films, many of which were filmed locally.

The Niles Canyon Railway runs along Alameda Creek in Niles Canyon and carries passengers on weekend excursions, including a holiday "train of lights", which is extremely popular – tickets for these trains typically sell out by early October. The Niles Canyon Railroad has a small but well-maintained collection of historic rail stock.

Part of historic Niles is Mayhew Spring, also known as Mayhew's Sulphur Spring, which was located 600 feet (180 m) north of the Niles railroad depot.[32] The facility was owned by H.A. Meyhew.[32] The coast-to-coast completion of the Transcontinental Railroad is reported to have occurred in nearby Niles Canyon. In September 1869, four months after the famous golden spike ceremony at Promontory Summit, Utah, the Central Pacific Railroad completed the transcontinental rail link between Sacramento and the San Francisco Bay, finishing the track through the canyon. The Central Pacific had acquired the Western Pacific and other local railroads and built track to connect them at a waterfront terminal at Alameda Point.

Also part of Niles is Niles Junction on the Western Pacific Railroad,[32] located at 37°34′35″N121°58′17″W / 37.57639°N 121.97139°W / 37.57639; -121.97139 (Niles Junction WPRR) and situated at an elevation of 79 ft (24 m).

Irvington District[edit]

"Irving, California" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Irvine, California.

The Irvington District area has cycled through many name changes over time. Shortly after the US Civil war, an emancipated black man traveled from the southern United States to California, reputedly in search of a fortune. The former slave noticed the traffic at the crossroads of what is today the "Five Corners" intersection in Fremont; the transcontinental railroad passed through this region, bringing many passers-by. Realizing a financial opportunity, he constructed the first building at the cross roads, a tavern with an inn known as Dave's Saloon.[33] This corner, today the intersection of Fremont and Washington Boulevards, Union and Bay Streets, is known as "Five Corners" or Irvington Square. Irvington Square's marker, Irvington Plaza park, is located at 37°31′22″N121°58′18″W / 37.52278°N 121.97167°W / 37.52278; -121.97167 (Irvington Square). The inn and several of the other original buildings were demolished by the city of Fremont in the early 1980s.

In 1871 Washington College, one of the first industrial educational institutions in California, was established in Washington township near the crossroads. As a result, the US Postal Service established a post office called Washington Corners at the college in 1870, which became the name of the settlement on the 1878 Alameda County map of Washington Township.[citation needed]

In 1884, realizing the need for a proper town name, local inhabitants selected the name of Irving. The name was chosen in honor of Judge Irving, the local traveling circuit judge of the time. Later, when the railroad came through the area, the published train schedule pamphlets erroneously listed the Irving train depot as "Irvington." The town petitioned the railroad about the error. The railroad company notified the town that it was too costly for them to replace the train schedule pamphlets (over $100,000); and in 1887 following the recommendation, the people of Irving changed the town name to Irvington.[citation needed]

The Irvington district has two main neighborhoods: Irvington Woods and the Irvington Square. The neighborhood is ethnically mixed and is primarily working class.[34] For city planning purposes, the Irvington area was enlarged to encompass most of the south central residential section of Fremont, from Auto Mall Parkway to Mowry Avenue, from I-880 to roughly the BART line (excluding the Central District described below). This Irvington community plan area includes the Sundale neighborhood, the South Sundale neighborhood, 28 Palms, Blacow, and Grimmer subdivisions. The area is served by three high schools: Irvington High School, Robertson High School, and John F. Kennedy High School.

The Irvingtonian period of North American mammals is named for this district due to the fossil sequence excavated here.[35]

Mission San Jose District[edit]

Dominican Convent of the Holy Rosary.

At the time of the California Gold Rush, a boom town grew up around the old Mission, to equip and transport 49ers overland to the gold fields. A post office was opened at Mission San Jose in 1850.[36]

The district, like Niles, is surrounded by hills. The hills are higher and steeper than Niles, with the highest points being on the Mission Ridge. Mission San Jose district lies close to the northern two peaks, Mission Peak and Mount Allison. Mission Peak is very distinctive and is one of Fremont's emblems. These peaks go from 2,517 to 2,604 ft (794 m), taller than Mount Tamalpais, a great height for the San Francisco Bay Area. They see some deep snow occasionally.

