La metro rail map 2021

La metro rail map 2021 DEFAULT

Some Angelenos don’t realize that there’s a subway rumbling underneath their feet—or maybe they just choose to ignore it. The truth is, you can navigate large parts of Los Angeles without ever stepping foot in a car thanks to Metro. 

People like to complain about L.A.’s supposedly paltry public transit offerings almost as much as they fume about traffic. Los Angeles Metro isn’t perfect: Light rail service can be slow, most bus routes sit in the same rush hour traffic as cars and many of us are still miles from the nearest subway station. But L.A.’s transit system should be a point of pride: Some of the B Line stations are practically underground art galleries—so much so that Metro conducts year-round tours of the stops.

Whether you’re visiting for the first time or fed up with your daily commute, use our beginner’s guide to the Los Angeles Metro to start your car-free adventure around the city.

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Riding (and paying for) Metro

The first thing you’ll need before boarding a train or a bus is a TAP card. Available at all Metro Rail stations and select retailers with a $2 surcharge, these reusable cards can be filled with pre-set dollar amounts or day passes. A single ride, regardless of the destination, costs $1.75 and includes free transfers for up to two hours. Day passes start at $7 but are only worthwhile if you’ll be taking four trips more than two hours apart. Very few bus stops have TAP vending machines, but you can buy a new card with a day pass on board (buses also accept exact change). Make sure to hold onto your card as it’s accepted on all 26 county transit agencies (and has a 10-year lifespan). You can also order or refill a card on the TAP website.

When you’re entering a train station or a bus, it’s as simple as holding your TAP card against the marked terminals. Some light rail stations don’t have turnstiles, but still make sure to tap—otherwise you could face up to a $250 fine. 

Most lines operate from before 5am to midnight or later on weekdays, with service until 2am on weekends. Trains run as often as every five minutes during peak times, though you could be stuck waiting for 20 minutes during late nights. Use Metro’s Nextrip service to take out some of the arrival time guesswork.

Metro Rail

Heavy Rail (Subways)

Heavy Rail (Subways)

There are only two subway lines in L.A., one of which shares most of its stops with the other. Underground heavy rail is admittedly not our strong point—blame it on fault lines and politics.

Though the original lines were named after colors (with the exception of the Expo Line), Metro has started to rename each line after letters instead.

B Line (Red)

Metro’s original subway line starts at Union Station, with additional stops near Downtown landmarks like Grand Park, the Music Center and Grand Central Market. It continues toward Hollywood, where it makes a stop by the Pantages Theater, the Walk of Fame and Hollywood & Highland (where you can catch a shuttle to the Hollywood Bowl), before stopping across the street from Universal Studios and in North Hollywood by the NoHo Arts District.

D Line (Purple)

This stub of a subway line shares the B Line track until Wilshire/Vermont, where it forks and ends with two stops in Koreatown. Within the next decade, service will expand west to reach LACMA (by 2023), Beverly Hills (2025) and UCLA (2026/2027).

In addition, the Regional Connector Project—slated for completion in Downtown L.A. 2022—will more seemlessly link up the two subway lines with the light rails lines below.

Light Rail

Light Rail

These (mostly) above ground lines sometimes have dedicated rights-of-way or signal priority but often share the road with cars. They’re not as fast as underground subway lines, especially as they travel through residential neighborhoods. That said, they’re still an efficient, sometimes scenic car-free option.

A Line (Blue)

The first line built, this runs from Downtown through South L.A. (including a stop near Watts Towers) before looping around Long Beach. It has two other unfortunate distinctions: crime and car-on-train wrecks. A series of rolling station closures in 2019 worked to address these issues—fingers crossed it actually helps.

C Line (Green)

This line runs in the middle of the 105 freeway from Norwalk to the inland South Bay, including a stop that’s sort of close to LAX—you’ll have to transfer to a shuttle bus to get to the airport.

L Line (Gold)

This light rail line departs East Los Angeles for Union Station, with notable stops at Mariachi Plaza and adjacent to Little Tokyo and the Arts District, before continuing north through Chinatown, Highland Park, South Pasadena and Pasadena, where the line has six stations. From there, it ventures deeper into the San Gabriel Valley, with stops between Arcadia and Azusa. Grab a window seat for fantastic views of the San Gabriel Mountains.

E Line (Expo)

One of Metro’s newest light rail lines runs from Downtown L.A. to Santa Monica, with notable stops at the Staples Center (a stop it shares with the Blue Line), USC, Exposition Park, downtown Culver City and downtown Santa Monica, where it notably arrives only blocks from the beach. The mostly at-grade line is a little slow getting out of DTLA, as it rarely has signal priority, but it’s at least a headache-free alternative to driving.

Crenshaw Line (opening 2020)

This light rail link between the E Line’s Expo/Crenshaw stop and the C Line’s Aviation/LAX station will introduce service through Inglewood and Leimert Park. Most notably, the line will include a connection to the LAX Automated People Mover, which is slated to provide access to the airport by 2023.

Buses and more

Metro Bus

Metro Bus

There are two Metro Liner routes. These extra-long buses have dedicated lanes on the freeways and surface streets. Think of them like rail cars, just smaller and with less frequent service.

G Line (Orange)

This Valley-serving route runs from the North Hollywood B Line station to Chatsworth.

J Line (Silver)

You’ll find these buses sharing the toll lanes on the 10 freeway starting in El Monte, with stops at Union Station and Downtown L.A., before turning south along the 110 freeway, with stops at USC and South L.A. before ending in the industrial Harbor Gateway.

In addition, Metro has a far-reaching bus system that is broken up into two main types: Local and Rapid. The orange local buses cover much of Los Angeles and its satellite cities. The red Rapid lines have fewer stops and more frequent service.

Of special note: the Dodger Stadium Express. This free service to Dodger Stadium leaves from Union Station on game days and whizzes by the traffic back-up on Sunset Boulevard—the return ride isn’t quite so traffic-free.

Other transit systems

Many other city-specific bus lines run in addition to Metro, among them Santa Monica’s Big Blue Bus, LADOT’s Dash network and the San Gabriel Valley’s Foothill Transit. The good news? Your TAP card will work on those systems along with dozens of others.

