2018 model 3 standard range

2018 model 3 standard range DEFAULT

The Tesla Model 3 is one of the most anticipated new vehicles of the decade. While the Model S transformed how we see electric cars, the Model 3 is supposed to be the one that democratizes them. Tesla conceived the 3 to be simpler and more affordable, and the company hopes to build millions of them.

Now Tesla not only has to build cars at many times the rate it ever has, but it has to deliver them and provide service and support to a far larger, likely less forgiving owner base. The California automaker is now in the early stages of production ramp-up. Follow along as we run through the vitals on the Model 3, look at why it has created such a buzz, and try to make some sense of it all. Look for regular updates here as the Model 3 story continues to unfold.

Design

At 184.8 inches long, 72.8 inches wide, and 56.8 inches high, with a 113.2-inch wheelbase, the Model 3 fits right in among an established entry-luxury cohort that includes the BMW 3-series, Mercedes-Benz C-class, and Audi A4. Compared with those German offerings, its appearance is quite different, especially from the front, where it eschews a grille in favor of flush aero work and an especially low snout and hood, with headlamps pulled back and resting more atop the fenders than at the leading edge of the car.

Although its profile closely resembles that of the Model S, which is a hatchback, the Model 3 is a five-passenger sedan with a conventional trunk. That allows one of the most innovative design features in the Model 3: its glass roof, which arcs, uninterrupted, all the way from the trunklid to near the front occupants’ heads. It also eliminates the typical rear-window header and helps maximize headroom in back, while allowing the racier roofline and profile (likely contributing to the Model 3’s claimed 0.23 drag coefficient).

It’s inside, however, where the Model 3 makes a far bigger splash. In what could be an ode to design minimalism, cost cutting, assembly simplification, or a mix thereof, Tesla has purged all gauges as well as some traditional switchgear from the Model 3. There’s no instrument cluster, and the only display is a horizontally oriented 15.0-inch touchscreen—an interface that is not only relied on for basic info such as speed, vehicle status, and the battery’s state of charge but also for entertainment, navigation, climate controls, and settings. If you’re looking for knobs to turn or physical buttons to click, this is not your car.

Powertrain

The Model 3, like the Model S, is a rear-wheel-drive car in its base form, with a rear-mounted motor. All-wheel-drive versions add a front motor as well as other upgrades including Ludicrous Mode performance. These are expected to become available sometime in the second half of 2018.

Tesla has not yet specified the capacities in kilowatt-hours of the two available battery packs, and the Model 3 moves to a nomenclature that isn’t centered on the amount of energy storage. For now, there will be two versions: standard and Long Range. The standard version has an EPA-estimated driving range of 220 miles and will accelerate to 60 mph in 5.6 seconds, according to Tesla, while the Long Range version goes 310 miles on a charge and is claimed to make the 60-mph dash in 5.1 seconds. Top speed is listed as 130 mph for the standard Model 3 and 140 mph for the Long Range model.

The Model 3 doesn’t use the same battery technology as the Model S. It uses cells with a new chemistry and format produced by supplier Panasonic. These cells are assembled into the battery pack at Tesla’s Gigafactory in Sparks, Nevada.

Charging

Tesla is the only automaker to have developed its own proprietary network of charging stations, dubbed Superchargers. The company says it is in the process of expanding the number of chargers in North America by 150 percent during 2017, to a total of nearly 6500 at the end of the year. Although the Model 3 is fully compatible with that network, you’ll have to pay incrementally by charging time or by kilowatt-hour (depending on the state) for the use of Tesla’s fastest Superchargers. Using those, the standard version can recover 130 miles in 30 minutes, according to Tesla, while the Long Range version can recover 170 miles in 30 minutes. Tesla vehicles currently charge at a peak of 120 kW, and their onboard charging hardware can handle up to 145 kW—well beyond the 50-kW peak power you’ll find at Level 3 CHAdeMO or CCS (Combo) connections.

Slower Tesla-configured connectors hosted by businesses such as hotels or restaurants—so-called Destination Chargers—remain free to patrons and offer a power level that would bring you a full charge overnight or a partial one in a few hours. Tesla recommends its Wall Connector for the fastest possible home charging, although the company includes a NEMA 14-50 adapter for home charging with 240 volts. Charging time with a depleted battery and a 120-volt power source will be measured in days.

Chassis

The Model 3 was designed as a smaller, stripped-down version of the Model S in some respects, yet it was engineered with completely different underpinnings with the intention of lowering cost and easing mass production. That includes a scaled-down body structure made of aluminum and high-strength steel (instead of all aluminum, as in the Models S and X) and a total curb weight that isn’t much more than those of rival compact sports sedans: 3550 pounds in base form or 3850 for the Long Range, by our estimation.

With the rear-wheel-drive layout, a low center of gravity due to its underfloor battery pack, and 53 percent of its weight on the rear wheels (for the base version; 52 percent for the Long Range model), the Model 3 has the potential for excellent driving dynamics. The suspension consists of multilink geometry front and rear, along with anti-roll bars at both ends. The steering is a variable-ratio, speed-sensitive system, and Tesla will offer a choice of 18-inch Aero or 19-inch Sport wheels. In a very brief drive—we’re talking 10 minutes—the Model 3 seemed zippy and responsive, although further impressions will have to wait until we get more time in the driver’s seat.

Functionality

The Model 3’s interior, with its all-touchscreen interface—with which we’ve yet to spend significant time—is dramatically different from anything else on the market. That contrasts with the rest of the cabin, which is more warm and welcoming in a traditional sense and was clearly designed to be functional for commuters and families by including door pockets, storage cubbies, and cupholders.

There’s room for five in the Model 3, officially. Although we’re not sure how much of the packaging might have changed from the prototype that Tesla showed in March 2016 (the front seats look quite a bit different, for instance), we verified at that time that the prototype could easily fit two six-footers, one behind the other, which would make the Model 3 at least as accommodating as many sedans its size.

The Model 3 offers 15 cubic feet of cargo space, divvied up between the front cargo area and the rear trunk. The rear seats are split 60/40 and will fold forward flat (or nearly so), creating a long, continuous space. That said, the small trunk opening still won’t make the Model 3 a preferred vehicle for big-box errands.

Pricing and Features

Tesla has stuck to a $36,200 base price for the Model 3 (the promised $35,000 plus a $1200 destination charge), while the base price of the Long Range version starts at $45,200. That undercuts the Chevrolet Bolt EV ($37,495) and the BMW i3 ($43,395) and is just $1755 more, in standard form, than a base BMW 320i.

Both versions of the Model 3 pack in quite a bit of standard equipment, which we’d call fully competitive on a feature basis with other luxury-brand sedans in this price range. Dual-zone climate control, onboard navigation, Wi-Fi and LTE connectivity, FM/Internet radio, voice controls, a backup camera, and power windows and mirrors are all included. Safety equipment includes eight cameras, 12 ultrasonic sensors, and forward radar, all of which enables a suite of active-safety features, plus six front-row airbags and two side-curtain bags. The 19-inch Sport wheels are a $1500 option, and all colors but black cost $1000 extra.

The Model 3 has one traditional luxury option group, called the Premium Upgrades package. For $5000, it adds distinctive open-pore wood trim, heated seats, upgraded cabin materials, higher-grade audio, auto-dimming heated and power-folding side mirrors, saved driver profiles, two rear USB ports, a center console with covered storage and docking space for two smartphones, plus power-adjustable front seats, steering column, and side mirrors. The package also adds LED foglamps and a tinted glass roof with UV and infrared protection. For another $5000 you can add Enhanced Autopilot: Besides matching your speed to traffic conditions, it will follow your travel lane, automatically change lanes in some conditions, exit the freeway, and self-park. With that option, Tesla plans to roll out Autopilot features and enhancements in the future, and beyond this, Tesla eventually plans to offer a Full Self-Driving Capability option for another $3000—which, when offered, would push a fully optioned car past the $60,000 mark.