Fremont's community college, Ohlone College, is situated one block away from the mission and serves over 12,000 students.

Mission San Jose has the highest concentration of Asian Americans in Fremont – over 50% of the population as of the 2000 census. The local high school is Mission San Jose High School, ranked 67 in the nation by U.S. News & World Report. The median family income for the Mission San Jose area (ZIP code 94539) exceeded $114,595 in 2005. Owing to an influx of professionals and other affluent families seeking access to the top-performing local public schools, Mission San Jose's median home value reached $831,000 in 2006, earning the community a rank of 237 on Forbes magazine's list of the 500 most affluent communities in the United States.[37]

In 2001 an attempt by community organizations in the Mission San Jose district to withdraw from the Fremont Unified School District caused state-wide controversy and led to accusations of racism from both sides. The attempt was prompted by a re-drawing of the school enrollment areas, under which some Mission San Jose residents would send their children to Horner Junior High and Irvington High schools. The controversial effort to secede was dropped later that year. Fremont's public schools continue to rank among the best in California.[38][39]

Mission San Jose[edit]

Nestled at the base of Fremont's rolling hills is the Mission San José, one of the oldest of the historic Spanish missions in California, for which this district is named. The church building that exists today is a re-construction (dedicated in 1985 for daily Mass and tours) of the original 1809 adobe church that was destroyed by the 1868 Hayward-fault earthquake. One side of the original mission quadrangle remains and houses a museum. Mission San Jose is located at 37°31′59″N121°55′13″W / 37.53306°N 121.92028°W / 37.53306; -121.92028 (Mission San Jose); and lies at an elevation of 305 feet (93 m).

Warm Springs District[edit]

Warm Springs is located on Rancho Agua Caliente and is so named for the springs that are located there.[40] In early times, there was a settlement called Harrisburgh (also, Harrisburg and Peacock's) a short distance east from the small settlement of Warm Springs.[40] A post office opened in Harrisburgh in 1865 and changed its name to Warm Springs in 1885.[40] The name Harrisburgh commemorated Abram Harris, who settled there in 1858.[40] The name Peacock's commemorated George W. Peacock, its first postmaster.[40] The post office name changed to Warmsprings in 1895 and reverted to Warm Springs in 1950.[40]

The Warm Springs district is the southernmost portion of Fremont whose hub is the Warm Springs and Mission Boulevard intersection. It is located at 37°29′14″N121°55′45″W / 37.48722°N 121.92917°W / 37.48722; -121.92917, and lies at an elevation of 62 feet (19 m). Warm Springs has attracted the headquarters of many high-tech companies including Nielsen Norman Group, Lam Research, Corsair and Lexar of the US as well as foreign high-tech companies such as Elitegroup Computer Systems, and Asus. The district is also home to blue-collar industry. The San Jose mission is also present.

Warm Springs also serves as commercial center for the mainly residential Mission San Jose district, especially since the construction of Pacific Commons, a large, modern regional shopping center. The Oakland Athletics talked about moving their stadium to this area. Warm Springs was home to one of the SF Bay Area's only two coffee houses to employ baristas who wear bikinis, Your Coffee Cups, a concept that's gained some controversy from Bay Area newspapers and news stations.[41][42][43][44] This controversy led to the eventual closing of the business.

The BART extension to Warm Springs began construction in 2009[45] and Warm Springs/South Fremont station opened for service on March 25, 2017.[46]

Central district[edit]

Lake Elizabeth of Fremont Central Park

The central district is surrounded by the Centerville, Niles, Mission San Jose, and Irvington communities. The central district contains retail shopping centers (e.g., the Fremont Hub), the Fremont Bay Area Rapid Transit station, health care centers and Central Park (Lake Elizabeth).

City planners envision a mid-density, pedestrian friendly, transit oriented development, bounded by Mowry Ave, Fremont Blvd, Walnut Ave, and Paseo Padre Pkwy.[25][47] One of the central streets, the Capital Avenue extension to Fremont Blvd, was completed in 2016, as the city pursues its plans for a Downtown Fremont.

Most of Fremont is part of the Laguna Creek Watershed.