For longer distances, there’s also the Metrolink commuter rail system. Most lines originate at Union Station and cover destinations as far out as San Bernardino, Lancaster, Orange County, East Ventura and Oceanside. Metrolink doesn’t accept TAP cards, but they do sell TAP-enabled and digital tickets for Metro transfers (in fact, you can transfer to the Metro for free with your activated Metrolink ticket). Metrolink service can be frighteningly infrequent, so if you don’t have time to reach a ticket machine before your train departs you can buy a digital ticket through Metrolink’s app.

I have some questions…

Why does our public transit system suck?

Well, you know, that’s just like, your opinion, man. A ride on the B Line between Hollywood and Downtown is almost always more efficient than driving on the 101. And it’s cheaper than transit systems in any other metropolitan area of our size.

Metro doesn’t go anywhere, though.

Most of L.A.’s major city centers—Downtown, Hollywood, Koreatown, Culver City, Long Beach, Pasadena and Santa Monica—are linked up by Metro service. We’ll admit, though, that Metro has a bit of a last mile problem; the stops are never quite where you wish they were, which for many riders means a hefty walk, connecting to a bus or using a ride-hailing app. The rollout of bike and scooter rental apps has helped alleviate the issue as well.

But nobody rides it!

It’s the third-largest public transit system in the country by ridership. The four light rail lines are the largest by ridership in the country. The buses rank second in the country by ridership and size of fleet. People ride it.

I saw Collateral (decade-old spoilers)—there’s no way those trains are safe.

As you would on public transit in any major city, keep your wits about you—that includes not waving your phone around if you’re sitting or standing by the doors. 

Didn’t L.A. used to have an amazing transit system and then the evil automobile companies screwed it over?

The Pacific Electric Red Car system stretched all over Southern California until it was torn up by the evil auto companies—according to the plot of Who Framed Roger Rabbit? The reality is more nuanced than that. Yes, the street car lines were bought out and eventually decommissioned, but they were also already in decline as L.A. spiraled into an automobile-driven sprawl. 99% Invisible has a great primer on the whole conspiracy.

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Sours: https://www.timeout.com/los-angeles/things-to-do/los-angeles-metro-guide

Metros in the United States: Los Angeles Metro Rail

Los Angeles is the second city with the largest population in the US, and is the most populated city in the State of California, with around 18 million people. The city is famous for being home of Hollywood, for being the scenario of many movies, TV shows, and music. Los Angeles is diverse in culture, as well as in science, technology, entertainment, and other areas.

History

California initially had a system of railways, owned by the companies Pacific Electric and Los Angeles Railway for over 50 years. However, profits declined, which resulted in trains being replaced by buses and the removal of a lot of railways in 1963. However, people in the 1970s wanted trains back, since traffic increased. The Red Line of Los Angeles Metro Rail was the first rail to be built for this metro system. The last Metro Rail line to be built was the Blue Line. Los Angeles Metro Rail was opened to the public in July 14, 1990.

How To Ride The Metro Rail Train In Los Angeles Video!

Lines and stations

Metro Rail is comprised of six lines: the Purple Line, the Blue Line, the Red Line, the Expo Line, the Gold Line, and the Green Line. Four of them use light rails, while the other two use heavy rails. The colors make it easy to differentiate each line. There are a total of 93 stations. 

Purple Line

This line opened to the public in 2006. It is around 10 kilometers long, and uses heavy rails. It has 8 stations, which go from Wilshire/Western to Union Station. Stations: Pershing Square, Westlake/MacArthur Park, 7th Street/Metro Center, Wilshire/Vermont, Union Station, Wilshire/Normandie, Wilshire/Western, Civic Center/Grand Park

Blue Line

It opened to the public in 1990, and it is around 34 kilometers long. It uses light rails. It has 22 stations, which go from 7th Street/Metro Center to Downtown Long Beach. Stations: Grand/LATTC, San Pedro Street, 7th Street/Metro Center, Washington, Slauson, Vernon, Florence, 103rd Street/Watts Towers, Compton, Del Amo, Willow Street, Anaheim Street, 1st Street, Pacific Avenue, Downtown Long Beach, 5th Street, Pacific Coast Highway, Wardlow, Artesia, Willowbrook, Firestone, Pico

Red Line

It opened to the public in 1993. It is around 26 kilometers long. It uses heavy rails. It is comprised of 14 stations, which go from North Hollywood to Union Station. Stations: Pershing Square, Westlake/MacArthur Park, Civic center/Grand Park, Vermont/Santa Monica, Hollywood/Vine, Universal City/Studio City, North Hollywood, Hollywood/Highland, Hollywood/Western, Vermont/Beverly, Vermont/Sunset, Wilshire/Vermont, 7th Street/Metro Center, Union Station.

Expo Line

It opened to the public in 2012. Its railway uses light rails, and is around 24 kilometers long. It is comprised of 19 stations, which go from 7th Street/Metro Center to Santa Monica. Stations: LATTC/Ortho Institute, Expo/Western, Jefferson/USC, Expo/Crenshaw, La Cienega/Jefferson, Expo/Sepulveda, Culver City, Expo/Bundy, 17th Street/Santa Monica College, Downtown Santa Monica, 26th Street/Bergamot, Westwood/Rancho Park, Expo/La Brea, Palms, Farmdale, Expo/Vermont, Pico, Expo Park/USC, 7th Street/Metro Center.

Gold Line

It opened to the public in 2003. Its railway uses light rails, and is 50 kilometers long. It is comprised of 27 stations, which go from APU/Citrus College to Atlantic. Stations: Maravilta, Pico/Aliso, Indiana, Lincoln/Cypress, Little Tokyo/Arts District, Heritage Square, South Pasadena, Lake, Fillmore, Allen, Monrovia, APU/Citrus College, Duarte City of Hope, Del Mar, Azusa Downtown, Arcadia, Irwindale, Sierra Madre Villa, Memorial Park, Highland Park, Chinatown, Southwest Museum, Union Station, Mariachi Plaza, East Los Angeles Civic Center, Soto, Atlantic

Green Line

It opened to the public in 1995. Its railway uses light rails, and is around 31 kilometers long. It is comprised of 14 stations, which go from Redondo Beach to Norwalk. Stations: El Segundo, Crenshaw, Mariposa, Willowbrook, Vermont/Athens, Long Beach Boulevard, Norwalk, Avalon, Lakewood Boulevard, Harbor Freeway,wthorne/Lennox, Douglas, Aviation/LAX, Redondo Beach

Los Angeles Metro RailLos Angeles Metro Rail

Rail connections

The Metro Rail lines connects to other carriers in Los Angeles. Some examples are:

Connection to the airport

Once you arrive to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), look for a shuttle for the Green Line. Shuttles are available each 20 minutes from 5:00am to Midnight. The free trip will last 15 minutes. After arriving in Aviation/LAX Station, purchase a ticket, which costs $1.75. You also require to purchase a card from the vending machines. Use the escalator, and take the train to Norwalk Station. Then, you need to transfer to Willowbrook Station. Once in Willowbrook, take a train to the Blue Line.