The federal $7500 EV tax credit will apply for the time being, although Tesla is expected to hit its ceiling of 200,000 vehicles eligible for the credit in 2018. That means those currently placing a reservation shouldn’t count on getting the credit—or at least not the full amount, as it phases out incrementally. Nine states have their own rebates or credits that will further reduce the cost. In California and Oregon, for instance, with tax-credit eligibility, the base car would effectively cost just $26,200.

Phone as Car Key

Tesla has done away with traditional keys or fobs in the Model 3. Using a Bluetooth Low Energy connection, the car authenticates its owner via smartphone, unlocks, and powers up. What if you don’t have a phone with you (or its battery is dead) or you want to have a valet park the car? There’s a card that uses near-field-communication (NFC) technology. A tap of the card at the side pillar will lock or unlock the vehicle.

Stores, Not Dealerships

The Model 3 will prove to be an important test of Tesla’s retail network, which depends not on the traditional model of franchised dealerships but on factory stores and service depots. Owners can make service appointments from their cars or smartphones, but Tesla’s company-owned retail stores—modeled after those of Apple—are the contact points for shoppers thinking about a purchase or learning about features or upgrades. Tesla thinks this model is the future, but it has met a lot of resistance, and some states, including Texas and Michigan, still don’t permit Tesla stores under their franchising laws. That creates some odd logistical workarounds for people in those states who want to buy any Tesla.

Serviceability

Tesla so far remains the only automaker that does over-the-air updates of core vehicle-system software, that we know of. Simply put, one day you might notice an additional feature or even realize that your Tesla drives somewhat differently (or that it’s quicker). Since Tesla doesn’t have traditional dealerships, the brand relies heavily on remote diagnostics and support from mobile technicians—who may decide to take your car off to a service center.

In preparation for the Model 3, Tesla said it is adding about 100 service centers and 1400 technicians. Although the company claims to have reduced repair times by 35 percent just this year, Tesla’s vision of how it is better off without franchise dealerships will be tested the first time the automaker faces a major recall.

Tesla hasn’t yet detailed the regular service schedule for the Model 3, but CEO Elon Musk said recently that the Model 3 powertrain is designed to go about a million miles without service.

Reservations

Tesla has taken more than 500,000 money-down reservations for the Model 3 to date—all accomplished without conventional marketing. The company received 276,000 reservations in the first three days they could be placed, and in the week after the reveal the total was already up to 325,000.

These $1000 (fully refundable) commitments ensure a place in the delivery queue—although it’s not completely chronological, because Tesla is making the first deliveries to employees and prioritizing current Tesla owners. Buyers in the Eastern United States may have to wait longer than those in California and in West Coast states.

CEO Musk has mused that Tesla has been in effect, “antiselling” the Model 3. The automaker has been careful to emphasize that the Model S will remain the flagship car in the lineup—with a much, much shorter wait time.

Availability

Initially, Tesla is ramping up production of one well-equipped build of the Model 3—in Long Range form, equipped with every currently available option and carrying a likely sticker price of $57,700. Deliveries of the Model 3 with the standard battery are due to start in October. Other versions, including those with all-wheel drive, may be offered starting next year.

Musk, at the recent event delivering the first production vehicles, warned of impending “production hell”—as Tesla attempts to ramp up production to 5000 cars per week (20,000 per month) by the end of 2017. Tesla has long targeted a production rate of 500,000 Model 3s per year, to be reached in 2018, and a rate of a million vehicles annually (20,000 per week) in 2020. To get there, the automaker is counting on payoff from a massive investment in assembly robotics—with complexity that Musk likened to an alien dreadnought.

Given the 500,000-plus people in line, those who put down deposits today aren’t expected to see delivery until late 2018—if Tesla doesn’t run into production slowdowns. Musk has hedged the production-rate goals by saying that any natural disaster or hitch with its suppliers might slow the ramp-up rate even more. As of August 1, 2017, Tesla has delivered only 30 vehicles to employees and none yet to the general public.

The Elon Factor

Between SpaceX, Hyperloop, SolarCity, Neuralink, and even the Boring Company, the supervillain/superhero mystique and rocket-scientist pedigree of Tesla’s CEO, Elon Musk, has a lot to do with the company’s survival and success—and, many might say, why it’s overhyped and overvalued on Wall Street. Musk is active on Twitter and often engages fans and Tesla owners. At times he’s rolled out small product changes because of requests or criticisms heard via social media—something that would almost certainly be preceded by months of clinics and surveys at other automakers.

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Sours: https://www.caranddriver.com/features/a15089591/2018-tesla-model-3-everything-we-know-feature/

Range (EPA est.)

Range (EPA est.)

Dual Motor

Dual Motor

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  • Impact Protection
  • Rigid Structure
  • Very Low Rollover Risk

Safety is the most important part of the overall Model 3 design. The metal structure is a combination of aluminum and steel, for maximum strength in every area. In a roof-crush test, Model 3 resisted four times its own mass, even with an all-glass roof: that's the same weight as two full-grown African elephants.

Safety is the most important part of the overall Model 3 design. The metal structure is a combination of aluminum and steel, for maximum strength in every area. In a roof-crush test, Model 3 resisted four times its own mass, even with an all-glass roof: that's the same weight as two full-grown African elephants.

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Safety-First Design

Model 3 is built from the ground up as an electric vehicle—with ultra high-strength steel and a low, solid center of gravity.

  • 1Rigid Structure

    A material mix of aluminum and steel help to achieve the best structural rigidity, and increased occupant safety.

  • 2Impact Protection

    Combined with impact-absorbing rails and center pillar reinforcements, the strength and support of the rigid battery pack provides protection from every side.

  • 3Very Low Rollover Risk

    The position and weight of the floor-mounted battery pack provides a very low center of gravity—allowing for a very low rollover risk.

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Quickest acceleration—from zero to 60 mph* in as little as 3.1 seconds

0-60 mph*

Improved handling and aerodynamics allow for a top speed of 162 mph

Top Speed

Dual Motor All-Wheel Drive instantly controls traction and torque, in all weather conditions

Dual Motor

Model 3 comes with the option of dual motor all-wheel drive, 20” Überturbine Wheels and Performance Brakes and lowered suspension for total control, in all weather conditions. And a carbon fiber spoiler improves stability at high speeds, all allowing Model 3 to accelerate from 0-60 mph* in as little as 3.1 seconds.

Model 3 comes with the option of dual motor all-wheel drive, 20” Überturbine Wheels and Performance Brakes and lowered suspension for total control, in all weather conditions. And a carbon fiber spoiler improves stability at high speeds, all allowing Model 3 to accelerate from 0-60 mph* in as little as 3.1 seconds.

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20" Überturbine Wheels and Performance Brakes

Includes Pirelli P Zero tires, more powerful brakes and lowered suspension for enhanced handling and performance

Carbon Fiber Spoiler

Enhanced aerodynamics and improved stability at speeds up to 162 mph

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Independent motors digitally control torque to the front and rear wheels

Independent
Motors

Dual motors respond to changing conditions in as little as 10 milliseconds

Torque Response

https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/ba09ef22-e9cc-4bda-a171-de1cd6f6cf6a/bvlatuR/std/0x0/weather
https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/ba09ef22-e9cc-4bda-a171-de1cd6f6cf6a/bvlatuR/std/0x0/weather

Unparalleled traction and control, in all weather conditions

All-Weather
Control

Tesla All-Wheel Drive has two independent motors for improved redundancy, each with only one moving part for minimal maintenance and maximum durability. Unlike traditional all-wheel drive systems, they digitally control torque to the front and rear wheels for far better handling and traction control.