North Fremont District[edit]

North Fremont is a primarily residential district surrounded by Union City, Centerville District, Newark, and Coyote Hills Regional Park. It is a growing community that includes the Ardenwood neighborhood, the Lakes and Birds neighborhood, and the Northgate neighborhood.[48] It is the site of the Ardenwood Historic Farm, which has the George Washington Patterson House as one of its highlights, and the Ardenwood Technology Park. A 99 Ranch Market is one of many Asian businesses in the North Fremont District. Thornton Junior High School and American High School, which are both physically located in the enlarged Centerville District, also serve as the junior high and high school, respectively, for this community.

South Fremont District[edit]

South Fremont is a primarily industrial district, east of Interstate 880 and west of Interstate 680, south of Auto Mall Parkway and north of Brown Rd. The area overlaps with Warm Springs, with which it shares the eponymous BART station. The composition of the area will change, because thousands of residential units were under construction as of 2016. It is sandwiched between the Irvington and Warm Springs community plan areas.[25][47] It is noted as the site of the Tesla Factory as well as the site of the Warm Springs / South Fremont BART station.


Bayside Industrial is a primarily industrial and commercial district, west of Interstate 880 between Newark and Milpitas.[25][47]

Hill Area District[edit]

Hill Area is an open land district that forms the eastern edge of Fremont.[25][47] It is the site of Mission Peak.


Fremont has a Mediterranean climate, typical of the San Francisco Bay Area. The city features warm, dry summers and mild, damp winters. Like nearby San Jose, precipitation is fairly low (about 17 inches per year) because the city lies in the rain shadow of the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west. The lowest temperature recorded was 21 °F (−6 °C) on December 23, 1990.

Climate data for Fremont, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 58.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 50.1
Average low °F (°C) 42.2
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.07
Source: NOAA[49]


Ambox current red Americas.svg

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(July 2017)

According to a 2018 estimate, the median income for a household in the city is $122,191, and the median income for a family was $103,846. Males have a median household income of $59,274 versus $40,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,411. About 3.6% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Map of racial distribution in the southern San Francisco Bay Area, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanicor Other(yellow)

The 2010 United States Census[51] reported that Fremont had a population of 214,089. The population density was 2,443.7 people per square mile (943.5/km2).

The Census reported that 212,438 people (99.2% of the population) lived in households, 969 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 682 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 71,004 households, out of which 31,070 (43.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 45,121 (63.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,070 (10.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,382 (4.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,779 (3.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 444 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 11,576 households (16.3%) were made up of individuals, and 3,697 (5.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99. There were 55,573 families (78.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.36.

The population was spread out, with 53,216 people (24.9%) under the age of 18, 15,610 people (7.3%) aged 18 to 24, 66,944 people (31.3%) aged 25 to 44, 56,510 people (26.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 21,809 people (10.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

There were 73,989 housing units at an average density of 844.5 per square mile (326.1/km2), of which 71,004 were occupied, of which 44,463 (62.6%) were owner-occupied, and 26,541 (37.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.5%. 136,606 people (63.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 75,832 people (35.4%) lived in rental housing units.

Fremont has a large Deaf community, in large part because it is home of the Northern California campus of the California School for the Deaf. The school district is called the Fremont Unified School District which also serves parts of Union City and Hayward.

Race and ethnicity[edit]

As of 2010 more than half the residents of Fremont were of Asian ancestry, with large populations of Chinese, Asian Indians, and Filipinos.

The racial makeup of Fremont was:

108,332 (50.6%) Asian (consisting of 18.1% Indian, 17.8% Chinese, 6.7% Filipino, 2.5% Vietnamese, 1.8% Korean, 1.0% Pakistani, 0.8% Japanese, 0.6% Burmese)
70,320 (32.8%) White, Non-Hispanic Whites were 26.5% of the population in 2010,[52] down from 85.4% in 1970.[53]
31,698 (14.8%) Hispanic or Latino of any race. (consisting of 11.0% Mexican, 0.6% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran).
13,605 (6.4%) from other races,
12,584 (5.9%) from two or more races
7,103 (3.3%) African American,
1,169 (0.5%) Pacific Islander,
976 (0.5%) Native American,

Due in large part to a substantial influx of Afghans granted asylum in the United States following the 1979 invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union, Fremont is the home to the largest concentration of Afghan Americans in the United States.[54] Judith Miller of City Journal wrote that unlike many ethnic groups, the Afghans in Fremont have few political representatives at various levels and an insular focus.[55] This concentration is noted in Khaled Hosseini's 2003 novel Kite Runner.