Schedule, timetables, and hours of operations

Expo Line schedule

    Monday to Friday:
  • 1) Eastbound to LA: Starts in Downtown Santa Monica Station at 4:40 am, and ends in 7th Street/Metro Center at 1:43 am.
  • 2) Westbound to Santa Monica: Starts in 7th Street/Metro Center at 4:01 am, and ends in Downtown Santa Monica station at 1:41 am.
    Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays:
  • 1) Eastbound to LA: Starts in Downtown Santa Monica station at 4:42 am, and ends in 7th Street/Metro Center at 1:43 am.
  • 2) Westbound to Santa Monica: Starts in 7th Street/Metro Center at 4:01 am, and ends in Downtown Santa Monica at 1:41 am.

Red Line schedule

    Monday to Friday:
  • 1) Eastbound: Starts in North Hollywood at 4:32 am, and ends in Union Station at 1:31 am. During Friday and Saturday nights, it starts at 1:22 am, and ends at 2:51 am.
  • 2) Westbound: Starts in Union Station at 4:10 am, and ends in North Hollywood station at 1:31 am. During Friday and Saturday nights, it starts at 00:31 am, and ends at 2:50 am.
    Saturdays, Sundays, and Holidays:
  • 1) Westbound: Starts in Union Station at 4:10 am, and ends in North Hollywood station at 00:50 am.
  • 2) Eastbound: Starts in North Hollywood station at 4:31 am, and ends in Union Station at 1:31 am.

Blue Line schedule

Monday to Friday:
  • 1) Northbound to LA: Starts in Downtown Long Beach at 4:45 am, and ends in 7th Street/Metro Center at 1:20 am.
  • 2) Southbound to Long Beach: Starts in 7th Street/Metro Center at 4:47 am, and ends in Downtown Long Beach at 1:08 am.
    Saturdays, Sundays, and Holidays:
  • 1) Northbound to LA: Starts in Downtown Long Beach at 5:10 am, and ends in 7th Street/Metro Center at 1:18 am.
  • 2) Southbound to Long Beach: Starts in 7th Street/Metro Center at 5:00 am, and ends in Downtown Long Beach at 00:59 am.
Los Angeles Metro Rail

Gold Line schedule

  • 1) Northbound: In Mondays through Fridays, it begins in Atlantic station at 4:20 am, and ends in APU/Citrus College at 2:04 am. In Saturdays, Sundays, and Holidays, it begins at 4:30 am, and ends at 2:00 am.
  • 2) Southbound: In Mondays through Fridays, it begins in APU/Citrus College at 3:45 am, and ends in Atlantic station at 00:39 am. In Saturdays, Sundays, and Holidays, it begins at 4:42 am, and ends at 00:31 am. 

Purple Line schedule

  • 1) Eastbound: In Mondays through Fridays, it begins on Wilshire/Western at 4:41 am, and ends in Union Station at 1:31 am. In Friday and Saturday nights, it begins on 00:48 am, and ends in 2:51 am. In Saturdays, Sundays, and Holidays, service begins at 4:40 am, and ends at 1:31 am.
  • 2) Westbound: In Mondays through Fridays, service begins in Union Station at 4:10 am, and ends in Wilshire/Western station at 00:24 am. In Friday and Saturday nights, service begins on 00:31 am, and ends at 2:24 am. In Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays, service begins at 4:10 am, and ends at 00:24 am.

Green Line schedule

  • 1) Westbound: In Mondays through Fridays, service begins in Norwalk station at 4:01 am, and ends in Redondo Beach station at 1:24 am. In Saturday, Sundays, and Holidays, service begins at 4:04 am, and ends at 1:21 am.
  • 2) Eastbound: In Mondays through Fridays, service begins in Redondo Beach station at 4:21 am, and ends in Norwalk station at 00:34 am. In Saturdays, Sundays, and Holidays, service begins at 4:31 am, and ends at 00:30 am.

Price, tickets, and cards

There are many services offered at different prices.

-Local fares: When you board the metro, you can pay by showing a pass or by using the TAP card, a card where you store money and tap it into a sensor to pay. TAP cards cost $1 if bought in a vending machine, and $2 if bought at shops. They require to be bought along with a ticket or by inserting money into the card. Senior citizens, disabled citizens and students have reduced rates on Metro Rail's services, but only if they use the TAP card. The card cannot be transferred to another person, and only one is offered per passenger. It can be used indefinitely. Boarding without using the card (nor paying with cash) will result in a $250 penalty.

The local fares can be divided into: 1-Way Trip, 7-Day Pass, 1-Day Pass, 30-Day Pass, Metro-to-Muni Transfer, and 30-Day and Zone 1 Pass.

  • 1) 1-Way Trip ($1.75): With this pass, you have a one-way trip where you can transfer to other lines within two hours. The reduced rates are: Senior citizens (over 62 years old) and the disabled ($ 0.75,) college students ($1.75,) students K-12 ($1.)
  • 2) 7-Day Pass ($25): Gives you trips for a week, until 3:00am of the 8th day after use. Transfers to Metro Rail's Silver Line and Metro Express Buses at extra charges.
  • 3) 1-Day Pass ($7): Gives you one use for one day for all Metro Rail vehicles, until 3:00 am of the second day of use. Senior citizens only pay $2.50.
  • 4) 30-Pass ($100): Gives you trips for 30 days, until 3:00 am of the 31st day after use. It requires extra charges if you transfer to the Silver Line or the Metro Express Buses. Reduced rates are: Senior citizens ($20,) college students ($43,) K-12 ($24.)
  • 5) Metro-to-Muni Transfer ($0.50): Pass that lets you transfer from metro to bus within two hours. Senior citizens only pay $0.25.
  • 6) 30-Day and Zone 1 Pass ($122): Works for 30 days for using every Metro Rail service.