Tesla All-Wheel Drive has two independent motors for improved redundancy, each with only one moving part for minimal maintenance and maximum durability. Unlike traditional all-wheel drive systems, they digitally control torque to the front and rear wheels for far better handling and traction control.

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Go anywhere with up to 353 mi of estimated range on a single charge

Range
(EPA est.)

Recharge up to 175 mi in 15 minutes at Supercharger locations

Recharge up to
175 mi

Superchargers placed along well-traveled routes around the world

Global
Superchargers

Model 3 is fully electric, so you never need to visit a gas station again. If you charge overnight at home, you can wake up to a full battery every morning. And when you’re on the road, it’s easy to plug in along the way—at any public station or with the Tesla charging network. We currently have over 25,000 Superchargers worldwide, with six new locations opening every week.

Model 3 is fully electric, so you never need to visit a gas station again. If you charge overnight at home, you can wake up to a full battery every morning. And when you’re on the road, it’s easy to plug in along the way—at any public station or with the Tesla charging network. We currently have over 25,000 Superchargers worldwide, with six new locations opening every week.

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Rear, side and forward-facing cameras provide maximum visibility

Degrees
of Visibility

Powerful visual processing at up to 250 meters of range

of Powerful
Visual Processing

12 ultrasonic sensors icon

Ultrasonic
Sensors

12 ultrasonic sensors icon

Detects nearby cars, prevents potential collisions and assists with parking

Ultrasonic
Sensors

Autopilot's advanced safety and convenience features are designed to assist you with the most burdensome parts of driving.

Autopilot's advanced safety and convenience features are designed to assist you with the most burdensome parts of driving.

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A touchscreen display designed to improve over time

Touchscreen
Display

https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/863c27b1-9268-486c-ab6a-b807d0e7d096/bvlatuR/std/0x0/wifi
https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/863c27b1-9268-486c-ab6a-b807d0e7d096/bvlatuR/std/0x0/wifi

Over-the-air software updates introduce new features, functionality and performance

Over-the-air
Software
Updates

https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/af5593f2-3cc8-40b1-8063-d3f4631276a0/bvlatuR/std/4096x1905/model-3-interior-hero-roof-badge
https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/af5593f2-3cc8-40b1-8063-d3f4631276a0/bvlatuR/std/4096x1905/model-3-interior-hero-roof-badge

An expansive Glass Roof provides more headroom and UV protection

All-Glass
Roof

The inside of Model 3 is unlike any other car. You can use your smartphone as a key, and access all driver controls in the central 15-inch touchscreen. The all-glass roof extends from front to back, creating a sense of openness from every seat.

The inside of Model 3 is unlike any other car. You can use your smartphone as a key, and access all driver controls in the central 15-inch touchscreen. The all-glass roof extends from front to back, creating a sense of openness from every seat.

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Sours: https://www.tesla.com/model3
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Tesla Model 3

All-electric four-door compact sedan

"Model 3" redirects here. For other uses, see Model 3 (disambiguation).

Motor vehicle

Tesla Model 3
2019 Tesla Model 3 Performance AWD Front.jpg

2019 Performance AWD

ManufacturerTesla, Inc.
ProductionJuly 2017 – present
Assembly
DesignerFranz von Holzhausen[1]
ClassCompact executive car (D)
Body style4-door fastbacksedan
Layout
Related
Electric motorPermanent magnet synchronous reluctance motor
Transmission1-speed fixed gear 9:1 ratio[2]
Battery54, 62, 75 or 82 kWh (190, 220, 270 or 300 MJ) lithium ion[3][4] Discontinued: 62 and 75 kWh lithium ion
Electric range
  • 220 miles (354 km) Standard Range (not available for order online)
  • 262 miles (422 km) Standard Range Plus
  • 353 miles (568 km) Long Range AWD/Long Range Performance AWD
  • 313 miles (504 km) Long Range Performance AWD with Performance Upgrade
Wheelbase113.2 in (2,875 mm)
Length184.8 in (4,694 mm)
Width72.8 in (1,849 mm)
Height56.8 in (1,443 mm)
Curb weight
  • Standard Range RWD: 3,552 lb (1,611 kg)[5]
  • Standard Range plus RWD: 3,627 lb (1,645 kg)[5]
  • Mid Range RWD: 3,686 lb (1,672 kg)[5]
  • Long Range RWD: 3,814 lb (1,730 kg)[5][6]
  • Long-Range Dual-Motor AWD (including Performance): 4,072 lb (1,847 kg)[5]

The Model 3 is an electricfastbackmid-sizefour-door sedan developed by Tesla.[7] The Model 3 Standard Range Plus version delivers an EPA-rated all-electric range of 262 miles (422 km) and the Long Range version delivers 353 miles (568 km).[8] According to Tesla, the Model 3 carries full self-driving hardware, with periodic software updates adding functionality.[9][10][11]

Limited production of the Model 3 began in mid-2017, with the first production vehicle rolling off the assembly line on July 7, 2017.[12][13][14] The official launch and delivery of the first 30 cars took place on July 28.[15]

The Model 3 was marketed as being more affordable to more people than some other models by Tesla. Since early 2020, the Model 3 is the world's best-selling electric car in history,[16] and, in June 2021, became the first electric car to pass the 1 million global sales milestone.[17] The Model 3 has been the world's top selling plug-in electric car (PEV) for three years running, from 2018 to 2020.[18][19][20] It has also been the best-selling PEV in the United States for three consecutive years, 2018 to 2020,[21][22][23] the top selling PEV in Europe in 2019,[24] and the best-selling PEV in China in 2020.[25]

History[edit]

In an interview for Wired Science recorded during 2006, Elon Musk presented the Model 3 as likely being affordable by most people able to purchase new cars.[26] In 2008 the car was stated to be a family car.[27] In 2017 Tesla added that the Standard Range version of the all-electric car would have an estimated EPA-rated range of 215 miles (346 km), a five-passenger seating capacity, front and rear trunks, and promised sports-car levels of acceleration performance.[better source needed][28][29] Tesla said it would have a 5-Star safety rating and have a drag coefficient of Cd=0.23.[30] This is lower than the Tesla Model S drag coefficient of Cd=0.24, which, in 2014, was the lowest among the production cars of the time.[30]

Within a week of unveiling the Model 3 in 2016, Tesla revealed they had taken 325,000 reservations for the car. These reservations represented potential sales of over US$14 billion.[31][32] By August 2017, there were 455,000 net reservations.[33][34]

Industry experts were dubious when, in May 2016, Tesla announced its decision to advance its 500,000-total-unit build plan (combined for Model S, Model X, and Model 3) to 2018, two years earlier than previously planned, in order to accelerate its target for Model 3 output.[35][36][37] As predicted, there were "production bottlenecks" and "production hell". In May 2016, Tesla issued US$2 billion in new shares to the stock market to finance the plan.[38]

The company plans for the Model 3 are part of Tesla's three-step strategy to start with a high-price vehicle and move progressively towards lower-cost vehicles, while the battery and electric drivetrain were improved and paid for through the sales of the Roadster, Model S, and Model X vehicles.[39]