Fremont and nearby Union City have fairly large numbers of Pacific Islanders, Cubans and Puerto Ricans, Spanish and Portuguese, and a small number of American Indians.

Demographic profile[56]2010 2018 estimate[57]
Total Population214,089 – 100.0% 237,807
One Race201,505 – 94.1% 94.5%
Not Hispanic or Latino182,391 – 85.2% 86.5%
White alone56,766 – 26.5% 24.9%
Black or African American alone6,743 – 3.1% 3.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone458 – 0.2% 0.4%
Asian alone107,679 – 50.3% 57.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone1,064 – 0.5% 0.9%
Some other race alone388 – 0.2%
Two or more races alone9,293 – 4.3% 5.5%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)31,698 – 14.8% 13.5%


Companies headquartered in Fremont include Antec Inc, Corsair Gaming, Electronics for Imaging, Ikanos Communications, Lam Research, Fremont Bank, Nielsen Norman Group, Oplink Communications, SYNNEX, S3 Graphics, Tailored Brands and DCKAP.

Top employers[edit]

According to the city's June 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[58] the top employers in the city are:

Culture and recreation[edit]

The City of Fremont has been a Tree City USA since 1996. There are approximately 55,000 trees in city parks, streets, and landscaped boulevard areas. The city operates the Olive Hyde Art Gallery, adjacent to Mission San Jose, which has featured Bay Area artists such as Wendy Yoshimura, the California Society of Printmakers and the Etsy collective.[59][60] The public gallery is housed in a former home of Olive Hyde, a descendant of early San Francisco Mayor George Hyde.[61][62]

Fremont Central Park and Lake Elizabeth[edit]

Main article: Fremont Central Park

Fremont Central Park has 450-acre (1.8 km2) on Paseo Padre Parkway between Grimmer Road and Stevenson Boulevard, easily accessible from I-880 and I-680. It was developed in 1960 and contains Lake Elizabeth, an 83-acre (340,000 m2) man-made lake. The lake was dedicated in 1969 to Fremont's former sister city: Elizabeth, South Australia. The Fremont Park Golf Course is northeast of the park, and the Aqua Adventure water park and group picnic areas is southwest of the park.

Ardenwood Historic Farm[edit]

Main article: Ardenwood Historic Farm

Ardenwood is a historic landmark park with a farm, a large forest and a mansion now called the Patterson House which was first constructed in 1857 by the farm's original owner, George Washington Patterson.

California Nursery Historical Park[edit]

This City of Fremont park[63] is the last remaining 20 acres of the historic California Nursery Company. Once 463 acres, the nursery property extended to Alameda Creek and included land that is now a subdivision and included portions of the Quarry Lakes Regional Recreation Area. The "Niles Rose Garden", at the park entrance, is the former nursery display garden. The garden was filled with flowering bulbs in the spring and roses after the spring show. Today it is filled with roses, heritage and modern. The California Nursery was founded by the Roeding Family, which recently was celebrated by the City of Fremont for their Centennial recognition in their role of Fremont History. The Roeding Family settled in Fremont after coming to California from Germany in 1848.

Don Edwards National Wildlife Refuge[edit]

Main article: Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge

The headquarters and visitor center of the Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge is located in Fremont in the Baylands District, on Marshlands Rd off Thornton Ave. From there, the visitor can access trails winding through the Refuge.

Mission Peak Regional Preserve[edit]

Main article: Mission Peak

Mission Peak is a public park that contains a 2,517-foot (767 m) mountain summit making up the northern third of the Mission Ridge, along with Mount Allison and Monument Peak. The mountain is symbolically important, as the City of Fremont logo depicts Mission Peak. The park draws an average of 750 visitors per day and more on weekends, from all parts of the Bay Area. The strenuous climb is popular with tourists: the iconic "Mission Peeker" summit marker is the most geo-tagged and photographed landmark in the city, surrounded frequently by a stream of camera-toting visitors.[64] The slopes are covered with oak woodland and chaparral. Most winters the summit receives a few inches of snow that melts quickly and falls lightly. Significant snow falls rarely, perhaps twice per decade, and generates considerable excitement.