Another product worth mentioning in local fares is Stored Value, which is inserting cash into the TAP card. The amount of cash that can be inserted are the following:

  • Regular: $1.75 to $60.
  • Senior citizens: $0.35 to $60.
  • College students: $1.75 to $60.
  • K-12: $1 to $60.

The next service is Silver Line/Metro Express. The Silver Line trains go from Harbor Gateway Transit Center to El Monte Station. The shuttles from Metro Express go from South Bay to Downtown Los Angeles. Extra charges apply. The prices to use the Silver Line/Metro Express are divided into: Ride Base Fare, 1-Way Trip, Premium Charge, and Express and Zone 1 Premium Charge.

  • 1) Ride Base Fare ($2.50): Service given by paying the Silver Line with cash. Works for using this line, without being able to transfer. Extra charges are required if you want to use the Metro Express. Senior citizens only pay $1.35.
  • 2) 1-Way Trip ($2.50): Pass that gives you a one-way trip, and allows you to transfer to other lines within two hours. Extra fares apply to transfer to Metro Express shuttles. Senior citizens only pay $1.35.
  • 3) Premium Charge for 7-Day, 30-Day and EZ Transit Pass ($0.75): Additional charge needed to accept every Metro Pass without premium fares.
  • 4) Express and Zone 1 Premium Charge ($0.75): Additional charge needed to travel on the highway. Senior citizens only pay $0.60.
Los Angeles Metro Rail

Another pass offered is EZ Transit Pass, which is a month-by-month subscription that only works on TAP cards. It allows you to transfer to other public transportation services outside of Metro Rail, covering over 20 transit agencies.

1) EZ Transit Base Pass ($110): This pass works in every Metro Rail line, but extra fares apply to Silver Line, Non-Metro express shuttles, and Metro Express shuttles. Senior citizens only pay $42.

2) EZ Transit Pass Zones: Available in any Metro Rail vehicle, and lets you transfer to other public transportation carriers in 13 different zones. Discounts for senior citizens only apply if they have the Orange TAP card. This card can only be obtained by contacting Metro Rail's customer support offices. The price in each zone are the following:

  • Zone 1: $132 ($51.50 for seniors.)
  • Zone 2: $154 ($61 for seniors.)
  • Zone 3: $174 ($70.50 for seniors.)
  • Zone 4: $198 ($80 for seniors.)
  • Zone 5: $220 ($89.50 for seniors.)
  • Zone 6: $242 ($99 for seniors.)
  • Zone 8: $286 ($118 for seniors.)
  • Zone 9: $308.
  • Zone 10: $330.
  • Zone 11: $352.
  • Zone 12: $152.
  • Zone 13: $165.5.
  • Zone 14: $175.

The public transportation agencies that accept the EZ Pass are: 

  • Beach Cities Transit
  • Culvers City Bus
  • Burbank Bus
  • Foothill Transit 
  • Huntington Park Transit Unlimited
  • Los Angeles Department of Transportation - DASH/Commuter Express
  • Montebello Bus Lines
  • LA World Airports/LAX Flyaway
  • Norwalk Transit System
  • Pasadena Transit
  • Torrance Transit 
  • Santa Clarita Transit
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus
  • Palos Verdes Peninsula Transit Authority
  • Metro
  • Long Beach Transit
  • GTrans (Gardena)
  • LA County Department of Public Works
  • Glendale Beeline
  • City of Monterey Park Spirit Bus
  • Baldwin Park Transit
  • Carson Circuit
  • Antelope Valley Transportation Authority

Rules in LA Metro Rail

  • Animals are not allowed in the metro, unless they are inside cages or they are guide dogs.
  • Bikes, skates, and other non-fuel-powered small wheeled vehicles can be carried inside the metro. Bikes over six feet long, and fuel-powered bikes are not allowed.
  • Vehicles can be parked at parking facilities, but must not exceed time allowed for parking.
  • Photos are allowed for non-commercial purposes.
  • Proof of payment can be requested at random.
  • Large sized strollers are not allowed, and smaller strollers should be folded.
  • Eating, smoking, and drinking alcohol is only allowed in designated areas.

Future expansions

In 2023, the Purple Line will add new stations in the following areas: Wilshire/La Brea, Wilshire/Farfax, and Wilshire/Cienega. The Green Line will also be expanded to include new stations in Aviation/Century in 2019, and in Aviation/96th in 2021.

LA Metro Rail Tips

There are guided tours available for the Purple, Red, and Expo lines. The tours explain how to buy a TAP card, how to transfer to other lines, how to locate connections, and how to use the mobile app. The tours are free and you can sign up to them online. Parking is available at every line. There are free and paid parking spots. Reserved parking lasts until 10:30 am, and is available at 11 locations.

Los Angeles Metro Map

Los Angeles County Metro Rail and Metro Liner map

Fun Facts

One percent of Metro Rail's construction costs were used for paying the art pieces displayed inside the stations, which were made by over 200 artists.

In one of Red Line's stations, there are sculptures made out movie projectors of Hollywood from the 1930s. In the same station, the ceiling is decorated with movie reels. Some movies were filmed in Metro Rail's stations, some of which were: Red Line, Predator 2, While the City Sleeps, Collateral, Speed, among others.

The beach can be reached by going to Blue Line’s 1st Street station.

Over 1900 fossils from around 15 million years ago were found in North Hollywood and Wilshire/Vermont stations. The fossils included bones of animals and fossilized plants.

Nearby attractions

Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) will be used as a reference to get to these destinations using Metro Rail.