On April 18, 2018, Tesla updated its production target to 6,000 vehicles per week by the end of June 2018, an increase from its previous target of 5,000 vehicles per week which was previously promised at earlier dates.[40][41][42][43] On July 1, 2018, Elon Musk announced that Tesla had met its production goal of 5,000 cars in a week.[44][45][46]

On February 28, 2019, Tesla announced the availability of the lower-cost, highly anticipated, $35,000, Standard Range trim.[47] However, on April 12, 2019, Tesla announced that the Standard Range model would no longer be available for ordering online, but only over the phone or in stores. Autopilot, previously a $3000 option, was included in all versions of the Model 3 except for the Standard Range, while each version's price only increased by $2,000.[48] In February 2019, the Model 3 passed the Chevrolet Volt to become the all-time best-selling plug-in electric car in the U.S.[49][50] Model 3 sales surpassed the Nissan Leaf in early 2020 to become the world's all-time top selling plug-in electric car.[16]

Model naming[edit]

During an interview recorded in 2006 Musk referred to "Model 2" (later Tesla Model S), and to "Model 3".[26] The Model 3 was codenamed Tesla "BlueStar" in the original business plan in 2007.[51][52][53] An intended name of "Model E" was not used owing to Ford's trademark for an electric vehicle expected to be released by Ford in early 2019.[54]Model 3, originally stylized as "Model ☰", was announced on Musk's Twitter account on July 16, 2014.[55] A 2015-presentation by JB Straubel used the name "Model III".[56] As of 2016[update] Musk had wanted the three models to spell SEX, but settled for "S3X".[57] In early 2017, after trademark opposition regarding Adidas's three stripes logo,[58] the triplicate horizontal-bar stylization was abandoned and changed to a numeric "3".[59]

Market[edit]

In September 2015, Tesla announced that the Model 3 would be unveiled in March 2016.[60] In January 2016, Musk said that the first official pictures of the car will be revealed at the end of March 2016.[61] Delivery would begin in late 2017 first on the U.S.'s west coast and then move eastwards.[62] Potential customers were first able to reserve a car at Tesla stores or online on March 31 with a refundable deposit of US$1000.[63][64] In February 2016, Tesla indicated that the unveiling would be on March 31, 2016.[65] Employees of Tesla[66][67] and SpaceX were given early access to Model 3 reservations,[68] and about 10,000 signed up without discount,[69] scheduled to receive the first batch of cars.[70][63] Current owners of Tesla vehicles got priority sales after employees but before the general public, as a reward for helping pay for the development of the Model 3.[63] (Employees and current owners were likely to be more tolerant of early production flaws:[71] both the Model S and the Model X had several problems at the start of their production,[72][63] and have since improved.)[73]

On the morning of March 31, 2016, tens of thousands of people waited in lines to place the refundable deposit to reserve a Model 3 for 2017 delivery.[74][75] During the Model 3 unveiling event, Tesla said that over 115,000 people had reserved the Model 3 in less than 24 hours prior;[76][77] more cars than Tesla had sold by that time.[31] Twenty-four hours after opening reservations, Tesla had advanced orders for over 180,000 cars.[78][79] Two days later, Tesla said they had 232,000 reservations.[31][80]

One week after the unveiling, Tesla said it had over 325,000 reservations, more than triple the number of Model S sedans sold by the end of 2015.[31][32] Musk said that 5% of reservations correspond to the maximum of two vehicles allowed per customer, "suggesting low levels of speculation",[81] and that 93% of Model 3 reservations are from new buyers who do not currently own a Tesla.[63] The previous record for advance deposits on a car was the 1955 Citroën DS that had 80,000 deposits during the ten days of the Paris Auto Show, while the Model 3 had 232,000 reservations in two days.[31]

According to Tesla's global vice-president Robin Ren, China is the second-largest market for the Model 3 after the US.[82] Tesla said the number of net reservations totaled about 373,000 as of May 15, 2016[update], after about 8,000 customer cancellations and about 4,200 reservations canceled by the automaker because these appeared to be duplicates from speculators.[83][84] Upon its release in July 2017, there had been over 500,000 reservations for the Model 3,[85] with Musk later clarifying there were a net of 455,000 reservations outstanding, and an average of 1,800 reservations were being added per day.[33][34]

Design[edit]

In 2013 design chief Franz von Holzhausen said that the Model 3 will "be an Audi A4, BMW 3 Series, Mercedes-Benz C-Class type of vehicle that will offer everything: range, affordability, and performance" that is targeted toward the mass market.[1][88] While technology from Tesla's Model S will be used in the Model 3,[89] it will be 20% smaller than the Model S[90] and have its own unique design.[91]

According to Tesla's CTO, JB Straubel, in October 2015, most Tesla engineers were working on the 3 rather than S or X.[92][93] Since electric cars have lower cooling needs than combustion cars, the Model 3 does not have nor need a front grille.[94] Musk intended for the final design to be released on June 30, 2016[95] but when the design was finished on July 27, it was not publicly released.[96] After the final design of the first Model 3, any further changes would be included in future versions of the Model 3.[97] The standard glass roof developed by Tesla Glass is made of the same glass used for Tesla's roof tiles.[98]

Tesla Model 3 MY2021 refresh in China

In November 2020, the Model 3 was refreshed with cosmetic and internal changes, many carried over from the Model Y. The refreshed Model 3 replaced the chrome door handles, side mirror trim, window trim, and camera covers with a black finish. Double-paned front window glass, a powered trunk, new center console, and minor performance upgrades were added to all Model 3 trim levels. The car's engineering was updated to reflect Tesla's advances with the Model Y, including the introduction of a heat pump and proprietary octovalve that increases the car's heating and cooling efficiency.[99][100][101]

Production[edit]

As of December 2016[update], Tesla planned to increase the size of the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California, to accommodate Model 3 production.[102][103][104][needs update]

Production stages[edit]

In a 2013 interview, Jerome Guillen discussed "BlueStar" (codename for the Model 3 project), stating that Tesla was expecting to eventually produce 400,000 cars per year.[105]

In May 2016 Tesla told its suppliers that it intended to double earlier-announced[clarification needed] Model 3 production targets to 100,000 in 2017 and 400,000 in 2018 due to demand, which suppliers[106][107] and many experts viewed as unattainable.[108][109] In the Tesla Factory, paint lines for 500,000 automobiles commenced in 2015, and some stamping equipment for the Model 3 was operational by August 2016.[110] Tesla bought Grohmann Engineering, experienced in automated manufacturing, in January 2017. This acquisition launched Tesla Advanced Automation Germany, which Tesla said would develop manufacturing processes to be used initially in Model 3 production.[111] According to Tesla in late 2016, the company expected to invest between US$2 billion and US$2.5 billion in capital expenditures ahead of the start of Model 3 production.[111]

After the two Alpha prototypes were shown (silver and black; red was a shell) in April 2016, Tesla finished the design in late July 2016. Tesla ordered parts equivalent to 300 Beta prototypes in August 2016, preparing for development of the assembly line. As of August 2016, the company intended to make release candidates for testing prior to actual production.[112][113] Tesla began building Model 3 prototypes in early February 2017 as part of the testing of the vehicle design and manufacturing processes. Tesla said in late 2016 that initial crash test results had been positive.[111] Crash test results in mid-2019 were scored at 96% for protection of adults; 86% for protection of children and 74% for the way it handles "vulnerable road users" such as pedestrians. In addition, the Model 3's "safety assist" mode scored 94%.[114]