Niles Essanay Silent Film Museum[edit]

Main article: Niles Essanay Silent Film Museum

The Niles Essanay Silent Film Museum is a film museum located in Niles on the former site of the Essanay Studios where Broncho Billy and Charlie Chaplin made films in the 1910s. It shows silent films weekly.

Washington Township Museum of Local History[edit]

Main article: Washington Township Museum of Local History (Fremont, California)

Washington Township Museum of Local History is a historical museum located in Fremont focusing on education, archival research and preservation of the historical resources of Washington Township (southwest part of Alameda County).

Quarry Lakes Regional Recreation Area[edit]

Main article: Quarry Lakes Regional Recreation Area

Shinn Park and Arboretum[edit]

Coyote Hills Regional Park[edit]

Main article: Coyote Hills Regional Park

Coyote Hills Regional Park has been a public park since 1967. It is a park full of marshlands and grassy hills.

City government[edit]

An elected mayor heads Fremont city government for a four-year term. The mayor chairs the city council, which has four elected council members in addition to the mayor. Two new seats have been added to the council beginning in 2018, for a total of seven seats when district-based elections are phased in. The council adopts the city's budget, and decides major policies. The city council appoints a city manager and city attorney. The city manager hires city staff, and manages day-to-day business. Advisory bodies work with the city council on some issues, to facilitate the council's final decisions. The mayor appoints advisory body members, subject to the approval of a majority of the council. Most members serve four-year terms of office without pay, with the exception of planning commissioners.

The City of Fremont directly provides services related to public safety, land use regulation, infrastructure maintenance, parks and recreation, and local social services. To provide these services, the city government is organized into 22 departments, from Animal Services to Transportation Engineering.

According to a 2009 financial report, city revenues were $280 million, expenditures $200 million, assets $1,200 million, cash and investments $340 million, and liabilities $260 million.[65] As of 2015, the annual budget was $160 million and the city had 800 employees.[66]

The city council has adopted a balanced budget by July 1 of each year. Budget problems have in some past years involved cuts in services, reductions in city staffing and wage concessions by labor unions.

Special districts provide water and sewer services for the city: Alameda County Water District and Union Sanitary District. A private contractor, Allied Waste, provides garbage collection and recycling services to the city.

BoxART! Program: The City of Fremont boxART! program transforms Fremont's traffic signal control boxes with compelling and creative imagery.

Grand Jury investigation of record-keeping[edit]

A Grand Jury in 2015 found that the city government did not comply with state law on public records,[66] by deleting most emails after 30 days instead of the required two years. All emails were labeled automatically as "unsaved drafts" unless designated manually for retention. The city did not keep any record of councilmember emails, which used addresses and were relayed on to councilmembers' private email accounts. Though city officials held that automatic deletion would reduce data storage costs, the Grand Jury determined that the cost of complying with the state law would not be significant.[67][68]

In response to the Grand Jury's findings, the city intended to overhaul its record-keeping procedures, and retain emails for 90 days instead of 30 days. It declined to follow the Grand Jury recommendation to retain all emails under the state Public Records Act, and the city attorney cited the data storage burden posed by email spam "for lunch at Tony's."[69]

District-based elections[edit]

The city will phase in district-based instead of at-large elections for all but one seat on the city council, beginning in November 2018.[70][71] Two new seats will be added, from five seats to seven. Six of the seats will require residence inside a district, while the seat held by the mayor will remain at large. The council chose the new district boundaries in June 2017, a controversial vote that drew accusations of gerrymandering to favor two of the incumbents.[72][71]

The districting was forced by the threat of a legal action from a group claiming that Latino minorities comprising 14 percent of the population had not been adequately represented. Few or no Latinos were elected to the council during 1956–2017.[73] Some claimed that the results of precinct voting may have been polarized along racial lines.[71][74]


According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Fremont has 104,650 registered voters. Of those, 46,840 (44.8%) are registered Democrats, 13,989 (13.4%) are registered Republicans, and 40,161 (38.4%) have declined to state a political party.[75]


Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The Fremont Unified School District has five high schools for grades 9–12: American, Irvington, Kennedy, Mission San Jose and Washington. The 5,000 seat Tak Fudenna Stadium serves all five high schools as a venue for football, track, soccer and high school graduation ceremonies.[76] These five high schools, along with James Logan High School in Union City and Newark Memorial High School in Newark, make up the Mission Valley Athletic League (M.V.A.L.).