  • 1) Disneyland Resort: Take a Lot G shuttle from the airport to the Green Line. Then, take a train from Redondo Beach station to Norwalk station. Then, take a Metro Express Line 460 shuttle towards Disneyland. The whole trip lasts from two to three hours. This is the best family friendly vacation place in Los Angeles. Among the activities available are enjoying the Disney themed rides, to visiting the hotels and restaurants.
  • 2) Universal Studios Hollywood: Take a shuttle from the airport to the Red Line towards Universal City Station. From this station, take a bus towards Universal Studios. It is a movie studio, with roller coasters and park rides based on Hollywood movies.
  • 3) Hollywood: From the LAX station, take a shuttle from Flyaway Union Station towards North Patsaouras Plaza. Then, take a train in the Red Line Union Station to North Hollywood station. The whole trip lasts from 30 minutes to one hour. You can enjoy part of movie history, as well as landmarks such as the Walk of Fame.
  • 4) Griffith Park and Griffith Observatory: Take a shuttle from the airport towards Union Station. From there, ride on the Red Line towards Pershing Square station. Next, ride on a Metro Local Line 96 train from Olive Street/5th to Griffith Park. This is the largest park in Los Angeles, and is free to the public.
  • 5) Santa Monica: From the airport, take a Lot C shuttle to LAX City Bus Center. Take a Santa Monica Rapid R 3 bus from Bus Center to 4th Street/Santa Monica Boulevard (EZ Pass accepted for the transfer.) There is a beach, there are shopping centers, and a Ferris wheel.
  • 6) Getty Center: From the airport, take a shuttle towards Wilshire Boulevard/Gayley Avenue Southwest. Take a Metro Rapid Line 734 train from Westwood Boulevard/Lindbrook Drive to Sepulveda Boulevard/Getty Center Drive (EZ Pass is accepted for the connection). The trip lasts around an hour. This is a famous museum that attracts over a million tourists with its collection of art from many countries.
Sours: https://mapa-metro.com/en/united-states/los-angeles/los-angeles-metro-rail-map.htm
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Los Angeles Metro Rail

urban rail system serving Los Angeles County, California, United States

The Los Angeles Metro Rail is an urban rail transportation system serving Los Angeles County, California, United States. It consists of six lines, including two subway (heavy railrapid transit) lines (the B and D lines) and four light rail lines (the A, C, L and E lines) serving 93 stations. It connects with the Metro Busway bus rapid transit system (the G and J lines) and also with the Metrolink commuter rail system.

Metro Rail is owned and operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) and started service in 1990. It has been extended significantly since that time and several further extensions are either in the works or being considered. The system served a ridership of 344,176 on an average weekday in 2018.

Los Angeles had two previous rail transit systems, the Pacific Electric Red Car and Los Angeles Railway Yellow Car lines, which operated between the late 19th century and the 1960s. The Metro Rail system utilizes many of their former rights-of-way, and thus can be considered their indirect successor.

Current system[edit]

Lines[edit]

In Los Angeles Metro terminology, common with most other metro systems, a line is a named service, defined by a route and set of stations served by trains on that route. (The word does not refer to a physical rail corridor, as it does in New York City Subway nomenclature.)

Metro also uses the same line letter naming system for its Metro Busway services (which are bus rapid transit routes operating in transitways).

Six Metro Rail lines operate in Los Angeles County:[1]

  1. ^The segments on which the D Line operates opened as part of the B Line in 1993 and 1996. The D Line was not defined as a distinct line until 2006.

The B and D lines follow a fully underground route (subway), and the C Line follows a fully grade separated route. The A, E and L Line routes run in a mix of environments, including at-gradestreet running, at-grade in an exclusive corridor, elevated, and underground.[1] The K Line is expected to open in 2021.

The two subway lines (B and D) share tracks between Union Station and Wilshire/Vermont, while two of the light-rail lines (A and E) share tracks between 7th St/Metro Center and Pico. Future system expansions are expected to use more shared light-rail tracks.

Stations[edit]

Metro L (Gold) Line at Atlantic Station.
Westbound Metro C (Green) Line train to Redondo Beach Station arrives at Long Beach Boulevard Station.
Metro B (Red) Line train entering Union Station.
Metro A Line train stationed at Downtown Long Beach (formerly known as Transit Mall) Station.
Metro E Line train departing from La Cienega/Jefferson station to Downtown LA.

Main article: List of Los Angeles Metro Rail stations

The large majority of light rail stations are either at ground level or elevated, with a handful underground. All subway stations are underground. Future light rail lines will add more underground stations to the system.

Stations include at least two ticket vending machines, wayfinding maps, electronic message displays, and bench seating. Each station features unique artwork reflecting local culture and/or the function of transit in society.

Stations are unstaffed during regular hours. Call boxes are available at stations to allow employees at the Metro Rail Operations Control Center to assist passengers with concerns.

Metro Rail uses a proof-of-payment fare system, with Metro's fare inspectors randomly inspecting trains and stations to ensure passengers have a valid fare product on their Transit Access Pass (TAP) electronic fare card. When passengers enter a station, they encounter TAP card validators which collect fares when a customer places their card on top. Additionally, fare gates (turnstiles) connected to TAP card validators are at all underground stations, all elevated stations and some surface stations. Once passengers pass these validators or board a train, they have entered the "fare paid zone," where fare inspectors may check their TAP card to ensure they have a valid fare.

Underground stations are typically large in size with a mezzanine level for fare sales and collection above a platform level where passengers board trains.

Street-level stations are typically simpler with platforms designed with shade canopies, separated from nearby roads and sidewalks, where passengers can purchase fares and board a train.

Subway stations and tunnels are designed to resist ground shaking that could occur at a specific location, but there is no general magnitude of earthquake that the entire system is expected to withstand.[3] The Metro Rail system has not suffered any damage due to earthquakes since its opening in 1993.

Some suburban stations have free or paid park and ride lots available and most have bike storage available.

Rolling stock[edit]

Main article: Los Angeles Metro Rail rolling stock

Metro Rail maintains two distinct systems of rail: a light rail system and a subway system, which use incompatible technologies, even though they both use 4 ft 8+1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge. Metro's subway lines are powered by third rail, whereas its light rail lines are powered by overhead catenary. Also, the two separate systems have different loading gauge, and platforms are designed to match the separate car widths.

Hours of operation[edit]

Between the system's opening in 1990 and February 2020, Metro Rail lines ran regularly between 5:00 am and midnight, seven days a week. Limited service on particular segments was provided after midnight and before 5:00 am. On Friday and Saturday evenings, service operated until approximately 2:00 am. There was no rail service between 2:00 am and 3:30 am, except on special occasions such as New Year's Eve. Service operated every 5–10 minutes during the peak period, every 10–15 minutes during middays and during the day on weekends, and every 20 minutes during the evening until the close of service. Exact times varied from route to route.