In October 2016 Tesla said its production timeline was on schedule.[115][116][117] Again in February 2017, Tesla said that vehicle development, supply chain and manufacturing are on track to support volume deliveries of the Model 3 in the second half of 2017. Limited vehicle production began in July 2017 and volume production was scheduled at that time to start by September 2017. As of February 2017, Tesla planned to ramp up production to exceed 5,000 vehicles per week in Q4 2017 and reach 10,000 vehicles per week in 2018.[111] However, Tesla missed their Q4 production target by a wide amount, as only 2,425 vehicles were produced during the entire 3-month period.[119] Five months before, Musk claimed on Twitter that Tesla would be able to produce 20,000 Model 3 per month by December 2017. Tesla's actual production numbers were therefore 93% lower than his prediction.[dubious – discuss]

Giga Nevada had been intended to produce battery packs for Model 3 and it was announced in January 2017 that Tesla would also manufacture drive units[clarification needed] at Giga Nevada.[120] In February 2017, Tesla said that installation of Model 3 manufacturing equipment was underway in the Fremont factory and at Giga Nevada, where in January, production of battery cells for energy-storage products began, which have the same form factor as the cells that will be used in Model 3.[111]

Deliveries[edit]

Tesla Model X(left) and Model 3 (right) at the unveiling event on March 31, 2016
2020 updated version of Model 3

In February 2016 Tesla expected to repeat the delivery schedule of the S and X models: selling at first the highest-optioned cars with higher margins, to help pay for production equipment.[121] However, after the lessons learned from the complicated Model X production, Tesla changed its delivery schedule in early 2017 to produce relatively simpler cars initially, in order to reduce production risk. The first mass-produced Model 3 cars were rear-wheel drive with the long-range battery.[122] Deliveries began in the second half of 2017 as predicted,[62] but not in the numbers Tesla had hoped. As industry experts had predicted, Tesla did not meet the announced delivery targets.[clarification needed][121][122] The first delivery was on July 7, 2017, to Musk himself[123] and the first 30 production units were delivered on July 28, 2017.[124]

Quarter Model 3 vehicles produced
2017 Q3[125]
2017 Q4[126]
2018 Q1[127]
2018 Q2[128][129]
2018 Q3[130][131]
2018 Q4[132][133]
2019 Q1[134]
2019 Q2[135]
2019 Q3[136]
2019 Q4[135]
Quarter Model 3/Y vehicles produced
2020 Q1[135]
2020 Q2[137]
2020 Q3[138][139]
128,044(124,100 delivered)
2020 Q4[140]
163,660(161,650 delivered)
2021 Q1[141]
180,338(182,780 delivered)
2021 Q2[142]
204,081(199,360 delivered)
2021 Q3[143]
228,882(232,025 delivered)
2017

In early July 2017 Musk forecast at least six months of serious production difficulties.[144] Tesla's announced goal at that time was to produce 1,500 units in the third quarter of 2017, increasing to 5,000 per week by end of December 2017,[145] but only 260 vehicles were manufactured during the third quarter. The company blamed production bottlenecks, but said there were "no fundamental issues with the Model 3 production or supply chain" and expressed confidence about its ability to resolve the bottlenecks in the near future.[146][147]

Tesla delivered just 1,542 Model 3 cars in the fourth quarter of 2017,[126] about 2,900 less than Wall Street estimations, which were already halved previously after Tesla published the company's third quarter report.[148] By early November 2017, Musk had postponed the target date for manufacturing 5,000 of the vehicles per week from December 2017 to March 2018.[149][41] An analyst with Cowan and Company, an investment banking firm, said in November 2017 that "Elon Musk needs to stop over-promising and under-delivering".[150] Customer deliveries totaled 1,764 units in 2017.[125][126]

2018

Prior to a planned shutdown in mid-April 2018 to further increase production, Tesla produced more than 2,000 Model 3 vehicles for three straight weeks.[127] Global deliveries passed the 100,000 unit milestone in October 2018.[151] U.S. Model 3 sales reached the 100,000 unit mark in November 2018, hitting this milestone quicker than any previous plug-in electric model sold in the country.[152]

During the first half of 2018, the Model 3 was the top-selling alternative fuel vehicle in California with 12,674 units, followed by the Toyota Prius conventional hybrid (10,043).[153] The Model 3 was the top-selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. for 12 months in a row since January 2018, ending 2018 as the best-selling plug-in with an estimated all-time record of 139,782 units delivered, the first time a plug-in car sold more than 100,000 units in one year.[154][22][155] Additionally, the Model 3 ranked as the best-selling luxury vehicle in the American market in 2018.[156] The Model 3 also topped plug-in electric car sales in California in 2018, with 51,293 units registered, as well as the state's best selling car in the near luxury category.[157][158]

The Model 3 listed as the world's best selling plug-in electric car in 2018.[19] In 2018, Elon Musk predicted that eventual global demand would likely be between 500,000 and 1 million Model 3 cars per year— ranking in between the BMW 3 Series and the Volkswagen Golf.[159]

2019
CCS Combo 2 European socket on a Model 3

Retail deliveries in Europe and China began in February 2019.[160][161] Delivery of the first right-hand drive vehicles began in June 2019, starting with the UK[162] and later in Australia and New Zealand.[163] Similarly to how the first US-made Model 3s were delivered to employees in July 2017, the first Chinese-made Model 3 cars were delivered to employees at the end of 2019.[164]

In January 2019 the Model 3 overtook the Model S to become the U.S. all-time best selling all-electric car,[165] and, the next month, also passed the Chevrolet Volt to become the all-time top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S.[49]

The Tesla Model 3 ended 2019 as the world's best selling plug-in electric car for the second consecutive year, with just over 300,000 units delivered.[19][20] The electric car also topped annual plug-in car sales in the U.S. (158,925) and California (59,514) markets for the second time in a row.[154][157][23][166] And again listed as the California's best selling car in the near luxury category in 2019.[166]

The Model 3 also ranked as the best selling plug-in car in Europe in 2019, with over 95,000 units delivered in its first year in that market, and outselling other key premium models.[24] Also set records in Norway and the Netherlands, listing in both countries not only as the top selling plug-in car but also as the best selling passenger car model in the overall market.[167][168] The sales volume achieved by the Model 3 in 2019 (15,683) is the third largest in Norwegian history, exceeded only by the Volkswagen Bobla (Beetle) in 1969 (16,706), and Volkswagen Golf in 2015 (16,388).[169] The Model 3 set a new record in the Netherlands for the highest registrations in one month (22,137) for any single plug-in vehicle in Europe.[170]

The Model 3 also was the top selling plug-in car in Canada, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan and Mexico.[171][172]

2020

Until 2019, the Nissan Leaf was the world's all-time top selling highway legal plug-in electric car, with global sales of 450,000 units by December 2019.[173] The Tesla Model 3 surpassed Leaf sales in early 2020 to become the world's best selling plug-in electric car ever.[16] Global sales since inception totaled about 814,000 units up to December 2020.[18][125][126][133][135] The Model 3, with 365,240 global deliveries, listed as the world's best selling plug-in passenger car in 2020 for the third consecutive year, from 2018 to 2020.[19][20][18]

In 2020, the Model 3 was the best-selling plug-in car in China (137,459) and the U.S. (95,135).[21][25] The Model 3 also was the most popular plug-in electric car in California in 2020 (38,580), as well as the state's best selling car in the near luxury category.[174] The Model 3 has topped both California's and the U.S. national plug-in car sales for three years in-a-row, from 2018 to 2020,[21][22][23][174]

2021

In 2021, the Model 3 became the all-time best-selling electric vehicle in the Netherlands with over 78,996 cars registered at the end of June 2021.[175] The Model 3 became the first electric car to sell over 1 million units globally in June 2021.[17]