The district has a continuation high school (Robertson); two independent study programs (Vista and COIL); an adult school; five junior high schools for grades 7–8 (Centerville, Hopkins, Horner, Thornton and Walters); and 29 elementary schools, including Glenmoor Elementary.(K-6).[77] The district operates the Mission Valley Regional Occupational Program jointly with Newark and New Haven Unified School Districts.

For the year 2019, William Hopkins Junior High, Mission San Jose High, John F. Kennedy High, and American High all received the California Distinguished Schools Award, administered by the California Department of Education.[78]

Fremont Christian School and Averroes High School in Fremont are not part of FUSD. California School for the Deaf, Fremont serves Northern California and shares a campus with the statewide California School for the Blind.

Colleges and universities[edit]

The Ohlone Community College District operates Ohlone College in Fremont, and a smaller campus in Newark. The University of Phoenix Bay Area Campus and Northwestern Polytechnic University offer undergraduate and graduate programs in technology and management areas. 42 is a private computer science university that opened in Fremont, as a sister school to the 42 campus in Paris, France. Gateway Seminary has a campus in Fremont.

Public libraries[edit]

The Alameda County Library is headquartered in Fremont.[79] The Fremont Main Library is the largest branch with the highest circulation of the Alameda County Library, and shares its building with the Alameda County Library Administration. It has the Maurice Marks Center for Local and California History, and the Fukaya public meeting room. Alameda County Library has other branch libraries in Centerville, Irvington and Niles.


See also: Fremont Station and Fremont (BART station)

Entrance of Warm Springs South Fremont Station

Fremont is served by Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway) and Interstate 680 (Sinclair Freeway). Though they do not intersect, they are connected in the Warm Springs district via a very busy one-mile segment of Mission Boulevard which is SR 262. In addition, it is served by SR 84 and the segment of Mission Boulevard which is SR 238. The city is the eastern terminus of the Dumbarton Bridge.

Elevated sound levels exist along Interstate 880; Caltrans and the city have sought to mitigate sound levels by constructing noise barriers.[80]

Regional rail transportation is provided by BART and the Altamont Corridor Express (ACE). Fremont's BART station once served as the southernmost terminus for the BART system; a 5.4-mile (8.7 km) BART extension to the Warm Springs / South Fremont station opened on March 25, 2017. A southward BART extension into Santa Clara county and the Milpitas and Berryessa stations opened on June 13, 2020;[81] a further BART extension to downtown San Jose is in the planning stages. The Fremont-Centerville station provides a stopping point for ACE service, which travels from Stockton to San Jose, as well as for Amtrak's Capitol Corridor service. Bus service is provided by AC Transit locally. Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority offers express bus service to various points in Santa Clara Valley, including downtown San Jose and California's Great America (seasonally) in Santa Clara, thus providing an alternative to the already heavy traffic on I-880 and I-680.

Future rail[edit]

Caltrain is undertaking environmental and engineering review for a planned Dumbarton Rail Corridor between the Peninsula and Alameda County. It would add Caltrain stations to Union City, Fremont-Centerville, Newark, and Menlo Park/East Palo Alto.[82]

Notable people[edit]