In March 2020, the system started to adjust train frequencies in order to accommodate for restrictions that were enacted in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Trains would continue to run between 5:00 am and midnight daily, with late night weekend service being removed in order to accommodate for train cleaning.

Fares and fare collection[edit]

The standard Metro base fare applies for all trips. Fare collection is based on a partial proof-of-payment system. At least two fare machines are at each station. Fare inspectors, local police and deputy sheriffs police the system and cite individuals without fares. Passengers are required to purchase a TAP card to enter stations equipped with fare gates. Passengers using a TAP card can transfer between Metro routes for free within 2 hours from the first tap.

The following table shows Metro fares, effective May 15, 2018 (in US dollars):

Fare type Regular Senior (62+)
Disabled
Medicare
College
Vocational
Student K-12
Base fare$1.75 $0.35 (off-peak)
$0.75 (peak)
$1
1-Day Pass$7 $2.50
7-Day Pass$25
30-Day Pass$100 $20 $43 $24
Metro-to-Muni Transfer$0.50 $0.25

Transit Access Pass (TAP) and fare gates[edit]

Metro has implemented a system of electronic fare collection using a stored valuesmartcard called the Transit Access Pass (or TAP Card). This card was intended to simplify fare collection and reduce costs.[4] In 2012, paper monthly passes were phased out and replaced with the TAP Card. As of September 2013, first-time Metro riders must deposit an additional $2 (or $1 at TAP vending machines) on top of their first fare payment to obtain a reloadable TAP Card. In addition, Metro began installing fare gates in 2008 all underground stations, all elevated stations and some surface stations. Implementation of both programs (the TAP Card and the fare gate program) has turned out to be expensive ($154 million in total, so far) and its initial rollout was problematic.[5]

Ridership[edit]

The Metro Rail system saw a total ridership of 108,017,525 in 2018.[6]

As of the second quarter of 2018, the combined Metro B and D lines averaged a weekday ridership of 135,400, making it the ninth busiestrapid transit system in the United States.[7] Taking overall track length into consideration, Metro Rail's subway lines transport 7,960 passengers per route mile, making this the fifth busiest system U.S. rapid transit system on a per mile basis.

Metro's light rail system is the busiest in the United States with 203,300 average weekday boardings during the second quarter of 2018.[7] At 83.6 miles (134.5 km)[8] Metro's light rail system is the second largest in the United States.

Security and safety[edit]

Half of the Metro Rail's trains and stations are patrolled by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, under a law enforcement contract. The Los Angeles Police Department, and Long Beach Police Department, also patrol stations within their respective cities, also under contract.[9] The system is also monitored by security personnel by closed-circuit television cameras in Metro Rail stations and subway cars.[10]

History[edit]

Main article: History of Los Angeles Metro Rail and Busway

In the early 20th century, Southern California had an extensive privately owned rail transit network with over 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of track, operated by Pacific Electric (Red Cars) and Los Angeles Railway (Yellow Cars).[11] However, from 1927 revenue shortfall caused Pacific Electric to begin replacing lightly used rail lines with buses. In 1958 the remnants of the privately owned rail and bus systems were consolidated into a government agency known as the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority or MTA. By 1963 the remaining rail lines were completely removed and replaced with bus service.

In the following decades, growing traffic congestion led to increased public support for rail transit's return. Beginning in the 1970s, a variety of factors, including environmental concerns, an increasing population and the price of gasoline led to calls for mass transit other than buses. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA, now branded as Metro) began construction of the initial lines throughout the 1980s using revenues from a voter-approved increase in sales tax. The Blue (A) Line finally opened on July 14, 1990, some 27 years after the final streetcar line closed. Since that date, the system has been developed to its current size. The following table shows this expansion's timeline:

Segment description Date opened Current line(s) operating
on segment
Endpoints # of new
stations
Length
(miles)
Blue Line Initial Segment July 14, 1990 A Line  Pico to Anaheim Street17 19.1
Blue Line Long Beach Loop September 1, 1990 A Line  Anaheim Street to Pacific4 2.2
Blue Line To Financial District February 15, 1991 A Line E Line  Pico to 7th St/Metro Center1 0.7
Red Line MOS-1 January 30, 1993 B Line D Line  Union Station to Westlake/MacArthur Park3[a]4.4
Green Line August 12, 1995 C Line  Redondo Beach to Norwalk13[a]20.0
Red Line MOS-2 West July 13, 1996 B Line D Line  Westlake/MacArthur Park to Wilshire/Western3 2.0
Red Line MOS-2 North June 12, 1999 B Line  Wilshire/Vermont to Hollywood/Vine5 4.7
Red Line MOS-3 June 24, 2000 B Line  Hollywood/Vine to North Hollywood3 6.3
Gold Line Initial Segment July 26, 2003 L Line  Union Station to Sierra Madre Villa12[a]13.7
Gold Line Eastside Extension November 15, 2009 L Line  Union Station to Atlantic8 6.0
Expo Line Phase 1 April 28, 2012 E Line  Flower/Washington Intersection to La Cienega/Jefferson[b]8 7.6
Expo Line To Culver City June 20, 2012 E Line  La Cienega/Jefferson to Culver City2[c]1.0
Gold Line Foothill Extension March 5, 2016[12]L Line  Sierra Madre Villa to APU/Citrus College6[12]11.5[12]
Expo Line Phase 2 May 20, 2016[13]E Line  Culver City to Santa Monica7[13]6.6[13]
TOTAL93105.8[d]
  1. ^ abcSegment also included significant expansion of an existing station(s): this was not counted as a new station.
  2. ^In terms of added trackage; Expo Line has thru service to 7th St/ Metro Center.
  3. ^Expansion included new infill station.
  4. ^Likely varies from the "official" Metro figure due to rounding differences.