Concerns[edit]

In May 2018 Consumer Reports found "big flaws, such as long stopping distances in our emergency braking test and difficult-to-use controls", finding the braking distance was worse than a Ford F-150 full-size truck, and branding the Model 3 "not recommended". Tesla responded to the claims with concern and, over the next weekend, released an OTA update for the anti-lock braking algorithm. Consumer Reports, impressed with the prompt OTA update, verified the improved braking performance and changed their rating to a recommended model.[176][177]

In February 2019 Consumer Reports revoked the Model 3 recommendation because "many customers have reported problems with the [car], including loose body trim and glass defects."[178] As with Model S and Model X, Model 3 production flaws were reduced over time.[179] In November 2019 Consumer Reports reinstated the Model 3 recommendation, claiming it was the fifth-most reliable of twelve compact luxury cars.[180]

During long-term testing of a Model 3 in December 2019, Car and Driver experienced a rear invertershort after 5,286 miles (8,507 km) and 3 months of ownership.[181] It was their first long-term vehicle to suffer such a major failure while parked.[182]

In 2020, due to the coronavirus outbreak, closure of the Shanghai factory at the end of January, and supply chain issues, Tesla used the 2.5 version processor instead of the 3.0 processor that Chinese users expected to find in their vehicles. This led to mass complaints. Tesla promised to upgrade the hardware free of charge once the supply chain is restored.[183]

The 2021 Tesla Model 3 vehicles built on or after April 27, 2021 had a modification made to some of its safety features such as Forward Collision Warning (FCW) and Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB), this has resulted in a lower Consumer Reports and Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) score. The feature change is a move from using Radar to Camera technology called Tesla Vision. [184]

Specifications[edit]

First production Tesla Model 3 cars ready for the delivery event on July 28, 2017

Engineering and changes[edit]

As production began in 2017, the base Model 3 was announced to have a 50-kWh battery with a range of about 220 miles (350 km) while the optional 75-kWh battery would have a range of about 310 miles (500 km).[3][185] Tesla did not produce base Model 3s in 2017 or 2018. The battery uses 2170-size lithium-ion cells.[186][187]

The 350-volt (nominal, 400v max) Model 3 battery packs are made of four longitudinal modules each containing the groups (bricks). The Standard Range version carries 2,976 cells arranged in 96 groups of 31. The Long Range version carries 4,416 cells arranged in 96 groups of 46, and weighs[188] 1,060 pounds (480 kg) in a 0.40 m³ volume; a density of 150 Wh/kg.[189][190]

Tesla continues to improve the design of the 2170 battery cell and introduces incremental improvements into the manufacturing line periodically.[191] Tesla began manufacture of the "lighter, better, cheaper"[192] 2170 cell during 2018, with a company goal of reducing the cost of assembled battery packs to US$100 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) by December 2018, and moving the new cell into volume production at Giga Nevada during the first quarter of 2019. Electrek reported in late 2018 that the improved battery cell design was needed to further reduce battery costs as Tesla was planning to begin to deliver the Model 3 Standard Range for the promised base price of US$35,000 the following year.[192][needs update]

The inverter for the Model 3 drive unit uses 24 pairs of silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFET chips rated for 650 volts[clarification needed] each.[193]

In July 2018 media reported that a Model 3 prototype was seen in California and Nevada while towing a trailer in an apparent evaluation of a tow bar.[194] In May 2019 Tesla started offering an optional tow bar rated for 2,000 pounds (910 kg) available with Standard Range Plus and Long Range for the European Model 3.[195][196][197] Towing a trailer may increase consumption by 40%.[198]

The Model 3 uses regenerative braking, which was tweaked and improved in October 2018 via a software update.[199]

In October 2019 Tesla released a software update including a 5% power upgrade and peak power optimization to owners of the Model 3, via software version 2019.36.2.1, which showed noticeable improvements in acceleration and overall speed.[200] In December 2019, Tesla offered Long Range dual-motor Model 3 owners who had software version 2019.40.2 the option to purchase a US$2000 "Acceleration Boost" software upgrade enabling a Sport driving mode,[201] advertised to reduce 0-60 mph time from 4.4s to 3.9s. Road testing confirmed better-than-expected acceleration with drivers in Sport mode reaching 0-60 mph in 3.67s from standstill and 3.47s with a 1 foot rollout.[202]

The Model 3 is mostly steel, with some aluminum.[203] The 185 cm (6.07 ft) width was chosen to fit with automated parking systems in Japan[citation needed]. Due to its smaller size, the Model 3 is expected to consume less energy than the Model Y, and thus have longer range.[204]

Traditional stability control is not made for dual-motor control or the faster response time in electric motors, and Tesla modified the control unit.[205] The motors have magnets arranged in a Halbach array.[206] The cooling system is integrated to reduce size and cost.[207]

Specifications table[edit]

Battery Standard Range Standard Range Plus Mid Range Long Range
Powertrain RWD RWD RWD RWD AWD AWD Performance
Production March 2019 – November 2020[208]March 2019 - present October 2018 – March 2019[209]March 2019 – June 2019[210]

(previously July 2017 – November 2018)

July 2018 – present
Base price (US market) US$35,400[211] (call or in-store order only) US$39,990 (Autopilot Included)[5](was US$40,000[5]) (was US$46,500[5]) (call or in-store order only) US$49,990 (Autopilot Included)[5]US$56,990 (Autopilot Included)[5]
Range EPA:
220 miles (354 km)[5]


WLTP:
381 km
237 mi


NEDC:
429 km
267 mi

EPA:
263 miles (423 km)[8]


WLTP:
448 km
278 mi


NEDC:

508 km
316 mi
[212]

EPA:
264 miles (425 km) combined
270 miles (430 km) city
248 miles (399 km) highway

WLTP:
457 km
284 mi
NEDC:
514 km
319 mi

EPA:
325 miles (523 km) combined
332 miles (534 km) city
318 miles (512 km) highway

WLTP:
580 km
360 mi
NEDC:
675 km
419 mi

EPA:
353 miles (568 km) combined
319 miles (513 km) city
296 miles (476 km) highway

WLTP:
560 km
348 mi

(-2020) [213]


614 km
382 mi

(2021-)
[212]

EPA:
315 miles (507 km) combined
319 miles (513 km) city
296 miles (476 km) highway

WLTP:
567 km
352 mi


NEDC:

628 km
390 mi

[212]

Efficiency 26 kWh/100 miles (16 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
131 miles (211 km) combined
138 miles (222 km) city
124 miles (200 km) highway

24 kWh/100 miles (15 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
141 miles (227 km) combined
148 miles (238 km) city
132 miles (212 km) highway

27 kWh/100 miles (17 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
123 miles (198 km) combined
128 miles (206 km) city
117 miles (188 km) highway

26 kWh/100 miles (16 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
130 miles (209 km) combined
136 miles (219 km) city
123 miles (198 km) highway

29 kWh/100 miles (18 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
116 miles (187 km) combined
120 miles (193 km) city
112 miles (180 km) highway