  • John Buttencourt Avila, father of sweet potato industry, worked in Niles District during the 1880s
  • DeAnna Bennett, American mixed martial artist
  • Karen Chen, figure skater, US National Champion 2017
  • Emilio Castillo, founding member of Tower of Power
  • Vinod Dham, father of the Intel Pentium
  • Shawon Dunston, Major League Baseball infielder
  • Dina Eastwood, ex-wife of actor/director Clint Eastwood
  • Dennis Eckersley, Major League Baseball Hall of Famer, pitched for several MLB teams; Washington High School graduate
  • Harry Edwards, sociologist and civil rights activist; worked with San Francisco 49ers and Golden State Warriors, professor at UC-Berkeley; resides in Fremont
  • Yousef Erakat, YouTube personality
  • Qader Eshpari, Afghan musical artist
  • Robb Flynn, musician
  • Tony Gemignani, World Champion Pizza Maker.[83]
  • Pragathi Guruprasad, Indian playback singer
  • MC Hammer, musical artist
  • Don Hertzfeldt, animator
  • Ariel Hsing, Olympic table tennis player
  • Khaled Hosseini, award-winning Afghan author
  • Karin Ireland, author
  • Dominic Kinnear, professional soccer player and coach
  • Steve Lewis, sprinter, Olympic gold medalist
  • Christine Liang, president and founder of ASI Corp.[84]
  • Allan Haines Loughead, co-founder of Lockheed Corporation
  • Mikh McKinney, American basketball player
  • Justin Medlock, NFL placekicker
  • Helen Wills Moody, tennis pro, won 31 Grand Slam championships
  • Lamond Murray, John F. Kennedy High School graduate, UC-Berkeley and NBA basketball player
  • Sammy Obeid, comedian, performed 1,000 nights of comedy in a row, a world record
  • Julie Pinson, actress
  • Gary Plummer, football player
  • Rome Ramirez, of Sublime with Rome
  • James Wesley Rawles, best-selling novelist
  • Randy Ready, John F. Kennedy High graduate; Major League Baseball player 1983 - 95
  • Dick Ruthven, Irvington High graduate, starting pitcher for 1980 World Series champion Philadelphia Phillies
  • Ryan Sinn, musician
  • Sid Sriram, Indian playback singer
  • Ray Stevens, pro wrestler
  • Kevin Tan, Olympic gymnast
  • Meagan Tandy, model and actress
  • Pat Tillman, football player who left his NFL career to enlist in the U.S. Army
  • Robert Turbin, NFL running back
  • Kevin Turner, Mission San Jose High School graduate, linebacker in NFL for several teams
  • Bill Walsh, coach of NFL's San Francisco 49ers in Hall of Fame; coached for Washington High School
  • Len Wiseman, film director
  • John Woodcock, NFL defensive lineman
  • Kristi Yamaguchi, figure skater, Olympic gold medalist

Sister cities[edit]

Fremont was formerly a sister city to Elizabeth, South Australia until Elizabeth merged with Munno Para to form the City of Playford in 1997.[85] Currently, Fremont is currently twinned with the following cities:[86]

See also[edit]


  1. ^"California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original(Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  2. ^"Comprehensive Annual Financial Report: Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2013". City of Fremont, California. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  3. ^url=
  4. ^"City of Fremont Official Website — City Manager". Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  5. ^"Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  6. ^"Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  7. ^"California's 15th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  8. ^"Mayor & City Council". City of Fremont. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  9. ^"2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  10. ^"Fremont". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  11. ^ ab"U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Fremont city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  12. ^"ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  13. ^"Fremont's tech community flourishes as city leaders look for more ways to be efficient". KGO-TV. 2020-11-19. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  14. ^"Quinn: The next Silicon Valley? Fremont and Berkeley drive tech scene growth". Mercury News. 2016-04-29. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  15. ^Oral History Associates, Sausalito, California (1989). City of Fremont: The first thirty years, history of growth (LC 89-60547 ed.). The Mission Peak Heritage Foundation.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^"Alameda County". California Historical Landmarks. State of California Office of Historic Preservation. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
  17. ^"Jill M. Singleton. Lost Wineries and Vineyards of Fremont, California. Fremont Museum of Local History. Accessed 2006-11-09". Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  18. ^[1]Archived February 24, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^ abcdeDennis, Rob (December 30, 2011). "Fremont mayor Bob Wasserman dead at 77". The Argus (Fremont). Retrieved January 21, 2012.
  22. ^"FBI raids solar firm Solyndra". The Oregonian. The Associated Press. September 8, 2011.
  23. ^Goossens, Ehren (December 8, 2009). "Solyndra, Solar-Panel Company Visited by Obama, Shuts Down". Businessweek. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
  24. ^Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 634. ISBN .
  25. ^ abcde"Chapter 4: Community Character"(PDF). General Plan 2030 Working Draft. City of Fremont, California. November 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
  26. ^Group, Linh Tat | Southern California News (2005-09-19). "Newark, Fremont have love -hate bond". East Bay Times. Retrieved 2021-09-23.
  27. ^ abcDurham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 615. ISBN .
  28. ^Holmes, Philip (2011). Centerville, Fremont. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN .
  29. ^"History of the Fremont Fire Department". Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  30. ^Holmes, Philip (June 24, 2015). "History Column: Centerville Fire Department". Tri-City Voice. Fremont. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  31. ^

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