Planned expansion[edit]

Metro has worked to plan and prioritize project funding and implementation. Metro's 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) was developed to provide a long-term vision of transportation system development for the next 30 years.[14] Metro worked to update the 2009 LRTP plan citing new housing trends and fiscal changes. Metro released the updated LRTP in 2020.[15]

Beginning in 2014, Metro saw its ridership numbers begin to decline. Many explanations exist for the decline, including safety concerns, an increase in ride-hailing service usage, low-income housing opportunities drying up in L.A. because of the increase in rents, and a shortage of housing.[16] Ridership declines also coincide with passage of AB 60, signed into law by Governor Brown in 2013, which provides for issuance of a vehicle operators license regardless of immigration status.[17][18]

The fiscal changes are the passage of Measure R, a countywide incrememental sales tax increase passed by voters in 2008, provides funding for many of the highest priority projects in the LRTP.[19][non-primary source needed] On November 6, 2012, Metro attempted to pass Measure J,[20] but failed as it did not reach the two-thirds majority needed to pass.[21][22] In November 2016 election, Metro decided to place another sales tax on the ballot. The voters then approved Measure M, a half-cent permanent sales tax increase, to fund many local projects, including Metro Rail expansion.[23]

In 2018, Metro approved renaming its rail lines using a letter-based scheme, similar to those in New York City.[24][25] Metro recommended the opening of the refurbished A Line in 2019 as a starting point to rename the lines,[26] and then continuing with the opening of the K line, finishing in time for the opening of the Regional Connector in 2022.[27][non-primary source needed]

Current and priority projects[edit]

The following rail projects have been given high priority by Metro. They all appear in the 2009 LRTP constrained plan,[14] and all have funding earmarked from Measure R.[19][28] With the passage of Measure M in 2016, Metro released an updated Long Range Transportation plan in February 2017, and released a full report in 2020,[29] along with its Twenty-eight by '28 initiative.[30]

Concept name Description Construction Operational Status Ref.
 K LineConstructs a new light rail route starting at an underground station at the current Crenshaw/Expo station on the E Line at Crenshaw Blvd and running south to connect to the C Line near the current Aviation/LAX station. 2014–2020 2022 Under construction [31]
A Line E Line  Regional ConnectorCreates a new light rail tunnel through Downtown Los Angeles linking the A, L and E Lines. 2015–2022 Mid 2022 Under construction [32][33][34]
D Line  D Line ExtensionPhase 1 extending the D Line west along Wilshire Blvd to La Cienega, Phase 2 extending a further three miles from La Cienega thru Beverly Hills to Century City. Phase 3 will consist of two additional stations—in Westwood near UCLA, and at the West Los Angeles VA Medical Center. All currently under construction with plans to finish all three phases in time for the 2028 Summer Olympics, which the city will host. UCLA will be site of the Olympic Village. 2015–2026 2024 (Phase 1) / 2025 (Phase 2) / 2027 (Phase 3) Under construction [36][37][38]
LAX Automated People MoverWill connect LAX terminals and a new rental car facility to the Metro Rail system through the construction of an automated people mover system and an infill light rail station, Aviation/96th Street station, which will be served by the K and C Lines. Built in cooperation with Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA). 2018–2023 2023 Under construction [39][40][41]
A Line  Gold Line Foothill Extension Phase 2B (Part 1) Further extends the northeast segment of the current LRT L Line (which will be operated as part of the A Line by the time this extension opens) eastward from APU/Citrus College station in Azusa to Pomona. Phase 2B (Part 2) from Pomona to Montclair is still attaining funding. 2019–2025 2025 Under construction [42][43][44][45]
East San Fernando Light Rail Transit ProjectLRT line connecting the east San Fernando Valley to the G Line, largely along Van Nuys Blvd and San Fernando Road. The HRT Sepulveda Pass Transit Corridor is immediately south of Van Nuys Blvd corridors terminus. A transfer station will be constructed to connect with three possible transit options: the BRT G Line, HRT Sepulveda pass Transit Corridor Line and the planned LRT. Transfer station optioned include the MetrolinkVan Nuys station, a Sherman Way station or the G Line Van Nuys station. LRT and HRT are not compatible as a single route. 2022 2028 Final EIR/CEQA in progress [46][47][48]
E Line  Eastside Transit Corridor Phase 2 Extends the LRT L Line (future E Line) from its current East LA terminus eastward along Washington Boulevard to Whittier. 2025 2035 Final EIR/CEQA in progress [50]
C Line  South Bay C Line ExtensionExtends the LRT C Line from its current terminus in Redondo Beach towards Torrance and South Bay cities. If accelerated and funds are available, by 2028. 2026 By 2033[51]Two LPA's optioned / Draft EIR in progress [52]
West Santa Ana Branch Transit CorridorCreates a new LRT route connecting downtown LA to Artesia and the Gateway Cities, much of it along the West Santa Ana Branch, a disused Pacific Electric right-of-way. The downtown terminus is still undetermined; possibilities include the Arts District, and Union Station. 2022 2028[53]Two LPA's optioned/ Draft EIR in progress [54][55][56]
Sepulveda Pass Transit Corridor Phase 1 and 2 Planning underway on a rail connection between the G Line and the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor (see above) in the Valley to the D and E Lines on the Westside. Modes under consideration including a standalone HRT subway; or a monorail, which unlike the other modes could traverse the Sepulveda Pass without tunneling. Existing local funding sources will provide approximately $5.7 billion for the project for a scheduled opening in the early 2030s; additional funds, including from public-private partnerships, are being sought to complete the line before the 2028 Summer Olympics. 2028 2039 Four LPA's analysis in progress / Draft EIR in progress [57][58]
K Line  Crenshaw Northern Extension Rail ProjectCreate a new LRT subway line connecting the B Line's Hollywood/Highland station south to the D Line, and the K Line's Expo/Crenshaw Station via Santa Monica Boulevard in West Hollywood. Possible north–south routes including Fairfax, La Brea, and San Vicente Boulevard. An extension north of the K Line is included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in the 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan. The city council approved in May 2018, to expedite its own environmental study to speed up the approval process with Metro. Metro's 2018 budget included $500,000 to begin the draft environmental studies for the extension project. Local residents created the West Hollywood Advocates for Metro Rail to advocate a new LRT or HRT. West Hollywood has publicly stated they prefer all routes be underground thru Santa Monica boulevard. 2041 2047 Three LPA's analysis in progress / Draft EIR in progress [14][59][60][61][62]
B Line D Line  Arts District/6th Street stationAdded due to public comments. Extend the HRT D and B Lines from their eastern terminus at Union Station, south along the L.A. River to the Arts District, and possibly across the river along Whittier Blvd. to the Eastside. Not included in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan. However, Metro is studying the possibility of adding one or two stops along the river in the Arts District as part of a project to improve and expand the rail yard already in the area to accommodate increased headways once the D Line extension west is completed. Draft Environmental study funds were appropriated in the 2018 Metro budget. Draft EIR in progress. Metro advocates no Measure M or R funds are available for construction. Unknown Unknown Draft EIR in progress [63][64][65][66]
Vermont Transit CorridorCreate a new north–south subway route down Vermont Avenue extending the HRT B Line at the Wilshire/Vermont Station south, to the Metro E Line and C Line. Included as a Tier 2 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan; a Bus rapid transit line has been funded in the near term by Measure M, but studies will be conducted for possible heavy rail rapid transit, as the Vermont corridor is Metro's second busiest public transportation corridor. BRT 2020; HRT 2060 BRT 2024; HRT 2067 Three LPA analysis funded / Pending Draft EIR for BRT[14][67]
G Line  G LRT ConversionConverting the current G Line Bus Rapid Transit route into LRT. Made possible after the 2014 repeal of state legislation prohibiting LRT along the G Line right of way, which had been enacted due to neighborhood opposition in the 1990s. Bridges along the busway are designed to LRT standards, but the project would require substantial service disruption as the roadway is replaced by rails and catenary wire installed. Some Valley politicians and pressure groups have endorsed the proposal; critics have suggested funding would be better spent on adding new lines along other corridors in the Valley. Long terms plans include complete conversion in phases with full replacement by 2057. Metro commenced BRT upgrades in 2018 by adding more grade crossing gates, two new over cross bridges at Van Nuys Blvd and Sepulveda Blvd, reducing travel time by 20%. 2051 2057 No current funds available for LRT until 2051 [68][69][70]
C Line  Lincoln Blvd BRT/LRT LineExtend the LRT C Line from LAX northwest to Venice and Santa Monica Beach and possibly connect with the E Lines western terminus. The C Line was originally engineered to maintain compatibility with this extension. Included in City of Los Angeles Westside Mobility Plan, and as a Tier 2 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan. BRT 2043; LRT Unknown BRT 2047; LRT Unknown No LPA or EIR conducted [14][71]