Battery capacity 54 kWh (190 MJ)[214]62 kWh (220 MJ)[215]2020 and earlier: 75 kWh (270 MJ)[216][187][6][217]
2021: 82 kWh (300 MJ)[4]
DC charging 130 miles (209 km) range available after 30 minutes[218]up to 170 kW (V3 Supercharger)[219]up to 200 kW (V3 Supercharger)[219]up to 75 mi (121 km) in 5 minutes[220] and 180 mi (290 km) in 15 minutes[221] (250 kW V3 Supercharger)
AC charging 29.5 miles (47.5 km) range per hour (240 V 32 A)[222]32 miles (51 km) range per hour (240 V 32 A)[222]28.4 miles (45.7 km) range per hour (240 V 32 A)[222]44.3 miles (71.3 km) range per hour (240 V 48 A)[222]39.7 miles (63.9 km) range per hour (240 V 48 A)[222][223]
Full AC charge time (10% -> 90%) 6 hours 6.25 hours 7.5 hours 6 hours 6.5 hours
Powertrain Single-motor rear-wheel drive[5][224][225]Dual-motor all-wheel drive[5]
Motor Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM) synchronous machine[226][227][228]Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM) synchronous rear & induction motor front[226][227][228]
Curb Weight 3,552 lb (1,611 kg)[5]3,627 lb (1,645 kg)[5]3,686 lb (1,672 kg)[5]3,805 lb (1,726 kg)[5]4,072 lb (1,847 kg)[5]
Power (peak) 211 kW (283 hp)[229]211 kW (283 hp)[229]211 kW (283 hp)[229]211 kW (283 hp)[229]258 kW (346 hp)[230]340 kW (450 hp)[231]
Power-to-weight 131 W/kg (12.6 lb/hp) 128 W/kg (12.8 lb/hp) 126 W/kg (13.0 lb/hp) 122 W/kg (13.4 lb/hp) 166 W/kg (9.9 lb/hp) 191 W/kg (8.6 lb/hp)
Torque (peak) 450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)[229]450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)[229]450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)[229]450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)[229]510 N⋅m (376 lb⋅ft)[230]639 N⋅m (471 lb⋅ft)[231]
Acceleration 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

5.3 seconds advertised[5]

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

5.3 seconds advertised[5]

0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
5.6 seconds advertised

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

5.2 seconds advertised[5] (4.9 seconds tested)[232]

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

5.0 seconds advertised[5]

(4.6 seconds tested)[233]

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

4.2 seconds advertised[5]

(4.0 seconds tested)[230]

0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
4.4 seconds advertised

Optional Sport Mode:

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

3.9 seconds advertised

(3.7 seconds tested)[202]

0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)

4.0 seconds advertised

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

3.1 seconds advertised[5]

(3.0 seconds tested)[234]

0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
3.3 seconds advertised

Quarter Mile TBD 13.5 sec @ 104.9 mph TBD 13.6 sec @ 101.9 mph 12.5 sec @ 113.1 mph

Optional Sport Mode:

11.9 sec @ 116.2 mph[235]

11.5 sec @ 116.5 mph[236]
Top speed 130 mph (209 km/h)[5]140 mph (225 km/h)[5]140 mph (225 km/h)[5]140 mph (225 km/h)[237]145 mph (233 km/h)[238]162 mph (261 km/h)[238]
Wheels 18-inch (457 mm) diameter 8.5-inch (216 mm) width 21.3 lb (9.7 kg), aero wheel covers 2 lb (0.91 kg), 235/45R18 tires 20-inch (508 mm) 8.5-inch (220 mm) 235/35R20
Roof Tinted glass roof with ultraviolet and infrared protection, with mounting points for a roof rack (sold separately).[239][240] A single pane of glass extends from the center of the roof to the trunk.[224]
Autonomous capability Autopilot including TACC, autosteer, lane-keeping, lane-changing, active-safety autonomy.[224][241] (All vehicles include all hardware needed for "Full Self-Driving", including 1 radar, 8 cameras, 12 sonar, and AI computer.)
Luggage Rear 12 cu ft (340 L) and front 3 cu ft (85 L) trunks with 15 cu ft (425 L) (542 L EU specs) total volume[224][5][242][243][244]
Rear seat 60/40-split-folding rear seat[245][246]
Display Single center-mounted WUXGA 15.4-inch (39 cm) LCD touchscreen in landscape orientation that combines the instrument cluster and infotainment[5][247][248][249]
Entry Keyless NFC keycard and Bluetooth Low Energy smartphone connection for vehicle access;[250][251] optional key fob.
Performance Upgrade package Not available Performance brakes, 20" wheels, carbon fiber spoiler, aluminum pedals, 162 mph (261 km/h) max speed, Track Mode software.
Options
Wheels 19-inch (480 mm) diameter 8.5-inch (220 mm) width 29.5 lb (13.4 kg), 235/40R19 tires Not available
Paint Pearl White Multi-Coat, Solid Black, Midnight Silver Metallic, Deep Blue Metallic, Red Multi-Coat (discontinued: Silver Metallic & Obsidian Black Metallic[252][253])
Interior Black Black or White
Standard Interior package Standard package: tinted glass roof with ultraviolet and infrared protection; heated front seats; auto dimming, power folding, heated side mirrors; music and media over Bluetooth; custom driver profiles; basic audio; standard maps and navigation; center console with storage and 4 USB ports Not available
Partial Premium Interior package Upgradeable if delivered with software locked interior[254]Standard package plus: 12-way power adjustable heated front seats; upgraded audio – immersive sound; docking for 2 smartphones Not available
Premium Interior package Not available Partial Premium Interior package plus: rear heated seats; premium audio – 14 speakers, 1 subwoofer, 2 amps, and immersive sound; LED fog lamps; satellite-view maps with live traffic visualization and navigation; In-car internet streaming music & media; internet browser. Location-aware automatic garage door opener can be added for $300.[255]
Driver assistance "Full Self-Driving" including Navigate on Autopilot, Autopark, Summon, etc. Since all vehicles include all sensor hardware, optional Full Self Driving capabilities can be enabled later if not ordered at time of vehicle purchase.
Safety Airbags including front driver/passenger, knee airbag driver/passenger, torso for front passengers, and curtain airbags front/rear

Safety[edit]

Following crash testing in 2019, the Model 3 performed very well, receiving five stars in every category from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration[256][257] and a 94% Euro NCAP score in active safety.[258][259]

Reception[edit]

Tesla Model 3s in colors Silver Metallic (left) and Midnight Silver (right)
  • Car-design columnist and former car designer for GMRobert Cumberford said the Model 3 "is an excellent design" and praised the front fascia skin that he thinks is superior to the black plastic simulated grille of the pre-refresh Model S.[266][267] Cumberford praised the Model 3's minimalist design, and "elegant simplicity" akin to Apple products.[268] Although he criticized the car's spoiler, he said the Model 3 has a design that would age well, and "in 10 years it will still look contemporary and beautifully understated, not old and irrelevant."[268]
  • Motor Trend said the nose was controversial and polarizing, but probably intentionally so.[269]Vanity Fair and others compared the Model 3 to the Ford Model T for its intended affordability as a volume-produced electric vehicle[270][271][272][273] and for its limited set of options, namely range, wheels and exterior color of which all but white costs extra.[274] Automotive journalist Doug DeMuro said the Model 3 was better, though $2,000 more expensive, than the BMW 340i and that it was the "coolest car of the year," later clarifying that this was based on the "long waiting lists, obsessive interest and news stories."[275]Alex Roy said that DeMuro's review had concentrated on hardware details and missed out on the bigger picture.[273]
  • Automotive-industry analyst Toni Sacconaghi of AllianceBernstein said after driving one of the early Tesla vehicles in November 2017 that "Overall, we found the Model 3 to be a compelling offering, and believe it is likely to further galvanize the overall Electric Vehicle category." He was less impressed with build quality of the test samples. "Fit and finish on the two demo cars we saw—perhaps not surprisingly—was relatively poor." He said that there were quality issues at first with the Model X which led to some concern. "This is going to be a much, much higher-volume car, and if there are any quality issues, that could overwhelm the service centers and undermine the Tesla brand." Nonetheless, Sacconaghi was impressed with the ride quality, performance and interior space, and concluded that the 3 "risks cannibalizing the [much more expensive] Model S going forward."[276]
  • Road & Track's Bob Sorokanich said the "Model 3 proves that Tesla is thinking far beyond the edges of the Model S and X. Stepping out of the 3, you realize that, as far as the S and X pushed the envelope, they were always meant as intermediaries, stepping stones designed to draw people away from comfortable convention and into the future of the automobile. ... The Model 3 is Tesla at its most unabashed. It's an automaker finally willing to abandon the skeuomorphism of a false radiator grille, the tradition of a driver-oriented gauge panel."[277]
  • In 2018, a Model 3 was driven 606.2 miles (975 km) on a single charge, setting a hypermiling driving record.[278]
  • In early 2019, Kelley Blue Book announced that the Tesla Model 3 was the winner of the "Best Resale Value Award" for all automobiles in the US market "with a projected 69.3% resale value after 36 months and 48.7% after 60 months."[279]