Other expansion concepts[edit]

Metro's Long Range Transportation Plan was published in 2009,[14] and was updated by in 2020.[15] The following proposed line/system expansions do not have funding or high priority in Metro's long-range plans. Some are listed as "strategic unfunded" in the last Long Range Transportation Plan, indicating some possibility they could be constructed should additional funding materialize. Others have been the subject of Metro Board discussion, with the possibility of future feasibility studies. (More information on each project can be found in the references.)

Concept name Description Source
Burbank–Glendale Line Would connect Downtown Los Angeles to Glendale and Burbank. Studied in the 1990s, and included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan.[14][72][14]
B Line To Burbank Airport Extend the Metro B Line 3.2 miles (5.1 km) from its northwestern terminus to Burbank Airport. Included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan.[14][14]
C Line To Norwalk MetrolinkExtend the C Line east to Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs station (Metrolink). Included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan,[14] but is included among the Major Transit Projects (Figure 8) in the 2020 Long Range Transportation Plan with an estimated "open year" of 2052.[15][73]
"Pink Line"/"Silver Line" (former names) DTLA Union Station thru Hollywood to Beverly Hills terminating at the under construction D Line Century City Station. Stops in or near Silver Lake, Dodger Stadium, Echo Park, West Hollywood and Century City. Mostly a Sunset Boulevard and Santa Monica Boulevard east–west route. Possibly using the already built HRT B Line tracks thru Hollywood or the LRT K Line under consideration in West Hollywood. East of Union Station would head to the City of La Puente or El Monte, CA. With possible stops in East L.A., Cal State LA, San Gabriel and Baldwin Park. No LPAs listed. No funds available. Listed as one of several "Strategic Unfunded Plan" project in the 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan, Tier 2.[14] Eastside route no longer met by the removed Eastside Transit Corridor option along The 60 Freeway. [74][75][76][14]
Harbor Line Light rail line to connect harbor area (San Pedro) to Metro A Line or C Line. Floated in LA City Council motions and Metro Harbor Subdivision studies. Also, a further southward extension of the C Line is included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in the 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan. Other plans could lead to the J Line being converted to rail.[14][77]
D Line Extension Phase 4 Extend the Metro D Line 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from its under construction western terminus, Westwood/VA Hospital station to Downtown Santa Monica station. No funds available. [78][79]
Venice Boulevard CorridorRestore the Venice Boulevard right of way train service from Venice Beach in the west to Culver Junction area possibly heading north on La Brea Avenue to Hollywood or east into Downtown Los Angeles. Would service the westside and Central Los Angeles. Pacific ElectricVenice Short Line was last used in 1950's. [80]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  76. ^"Does L.A. Need the Santa Monica Purple Line Extension?". Urbanize LA. January 31, 2017.
  77. ^"L.A.'s not-quite 'subway to the sea' finally breaks ground". Los Angeles Times. November 8, 2014.
  78. ^"Who Are We Building Transit For?". LA Streetsblog. January 9, 2020.

External links[edit]

Media related to LACMTA Metro Rail at Wikimedia Commons

Route map:

Template:Attached KML/Los Angeles Metro Rail

KML is not from Wikidata

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_Metro_Rail
Los Angeles' Metro Network Evolution

Masha often cried at night, I myself heard. But she felt sorry for me and first of all cared about me. We lived in a large apartment, in a Stalinist house with meter-high walls, almost in the very center of Moscow. And Masha was already thinking about changing our magnificent apartment, for a smaller one, but with a surcharge.

And then I noticed that men of all ages began to visit her.

Map la metro 2021 rail

But if Isa gives birth to you in six months, then you will definitely get settled in Zyama. Meanwhile, mom has already cooked porridge for her beloved son Zyama, and in order to pass the time before his arrival, she began to interrogate her neighbors right from. The Balcony: Rose, my Zyama by you.

What will be the route of Pune Metro? Bird's eye view of Purple Line - Aqua Line - Metropolitan Line

Then she rolled over onto her back and substituted her shaggy voluptuous cave. Only after ten years, during which her daughter never got married, did she finally begin to realize that she was in love with her husband. But, since she could not imagine my life without him, I reconciled with it.

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And he pulled it cool, but considering that he had my favorite physique, completely thin, with muscle relief given by nature and yard. Vacillations. I am glad that it was he who printed me. Everything was simple: in the camp, we did not sleep with him after the feast all night, drank beer and talked about women.



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