Awards[edit]

  • Popular Mechanics named the Tesla Model 3 as the magazine's 2018 Car of the Year.[280] Model 3 was given the 2018 Design of the Year award by Automobile magazine.[268]
  • In the United Kingdom, the Model 3 was named 2019 Car of the Year by Auto Express magazine,[281] and 2020 Car of the Year by Parkers magazine, where it was also named "Best Electric Car" and "Best Company Car", and won the "Best Safety" award for any vehicle on the market.[282]
  • The Model 3 won best mid-size car in the 2019 Das Goldene Lenkrad Golden Steering Wheel awards.[283]
  • The Model 3 was named the top-rated electric car of 2019 by Edmunds.com, as well as being named Edmunds' top-rated Luxury Electric Vehicle for 2020.[284][285]
  • In late 2019, the Model 3 was also named a Top Safety Pick+ by the IIHS.[286] The Model 3 also won Car of the Year in Denmark, Car of the Year 2020 in Norway, and Swiss Car of the Year 2020.[287]
  • The Model 3 was named as UK Car of the Year 2020 by a panel of 29 motoring journalists. The director of the awards stated that the car's "technology, performance and range" were converting opinions in favour of electric vehicles.[288]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abCumberford, Robert (January 17, 2018). "The Man Behind the Model 3: Franz von Holzhausen". Automobile. Archived from the original on January 19, 2019. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  2. ^Woodard, Collin (November 28, 2017). "Tesla Model 3 Owner's Manual Secrets Revealed on Reddit". Automobile. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019.
  3. ^ ab"Tesla Model 3 battery packs have capacities of ~50 kWh and ~75 kWh, says Elon Musk". Electrek. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
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Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tesla_Model_3
2018 Tesla Model 3 2 Year Review

2018 Tesla Model 3

The 2018 Tesla Model 3 is the car intended to take the Silicon Valley electric-car maker to the next level of volume: hundreds of thousands of cars a year. Its long and bumpy path to mass production started in July 2017 and has continued well into 2018, with just a few thousand delivered in its first six months. Several versions have been announced: the Long Range model with 310 miles of rated range, the standard Model 3 with 220 miles, a coming all-wheel-drive version, and a performance variant that also includes all-wheel drive.

We were able to spend several hours and cover more than 100 miles in a Model 3 Long Range version, varying highway cruising with twisty mountain roads and stop-and-go suburban errand duty. Despite multiple and glaring quality problems, the Model 3 essentially delivers on the promise of a lower-priced Tesla with 200 or 300 miles of range. As of spring 2018, only the priciest Long Range models are being delivered, so those who really want the $35,000 base Model 3 will wait many months, perhaps more than a year, to take delivery.

We rated the 2018 Tesla Model 3 at 6.6 points out of 10, giving it extra points for design, performance, and energy efficiency, but downrating it severely for the multiple quality issues reported in many brand-new Model 3s delivered in 2017 and early 2018. That overall score suffers from the lack of a safety rating, and the number could rise once crash-test results are available from the NHTSA or the IIHS. (Read more about how we rate cars.)

Review continues below

Recognizably a Tesla, the Model 3 is roughly the same size as a BMW 3-Series, the definitive sport sedan for decades. It’s a four-door sedan with a small trunk opening, rather than sharing the five-door “hatchback sedan” layout of the larger Model S, though both cars share a fastback shape. Its front end has Tesla’s bluff, rounded nose with a V-shaped Tesla emblem and without any pretense of a grille. The Model 3’s interior is plainer than those of its larger siblings, and its most striking feature is the 15-inch touchscreen sitting above an otherwise empty dash, free of buttons, switches, knobs, or sliders.

Touchscreen control for...everything

Aside from steering-wheel controls and stalks for lights, wipers, cruise control, and audio settings, every feature in the Model 3 is controlled from the touchscreen or via voice command. This is thought to be a preview of the Model 3’s future use for self-driving ride-sharing service when it’s not being used by its owner. Tesla has mentioned such a service, and the car’s inward facing camera would let an owner record how any temporary occupants behave inside it.

The two versions with different ranges clearly use battery packs of different capacities, though oddly Tesla has declined to give the capacity figures in kilowatt-hours. Their capacities are thought to be about 50 kwh for the base car, 75 kwh for the Long Range model. While Tesla is currently promising to start deliveries of all-wheel-drive versions in Spring 2018, the first several months of Model 3s were rear-wheel-drive only, using a 192-kilowatt (258-horsepower) electric motor powering the rear wheels.

Tesla quotes acceleration times from 0 to 60 mph of 5.1 and 5.6 seconds for the Long Range and standard cars, respectively. There will likely be a much faster “P” performance model at some point in the future, however.

No crash-safety test results have been released either by the NHTSA or IIHS for the Model 3, though Tesla has a good record in getting top safety ratings for the Model S and Model X before it. It comes standard with eight airbags and automatic emergency braking.

All Model 3s include keyless entry, a 60/40-split folding rear seat back, dual-zone automatic climate control, cloth upholstery, an audio system with FM and streaming internet radio, and the central 15-inch touchscreen. They also come with wi-fi and LTE wireless connectivity, voice-activated controls, two USB ports, and standard navigation.

Options include heated seats with premium trim and upholstery materials, 12-way power adjustable front seats with memory settings that include the steering wheel and mirrors, a premium audio system, a tinted glass roof, heated and auto-dimming foldable side mirrors, LED fog lights, and a covered center console with smartphone docking to replace the standard open design.

Potential Model 3 buyers should know that as of August 2017, Tesla said it had taken 455,000 reservations—each accompanied by a $1,000 payment. Not all of those will turn into purchases, of course, but Tesla says any car ordered in early 2018 won’t be delivered for 12 to 18 months, depending on configuration and buyer location.

Sours: https://www.thecarconnection.com/overview/tesla_model-3_2018

Range standard model 2018 3

Yes, some kind of imported shampoo. Like a cream. Come and see. Tolik took the box away from me and resolutely moved it towards our yard.

Tesla Model 3 Comparison: Standard Range Plus vs. Long Range AWD (First Impressions After Upgrading)

Valyukha puts humus on the stretcher, the skirt is nowhere higher, it looks beautiful. Loaded, waiting for me. What am I.

Now discussing:

It seemed to me again that I was caressing Jody's lips with my spouse, I always kissed on the neck before. entering her unique bosom. From this, sharply hitting her face with heat, almost instinctive memory, I immediately felt like a member (which probably during all this. Time, I drove all the blood of my body through my gray veins!) Now it will simply open up in irrepressible jets of accumulated ejaculate.



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